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ACF ALL (1/15)

All acf tossups, divided into sentences.

QuestionAnswer
This painter's indulgence of visual fantasy, and appreciation of different historic architectural styles can be seen in his 1840 Architect's Dream Thomas Cole
After a series of paintings on The Last of the Mohicans, he made a three year trip to Europe in 1829, but he is better known for a trip four years earlier in which he journeyed up the Hudson River to the Catskill Mountains Thomas Cole
FTP, name this painter of The Oxbow and The Voyage of Life series. Thomas Cole
He married Marie-Anne Gerard, but five years later fell in love with her 14-year-old sister Marguerite, in collaboration with which he would paint genre scenes such as "The Beloved Child" during the years preceding the French Revolution Jean-Honore Fragonard
Other works of his include "Return of the Herd," "Head of an Old Man," and one particularly famous semierotic outdoor party scene Jean-Honore Fragonard
For 10 points, name this French Rococo artist who around 1766 painted "The Swing." Jean-Honore Fragonard
"I was once what you are, and what I am you will become," is the translation of an inscription in Italian painted above a skeleton, said to represent Adam The Holy Trinity
The donors of the work, husband and wife, are portrayed kneeling just in front of the pilasters that frame the chapel The Holy Trinity
The dove of the Holy Spirit rests on Christ's halo The Holy Trinity
The Virgin Mary and Saint John are represented on either side of the crucified Christ, whose arms are supported by God the Father The Holy Trinity
FTP, identify this c The Holy Trinity
1428 fresco in Santa Maria Novella in which Brunelleschi's single-point-perspective method is used brilliantly by Masaccio. The Holy Trinity
Velvets gave way to brocades and silks rococo
Darker colors gave way to blues, pinks, and whites rococo
War and religion gave way to a dream world where landscapes always depicted summer; where people flirted or made love; and where flowers, seaweed, and shells were all over the place rococo
Indeed, the name for the movement comes from the French for "shell." For 10 points, name this 18th century art period, a late phase of, yet somewhat different from, the Baroque. rococo
This tiny 1767 work is officially entitled "The Happy Hazards of" the title object The Swing
It was commissioned by the Baron de-Saint Julien, who asked to be painted in a position to see his mistress' legs, "and even more of her if you wish to enliven your picture." The mistress is at center, kicking off her left shoe and being pushed by a smil The Swing
FTP name this rococo garden scene, a masterpiece of Jean-Honore Fragonard. The Swing
The name, or rather nickname, is the same El Greco
One was a 16th century musician and composer, a product of the Cretan Renaissance who was music master to the Duke of Bavaria and the cantor of Venice El Greco
The other was a painter who set eerie casts on the landscapes that he painted as a wanderer before settling in Toledo El Greco
FTP, Give the shared nickname of Frangiskos Leondaritis and Dominikos Theotokopoulos which refers to their shared Cretan heritage. El Greco
He claimed he drew only at night, with a special golden pen and by the light of two ormolu candlesticks Aubrey Beardsley
Before his death in 1892 at age 26, his characteristic grotesque androgynes appeared in editions of Lysistrata and "The Rape of the Lock," both fine examples of Art Nouveau decadence Aubrey Beardsley
FTP, name this artist, editor of the "Yellow Book" and illustrator of Oscar Wilde's Salome. Aubrey Beardsley
He began as an apprentice cameo cutter in New York City, but after taking night classes at Cooper Union went to Paris, where he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux Arts (ay-coal day bo ar) Augustus Saint-Gaudens
His early works include Hiawatha, Silence, and a likeness of William Maxwell Evarts, but he gained fame with a portrayal of Admiral Farragut that was placed in Madison Square Augustus Saint-Gaudens
FTP, identify this Irish-American sculptor of the Adams Memorial, Amor Caritas, and equestrian statues of Generals Logan and Sherman, best known for his 1897 work, the Boston memorial to Colonel Shaw. Augustus Saint-Gaudens
In the 1460's, Agostino di Duccio began work on a sculpture commission from the board of works of Florence Cathedral The David (prompt on Michaelangelo on early buzz)
He gave up after mutilating the stone, but this work was executed by a different artist and set up on the steps of the Palazzo Vecchio in 1504 The David (prompt on Michaelangelo on early buzz)
After being broken by a chair thrown out of a window of the Palazzo, it was moved to the Accademia museum The David (prompt on Michaelangelo on early buzz)
FTP, name this symbol of Florentine civic virtue, a 14-foot tall contrapposto figure by Michelangelo. The David (prompt on Michaelangelo on early buzz)
A fish with scales so hard a man could start a fire by striking them with steel, called the Devil-Jack Diamond, was a hoax with which this man duped the French naturalist Constantine Rafinesque John James Audubon
