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sfs ss final 8

chapter 8 - section 2

wealthy landowner and member of the ruling class in ancient Rome patrician
plebeian member of the common people in ancient Rome; most people in early Rome were plebeians
consul one of the two top government officials in ancient Rome
to reject veto
important government official in ancient Rome; main job was to interpret the law and act as judges in court praetor
---- ----- Rome had a tripartite, or three part government - one group ran the government , another group made laws, and a 3rd group acted as judges Rome's Government
there was a system of ---- ---- ----- in place so that one group could not become too powerful checks and balances
branch of US government that makes the nation's laws legislative branch
branch of US government that enforces \ carries out the nation's laws executive branch
branch of US government that interprets the nation's laws judicial branch
Rome's most important lawmaking \ legislative body; consisted of a select group of about 300 patrician men who served for life senate
in ancient Rome, a person who ruled with complete power temporarily during emergencies dictator
Roman dictators were ----- by the Senate in times of great danger and when the danger was over the dictators gave up their power appointed
----- dictators often seize power, frequently using military force then they DO NOT give up their power voluntarily, instead ruling until they are removed from office by force modern
early Roman dictator; around 460 B.C. a powerful enemy surrounded a Roman army Cincinnatus
Cincinnatus and his ---- quickly defeated the enemy and returned to Rome where he returned to his farm after only serving as dictator for 15 or 16 days army
Rome's first code of law; laws written on tablets that described the rights of each person in the Roman Republic Twelve Tables
ancient city on the northern coast of Africa; Rome's opponent in the Punic Wars Carthage
dispute between Carthaginians and Romans; both Carthage and Rome wanted to control the island of Sicily and lasted more than 20 years then Sicily came under Roman rule First Punic War
to punish Rome, Carthage sent its greatest general Hannibal to attack Rome in 218 B.C. where the Romans were able to defeat the Carthaginians again Second Punic war
after the Second Punic war --- ruled the western Mediterranean ruled
great Carthaginian general who led an army against the Romans during the Second Punic War, Hannibal's forces included an army of about 46,000 men, horses and 37 elephants Hannibal
Roman general who invaded Carthage in 202 B.C. defeated the Carthaginians at the Battle of Zama Scipio
last battle of the Second Punic War; Scipio's troops defeated the Carthaginaians Battle of Zama
Carthage became a Roman Province following the ---- ---- ---- Third Punic War
means "our sea" what the Romans began calling the Mediterranean Sea after the Punic Wars mare nostrum
large farming estates in ancient Rome latifundia
in ancient Rome, a 3 person ruling group triumvirate
cheap food and entertainment provided by Roman politicians to win votes of the poor bread and circuses
Crassus, Pompey and Julius Caesar First Triumvirate
a phrase used today to mean making a decision that you cannot take back crossing the Rubicon
modern-day France; Caesar's command area while he was a member of the First Triumvirate Gaul
Created by: lyncall