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Chapter 2 (vocab)

Acute stress reactions Reaction to stress that occurs during stressful situation.
Airborne transmission Spread of organism is aerosol form.
Blood-borne pathogens Pathogenic microorganisms present in human blood can cause disease in humans it include hepatitis B and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) Primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the US. -CDC is part of the US Department of health and human services.
Communicable disease Disease that can be spread from one person or species to another.
Contamination Presence of infectious organisms on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, patience bodys.
Cover and Concealment Tactical use of an impenetrable barrier for protection.
Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Process that confronts responses to critical incidents and defuses them. Directing emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
Cumulative stress reactions Prolonged or excessive stress
Delayed stress Reactions Reactions to stress that occurs after stressful situations
Designated officer Individual in department in charge of managing exposures and infection control
Direct contact Exposure or transmission of communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact
Exposure Situation in which a person has had contact with body, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles.
Foodborne transmission Contamination of food or water with organism than cause disease
General adaptation syndrome Bodies respond to stress begins with alarm response followed by reaction and resistance then recovery or if stress is prolonged exhaustion.
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver viral infection causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, altered liver function.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS is caused by HIV which damages cells in the bodys immune system so that the body is unable to fight infections or certain cancers.
Host Organism or individual that is attacked by infecting agent
Immune Body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease
Indirect contact Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with the contaminated object.
Infection\s Invasion of host or hosts tissue by organisms such as bacteria viruses or parasites with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
Infection control Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel
Infectious disease Medical condition caused by growth and spread of small harmful organisms in the body.
Occupational safety and health administration (OSHA) Federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes and enforces guidelines considering safety in the workplace
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Protective equipment that OSHA requirements be made available to EMTs. In case of infection risk. PPE blocks entry of organism.
Pathogen Microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PSTD) Delayed stress reaction to prior incident.Delayed reaction is result of one or more unresolved issues concerning incident.
Transmission The way an infection disease is spread: Contact, Airborne, Vehicles, By Vectors.
Standard Precautions Protective measures developed by the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) for use in dealing with objects, Blood, Body fluids, Other Potential Exposure risks of communicable disease.
Vector-borne Transmission Use of animal to spread an organism from one person to another.
Created by: lovewbug