|dCE/dce – what is the Rh type for a person with this genotype? ||Rh (-)|
|Interpret the reaction – Anti-D tube was 1+ and the Rh control tube is neg.
RH (+), RH (-) OR FURTHER TESTING
|WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF TRANSFUSION REACTIONS? ||CLERICAL ERRORS|
|HOW LONG IS A CROSSMATCH GOOD FOR?
3 DAYS 7 DAYS OR 5 DAYS ||3 DAYS|
|HOW MUCH DOES 1 UNT OF BLOOD INCREASE A PATIENT'S HGB? 1 G/DL, 2 G/DL OR 3 G/DL ||1 G/DL|
|CAN A 75 YR OLD MAN DONATE BLOOD? ||YES AS LONG AS HE MEETS CRITERIA AND HAS A DOCTORS NOTE|
|IF THERE IS A PATIENT THAT IS B(-) AND SUFFERS A MISCARRIAGE SHOULD THIS PATIENT STILL REC'V A SHOT OF RHOGAM? ||YES only if she doesn't have anti-D from a prevous pregnancy|
|WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF AHG? ||TO DETECT IgG ANTIBODIES|
|WHAT GOES IN THE TUBE FOR A MAJOR CROSSMATCH? ||PATIENT PLASMA (SERUM) AND DONOR CELLS|
|WHAT ARE SOME REASONS FOR A FALSE POSITIVE DAT ||o Medications – methyldopa
o Bacterial contamination of test cells.
o Septicemia of patient.
o Dirty glassware
|WHEN SHOULD A PREGNANT WOMAN RECEIVE RHOGAM? ||IF SHE S RH (-)., FIRST PREGNANCY AND rH (+)BABY|
|If a patient has a genotype of dce/dce and they receive blood from a person with genotype Dce/Dce. What type of antibody would the patient produce?
None of the above
||NONE OF THE ABOVE|
|What type of test demonstrates in vivo sensitization of red cells? ||DAT (direct antiglobulin test)|
|If the Rh control tube has a positive reaction can you report out results? ||NO|
|What blood group demonstrates a resistance to malaria ||DUFFY|
|What is a cause for a permanent deferral from blood donation? ||HISTORY OF JAUNDICE OF UNCERTAIN CAUSE|
|PURPOSE OF GLUCAGON ||HORMONE WHICH DECREASED LEVEL OF BLOOD SUGAR|
|DEFINE ELECTROPHORESIS ||THE MOVEMENT OF CHARGED PARTICLES N AN ELECTRICAL FIELD TO EFFECT SEPARATION OF THE PARTICLES|
|WHAT IS THE LARGEST PROTEIN FRACTION? ||ALBUMIN|
|DEFINE FIRST ORDER KINETICS ||THE CHANGE IN ABSORBANCE IS MONITORED DURING|
|WHAT CATION HAS THE LARGEST CONCENTRATION IN BLOOD? ||SODIUM|
|WHAT TEST WOULD BE ORDERED IF A MYOCARDIAL INFARCTON S SUSPECTED?
ALL OF THE ABOVE ||ALL OF THE ABOVE|
|PRECENT OF THE POPULATION THAT IS =/- 2SD FROM THE MEAN? ||95%|
|DEFINE ACCURACY ||THE CLOSENESS OF A TEST RESULT TO THE TRUE VALUE|
|- Serum amylase is elevated in diseases that affect what organ? ||PANCREAS|
|WHAT TWO TESTS ARE APPROPRIATE FOR PROSTATE CANCER DETECTION? ||PSA, ACP (ACID PHOSPHATASE)|
|WHAT DOES TIBC MEASURE? ||MEASURES THE SERUM IRON TRANSPORTING BINDING CAPACITY OF TRANSFERRIN|
|What is the main function of albumin? ||Maintain osmotic pressure|
|When the 95% confidence limits are applied to analysis of a group of 20 persons, how many of those normal persons can be expected to have a result outside the normal range?
|Define Glycolysis ||The conversion of glucose or other hexoses into lactate or pyruvate
|Coagulation ||Coagulation |
|What plays the role in the initial plug in the wall of an injured blood vessel?
|Precursor of thrombin
|What is the end result of coag testing?
|during fibrinolysis, plasmin is responsible for degrading what? ||Fibrin|
|factor VII is part of which coag test....
PT, aPTT, OR D-DIMER ||PT|
|HEPARIN IS MONITORED BY WHAT COAG TEST ||aPTT|
|COUMADIN/WARFARIN IS MONITORED BY WHAT COAG TEST? ||PT/INR|
|CLASSIC HEMOPHILIA IS THE RESULT OF ADEFICIENCY IN WHAT FACTOR? ||VIII|
|WHAT TEST IS USED TO DETECT FIBRINOLYSIS? ||FDP OR FSP|
|FIBRIN IS CONVERTED INTO FIBRIN BY... ||THROMBIN|
|Fibrin split products and activated coagulation factors are removed from the blood by…
|itamin K factors are in what group?
