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Sotc maternal 5

learning tool

high risk pregnacy is one in which the health of the mother or the infant is jeopardized by disorder that was exist at the same time as pregnacy
morbidity state of being diseased...can continue for months to years.
mortality is the quality or state of being subjected to death
hyperemesis gravidarum when women vomit during pregnacy that it causes electrolyte imbalances metobolic, and nutritional imbalance.
monozygotes twins begin with one fertilized ovum the embryonic disk divides ,causing identical twins
Dizygotes twins are result of 2 separate ova being fertilized at the same time
Hydatidiform mole (molar pregnancy) is a gestational trophoblastic disease
salpingectomy removal of the tube
salpingostomy repair of a tube
incompetent cervix which traditionally was defined as passive and painless dilation of the cervix during the second trimester.
cerclage a technique that uses suture material to constrict the internal os of the cervix.
chorioamnionitis an inflammatory reaction in fetal membranes to bacteria or viruses in amniotic fluid
tocolytic therapy drugs used to relax the uterus
low implantation is used when the placenta is situated in the lower uterine segment away from the internal os.
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a potentially life-threatening disorder that results from alterations in the normal clotting mechanism.
Atony lack of normal tone or strength
hydramnios excessive amount of amniotic fluid.
Gestational hypertension (GH) formerly referred to as pregnancy-induced hypertension.
kick count a daily count of fetal movements felt in 1 hour while the mother is resting
Pregestational diabetes mellitus is the label sometimes given to type 1 or type 2 diabetes that existed before pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the inability to produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels during pregnancy.
cardiomyopathy disease of the myocardium, especially due to primary diseases of the heart muscle is observed in pregnant patients who have no history of cardiac problems.
Amnioinfusion an infusion of fluids directly into the amniotic sac.
oligohydramnios a deficit in the level of amniotic fluid.
thrombosis Development of a blood clot in the interior of a blood vessel resulting from inflammation or obstruction of a vessel
Superficial venous thrombosis Venous inflammation just below the skin's surface.
Deep vein thrombosis A blood clot in a vein deep within the body, usually in the lower extremities.
Pulmonary embolism Occlusion of the pulmonary artery by a blood clot traveling from elsewhere in the body.
Preterm 0 to 37 complete weeks of pregnancy
Postterm 42 or more weeks of pregnancy
Term 38 to 41 complete weeks of pregnancy
Small for gestational age (SGA) Weight is less than the 10th percentile for age.
Appropriate for gestational age (AGA) Weight is between the 10th and 90th percentiles.
Large for gestational age (LGA) Weight is greater than the 90th percentile.
Low birth weight Weight is 2500 g or less at birth.
Rh negative indicates that the woman does not possess a specific blood antigen.
placental barrier the boundary provided by placental tissue between the fetal and maternal circulations; small substances, excluding blood cells, may cross this barrier.
erythroblastosis fetalis a type of hemolytic anemia that occurs in newborns as a result of maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility, especially involving the Rh factor and ABO blood groups.
Kernicterus an abnormal toxic accumulation of bilirubin in central nervous system tissues.
hyperbilirubinemia an excess of bilirubin in the blood of the newborn.
indirect Coombs' test maternal blood measures the number of maternal antibodies.
direct Coombs' test is done on infant blood to determine the presence of antibody-coated RBCs.
Phototherapy involves exposing the skin to fluorescent lights, which converts the bilirubin to a water-soluble form that can be excreted in the urine.
Created by: amyatteberry2013