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ss final ch5

chapter 5 - section 2

study of the nature and meaning of life; comes from the Greek word for "love of wisdom" philosophy
professional teacher in ancient Greece; believed that people should use knowledge to improve themselves and developed the art of public speaking and debate sophist
way of teaching developed by Socrates used a question-and-answer format to force students to use their reason to see things for themselves Socratic method
Greek philosopher who believed that all relationships in the world expressed in numbers; Pythagoras
Greek philosopher who invented the Socratic Method; he was accused of teaching young Athenians to rebel and was sentenced to death Socrates
a student of Socrates' Plato rejected the idea of democracy as a form of government; he believed that philosopher-kings should rule society; he described his vision of the ideal government in his work the Republic Plato
Plato's best student; wrote more than 200 books on topics ranging from government to the planets and stars; Aristotle
opened his own school called ---- where he taught his pupils the "golden mean" Lyceum
Aristotle divided all governments into 3 basic types monarchy aristocracy or an oligarchy democracy
Aristotle noticed that governments run by ----- people were usually run by the rich and that most democracies were run by the poor few
Aristotle thought the best government was a ----- of a government that is run by both the rich and poor mixture
the ----- of the U.S. Constitution tried to create a mixed government that balanced the different types Aristotle had identified writers
Greek historian; wrote the history of the Persian Wars' Western historians consider him the "father of history" Herodotus
considered by many to be the greatest historian of the ancient world;wrote History of the Peloponnese War Thucydides
Created by: lyncall