Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

word components

common roots

abdomin(o) abdomen (abdominopelvic (abdomen and pelvis)
acou- hearing (acoustics (the science of sounds)
acr(o)- extremity,peak (acrodermatitis (inflammation of skin of the extremities)
aden(o)- gland adenocele (cystic tumor in a gland)
adipo- fat (adipose (fatty)
alb- white (albumin (protein found in blood)
andr(o)- male (androgen (male sex hormone)
angi(o)- vessel (angiography (x-ray of a vessel)
ankyl- crooked, fusion (ankylosis (consolidation of a joint)
bili- bile (biliary (pertaining to bile or the gallbladder)
blast- or -blast embryonic state (blastocyte (embrightyonic cell)
blephar(o)- eyelid (blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid)
brachi(o)- arm (brachial artery (artery of upper arm)
brady- slow (bradycardia (slow heart rhythm)
calc- heel (calcaneus (heel bone)
carcin(o)- cancer (carcinoma (malignant growth)
cardi(o)- heart (cardiac muscle (heart muscle)
caud- tail (caudal (toward the tail)
cephal(o)- head (cephalgia (pain in the head)
cerebr(o)- cerebrum (cerebral embolism (occlusion of a cerebral vessel by a blood clot)
cervic(i)(o)- neck (cervical plexus (network of cervical nerves)
chol(e)- bile (cholelithiasis (inflammation of the gallbladder)
chondr(o)- cartilage (chondritis (inflammation of cartilage)
col(i)(o)- colon (colitis (inflammation of the colon)
cost(o)- rib (costochondral (relating to a rib and its cartilage)
cut- skin (cutaneous (relating to skin)
cyan(o)- blue (cyanotic (blue-colored)
cyst(i)(o)- bladder (cystitis (inflammation of the urinary bladder)
cyt(o)- cell (cytology (study of cells)
derm- or -derm skin (dermatitis (skin inflammation)
dors(i)(o)- back (dorsiflexion (upward bending of hand or foot)
enter(o)- intestine (enterocolitis (inflammation of the intestines and colon)
erythr(o)- red (erythrocytes (red blood cells)
fasci- bundle (fasciae (bundles of muscle fibers)
febri- fever (febrile (feverish)
fil- threadlike (filament (fine thread)
galact(o)- milk (galactose(sugar obtained from milk)
gastro- stomach (gastritis (inflammation of stomach)
Ger(o)-or geront(o)- aging (gerontology (study of aging)
gest- carry (gestation (pregnancy)
gloss(o)- tongue (glossitis (inflammation of tongue)
glyc(o- or gluc(o) sweet (glycogen,glucogen (forms of sugar)
gyn(o)- woman, particularly female reproductive organs (gynecology (study of women's reproductive organs)
heme(a)(o)- or hemato- blood (hematology (study of blood)
hepat(o)- liver (hepatitis (inflammation of the liver)
hist(i)(o)- tissue (histography (process of describing tissue and cells)
hydro- water, hydrogen (hydrops (excess watery fluid)
hyster- uterus (hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus)
ile(o)- ileum (ileostomy (surgical opening in the ileum)
ili(o)- ilium,flank (iliac muscle (muscle that allows thigh movement)
ischi(o)- hip (ischiopubic (pertaining to the ischium and pubes)
jejun(o)- jejunum (jejunectomy (excision of the jejunum)
kerat(o)- horny tissue, cornea (keratectasia (a thin,scarred cornea)
kine(the)(o)- movement (kinetic (pertaining to motion)
labio- lips (labiograph (an instrument that records lip movement)
lact(o)- milk (lactation (secretion of milk by the breasts)
laryng(o)- larynx (laryngectomy (surgical removal of the larynx)
latero- side (lateroflexion (flexion to one side)
leuk(o)- white (leukocytes (white blood cells)
