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"geo wilsonm2

World Geography Chapter 4

TermDefinition
Culture the total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by members of a group.
Society identity and culture a group that shares a geographic region, a common language, and a sense of
Ethnic group a group of people who share language, customs, and a common heritage
Diffusion the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior to different societies
Acculturation the cultural change that occurs when individuals in a society accept or adopt in innovation.
Dialect a version of a language that reflects changes in speech patterns due to class, region, or cultural changes.
Religion the belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe, as well as they system of beliefs itself
Mortality rate the number of deaths per thousand
Infant mortality rate the number of deaths among infants under age one as measured per thousand live births.
Birthrate the number of live births per total population, often expressed per thousand population
Rate of natural increase also called population growth rate-the rate at which population is growing, found by subtracting the mortality rate from the birthrate
Push factor a factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region
Pull factor a factor that draw or attracts people to another location
Population density the average number of people who live in a measurable area, reached by dividing the number of inhabitants in an area by the amount of land they occupy
Carrying capacity the number of organisms a piece of land can support without negative effects.
State a political term describing an independent unit that occupies a specific territory and has full control of its internal and external affairs
Nation a group of people who a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
Population pyramid a graphic device that shows gender and age distribution of a population
Nation-state the name of a territory when a nation and a state occupy the same territory
Monarchy a type of government in which a ruling family headed by a king or queen holds political power and may or may not share the power with citizen bodies
Communism a system in which the government holds nearly all political power and the means of production
Democracy a type of government in which citizens hold political power either directly or through elected representatives
Dictatorship a type of government in which and individual or a group holds complete political power.
Communism a system in which the government holds nearly all political power and the means of production
Landlocked having no outlet to the sea
Urban geography the study of how people use space in cities
City an area that is the center of business and culture and has a large population
Central business district (CBD) the core of a city, which is almost always based on commercial activity.
Economy the production and exchange of goods and services among a group of people
Economic system the way people produce and exchange goods
Command economy a type of economic system in which production of goods, and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production, also called a planned economy.
Market economy a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand form consumers also called a demand economy or capitalism
Natural resource a material on or in the earth, such as a tree, fish, or coal, that has economic value
Infrastructure the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems.
Per capita income the average amount of money earned by each person in a political unit
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) the value of only goods and services produced within a country in a period of time
Gross National Product (GNP) the total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a period of time
Created by: wilsonm2