||removal of fibrin formed in the body
|The cell of the granulocytic series that is characterized by a bean or kidney-bean shaped nucleus is the…
|Auer rods occur in…
|The white blood cell change most characteristic of pernicious anemia is…
|WHAT TYPE OF CELL IS SEEN IN MULTIPLE MYELOMA? ||PLASMA CELL|
|DEFINE LEUKEMIA ||UNCONTROLLED AND ABNORMAL PROLIFERATION OF HEMATOPOIETIC CELLS|
|WHAT ARE SIDEROCYTES ||RBC'S THAT CONTAIN IRON GRANULES|
|NAME 3 REASONS A PERSON MAY HAVE A MACROCYTIC ANEMIA.... ||B12 deficiency
D. latum or fish tapeworm infestation
|What cell is seen in a person suffering from Mono?
|The immediate precursor of the diffusely basophilic or polychromatic RBC is the…
|Chronic blood loss can lead to…
|What is a spherocyte?
||The RBC that lacks a central pallor and is uniformly filled with hemoglobin
||Depression of all blood cell elements
||Size variation of RBCs
||Shape variation of RBCs
||Normal WBC formation
|What does hematocrit measure?
||Packed red cell volume
|What are the characteristics of plasma cell?
||deep blue cytoplasm
|The characteristic cell in acute lymphocytic leukemia is the…
|The plasma protein that binds free hemoglobin during conditions of intravascular hemolysis is
|What is the largest white blood cell?
|Define “shift to the left”
||Increased percentage of immature granulocytes
|Reticulocyte count is a good way to measure what…
||reliable assessment of the effective erythroid activity of the bone marrow
|Methemoglobin is an abnormal hemoglobin that contains…
|Thalassemias are characterized by…
||Decreased rate of globin synthesis
|What RBC indices is a measure of the amount of hemoglobin in individual RBCs?
|Define passive acquired immunity
||can be acquired naturally by the fetus because of the transfer of maternal antibodies in utero
|What immunoglobulin molecule has a pentamer structure?
||The ability of an antibody to react only with the antigen that stimulated its production
||The serologic reaction where particulate antigens are clumped by their reaction with antibody
|ASO titer is increased in what disease?
|FTA-ABS detects what…
||Anti-Treponema pallidum (SYPHILIS)
|Complement can be destroyed by heating plasma or serum at…
|Infectious mono slide tests detect…
|The causative agent of infectious mononucleosis is…
||wo alleles inherited for a particular trait are unlike|
|Define homozygous || person who possesses two like genes for a trait
|Most common stain
|Members of the Enterobacteriaceae all ferment…
|A urine specimen contaminated with vaginal secretions may contain the flagellate…
|Neisseria meningitidis is seen under the microscope as…
||Gram negative cocci and oxidase positive
|A fecal specimen for parasitology testing should be held at a temperature of…
|What bacteria exhibit “swarming”?
|What organism is responsible for pink eye?
|Vector for malaria?
|The V factor needed by some bacteria for growth is…
||NAD supplied by yeast extract
|QUESTION FOR CASSIE...NOT NAD BUT HEMIN??? ||Haemophilus influenzae prefers a complex medium and requires preformed growth factors that are present in blood, specifically X factor (i.e., hemin) and V factor (NAD or NADP...http://textbookofbacteriology.net/haemophilus.html|
|In disc diffusion tests, such as the bacitracin test, growth up to the disc indicates…
||Resistance to drug
|Mycoplasma pneumonia causes what disease?
|Group B beta-hemolytic strep is also known as?
|In the direct examination of mycology specimen material, what reagent is added to the specimen to clear up any background debris?
|An artificial medium for the primary isolation of fungi is
|What test is indicative of Cryptococcus neoformans?
|Trophozoites are most likely to be found in fecal specimens that are…
|The preferred method for identification of Enterobius vermicularis is…
||Scotch Tape method
|Infection of the urinary tract is most often associated with…
|Cultures for Neisseria gonorrheae should be incubated…
||Candle jar or carbon dioxide incubator
|MacConkey’s agar is a good differential media in that it helps to distinguish between
||lactose and non-lactose fermenting Enterobacteriaceae
|Mycobacterium is a causative agent for what disease…
|Thioglycollate medium is a good medium for routine cultures because it…
||supports the growth of aerobes, facultatives, and anaerobes
|The enterotoxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus causes, what type of ailment?
|What bacteria has a grape-like odor?
|Ammonia odor of urine is caused by?
||Bacterial breakdown of urea
|What is the functional unit of the kidney?
|Of the following crystals, which one is abnormal?
|The tests for glucose on commercial dipsticks is based on a color change due to…
||Breakdown of glucose by glucose oxidase
|The active reagent in the dipstick test pad for ketones is…
|Ketone bodies appear in the urine as the result of…
||Increased fat catabolism
|The presence of wbc and rbc casts in the urine would indicate that the infection is located in the…
|Casts are formed in the…
||Distal convoluted tubules
|RBCs in the urine are reported out as…
||Average number seen per high powered field
|Dipsticks for urinalysis may become deteriorated if they are…
||Subjected to moisture
|Crystals shaped like flat, rectangular plates with notches are:
|Casts may be seen best under the microscope by:
decreasing the illumination
increasing the illumination
using immersion oil
waiting two hours to examine the sediment
||decreasing the illumination|
|The principle behind the detection of protein on the urine dipsticks is…
||Protein error of indicators
|The proximal convoluted tubule is involved in…
|Elevated blood glucose levels are most commonly observed in…
|The presence of squamous epithelial cells and mucus threads in the urine sediment indicates…
|What protein typically make ups casts?
|Which of the following casts is most indicative of end stage renal disease?