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Chapter 8

TermDefinition
Scientific revolution in agriculture the addition of new crops and other technologies over the past 200 years is part of the continuing application of science to agriculture that began in the late eigtheenth century
Aquaculture herding or domesticating aquatic animals
Hunger deficiency in any or all basic requirements
Biotechnology variety of new techniques for modifying organisms and their physiological process for applied purposes
Deforestation destruction of the forests
Exclusive economic zone controls both mining and fishing rights
Fishery area where certain kinds of fishing or fish farming are used to yield certain species
Isotropic plain imaginary city market in a perfectly flat plain with absolutely no variations on it
Sustainable agriculture food production that can be continued indefinitely and that limits or even reverses environmental degradation
Downstream activities the economic activities closer to the consumers
Value added by manufacturing the difference between the value of a raw material and the value of a product manufactured from that raw material
Double cropping two rice crops can be harvested per year from one field
Swidden use tools and animals and more extensive modifications of landscape
Economies of scale achieve greater earnings per unit produced only by expanding the number of units produced
Monoculture specialized production of one crop
Polyculture the raising of a variety of crops
Commercial agriculture growing food and raising animal products for sale
Subsistence agriculture agricultural to feed oneself and family
Agricultural inputs all the factors that go into growing and harvesting a crop
Green revolution the effort to increase food production
Created by: lnpereira