lip(o)- fat (lipedema (excess fat and fluid in subcutaneous tissue)
lith(o)- stone (lithocystotomy (surgical removal of bladder stones)
mamm(o)- breast (mammogram (breast x-ray)
mast(o)- breast (mastectomy (surgical removal of breast tissue)
melan(o)- black (melancholia (depression)
meno- menses (menostaxis (prolonged menstrual period)
ment- mind (mental illness (psychiatric disorder)
mio- less,smaller (miosis (excessive contraction of the pupil)
mito- threadlike mitochondria (rod-shaped cellular organelle)
my(o)- muscle (myocele (hernia of muscle)
myc(o)- fungus (mycology (study of fungi and fungal diseases)
myel(o)- marrow,spinal cord (myelalgia (pain in the spinal cord)
myx- mucus (myxoid (resembling mucus)
nas(o)- nose (nasolabial (between the nose and lip)
nephr(o)- kidney (nephritis (kidney inflammation)
ocul(o)- eye (oculomotor (eye movement)
ophthalm(o)- eye (ophthalmia (inflammation of the eye)
orchi(o)- testes (orchitis (inflammation of the testes)
oro- mouth (oronasal (mouth and nose)
oss- or oste(o)- bone (osteomyelitis (inflammation of bone and muscle)
ot(o)- ear (otitis (ear inflammation)
ox(y)- oxygenation (oxyhemoglobin (hemoglobin combined with molecular oxygen)
path(o)- disease (pathogen (disease-causing organism)
ped(o)- child (pediatrics (care of children)
pharmaco- medicine (pharmacotherapy (treatment with medication)
pharyng(o)- pharynx (pharyngitis (sore throat)
phleb(o)- vein (phlebitis (inflammation of a vein)
phot(o)- light (phototherapy (treatment by exposure to light)
plasm(o)- liquid part of blood (plasminogen (protein found in tissues and body fluid)lung
pleur(o)- pleura,rib,side (pleurisy (inflammation of pleura)
pneum(o)- lung (pneumonia (inflammation of the lung)
pod(o)- foot (podiatry (care of the foot)
proct(o)- rectum (proctectomy (excision of the rectum)
prote(o)- protein (proteinemia (excess protein in the blood)
psych(o)- mind (psychiatry (study and treatment of mental disorder)
pulmo(n)- lung (pulmoaortic (pertaining to the lungs and aorta)
pyel(o)- kidney (pyelonephrosis (disease of the kidney and renal pelvis)
pyr(o)- heat (pyrogen(an agent that causes fever)
ren(o)- kidney (renography (x-ray of the kidney)
rhin(o)- nose (rhinitis (inflamed mucous membranes of the nose)
rub(r)- red (bilirubin (bile pigment)
sangui- blood (sanguineous drainage (blood drainage)
sarc(o)- flesh (sarcoma (a highly malignant tumor made of connective tissue cells)
scler(o)- hard (sclerosis (hardening of tissue)
scolio- crooked (scoliosis (curvature of the spine)
sensi- perception,feeling (sensory (pertaining to the senses)
sep- decay (sepsis (infection in the bloodstream)
soma- or somat(o)- body (somatization (psychiatric condition expressed through physical symptoms)
sten(o)- narrow (stenosis (narrowing of a body passage)
tachy- rapid,swift (tachycardia (rapid heart beat)
therm(o)- heat (thermometer (instrument for measuring temperature)
thorac(o)- chest (thoracotomy (surgical opening of the chest wall)
thromb(o)- clot (thrombectomy (excision of a clot from a blood vessel)
toxi(o)- poison (toxicosis (poisoning)
trache(o)- trachea (tracheobronchitis (inflammation of the trachea and bronchhi)
ur(o)- urinary,urine (uropoiesis (formation of urine)
vas(o)- vessel (vasospasm (spasm of a blood vessel)
ven(i)(o)- vein (venosclerosis (sclerosis or hardening of the veins)
vesic(o)- bladder (vesicospinal (pertaining to the urinary bladder and spine)
Created by: mstull