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MA 70 Module 9

Respiratory Medical Terms and Abbrevations

adenoidectomy surgical excision of the adenoids
alveolar pertaining to the alveoli, air sacs in the lungs
anosmia without smell, not able to smell
anoxia without oxygen
apnea no breath; cessation of breathing
atelectasis incomplete dilation; collapsed lung
bradypnea slow breathing
bronchial pertaining to the bronchus/bronchi
bronchiolectasis chronic dilation of the tubes leading from the bronchi to the alveoli
bronchioles small branches off the bronchi
bronchiolitis inflammation of the bronchioles
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchus/bronchi
bronchopneumonia acute inflammation of the bronchi and alveoli
bronchoscope an instrument used to view inside the passageways of the lungs
bronchoscopy the process of viewing the passageways of the lungs
bronchospasm uncontrolled muscle contractions of bronchi (coughing fits)
bronchostenosis narrowing of the bronchi
emphysema disease characterized by over expansion and destruction of the alveoli
eupnea normal breathing
hypoxemia condition of not enough oxygen in the blood
hypoxia a condition of not enough oxygen in tissue
laryngoplegia paralysis of the larynx (voice box)
laryngitis inflammation of the voice box (larynx)
laryngoscope instrument used to view the voice box (larynx)
laryngoscopy the process of viewing the larynx using an instrument
laryngospams uncontrolled muscle contractions in the voice box
laryngostenosis stricture, narrowing of the voice box
lobar pertaining to a lobe
lobectomy surgical removal of a lobe
lobotomy incision into a lobe
nasal pertaining to the nose
nasopharyngitis inflammation of the nose and throat
paranasal pertaining to around the nasal sinuses
palate the roof of the mouth
palatoplasty surgical repair of the roof of the mouth
peritonsillar pertaining to around the tonsils
pharyngeal pertaining to the pharynx (throat)
pharyngitis inflammation of the throat (pharynx)
pharyngoparalysis pharyngoplegia paralysis of the throat
pharyngoplasty surgical repair of the throat
pharyngospasm twitching of the throat muscles
pharyngostenosis narrowing, stricture of the throat (pharynx)
pharyngotome instrument to incise the throat
pharyngotomy incision of the throat (pharynx)
phrenoptosis prolapse, downward displacement of the diaphragm
phrenospasm uncontrolled muscle contractions of the diaphragm
pleuralgia pleurodynia pain the two layer membrane that surrounds the chest cavity and lungs (pleura)
pleurisy pleuritis inflammation of the two layer membrane that surrounds the chest cavity and lungs (pleura)
pleuritic pertaining to the two layer membrane that surrounds the chest cavity and lungs (pleura)
pharynx throat
adenoiditis inflammation of the adenoids
pneumectomy pneumonectomy excision of part or all of a lung
pneumocentesis pneumonocentesis surgical puncture to remove (aspirate) fluid from the lung
pneumonia pneumonitis inflammation of the alveoli
lobitis inflammation of a lobe of the lungs
pneumonopathy pneumonosis any disease of the lungs
pneumothorax air in the chest cavity
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
pulmonologist specialist in health and diseases of the lungs
pulmonology the study of the lungs health and diseases
pyothorax pus in the chest cavity
rhinitis inflammation of the nose, or sinus cavities
rhinologist specialist in problems with the nose and sinuses
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhagia heavy bleeding from the nose
rhinorrhea runny nose
rhinotomy incision of the nose
spirometry the process of measuring the capacity of the lungs
tachypnea fast breathing
thoracentesis thoracocentesis surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest
thoracodynia chest pain
thoracopathy Any disease of the chest
thoracotomy incision of the chest
tracheomalacia abnormal softening of the windpipe (trachea)
tracheopathy any disease of the trachea (windpipe)
tracheoplasty surgical repair of the windpipe (trachea)
tracheostenosis narrowing, stricture of the trachea (windpipe)
tracheostomy to surgically create a new opening in the trachea
tracheotomy to incise the trachea (windpipe)
ABG arterial blood gas(es) (diagnostic test)
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CO₂ carbon dioxide
CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
O₂ oxygen
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
PFT pulmonary function test
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
TB tuberculosis
URI upper respiratory infection
VC vital capacity
acidosis abnormal condition of the blood being more acidic due to increase in CO2.
aspirate to withdraw fluid from the body
asthma a paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of respiration, characterized by bronchospasm, wheezing, and difficulty in expiration, often accompanied by coughing and a feeling of constriction in the chest.
bronchodilator substance to dilate the bronchi and bronchioles
catheter a flexible or ridged tube
empyema collection of pus in the pleural cavity
epistaxis nosebleed
expiration exhalation to breathe out
external respiration body process of inhalation and exhalation
influenza virus causing symptoms, (flu)
inspiration inhalation to breathe in
internal respiration respiration on the cellular level
metastasize Verb. Cancer spreading beyond the original place of origin.
metastasis noun. Cancer spreading beyond the original place of origin.
pertussis whooping cough
pleural effusion abnormal amount of fluid around the lungs
postural drainage pounding on the back with a cupped hand to help clear thick sticky mucus from the lungs for people who have cystic fibrosis
tuberculosis a disease of the lungs caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
auscultation listening to the sounds of the body using a stethoscope
aphonia loss of voice (sound)
respiration the act of breathing in and out
sinusitis inflammation of one or more of the paranasal cavities
thorax thoracic chest pertaining to the chest
tonsillectomy surgical excision of the tonsils
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
pH potential hydrogen: symbol for hydrogen ion concentration
Created by: leschnei