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Unit 1

The Word-Building System

acrodermatitis inflammation of the skin extremities
acromegaly enlarged extremities
acroparalysis paralysis of the extemities
adjective descriptor, modifies nouns
anemia (adj. anemic) lack of blood (noun)
appendix (appendices) glandular structure below the cecum (plural)
bacillus (bacilli) rod-shaped bacteria (plural)
bacterium (bacteria) microorganism group (plural)
brainstem brain structure that includes: midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata
carcinoma (carcinomata) cancerous tumor (epithelial origin) (plural)
carpus, carpal, carpi wrist bone (noun/adj/plural)
chickenpox viral infection with Varicella zoster
combining form word root plus a vowel
condyle (condylar) rounded bony process (noun/adj)
contraction condition of shortening a body part, tension, muscle function
crisis (crises) acute (severe) situation (singular/plural)
cyanosis (cyanotic) condition of blueness (noun/adj)
cytometer instrument that measures (counts) cells
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatology the study of the skin, medical specialty
disease abnormal function or condition
extension stretching or elongation
gastrectomy excision of the stomach
gastric stomach (adj form)
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
gastroduodenoscopy examination by looking into the stomach and the duodenum with a scope
gastroduodenostomy make a new surgical opening between the stomach and duodenum
hydrocele herniation or sac containing water
hydrophobia abnormal fear of water
hydrotherapy therapy using water
hyperthyroidism overactive thyroid condition
ilium (iliac) upper pelvic bone (noun/adj)
inflammation condition defined by redness, swelling, pain, & warmth
inject put in using a needle (verb)
injectable able to be injected (adj)
larynx (larynges) voice box
lymphadenopathy disease of a lymph gland
microbe very small organism
microfilm image reduced to small size on film
micrometer one millionth of a meter
microscope instrument used to look at small structures
microsurgery surgery using a microscope
mucus (mucous) watery substance produced by a membrane (noun/adj)
neurospasm nerve spasm (twitching)
noun name of a person, place or thing
practitioner one who practices
prefix placed before a word root to change its meaning
psychiatrist specialist in treating mental disorders
radiographer one who makes x-ray images
sensitivity quality of being sensitive
spermatozoon (pl. spermatozoa) sperm
suffix follows a word root to change its meaning or part of speech
thermometer instrument that measures temperature
transport carry across
verb action or state of being word
vertebra (vertebrae) spinal bone (singular/plural)
vomit evacuate stomach contents (verb)
word root base of a word
Created by: morgan19