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Chapter 2 - Study

Medical Terminology - chapter 2, Roots of each body system

anatomy study of parts of the body
physiology study of how body parts work
5 levels of body from smallest to largest cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
adip/o fat
steat/o fat
lip/o fat
axill/o armpit
bi/o life
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
histi/o tissue
path/o disease
viscer/o internal organs
12 body systems are: digestive, urinary, reproductive, muscular, skeletal, nervous, respiratory, lymphatic, endocrine, cardiovascular, integumentary, eyes & ears
Integumentary system is made up of: skin, accessory organs, hair, nails, sweat glands, oil glands
cili/o hair
pil/o hair
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
cutane/o skin
onych/o nail
ungu/o nail
Skeletal system made up of: bones, cartilage, joints
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
crani/o skull
cost/o rib
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
oste/o bone
pelv/o pelvis
spin/o spine; backbone; spinal column
vertebr/o vertebra
spondyl/o vertebra
Muscular system made up of: muscles, tendons
my/o muscle
muscul/o muscle
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
Nervous system and eyes, ears made up of: organs of special sense, brain, spinal cord, nerves, eyes, ears
blephar/o eyelid
cerebr/o brain
encephal/o brain
myel/o spinal cord; bone marrow
neur/o nerve
ophthalm/o eye
ocul/o eye
ot/o ear
Endocrine system made up of: pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, parathyroid, pineal glands, thymus, ovaries, testes and hormonal secretions.
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal gland
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
Circulatory/Cardiovascular system made up of: heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, blood.
angi/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
vas/o vessel
arteri/o artery
cardi/o heart
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
ven/o vein
phleb/o vein
Lymphatic system made up of: thymus, bone marrow, spleen, tonsils, lymph nodes, lymph capillaries, lymph vessels, lymph, lymphocytes.
adenoid/o adenoids
lymph/o lymph (clear, watery fluid)
lymphaden/o lymph glands; lymph nodes
lymphangi/o lymph vessels
splen/o spleen
tonsill/o tonsils
Respiratory system made up of: lungs, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronch, bronchioles.
alveol/o air sac; alveolus
bronch/o bronchus
bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiol/o small bronchial tubes
laryng/o larynx; voice box
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
pharyng/o throat; pharynx
phren/o diaphragm
pneum/o lungs
pneumon/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea; windpipe
Digestive system consists of: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, salivary glands, pancreas, gallbladder, liver
abdomin/o abdomen
cheil/o lips
col/o colon; large intestines
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
hepat/o liver
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
rect/o rectum
Urinary system made up of: kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra
cyst/o bladder
ren/o kidney
nephr/o kidney
ureter/o ureters
urethr/o urethra
Male reproductive system includes: testes, epididymides, ductus deferens, penis, ejaculatory ducts, seminal vesicles, prostate gland.
epididym/o epididymis
orchid/o testis; testicle
test/o testis; testicle
testicul/o testis; testicle
phall/o penis
prostat/o prostate gland
vas/o ductus (vas) deferens
Female reproductive system includes: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, external genitalia, mammary glands.
colp/o vagina
vagin/o vagina
gynec/o female; woman
mast/o breast
mamm/o breast
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
salping/o fallopian tubes; uterine tubes
uter/o uterus
hyster/o uterus
metr/o uterus
vulv/o vulva; external genitalia
Created by: concubine