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Chapter 4

Medical Terms

Medical TermDefinition
abnormal pertaining to being away from the norm; irregular
adrenal glands two endocrine glands, each above the kidney which produce hormones such as adrenalin and hydrocortisone
analysis separating a substance into its component parts
anemia deficiency of hemoglobin and or numbers of red blood cells which results in reducced oxygen to body cells
antepartum before birth
antibiotic pertaining to a substance that works against germor bacterial life
antibody a substance that works against germs produced by white blood cells when germs enter the blood stream
antigen foreign protein that stimulates white blood cells to make antibodies
aphasia absence or impairment of communication through speech
apnea not able to breath
atrophy decrease in size of cells within an organ
benign not cancerous, a tumor that does not spreadand is limited in growth
bilateral pertaining to two sides
bradycardia slow heartbeat
congenital anomaly irregularity; a deviation from the normal
dialysis complete separation of wastes from the blood when the kidneys fail
diarrhea discharge of watery wastes from the colon
dysphagia difficult swallowing
dysplasia difficult speech
dyspnea painful breathing
dysuria painful of difficult urination
ectopic pregnancy development of the zygote in a place outside the uterus
endocrine glands organs that produce hormones
endoscopy processs of viewing the inside of hollow organs or cavities with an endoscope
epidural hematoma mass of blood above the dra mater
excision act of cutting out, removing, or resection
extrahepatic pertaining to the outside of the liver
hemigastrectomy Removal of half of the stomach
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
hyperglycemia higher than normal levers sugar in the blood
hypertension high blood pressure
hyperthyroidism excessive activity of the thyroid gland
hypertrophy enlargement or over growth of an organ or part of the body as a result of and increase in size of individula cells
hypoglycemia blood condition of decreased sugar
incision cutting into the body or into the pelvis
intervertebral pertaining to lying beween the backbones
intrauterine pertaining to with in the uterus
intravenous pertaining to the vein
malignant tending to become over wellmr
metacarpal bones of the hand between wirist bones
metastasis spread of a cancerous tumor to a distant organ or location
neonatal pertaining to new birth
neoplastic pertaining to a new growth
paralysis los or impairment of movement in a part of the body
paraplegia impairment or loss of movement in the lower part of the body, primarly the legs and in some cases bowel and bladder function
parathyroid glands forur eidocrine glands behind the thyroid glands
perianal pertaining to around the anus
periosteum membrane that surrounds the bone
polydipsia excessive thirst
polyneurophathy disease of many nerves
polyuria excessive urination
postmortem afterdeath
postpartum after birth
precanscerous pertaining to a condiditon that ma come before a cancer
prolaps falling down or drooping of a part of the body
prosthesis artificial subsitiute for a missing part of the body
quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities and usally the trunk of the body caused by injury to the spinal cord in the cervical region of the spine
relapse retrun of a disease after its apparent termination
remission lessining of smptoms of a diseases
resection removal of an organ or a structure
retroperitioneal pertaining to behind the peritoneum
subcostal pertaining to below the ribs
subcutaneous lower layer of the skin
subduralhematoma collection of blood under the dura mater
subscapular pertaining to under the shoulder bone
subtotal less than total
syndrome set of symptoms and sings of disease that occur together to indicate a disease condition
tachycardia rapid heartbeat
tachypnea rapid breathing
transabdominal pertaining to across the abdomen
transurethral pertaining to across the urethra
tricuspid valve fold of tissue between the upper and lower chambers on the right side of the heart
ultrasonography recordion of the internal body structures with sound waves
unilateral pertaining to one side
urinalysis examination of urine to determine its content
Created by: Pinkchicsrule