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Patho

Chapters 1 & 24

QuestionAnswer
What is an iatrogenic disease? Caused by diagnosis, manner, or TX by a physician.
Manifestations of a disease are best defined as Signs and symptoms of a disease
Definition of prognosis the predicted outcome or likelihood of recovery from a specific disease
what is an example of a systemic sign of a disease? a fever
What is the definition of etiology? the cause of a disease
hypertrophy of the heart would be related to what? an increase in the size of the individual cells
What is an example of a preventative measure you would use? routine application of sun block to skin
What is a precipitating factor? a circumstance that causes a sudden acute episode of a chronic disease to occur
What is an exacerbation? an acute episode of a chronic disease
what do the extrinsic muscles of the eye control? movement of the eyeball
what must happen in order for the pupil of the eye to dilate? stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system is required
what is caused by an irregular curvature of the cornea or lens? astigmatism
what would be a sign of corneal trauma or infection? severe pain and photophobia
What disorder is manifested by loss of peripheral vision? chronic (wide-angle) glaucoma
what causes gradual clouding of the lens of the eye? cataract
why does vertigo occur with Meniere's syndrome? due to excessive endolymph impairs the hair cells in the labyrinth
What is an early effect of age-related macular degeneration? loss of central vision acuity
what is the first sign of ototoxicity from drugs or chemicals? tinnitus
what would cochlear implants do in sensorineural loss? restore hearing
what is dysplasia? abnormal growth or development of cells
what is atrophy wasting away of the body or an organ part from poor nutrition or nerve damage
what is apoptosis? programmed cell death-
what is caseation transformation of tissue into a soft cheese-like mass
what is open-angle glaucoma? optic nerve damage results in a progressive loss of visual field. Associated with increased intraocular pressure caused by trobecular blockage
Created by: tmiczikus