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med term endocrine

medical terminology endocrine system

endo within
crin secrete
hormon/o hormone (to set into motion)
thyr/o thyroid (shield)
-physis growth
adren/o adrenal (ad=near, ren=kidney)
cortic/o cortex
parathyroid/o parathyroid
thymus thymus gland
endocrine ductless glands that secrete hormones directlyinto the blood stream
exocrine carried by a duct to the surface of a tissue
gland any organ or structure that produces a secretion
Five function of hormones regulation of 1. metabolism 2. growth and development 3. reproduction 4. stress response 5. cell permeability
aden/o gland
ana up, back, apart
andr/o male
calc/i calcium
cata to break down or apart
dips/o thirst
-dipsia thirst
diure to urinate
-drome running
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
gonad/o reproductive organs
natri sodium
-oid resembling
pituitary master gland
-plasia growth or development
-tropic influencing
acromegaly enlargement of the extremities
adrenalectomy removal of the adrenal gland
adrenocorticohyperplasia increased development of the adrenal cortex
adrenocorticotropic pertaining to influencing the adrenal cortex
adrenopathy disease of the adrenal gland
endocrinologist someone who studies the endocrine system or specialist.
endocrinopathy diseases of the endocrine system
gonadotropic substance that encourages the development of the ovaries and testes
hypocalcemia low levels of calcium in the blood
hyponatremia low levels of sodium in the blood
parathyroidoma tumor in the parathyroids
prolactin hormone stimulates the production of milk by the mammary glands
thyrogenic produced by the thyroid
thyrotoxicosis toxic condition of the thyroid gland (hyperactivity of the thyroid)
thyrotropic pertaining to influencing the thyroid gland
BS Blood Sugar
FBS Fasting Blood Sugar
GTT Glucose Tolerance Test
GH (Growth Hormone) stimulates cell growth by increasing protein synthesis
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) triggers release of thyroid hormones (T3/T4)
ACTH stimulates the release of steroid hormones (glucocorticoids like cortisol) from the adrenal glands
Thyroxine : acts to increase metabolism by improving energy utilization, oxygen consumption, growth, and development
Epinephrine (adrenaline) helps us with our emergency and stress response
Norepinephrine (noradrenaline) helps us with our emergency and stress response
Cortisol promotes glucose and glycogen and synthesis in the liver in a process called gluconeogenesis to support the body’s cells with adequate glucose to produce ATP
Glucagon increases blood sugar levels by stimulating the liver to convert glycogen to glucose and form glucose from amino acids
Insulin decreases blood sugar levels by stimulating the liver to convert glucose to glycogen and facilitating the diffusion of glucose into the body’s cells, where it can be used for energy or stored as lipids
Diabetes Mellitus the inability of the body to regulate its blood glucose level.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus occurs when the body fails to produce sufficient insulin
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus occurs when the body cells become resistant to the effects of insulin
Created by: cbiondillo