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SHMS 7th Grade Social Studies Powertime Vocab 1

Unitary power is held by a national government and the regions/states have little power
Confederation power is held by independent governments (strong regions/states or countries) that voluntarily give up some of their power to join together for a common purpose (weak central government).
Federal power is shared between the national government and the regions/states.
Autocratic citizen participation is limited because one strong leader, or dictator, has the power and personal freedoms are usually very limited.
Oligarchic citizen participation is limited because a small group has the power and personal freedoms are usually limited.
Democratic citizens participate freely in their government through voting and usually have many personal freedoms
Parliamentary a democracy in which the executive leader is chosen from the legislature (often called a Prime Minister, but may have other titles as well). Usually this leader is not the ceremonial chief of state, but does have power to lead the government.
Presidential a democracy in which the leader is chosen separately from the legislature providing a system of checks and balances (often called a President). Usually this leader is both the ceremonial chief of state and the leader of the government.
Monarchy form of government in which the leader inherits the position (such as a King or Queen).
Republic form of government where citizens choose the leader through elections instead of inheriting the position by birth.
Theocracy a form of government where religion dictates the laws and chooses a religious leader for the country (Sharia law, for example)
Created by: hbogue