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The Muscular System

fasci/o- fascia (membrane supporting muscles)
fibr/o- fiber
kines/o- movement
kinesi/o- movement
my/o- muscle
muscul/o- muscle
tax/o- order; coordination
ten/o- tendon
tend/o- tendon
tendin/o- tendon
ton/o- tension
a- no; not; without
ab- away from
ad- toward
an- pertaining to
bi- two
dys- bad: painful: difficult: abnormal
electro- electricity
epi- above; upon; on
hemi- half
tri- three
-cele hernia
-ia condition
-ic pertaining to
-penia deficiency
-plegia paralysis; palsy
-rrhexis rupture
abduction movement of a limb away from the midline or axis of the body
adduction the movement of a limb toward the midline or axis of the body
adhesion A condition in which body tissues that are normally separate grow together
ataxia failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action
atonic Relating to, caused by, or exhibiting lack of muscle tone
atrophy a wasting away; a diminution in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or part.
bradykinesia Extreme slowness in movement
carpal tunnel syndrome a disorder caused by compression at the wrist of the median nerve supplying the hand, causing numbness and tingling.
chronic fatigue syndrome a condition that causes extreme tiredness
circumduction circular movement of a limb or of the eye.
contracture abnormal shortening of muscle tissue, rendering the muscle highly resistant to passive stretching.
dorsiflexion flexion or bending toward the extensor aspect of a limb, as of the hand or foot
dystaxia difficulty in controlling voluntary movements
dystonia dyskinetic movements due to disordered tonicity of muscle
electromyography an electrical recording of muscle activity that aids in the diagnosis of neuromuscular disease
epicondylitis A painful and sometimes disabling inflammation of the muscle and surrounding tissues of the elbow caused by repeated stress and strain on the forearm near the lateral epicondyle of the humerus (arm bone).
ergonomics the science relating to humans and their work, including the factors affecting the efficient use of human energy.
exercise physiologist some who study of the body's metabolic response to short-term and long-term physical activity.
fasciitis inflammation of a fascia
fibromyalgia syndrome A common syndrome of chronic widespread soft-tissue pain accompanied by weakness, fatigue, and sleep disturbances; the cause is unknown.
ganglion cyst Collection of fluid or benign tumor mass within tendons of the wrist or ankle, most commonly on the dorsal aspect of the wrist
heel spur a bony projection on the sole (plantar) region of the heel bone
hemiparesis Slight paralysis or weakness affecting one side of the body
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
hyperkinesia Pathologically increased muscular movement.
hypertonia Extreme tension of the muscles or arteries.
hypokinesia abnormally diminished motor function or activity
hypotonia diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
impingement syndrome a clinical syndrome which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles become irritated and inflamed
intermittent claudication lameness due to pain in leg muscles because the blood supply is inadequate
muscular dystrophy A hereditary condition marked by progressive weakening and wasting of the muscles
myasthenia gravis a form of chronic autoimmune disorder resulting in progressive skeletal muscle weakness
myocele protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath
myoclonus Spasmodic jerky contraction of groups of muscles
myofascial release a form of soft tissue therapy used to treat somatic dysfunction and resulting pain and restriction of motion
myolysis disintegration or degeneration of muscle tissue.
myoparesis Weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle.
myorrhaphy the surgical suturing of a muscle wound.
myotonia Inability to relax voluntary muscle after vigorous effort.
nocturnal myoclonus Frequently repeated muscular jerks at the moment of dropping off to sleep
oblique A muscle neither parallel nor perpendicular to the long axis of a body or limb.
paralysis 1.The loss of the ability to move (and sometimes to feel anything) in part or most of the body
paraplegia Paralysis of the legs and lower body.
physiatrist a medical doctor or doctor of osteopathic medicine who specializes in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
plantar fasciitis inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot
polymyositis rare inflammatory disease that leads to muscle weakness, swelling tenderness, and tissue damage
pronation rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward.
quadriplegia Paralysis of all four limbs
sarcopenia a condition of age-related loss of muscle mass and strength
shin splint pain in the front of the lower legs
singultus hiccup
spasmodic torticollis having no other abnormality other than dystonic movement and occasional tremor in the neck
sphincter A ring of muscle surrounding and serving to guard or close an opening or tube, such as the anus or the openings of the stomach
sprain an injury to the ligaments around a joint
tenodesis Metal or plastic support for hand, wrist and/or fingers
tenodynia pain in a tendon
tenolysis A surgical procedure in which a tendon is separated from its sheath.
tenorrhaphy A surgery that sutures a tear in a tendon.
Created by: 312551