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Health Emergencies


anatomy terms fetus, uterus, placenta, umbilical cord, amniotic sac, amniotic fluid, cervix, perineumm crowning, cephalic delivery, breech delivery
three stages of labor 1. 1st contraction to dilation of the cervix 2. birth 3. delivery of afterbirth
evaluate the mother decide whether or not to take her to the hospital
key words/questions ask if mother is having 1st baby. how long has she been in labor. do you have to strain or move your bowels. examine her for crowning.
prepare for the delivery- equipment needed: 4 towels, 2 pairs rubber gloves, surgical scissors, 1 dozen gauze pads, something to tie the cord, rubber bulb ear syringe, sanitary napkins, plastic bags, baby blanket, basin
the delivery placement of hands, supposrt baby's head. continue to support head as the body delivers. do not force in assisting the delivery. support rest of the body as it is delivered. when delivery is complete, lay baby on its side with head lower than body
management of newborn clear air passages immediately. wipe blood and mucus around mouth. use syringe to suction mouth and nostrils. place infants on his or her side on a sheet and prepare to cut the cord.
delivery of placenta sanitary napkin. hold legs together. replace blood soaked sheets. wipe face and hands with damp cloth.
complications unbroken amniotic sac. resuscitation of the newborn. prolonged deliveries. excessive bleeding.
abnormal deliveries breech presentation. prolapsed umbilical cord. arm or leg presentation.
other chilbirth situations multiple births. spontaneous natural abortion. premature births. stillborn infant.
poison do not always induce vomit
do not always trust labels
if poison gets on clothes, remove.
allergic reaction a lot of people are allergic to bee venom.
bee wasps & ants wash with soap and water. cold pack and monitor for BLS
scorpion ice bag. see a doctor if symptoms persist
tree asp ice bag. " "
black widow/hourglass- neurotoxin brown recluse/fiddleback- cytotoxic cold pack. BLS is needed.
snake bites dont use ice packs. use wrap.
seizure disorders grand mal petit mal jacksonian
grand mal aura: heightened sense tonic: stiffen of body clonic: convulsions (3-5 mins) posticular: resting period (5-30 mins)
petit mal staring episodes some kids have between 150-300 seizures a day
burns types: thermal, chemicals, radiation
degrees of burns 1st: redness- cold water 2nd: blisters and redness- cold water 3rd: char- cover ------------------------------------- 4th: next layer 5th: layer 6th: down to the bone
severity of burns part of body- face, hands, feet degree surface area age of person & physical condition
heat expososure heat cramps heat exhaustion heat stroke
heat cramps -hydrate -proper diets -get out of heat
heat exhaustion -pale, clammy -give them water -temp: 98.6 -treat for shock -get out of heat -take clothes off -fan them -cold compress
heat stroke -red, hot, dry -temp: 101 -get out of heat -cool them down -cool water bath
cold exposure frost bite hypothermia
frost bite incipient-frost nip superficial deep any frost biten parts: remove all jewelry, bandage
stages 1st: pores close 2nd: starts to yellow 3rd: brownish yellow
normal body temp 98.6 | drop until 90 | 80 | 77-fibrillation --> cardiac arrest get them out of the cold and into the warmth
Created by: jayembee123