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Foot/Ankle

QuestionAnswer
How many bones are in the foot? 26
How many phalanges are in the foot? 14
How many metatarsals are in the foot? 5
How many tarsal are in the ankle? 7
Which bones are found in the forefoot? Metatarsals, toes (phalanges)
Which bones are found in the midfoot? Cuneiforms, Cuboid, Navicular
Which bones are found in the hindfoot? Talus, Calcaneus
What term describes the superior surface of the foot? Dorsum, Dorsal
What term describes the inferior or posterior surface of the foot? Plantar
Which metatarsal is the shortest and thickest? The first one.
Which bone is the largest and strongest tarsal bone? Calcaneus (os calsis)
Name the seven tarsals. Calcaneus, Cuboid, Navicular, Talus, Medial/Intermediate/Lateral cuneiform
Sinus tarsi (blank)
Which bones occupies the most superior position of the foot? Talus
Which cuneiform is the largest? Medial cuneiform
Which cuneiform is the smallest? Intermediate cuneiform
Where are the sesamoid bones located? Beneath the head of the first metatarsal.
Where does the most common site of fracture occur on the foot? At the sesamoid bones
What joint is located between the distal and middle phalanges? Distal Interphalangeal (DIP) joint
What joint is located between the base of the proximal phalanx and head of the metatarsal bone? Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint
The great toe has what type of joint in it? Interphalangeal joint
What type of joint is the metatarsophalangeal joint? Ellipsoidal
What type of joint is the cuneocuboid joint? Gliding
What type of joint is the talocalcaneonavicular joint? Ball and socket
What type of joint is the talofibular joint? Hinge
What type of joint is the proximal tibiofibular? Gliding
What type of joint is the interphalangeal joint? Hinge
What type of movement do the interphalangeal joints permit? Flexion and extension
Which metatarsal has a tuberosity that is prominent at its base? The fifth metatarsal
Which tarsal bone is lateral from the cuneiforms? Cuboid
Which tarsal bone forms part of the ankle joint? Talus
MTP is an abbreviation for what? Metatarsophalangeal
What other projection term refers to the AP projection? Dorsoplantar
What two CR angulations can be used to perform AP and AP axial projections? Perpendicular and 10 degrees posteriorly (toward the heel)
To what point of the foot should the central ray be directed toward for the lateral projection? To the base of the third metatarsal
The plantodorsal projection is associated with what type of projection? Axial
At what level of the foot should the CR enter for the axial (plantodorsal) projection? The base of the third metatarsal
Which projection of the calcaneus --axial or lateral--best demonstrates the sinus tarsi? Lateral
Why is dorsiflexion of the foot required for the lateral (mediolateral) projection? To prevent lateral rotation of the ankle.
For the lateral mediolateral projection, where should the CR be directed? Perpendicularly
The ankle joint is located where? Between the medial malleolus and talus
What long bone articulates with the talus to form the ankle joint? Tibia
What is the name of the distal end of the tibia that is palpable on the medial ankle? Medial malleolus
What is the second name for the talas? Astragalus
The talas is also known as what? Ankle bone
What is another name for calcaneus? Os Calcis
The calcaneus is also known as what? Heel bone
What is another name for navicular? Tarsal scaphoid
What are two other names for the first toe? Great toe, Hallux
What class are the tarsal bones in? Short bones
Created by: rad1958tech on 2008-03-03



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