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Minnesota History

Chapter 3 Test Flash Cards Review

Oral Tradition The custom of telling stories about the histories and legends of a group in order to teach about that culture.
Elder An older member of the tribe who is respected for his or her knowledge and wisdom.
Tipi A cone-shaped house made by stretching animal skins over a frame of wooden poles.
Sugar Camp Village location during spring, when Dakota made sugar from maple sap.
Bark House A rectangular house made with poles and covered with large overlapping strips of bark.
Ohanwaste Dakota word meaning generosity.
Tiyospaye Dakota word meaning extended families, including cousins, aunts, and uncles.
Wohoda Dakota word meaning respect and courtesy
Wakinyan The great storm-maker who cleans the earth and sky.
Unktehi The Water Spirit
Tate Waziyata The North Wind
Wicanhpi Hoksidan Star Boy, the son of a woman and a star
Where did the Dakota live in the spring? The village location was at the sugar camp.
Where did the Dakota live in the summer? In the summer, they lived in villages of bark houses, along rivers where the soil was soft and sandy.
Where did the Dakota live in autumn/fall? The villagers became a community on the move. Each family packed up its belongings and headed to the hunting grounds that the chief had chosen.
Where did the Dakota live in the winter? In the winter, the Dakota set up tipi villages deep in the sheltering woods, near rivers or lakes.
Housing in the spring In the spring, the Dakota lived in bark houses. A bark house is a rectangular house made with poles and covered with overlapping strips of bark.
Housing in the summer In the summer, the Dakota lived at the summer villages of bark houses along the rivers.
Housing in autumn/fall They set up tipis to live in during the fall. (They were a community on the move.)
Housing in the winter The Dakota lived in tipi villages deep in the sheltering woods.
Food in the spring In the spring their food was small game, such as muskrat, beaver, and ducks. The other food was sugar and maple syrup and sugar.
Food in the summer Small game, fish, wild rice, cultivated corn, corn, blueberries, cranberries, venison, squash, beans, ducks, and crops.
Food in autumn/fall Large game, such as bison, deer, and bear. They also had wild rice and crops.
Food in the winter Stored corn, wild rice, dried meat, bison ribs, rabbit, and fish.
Activities in the spring The children did chores and played in the woods, the men hunted, and the women made syrup at the sugar camp.
Activities in the summer The boys would grind rice husks; the men hunted, fished, and wild rice; the women farmed, picked berries and nuts.
Activities in autumn/fall The men hunted game, and the women dried meat and prepared animal skin.
Activities in the winter The children used sleds, skated, and listened to elders' stories; the men ice fished, gathered firewood, hunted, and visited; the women tanned hides, sewed cloths, visited, and preserved food for winter.
Step 1 in the wild rice process Host a celebration and make an offering to Unktehi
Step 2 " " They tied the stocks of grain into bundles and let them stand there to dry for a few days.
Step 3 " " They returned and struck the bundles with a rod so that the rice fell into the bottom of the canoe.
Step 4 " " Rice was brought to the shore and placed on mats to dry in the sun.
Step 5 " " Roast the rice over a fire
Step 6 in the wild rice process Boys grind the husks off the grains by stepping lightly on them; place rice in a pit.
Step 7 in the wild rice process Husks removed from the grains by shaking the rice
Created by: okeefeaustin