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Rock/Layers

Rocks and the layers of the Earth study.

TermDefinition
1st layer of the Earth. The crust.
Lithosphere includes: The crust and the outer edge of the asthenosphere/upper mantle.
The cross section includes: The outer edge of the outer core and the inner core.
The outer core is: The 7th layer of the Earth in between the inner core and the lower mantle/mesosphere.
The inner core is: The center of the Earth.
The asthenosphere includes the: Upper mantle.
The mesosphere includes: The lower mantle
The upper mantle, lower mantle, asthenopshere, and mesosphere all make up the: Mantle layer.
There are _ layers. 8, the crust, the lithosphere, upper mantle, upper mantle/asthenosphere, the lower mantle, the outer core, the cross section, and the inner core,
The continental crust is: The dry land making up the crust.
The oceanic crust is: The land on the bottom of the ocean.
How many layers are there to the mantle? 3, the regular upper mantle in which it is rigid, the asthenopshere in which is flowing, and the lower mantle in which is semi-rigid.
The rock cycle goes like this: ....rocks slowly transform from one rock into another as they are beaten by the forces of nature.
The rock cycle _ is a cycle that follows no particular order.
The rock that forms when molten magma from within the Earth cools and hardens is: Igneous rock
Magma that reaches Earth's surface is called: Lava.
The type of rock that forms when minerals and such are compacted/cemented together forms _ Sedimentary rock.
The type of rock that forms when heat/pressure beneath Earth's surface is applied to igneous or sedimentary rock form _, or when heat and pressure change the minerals in a rock, _ is formed. Metamorphic rock.
"metamorphic" means: A change of form.
Rocks are classified as to: How they were formed.
Geologists study: The Earth.
Over many years, rocks continuously change from one kind to another in: The rock cycle.
T OR F; Igneous rock is eroded to form metamorphic rock: F. It would turn into sedimentary rock.
T OR F; Metamorphic rock melts to form sedimentary rock: F. It would form igneous rock.
T OR F; Igneous rock is heated/pressurized to form metamorphic rock: T. Any rock heated/pressurized is to form metamorphic rock.
When lava cools on beneath Earth's surface,_ is formed. Intrusive igneous rock.
The innermost layer of Earth is _ The inner core.
The uppermost part of the mantle is called _ The lithosphere.
When lava cools on Earth's surface, _ is formed. Extrusive igneous rock.
. _,_, and _ all can melt to form magma. .Sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic.
_, _, and _ can weather/erode to form sedimentary rocks. Sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic.
When _ compacts/cements, sedimentary rock is formed. Sediment.
A mineral is: ... Any naturally occurring, non-living, solid with a special chemical composition and crystal structure .
Minerals can be identified by their: Color, luster, hardness, streak color, density/mass, and crystal shapes.
Examples of igneous rock: Obsidian, and basalt.
Examples of sedimentary rock: Limestone, salt/halite, and gypsum.
Examples of metamorphic rocks: Slate, gneiss, marble, schists, quartzite.
Mineral shapes: Cubic, Monoclinic, Tetragonal, Orthorhombic, Triclinic, and Hexagonal.
Created by: oceancat2000 on 2013-02-20



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