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MA 70 Chapter 3

Integumentary System

-a plural noun suffix
auto- self
dia- through
epi- upon, on
homo- same
hyper- above; more than normal
hypo- sub- below, under
an- without; not
-al pertaining to
-cele herniation, protrusion
-cyte cell
-derma skin
-ectomy excision, to surgically remove, to cut out
-esis condition, action or process (noun suffix)
-graft living tissue moved from one site another
-ic pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ism state or condition
-itis inflammation
-logic pertaining to the study of
-logist one who studies
-logy the study of
-malacia abnormal softening
-oid resembling, like
-oma mass, tumor, growth
-opsy examination
-osis abnormal condition
-ous full of; pertaining to
-pathy disease
-penia less than normal, deficient
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhea flow;discharge
-surgery operative procedure
-therapy treatment
-tic pertaining to
-tome instrument for cutting
-rrhage rupture; profuse flow or discharge
aden/o gland
all/o other; else
bi/o life
carcin/o cancer
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
heter/o opposite
hidr/o sweat
hom/o same
ichthy/o scaly
kerat/o horny substances; cornea
lip/o fat
myc/o fungus
necr/o dead tissue
onych/o nail
phor/o to bear or carry
pil/o hair
py/o pus
scler/o hard; sclera
seb/o oil
squam/o scale, scaly
steat/o fat
sudor/o sweat
system/o several parts working together for a common function
trich/o hair
xen/o strange; different
xer/o dry
albin/o white
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
xanth/o yellow
adenoma tumor of a gland, glandular tumor
adenopathy disease of a gland
adipectomy surgical removal of fat
adip/o fat
adipocele fat tissue in a hernia sac
adipoma fatty tissue tumor/growth
albinism condition of lack of melanin causing skin to be pale, light colored eyes usually visual and auditory impairment
anhidrosis condition without sweat
carcinoma cancerous tumor of epithelial type tissue
cyrotherapy treatment using extreme cold
cutaneous pertaining to the skin
cyanoderma condition of blue skin
cyanosis abnormal condition of being blue
cytology study of cells
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist one who specializes in the study of skin pathology
dermatology the study of conditions and diseases of the the skin
dermatome an instrument for cutting small slices of skin
dermatomycosis abnormal condition skin fungus; fungal infection of the skin
dermatopathy disease of the skin
dermis dense layer of skin below the epidermis
dermatoplasty surgical repair of the skin
diaphoresis profuse sweating
epidermis outer covering of skin
erythroderma condition of red sking
erythrosis reddish, purplish discoloration of skin or mucous membrane
hidradenitis inflammation of the sweat glands
hyperhidrosis excessive sweating
hypodermic under the skin
ichthyosis hereditary skin disorder where the skin constantly flakes off
keratoma thick epidermal growth/callous
keratosis horny growth, such as a wart
leukoderma loss of skin pigmentation in patches
lipectomy excision of fatty tissue
lipocele fatty tissue in a hernia sac
lipoma fatty tissue tumor
liposuction the removal of fat by vacuuming it out
melanin skin pigment
melanocyte a cell producing or containing melanin
melanoderma abnormal darkening of the skin
melanoma cancerous skin tumors involving melanocytes
mycodermatitis inflammation of the skin due a fungal infection
mycosis condition of a fungal infection anywhere in the body
onychoma tumor arising from the nail bed
onychomalacia abnormal softening of the nail
onychomycosis abnormal condition of nail fungal infection
pustules small elevation of skin containing pus
pyoderma condition of several pustules
scleroderma disease where connective tissue becomes hardened
sclerosis hardening of blood vessel or nerve
sebaceous gland oil gland of the skin
seborrhea excessive production from the sebaceous gland
sebum oil/fatty secretion from the sebaceous gland
squamous scale like
steatitis inflammation of fatty tissue
subcutaneous under the skin
sudoriferous gland sweat gland
trichomycosis abnormal condition of hair fungal infection
trichopathy any disease of the hair
xanthoma a yellow papule of the skin containing fat
xanthosis yellowish color of degenerating tissue
xeroderma condition of dry skin
abrasion a scraped spot of area
abscess a localized area of pus with inflammation
alopecia balding
comedo pimple or black head
cyst a bladder like sac containing fluid
hemorrhage profuse flow of blood/ruptured blood vessel
contusion bleeding under the skin due to blunt trauma/bruise
ecchymosis a bruise
petechia small round reddish/purplish spots
hematoma collection of blood, usually clotted
lesions any pathological or traumatic change in tissue
primary lesion first sight of altered tissue
secondary lesion change in a primary lesion
tinea ringworm, fungal infection of the skin
ulcer erosion of tissue
urticaria hives
verruca warts
biopsy examination of tissue
cryosurgery removal of tissue using extreme cold
debridement the removal of nonliving tissue by scrapping
dermabrasion use of wire brushes or sandpaper to remove skin
skin graft skin implant
allograft graft between individuals of the same species
autograft graft done with one's own tissue
synthetic graft mesh made from shark cartilage and cow collagen coated in sugar to trick the body into producing a dermal layer
xenograft transplant between different species
BCC Basal Cell Carcinoma
BX, Bx biopsy
Derm Dermatology
FH family history
FS frozen section
ID intradermal
I&D incision and drainage; irrigation and debridement
IM intramuscular
IMP impression
PE physical examination
ung ointment
Created by: leschnei