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M6 13-005

Exam 14: HIV/AIDS Key Terms

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) the end stage of HIV infection in which the infected person has a CD4 count of 200 cell/mm3 or fewer.
Adherence following a prescribed regimen of therapy
CD4+Lymphocyte a type of white blood cell; a protein on the surface of cells that normally helps the body’s immune system combat disease.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) A division of the U.S. Public Health Service in Atlanta, Georgia, that investigates and controls various diseases especially those that have epidemic potential.
Enzyme-linked Immunoabsorbent Assay (ELISA) a rapid enzyme immunochemical assay method to detect certain bacterial antigens and antibodies.
HIV disease the state, in which HIV enters the body under favorable conditions and multiplies, producing injurious effects.
HIV infection encompasses the immune system progressive dysfunction that is produced within the host
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) a retrovirus that causes HIV infection and HIV disease.
Kaposi's sarcoma a rare cancer of the skin and mucous membranes characterized by blue red or purple raised lesions.
Opportunistic infection caused by normally nonpathogenic organisms in a host whose resistance has been decreased by such disorders as HIV illness.
Phagocyte cell that ingests and digests of bacteria.
Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly carinii) Pneumonia (PCP) an unusual pulmonary disease caused by a fungus and primarily associated with people who have suppressed immune systems.
Retrovirus a virus that carries its genetic material in RNA rather than DNA, and it replicates by converting RNA into DNA.
Seroconversion a change in serologic test results from negative to positive as antibodies develop in reaction to an infection.
Seronegative the state of lacking HIV antibodies as confirmed by blood test.
Vertical transmission transmission from a mother to a fetus that can occur during pregnancy, delivery or through postpartum breastfeeding.
Viral Load amount of measurable HIV virions in the blood.
Virulent toxic.
Western Blot technique for analyzing small amounts of antibodies.
Created by: jtzuetrong