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Ancient Rome Vocabul


Republic : a form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders are elected by citizens who have the right to vote.
Empire a political unit in which a number of peoples or countries are controlled by a single ruler
Patrician in ancient Rome, a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class
Tribune : in ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights
Tribune Triumvirate in ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government
Plebeian: in ancient Rome, one of the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population
Consul in the Roman Republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government
Disciple One of the twelve original followers of Jesus.
Apostle one of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teaching
Crucifixion The act of crucifying; execution on a cross.
Bishop: a high-ranking Christian official who supervises a number of local churches
Messiah the expected king and deliverer of the Jews
Inflation a decline in the value of money, accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services
Aqueduct a pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas
Mercenary hired foreign soldier
Greco-Roman Culture an ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures
Justinian Code: the body of Roman civil law collected and organized by order of the Byzantine emperor Justinian around A.D. 534
Icon a religious image worshipped by the Catholic Church
Patriarch principal bishop in the eastern branch of Christianity
Excommunication the taking away of a person’s right of membership in a Christian church