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Med Term Chapt 2

Body Structure, Color, and Oncology

aden/o Gland
cyt/o Cell
epitheli/o Epithelium
fibr/o Fiber
hist/o Tissue
kary/o Nucleus
lip/o Fat
my/o Muscle
neur/o Nerve
organ/o Organ
sarc/o Flesh, Connective Tissue
system/o System
viscer/o Internal Organs
cancer/o Cancer (a disease characterized by the unregulated, abnormal growth of new cells)
carcin/o Cancer (a disease characterized by the unregulated, abnormal growth of new cells)
eti/o Cause (of disease)
gno/o Knowledge
iatr/o Physician, Medicine (also means treatment)
lei/o Smooth
onc/o Tumor, Mass
path/o Disease
rhabd/o Rod-shaped, Striated
somat/o Body
chlor/o Green
chrom/o Color
cyan/o Blue
erythr/o Red
leuk/o White
melan/o Black
xanth/o Yellow
dia- Through, Complete
dys- Painful, Abnormal, Difficult, Labored
hyper- Above, Excessive
hypo- Below, Incomplete, Defiecient
meta- After, Beyond, Change
neo- New
pro- Before
-al Pertaining to
-ic Pertaining to
-ous Pertaining to
-cyte Cell
-gen Substance or agent that produces or causes
-genic Producing, originating, causing
-logist One who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
-logy Study of
-oid Resembling
-oma Tumor, swelling
-osis Abnormal condition (means INCREASE when used with blood cell word roots)
-pathy Disease
-plasia Condition of formation, development, growth
-plasm Growth, substance, formation
-sarcoma Malignant tumor
-sis State of
-stasis Control, stop, standing
CA Carcinoma
Chemo Chemotherapy
Dx Diagnosis
mets Metastasis
Px Prognosis
RBC Red Blood Cell
XRT Radiation therapy
WBC White Blood Cell
Integumentary System Composed of skin, nails, and glands. Forms a protective covering for the body, regulates body temperature, and helps manufacture vitamin D.
Respiratory System Composed of nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tubes, and lungs. Performs respiration which provides for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body.
Urinary System Composed of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Removes waste material (urine) from the body, regulates fluid volume, and maintains electrolyte concentration.
Reproductive System Female reproductive system is composed of ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, and mammary glands. Male reproductive system is composed of testes, urethra, penis, prostate gland, and associated tubes. Responsible for heredity and reproduction.
Cardiovascular System Composed of the heart and blood vessels. Pumps and transports blood throughout the body.
Lymphatic System Composed of a network of vessels, ducts, nodes, and organs. Provides defense against infection.
Digestive System Composed of the gastrointestinal tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine plus accessory organs, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Prepares food for use by the body cells and eliminates waste.
Musculoskeletal System Composed of muscle, bones, and joints. Provides movement and framework for the body, protects vital organs such as the brain, stores calcium, and produces red blood cells.
Nervous System Composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Regulates body activities by sending and receiving messages.
Endocrine System Composed of glands that secrete hormones. Hormones regulate many body activities.
Cranial Cavity Space inside the skull (cranium) containing the brain.
Spinal Cavity Space inside the spinal column containing the spinal cord.
Thoracic Cavity Space containing the heart, aorta, lungs, esophagus, trachea, and bronchi.
Abdominal Cavity Space containing the stomach, intestines, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and ureters.
Pelvic Cavity Space containing the urinary bladder, certain reproductive organs, parts of the small and large intestine, and the rectum.
Abdominopelvic Cavity Both the pelvic and abdominal cavities.
Adenocarcinoma Cancerous tumor of glandular tissue
Adenomo Tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)
Carcinoma Cancerous tumor (malignant)
Chloroma Tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)
Epithelioma Tumor composed of epithelium (may be benign or malignant)
Fibroma Tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
Fibrosarcoma Malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
Leiomyoma Tumor composed of smooth muscle (benign)
Leiomyosarcoma Malignant tumor of smooth muscle
Lipoma Tumor composed of fat (benign tumor)
Liposarcoma Malignant tumor of fat
Melanocarcinoma Cancerous black tumor (malignant)
Melanoma Black tumor (primarily of the skin)
Myoma Tumor composed of muscle (benign)
Neoplasm New growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)
Neuroma Tumor composed of nerve (benign)
Rhabdomyoma Tumor composed of striated muscle (benign)
Rhabdomyosarcoma Malignant tumor of striated muscle
Sarcoma Tumor of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (highly malignant)
Cytogenic Producing cells
Cytoid Resembling a cell
Cytology Study of cells
Cytoplasm Cell substance
Dysplasia Abnormal development
Epithelial Pertaining to epithelium
Erythrocyte Red (blood) cell
Erythrocytosis Increase in the number of red (blood) cells
Histology Study of tissue
Hyperplasia Excessive development (number of cells)
Hypoplasia Incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)
Karyocyte Cell with a nucleus
Karyoplasm Substance of a nucleus
Leukocyte White (blood) cell
Leukocytosis Increase in the number of white (blood) cells
Lipoid Resembling fat
Myopathy Disease of the muscle
Neuroid Resembling a nerve
Somatic Pertaining to the body
Somatogenic Originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)
Somatopathy Disease of the body
Somatoplasm Body substance
Systemic Pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)
Visceral Pertaining to the internal organs
Cancerous Pertaining to cancer
Carcinogen Substance that causes cancer
Carcinogenic Producing cancer
Cyanosis Abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)
Diagnosis State of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
Etiology Study of causes (of disease)
Iatrogenic Produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
Iatrology Study of medicine
Metastasis Beyond control (spread of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)
Neopathy New disease
Oncogenic Causing tumors
Oncologist A physician who studies and treats tumors
Oncology Study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
Organic Pertaining to an organ
Organoid Resembling an organ
Pathogenic Producing disease
Pathologist A physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine the cause of disease or death)
Pathology Study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
Prognosis State of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)
Xanthochromic Pertaining to yellow color
Xanthosis Abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)
Benign Not malignant, nonrecurrent, favorable for recovery.
Carcinoma in situ Cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue
Chemotherapy Treatment of cancer with drugs
Encapsulated Enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors
Exacerbation Increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms
Idiopathic Pertaining to disease of unknown origin
Inflammation Response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain.
In vitro Within a glass, observable within a test tube
In vivo Within the living body
Malignant Tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer
Radiation Therapy Treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation (also called radiation oncology and radiotherapy)
Remission Improvement or absence of signs of disease
Created by: TLynnH6226