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poeticterms

Descriptive devices and poetic terms

TermDefinitionExamples
literal language when someone is written and it means exactly what it says. The frog sat on a log
images/imagery The use of the senses to evoke images. By describing something with great visual detail, the reader can "see" the sight in their mind. This is done with the sense of touch, taste, smell or sound as well. The red rose was perfect in its form; the soft velvety petals curled around the core and its gentle sense of beauty was appreciated by all who passed.
denotation The literal dictionary meaning of a word. Home - the residence in which a person lives.
connotation The feelings or emotions evoked by a word. Opposite to denotation. Home - family, warmth, safety, rest, food, happiness.
stanza A collection of lines and ideas similar to a paragraph in prose writing.
speaker The voice or point of view of the poem. In lang
metaphor Comparison of two unlike things Shawnigan lake school is my home. Joe is sunshine.
simile a figure of speech involving the comparison of two unlike things which carries on beyone one line of poetry but instead
hyperbole exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally and used to create an effect or emphasis. the bag weighed a ton. (It was just very heavy)
symbol a concrete item (a thing) is used to represent an abstract idea, thought, or emotion. a heart represents love
irony a situation or effect of an action which shows the opposite of what is intended, meant or needed. Water, water everywhere, and all the boards did shrink; Water, water, everywhere nor any drop to drink.
rhyme-internal the rhyming of words occur within a single line of poetry. when kate walked into the house, she screamed when she stepped on a mouse.
rhyme-end when a poem line ends with words which sound similar roses are red, violets are blue, sugar is sweet, and so are you.
rhyme-approximate a term in writing when you use two words that sound similar to one another but, isn't a perfect rhyme. spare hair, half, mat, love bug,
rhyme scheme demonstrates using letter how the end of lines of a poem rhyme aabb, cat hat, store more
rhythm the syllables and repeated regular sound pattern of accented syllables. was this the face that launched a thousand ships?
alliteration repetition of particular sounds at the beginning or inside words. Alliteration is the broad category and assonance, consonance, and sibilance are types of alliteration.
assonance the repetition of vowel sounds throughout a line of poetry or stanza. It is important to hear the vowel not see it.. It beats...as it sweeps...as it cleans. Listen for the eee sound.
consonance repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning and inside of words in a sequence. peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.
sibilance
cacophony harsh mixture of sound to autumn by john keats
euphony the use of pleasant sounding words or combinations of pleasant sounds to create a gentle mood. and still more, later flowers for the bees, until the think warm days will never cease.
onomatopoeia a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes. bloop, splash, squirt, dribble, drip.
extended metaphor a comparison of two unlike things which carries on beyond one line of poetry but instead extends throughout the stanza or the whole poem. Mother and sun, The comparison of a hard life and a staircase are compared throughout the poem.
Created by: emmajo99 on 2013-02-12



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