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if neuron regeneration could occur, what mechanisms must be present for proper regeneration? neurons must have a healthy cell body anda functional schwann cell, if disruption oxygen and blood supply was temporary
what divisions of the nervous system can neuron regeneration occurs? PNS
AGING: amount of neurons decrease
AGING: neurotransmitters reduced synthesis and secreation
AGING: reflexs decrease learning ability, short term memory, less processing
AGING: proprioception decrease
AGING: pain threshold increase for pain, touch, and vibration
AGING: temperature regulation changes
NERVOUS SYSTEM DYSFUNCTION: central nervous system confusion, reduced cognition, reduced memory and cognition of daily tasks, headaches, dizziness, depression, anxiety and insomina
NERVOUS SYSTEM DYSFUNCTION: peripheral nervous system located in the limbs or extremities
NERVOUS SYSTEM DYSFUNCTION: sensory nerve impingement tingling, numbness, pain, hyperesthesia
NERVOUS SYSTEM DYSFUNCTION: motor nerve impingment loss of strength, reduced ROM, uncoordination, loss of reflexes
BENEFITS OF MASSAGE: cutaneous receptors stimualtes or inhibits
BENEFITS OF MASSAGE: muscle tone softening, re-set muscle spindles
BENEFITS OF MASSAGE: para-sympathetic stimulate
BENEFITS OF MASSAGE: proprioceptors stimulates, re-sets new sense of being
BENEFITS OF MASSAGE: neurotransmitters increases production and release
BENEFITS OF MASSAGE: newborns enhanses growth and development of newborns
quadriplegia injury to spinal cord at C1-C7
paraplegia injury to spinal cord at T12-L2
TBI injury to brain cause by concussion, hematoma, fractures, swelling of the brain
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
poliomyelitis/ post polio syndrome viral infection affecting the gray matter of the CNS; symptoms show up years after recovery
Shingles vesicles from herpes zoster virus lying dormant in a peripheral nerve
cephalgia headache
alzheimers disease deterioration of the brain
parkinsons disease degenerative disease
MS autoimmune disease in which the auto-antibodies attack the myelin sheath
cerebral vascular accident/stroke ischemia and infarct to the brain tissue from a blood clot or hemorrhage
what are the s/s of impending stroke HA, blurred vision, slurred speech, dizziness, weakness on one side of their body
what can trigger a migraine headache hormonal shifts, periods, hunger, foods, weathers, barometer
what is the gate control theory of pain neural pathway closes, not allowing or the transmission of slow twitch fibers to ascend
what mechanisms of pain will affect the clients life physiologically, socially and psychologically
what are common barriers to pain management? fear of addiction, physicians fear of governmental regulations, inadequate insurance
NSAIDS reduce inflammation and thus swelling, reducing nociceptor stimulation; inhibits production of prostaglandins
muscle relaxants blocks the motor pathway to the muscle
narcotics acts on CNS to slow the transmission of pain
anti-depressants alters the neurotransmitter that can increase pain reception
cerebral palsy damage during fetal life, birth or early childhood
spina bifida congenital neural tube defect, failure of spinous process of vertebrae to close during first 4 weeks
seizures uncontrolled and excessive electrical activity in the brain`
trigeminal neuralgia cranial nerve V condition characterized by face pain
Bells palsy facial paralysis
myasthenia gravis autoimmune disease where antoantibodies are produced and attack acetylcholine in the neuromuscular synapse
neuropathy condition of a nerve
Carpal tunnel syndrome median nerve compression/ impingement
thoracic outlet syndrome brachial plexus impingement/entrapment and/ or sunclavian vessels
depression neurotransmitter imbalance of serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine
eating disorders anorexia, bulimia, complusive overeating
Created by: marlenasokana