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Muscle Terms

Terminology of the muscles in the body

abduction movement away from the midline of the body
adduction movement toward the midline of the body
dorsiflextion backward bending of the foot
extension straightening of a flexed limb
fascia fibrous membrane seperating and enveloping muscles
flaxion bending at a joint
insertion of a muscle connection of the muscle to a bone that moves
origin of a muscle connection of the muscle to a stationary bone
plantar flexion bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
pronation turning the palm backwards
rotation circular movement around a central point
skeletal muscle muscle connected to bones; voluntary or striated muscle
smooth muscle muscle connected to internal organs; involuntary or visceral muscle
striated muscle skeletal muscle
supination turning the palm forward
viscearal muscle smooth muscle
muscular dystrophy a group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system
polymyositis chronic inflammatory myopathy
antinuclear antibody test (ANA) detects an antibody present in serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) measures the rate at which erythrocytes settle to the bottom of a test tube
rheumatoid factor test (RF) serum is tested for presence of an antibody found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
serum creatine kinase (CK) measurement of uric acid in serum
serum calcium (Ca) measurement of calcium level in serum
uric acid test measurement of uric acid in serum
arthrocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint space
arthrography process of taking x-ray images after injection of contrast material into the joint
arthroplasty surgical repair of a joint
Created by: vikingmedterm