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world war II vocabulary

allies Allies: In WWII, the group of nations originally consisting of Great Britain, France, and The Soviet Union and later joined by the U.S.
axis Axis Powers: The group of nations including Germany, Italy, and Japan that opposed the Allies in World War II
dictatorship Dictatorship: A government in which one individual has absolute authority
facism Fascism: A political philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator
totalitarian Totalitarian: Characteristic of a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizen’s lives
empire Empire: A group of nations ruled by one supreme authority
aggression Aggression: The practice of making unprovoked attacks against other nations
Appeasement Appeasement: The granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep the peace
gi GI: From “government issue” applied to American soldiers in World War II and later wars
lend-lease Lend-Lease Act: A law, passed in 1941, that allowed the U.S. to ship arms and other supplies, without immediate payment, to nations fighting the Axis powers
neutrality Neutrality Acts: A series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent U.S. arms sales and loans to nations at war
executive order Executive Order: Emergency rules made by the president which have the power of law
intertainment camps Internment Camps: Confinement or a restriction in movement especially under wartime conditions; temporary prisons used for Nisei Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Nisei Nisei: Children of Japanese immigrants born and educated in the U.S.