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Health Informatics 1

Health Information Technology (HIT or healthIT) The tangible technical aspects, including the Internet, wireless connections, hardware, Internet appliances, and handheld devices; applications for information management, decision-support tools, communication, and transactional programs.
Hospital Information Systems (HIS) A comprehensive, knowledge-based system capable of providing information to all who need it to make sound decisions about health; such a system can help realize the public interest related to disease prevention, health promotion, and population health.
Electronic Health Record (EHR) A repository of electronically maintained information about an individual's lifetime health status and healthcare, stored such that it can be accessible to authorized users (e.g., physicians, pharmacists, hospitals, home care) of the record.
Personal Health Record (PHR) An electronic record of health information that is maintained, controlled, and shared by patient-consumer.
Nationwide Health Information Network (NwHIN or NHIN) An Internet-based architecture that links disparate healthcare information systems to allow patients, physicians, hospitals, community health centers, and public health agencies across the country to share clinical information securely.
Health Information Organizations (HIO) An organization that oversees and governs the exchange of health-related information among organizations according to nationally recognized standards.
Health Information Exchange (HIE) Organizations that support the exchange of personal health information. Also known as Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs), these organizations support the primary goal of the NHIN for interoperable health information systems.
Institute of Medicine (IOM) The health arm of the National Academy of Sciences.
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Signed into law in 2009, its greatest relevance to informatics is its major investment in the implementation of electronic health records and support for comparative effectiveness research.
Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) a comprehensive, knowledge-based system capable of providing information to all who need it to make sound decisions about health. Such a system can help realize the public interest related to disease prevention, health promotion, and population health.
US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS or DHHS) HHS is the US government’s principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC or ONCHIT) This U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) office provides leadership for the development and nationwide implementation of an interoperable health information technology infrastructure.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) The agency's mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of healthcare for all Americans. Its initiative on health information technology includes grants to stimulate health IT investment in rural and underserved areas.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) GIS is a collection of computer hardware, software, and geographic data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information.
Public Health Information Network (PHIN) a CDC initiative established to provide the framework for efficient public health information access, exchange, use, and collaboration among multi-level public health agencies and partners using shared policies, standards, best practices, and services.
National Association for Public Health Information Technology (NAPHIT) a nonprofit organization that supports public health information technology leaders by providing venues to exchange ideas and experiences, discuss and shape current policy, and learn about tools and technologies to support public health.
Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) A clinical information system that allows clinicians to record patient-specific orders for communication to other patient care team members and to other information systems. Sometimes called provider order entry or practitioner order entry.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) national health information privacy standards issued by the HHS which provide protection for the privacy of certain individually identifiable health data, referred to as protected health information (PHI).
American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) This organization aims to lead the way in transforming health care through trusted science, education, and the practice of informatics. AMIA connects a broad community of professionals and students interested in informatics.
International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) the world body for health and biomedical informatics. IMIA provides leadership and expertise to enable the transformation of healthcare in accord with the vision of improving the health of the world population.
Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) HIMSS is the healthcare industry's membership organization focused on providing leadership for the optimal use of healthcare information technology and management systems.
National Library of Medicine (NLM) The world’s largest medical library, which collects materials and provides information and research services in all areas of biomedicine and health care. It is also an NIH institute and supports research and training.
National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) a non-regulatory federal agency within the US Department of Commerce to promote innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology to enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.
Created by: SHM-ATSU