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MA 70 Module 8

Cardiovascular System

-ac suffix: pertaining to
-ary suffix: pertaining to
-ar suffix: pertaining to
-ose suffix: pertaining to
-ectasis suffix: dilation
-gram suffix: record or image
-graph suffix: machine that creates an image
-graphy suffix: the process creating an image or record
-manometer suffix: instrument for measuring pressure
-megaly suffix: large
-ole suffix: small
-rrhaphy suffix: suturing
-stenosis suffix: narrowing, stricture
-tension suffix: pressure
-ule suffix: small
-um suffix: noun ending
a-, an- no; not; without
-itis suffix: inflammation
bi- prefix: two
brady- prefix: slow
de- prefix: down from; reversal; remove from
endo- prefix: within; in
per- prefix: Thoroughly; completely; intensely; through
peri- prefix: around
tachy- prefix: fast, rapid
tri- prefix: three
endocardium inner lining (membrane) of the heart
myocardium muscle layer of the heart
pericardium membranous sac surrounding the heart
Four major chambers of the heart left atrium (LA) left ventricle (LV) right atrium (RA) right ventricle (RV)
3 Major Types of Blood Vessels artery vein capillary
Heart Structures aorta, aortic valve, atrioventricular (AV) node, atrium, bicuspid (mitral) valve, pulmonary valve
Heart Structures continued inferior vena cava, interatrial septum, interventricular septum, left atrium (LA), Purkinje fibers, right atrium (RA), right lung, right ventricle (RV), sinoatrial (SA) node, superior vena cava
Heart Structures continued 3 left lung left ventricle (LV), pulmonary arteries, pulmonary trunk, pulmonary valve, pulmonary veins, tricuspid valve;
aneurysm/o aneurysm; weakening of the walls of blood vessels CF
angi/o blood vessels CF
aort/o aorta, main artery from the heart to the body CF
arteri/o, arter/o artery CF
arteriol/o arteriole CF
ather/o fatty, porridge like substance CF
atri/o atrium CF
cardi/o heart CF
cerebr/o cerebrum; brain CF
coron/o crown; heart CF
electr/o electricity CF
embol/o embolus; blockage CF
hem/o, hemat/o blood CF
isch/o to suppress, hold back CF
megal/o enlarged CF
my/o muscle CF
necr/o death CF
phleb/o vein CF
pulmon/o lung CF
scler/o hard; hardening CF
son/o sound CF
sphygm/o pulse CF
steth/o chest CF
thromb/o blood clot CF
valv/o, valvul/o valve CF
varic/o twisted, swollen CF
vas/o vessel CF
vascul/o vessel CF
ven/o, ven/i vein CF
ventricul/o ventricle; chamber CF
aneurysm weakened blood vessel wall, cause bulging
aneurysmorrhaphy suturing of an aneurysm to prevent bursting
angiography the process of taking an x-ray of blood vessels after injection of an opaque dye
angioplasty surgical repair of a blood vessel
anticoagulant an agent that keeps blood from clotting
aortic pertaining to the aorta
aortopathy any disease of the aorta
aortostenosis narrowing or stricture of the aorta
arrhythmia irregular heart beat
arteriolitis inflammation of the arterioles
arteriopathy any disease of the arteries
arteriorrhaphy suturing of an artery
arteriorrhexis rupture of an artery
arteriosclerosis hardening of an artery
arteriospasm involuntary contraction of an artery
arteriostenosis narrowing of an artery
atheroma fatty build up inside the arterial wall
atherosclerosis hardening of arteries due to a fatty build up
atrial pertaining to atrium
atrioventricular pertaining to the atrium and ventricles
bradycardia slow heart rate
cardiac pertaining to the heart
cardiologist specialist in diseases of the heart
cardiology study of diseases of the heart
cardiomegaly, megalocardia enlarged heart
cardiorrhaphy suturing of the heart
cardiothoracic pertaining to the heart and chest
cerebral pertaining the cerebrum; brain
coronary pertaining to the heart (arteries that supply blood to the heart)
diastole rhythmic dilation of the heart when the chambers fill with blood
electrocardiograph machine that records the electrical activity of the heart
electrocardiography the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart
embolus a non stationary blockage
endarterectomy the surgical removal of the inside lining of an artery
hypertension high blood pressure
inferior below or under
interatrial between the atrium
interventricular between the ventricle
intraventricular within the ventricle
ischemia loss of blood supply due to a blockage
microcardia small sized heart
myocardial pertaining to the heart muscle
necrectomy excision of the dead tissue
necrophobia fear of the dead
necrosis abnormal condition of dead tissue
pericardiectomy excision of the membrane around the heart
pericardiocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the lining around the heart
pericardiorrhaphy suturing of the membrane around heart
pericarditis inflammation of the lining around the heart
phlebitis inflammation of a veins
phleborrhaphy suturing of the veins
phleborrhexis rupture of a vein
phlebostenosis narrowing of a vein
phlebotomy, venotomy, venipuncture incision of a vein
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
septum a tissue that divides chambers
superior above
occlusion blockage
systole normal rhythm of the heart ventricles contracting
tachycardia fast heart rate
tachypnea fast breathing
thrombectomy surgical removal of a blood clot
thrombolysis destruction of blood clots
thoracic pertaining to the chest
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein due to a blood clot
thrombus blood clot
valvuloplasty surgical repair of the valve
varicose enlarged vein
vascular pertaining to a vessel
vasospasm uncontrolled vessel contraction
venosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of vessels
venous pertaining to the vein
venules small veins
ventriculotomy incision into a ventricle
ventricular pertaining a ventricle
atrium, septum singular plural: atria, septa
thrombus, embolus Singular thrombi, emboli plural
aneurism aneurysm weakening blood vessels wall
angina pectoris chest pain
auscultation listening to the sounds within body using a stethoscope
arteriosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries
atherosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries due a fatty porridge like substance
cardiac catheterization (CC) threading a long tube through a vein in the leg into the heart for procedures
cardioversion/defibrillation using a device to give an electric shock to the heart to correct arrhythmias
carotid endarterectomy removal of the inside lining of the carotid arteries for removal of blockages
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) veins taken from other parts of the body and grafted into the coronary arteries to improve blood flow due to CAD
coronary artery disease (CAD) when the coronary arteries are filled with plague causing blockage
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) blood clots in the veins of a muscle causing pain and swelling
defibrillator machine used to give an electrical shock to the heart to establish normal heart rhythm
echocariography using reflected sound waves to view the heart
electrocardiography (ECG, EKG) using a machine to record the electrical activity of the heart
fibrillation irregular heart beat with a fluttering sensation
heart failure (HF) can be caused by CAD and other problems with the heart
hypertension HTN high blood pressure
murmur abnormal heart sounds
myocardial infarction MI heart attack
occlusion blockage
stroke brain damage (necrosis) due to blockage of blood supply to the brain, or an aneurysm
thrombus stationary blood clot
transient ischemic attack TIA small stroke that resolves itself
ultrasonography the process of recording images using reflected sound waves
varicose veins bulging veins to insufficient valve closure in a vein
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
BP Blood Pressure
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
cath catheterization
CHF congestive heart failure
CV cardiovascular
CVA cerebrovascular accident
DVT Deep Vein Thrombosis
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram, electrocardiography
HF heart failure
HTN hypertension
MI myocardial infarction
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
RBC Red blood cell
SOB shortness of breath
TIA transient ischemic attack
-ium suffix: tissue or membrane
-pathy suffix: disease
epicardium the layer upon the myocardium
Three major locations of lymph nodes axillary, cervical, inguinal
lymph/o CF lymph
tonsill/o CF tonsil
adenoid/o CF adenoid
splen/o CF spleen
thym/o CF thymus
cervic/o CF neck
axill/o CF armpit, underarm
inguin/o CF groin
tonsillectomy excision of the tonsils
axillary pertaining to the underarms
splenorrhaphy suturing of the spleen
splenomegaly enlarged spleen
thymectomy excision of the thymus
Main Parts of the Lymphatic System tonsils, Peyer's Patches, spleen, thymus, lymph fluid, lymph vessels, lymph nodes
lymphangi/o CF lymph vessels
aden/o CF gland
cardiomyopathy any disease involving the heart muscle
sphygmomanometer instrument used to measure blood pressure
Peyer's Patches patches of lymph tissue in the small intestines that monitor bacterial growth
Created by: leschnei