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Chapter 8- The DS

Aerophagia The swallowing of air, whether deliberately to stimulate belching, accidentally, or as an involuntary habit.
Amebric Dysentery inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces; characterized by severe diarrhea
Anastomosis A connection made surgically between adjacent blood vessels, parts of the intestine, or other channels of the body, or the operation in which this is constructed
Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight, and an obsessive fear of gaining weight due to a distorted self image
Antiemetic Preventing vomiting
Aphthous ulcers a blister on the mucous membranes of the lips or mouth or gastrointestinal tract
Ascites The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling
Bariatrics The branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of obesity
Boborygmus A rumbling or gurgling noise made by the movement of fluid and gas in the intestines
Botulism Food poisoning caused by a bacterium (botulinum) growing on improperly sterilized canned meats and other preserved foods
Bulimia Nervosa an eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating, followed by compensatory behaviors. The most common form is defensive vomiting, sometimes called purging; fasting, the use of laxatives, enemas, diuretics, and over exercising are also common.
Cachexia Weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness
Cheilosis a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin
Cholangiography X-ray examination of the bile ducts, used to locate and identify an obstruction
Cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholera An infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies and causing severe vomiting and diarrhea
Cirrhosis A chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism or hepatitis
Colonoscopy visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation
Crohon's disease A chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, esp. the colon and ileum, associated with ulcers and fistulae
Diverticulitis Inflammation of a diverticulum, esp. in the colon, causing pain and disturbance of bowel function
Dyspepsia Indigestion
Dysphagia Difficulty or discomfort in swallowing, as a symptom of disease
Emesis The action or process of vomiting
Enteritis Inflammation of the intestine, esp. the small intestine, usually accompanied by diarrhea
Eructation A belch
Esophageal varices stretched veins in the esophagus that occur when the liver is not working properly.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy a test using an endoscope to look at the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine. Tissue samples can also be taken to test for diseases.
Gastroduodenostomy surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum
Gastroesophageal reflux disease defined as chronic symptoms or mucosal damage produced by the abnormal reflux of stomach acid to the esophagus.
Gastrostomy tube is inserted into the stomach if the patient is unable to take food by mouth
Hematemesis The vomiting of blood
Hemoccult test A test that checks for hidden blood in the stool.
Hepatitis A disease characterized by inflammation of the liver
Herpes labialis is an infection of the lip by herpes simplex virus (HSV-1). An outbreak typically causes small blisters or sores
Hiatial hernia a condition in which part of the stomach sticks upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm.
Hyperemesis severe and excessive vomiting.
ileus A painful obstruction of the ileum or other part of the intestine
inguinal hernia which a loop of intestine enters the inguinal canal; the most common type of hernia in males
Jaundice A medical condition with yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, arising from excess of the pigment bilirubin and typically caused by obstruction of the bile duct, by liver disease, or by excessive breakdown of red blood cells
Melena Dark sticky feces containing partly digested blood
Morbid obesity More than two times the ideal weight
Nasogastric intubation medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube, NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and down into the stomach.
obesity The condition of being grossly fat or overweight
periodontium specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones.
peristalsis The involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward
proctopexy fixation of a prolapsed anus and rectum
regurgitation blood flow in the opposite direction from normal, as the backward flowing of blood into the heart or between heart chambers
salmonellosis a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
sigmoidoscopy Examination of the sigmoid colon by means of a flexible tube inserted through the anus
stomatorrhagia hemorrhage of the mouth
trismus Spasm of the jaw muscles, causing the mouth to remain tightly closed, typically as a symptom of tetanus
ulcerative colitis a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever and chills and profuse diarrhea
volvulus An obstruction caused by twisting of the stomach or intestine
xerostomia abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
cholecystalgia pain in the gallbladder
Choledocholithotomy Surgery that involves the removal of one or more obstructive gallstones from the common bile duct
Cholelithiasis The formation of gallstones
diverculosis A condition characterized by the presence of numerous diverticula in the colon.
Created by: 156470