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**Acid Formulas

Names and formulas of common acids, naming rules.

Acid Names and FormulasAcid Names and Formulas
sulfuric acid*** H2 SO4
sulfurous acid** H2 SO3
phosphoric acid*** H3 PO4
phosphorous acid** H3 PO3
carbonic acid*** H2 CO3
hydrogen carbonate** H CO3 (-1). This is an acid because it can lose that H to become CO3 (-2).
hydrochloric acid*** HCl(aq)
hydrobromic acid** HBr(aq)
hydroiodic acid** HI(aq)
hydrofluoric acid** HF(aq)
nitric acid*** H NO3
nitrous acid** H NO2
acetic acid** CH3COOH (the acidic H is on the right)
periodic acid H IO4
iodic acid* H IO3
iodous acid* H IO2
hypoiodous acid H IO
perbromic acid H BrO4
bromic acid* H BrO3
bromous acid* H BrO2
hypobromous acid H BrO
chromic acid* H2 CrO4
chromous acid* H CrO2
H2 SO4 sulfuric acid***
H2 SO3 sulfurous acid**
H3 PO4 phosphoric acid***
H3 PO3 phosphorus acid**
H2 CO3 carbonic acid***
H CO3 (-1) hydrogen carbonate**
HCl(aq) hydrochloric acid***
HBr(aq) hydrobromic acid**
HI(aq) hydroiodic acid**
HF(aq) hydrofluoric acid**
H NO3 nitric acid***
H NO2 nitrous acid**
CH3COOH acetic acid**
H IO4 periodic acid

H IO3 iodic acid*
H IO2 iodous acid*
H IO hypoiodous acid
H BrO4 perbromic acid
H BrO3 bromic acid*
H BrO2 bromous acid*
H BrO hypobromous acid
H2 CrO4 chromic acid*
H CrO2 chromous acid*
What are the five hydro___ic acids? What's the oddball one? HI, HF, HCl, HBr (all aqueous). Hydrocyanic acid (HCN) has a polyatomic anion, cyanide (CN-). The first four are more important.
H ClO4 perchloric acid**
H ClO3 chloric acid**
H ClO2 chlorous acid**
H ClO hypochlorous acid**
If an anion is hypo___ite, its corresponding acid is hypo___ous acid
If an anion is ___ate, its corresponding acid is ___ic acid
If an anion is ___ide, it's corresponding acid is hydro___ic acid
If an anion is per___ate, its corresponding acid is per___ic acid
If an anion is ___ite, its corresponding acid is ___ous acid
What is the anion in a hypo___ous acid? hypo___ite
What is the anion in hydro___ic acid? ___ide
What is the anion in ___ic acid? ___ate
What is the anion in per___ic acid? per___ate
What is sulfuric acid's anion? sulfate, SO4 (-2)
When carbonic acid loses an H, what's the resulting anion? hydrogen carbonate, HCO3(-1)
When carbonic acid loses 2 H's, what's the resulting anion? carbonate, CO3 (-2)
When phosphoric acid loses all its H's, what's the resulting anion? phosphate, PO4 (-3)
When nitric acid loses its hydrogen, what's the resulting anion? nitrate, NO3 (-1)
When acetic acid loses it's acidic H, what's the resulting anion? acetate, CH3COO-
Created by: Seussian Physics on 2008-04-09



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