Born in Haiti, he published his masterpiece in 87 volumes between 1827 and 1838, and followed it with Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America John James Audubon
FTP, name this naturalist and artist of Birds of North America. John James Audubon
This painting shares it name with the first novel in a trilogy by Joyce Carol Oates Garden of Earthly Delights
The left wing represents Earth, the middle, "Ecclesia's Paradise", and the right, hell Garden of Earthly Delights
The cover of this triptych, which hangs in the Prado, depicts the third day of creation Garden of Earthly Delights
Its painter's surname was van Aeken, but he went by a name which referred to Hertogenbosch, where he was born Garden of Earthly Delights
FTP, give the name of this painting by Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights
In 1551, this man became a member of the Antwerp Guild Pieter Bruegel the Elder
He visited Italy soon after, but remained a proponent of the Flemish tradition Pieter Bruegel the Elder
He painted religious histories such as Numbering at Bethlehem, parables such as The Blind Leading the Blind, and landscapes such as Harvesters Pieter Bruegel the Elder
FTP, name this member of an illustrious family of painters, best known for his Peasant Wedding. Pieter Bruegel the Elder
A window along the upper left rim provides the only source of light Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror
The face of the lone figure in the painting is that of a 20-year old man whose hand, magnified and severely distorted, takes up the bottom fifth of the canvas Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror
FTP, identify this painting in the Vienna Museum of Art History, with a diameter of 24.4 centimeters, by Parmagianino, which is also the subject of a famous poem by John Ashbery. Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror
His early work is in a rather weak Neoclassical style, as seen in 1768's Agrippina Landing at Brundisium with the Ashes of Germanicus Benjamin West
Though an American citizen, he spent almost all his career in England, and, in 1792, he succeeded Sir Joshua Reynolds as President of the Royal Academy Benjamin West
For 10 points, name this artist who eventually became associated with Romanticism, whose works include Saul and the Witch of Endor, Death on a Pale Horse, and The Death of General Wolfe. Benjamin West
Two versions of this painting were created in the 1650s: the first is reminiscent of Titian, while the second, more famous version displays the rational order and stability of Raphael Et in Arcadia Ego (prompt on Shepherds of Arcadia)
In the second version, one man kneels at the left while another stands over him Et in Arcadia Ego (prompt on Shepherds of Arcadia)
At the right, a youth stands with his foot resting on a boulder and looks at a statuesque woman, possibly the spirit of death, whose hand rests on his shoulder Et in Arcadia Ego (prompt on Shepherds of Arcadia)
All three shepherds gesture towards a monument on which is inscribed the sentence which names the painting Et in Arcadia Ego (prompt on Shepherds of Arcadia)
FTP what is this canvas by Nicolas Poussin? Et in Arcadia Ego (prompt on Shepherds of Arcadia)
By the time it was created, this painting's story of conflict between love and patriotism had already been told by the historian Livy, as well as Pierre Corneille, in a play performed in Paris just a few years earlier Oath of the Horatii
It tells of how the Roman and Alban leaders decided to resolve their conflicts in a series of duels waged by three representatives from each side Oath of the Horatii
Camilla, a sister of the Roman champions was the bride-to-be of one of the Albans and sits on the right side Oath of the Horatii
On the left, the Roman brothers swear on their swords to win or die for their city Oath of the Horatii
FTP, what is this David (Da veed) painting about the courage of the sons of the Horatius family? Oath of the Horatii
The original background of this painting probably resembled that of Géricault's Mounted Officer The Massacre at Chios
Now housed in the Louvre, the foreground depicts a child clambering for his mother, a woman lamenting a dying man, and a Turk riding a fiery steed, to which are chained several prisoners The Massacre at Chios
Subtitled Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery, name this Delacroix painting inspired by the Greek war of independence against the Turks. The Massacre at Chios
Many think he is Jonathan Buttall, the son of a wealthy London hardware storeowner Blue Boy
Behind him is a dark sky that matches his thin black hair but contrasts with his pale face Blue Boy
He stands erect with his left foot forward and his left hand in his pocket Blue Boy
In his right hand is a large black hat with a white plume in it Blue Boy
For ten points, identify this title figure of a late 18th century portrait by Thomas Gainsborough. Blue Boy
He was born in Normandy, but spent most of his life in Rome, where Domenichino briefly employed him Nicolas Poussin
Rejecting the Baroque, he chose to model his work after Titian and Raphael Nicolas Poussin
Under Charles LeBrun in the 1660's, the French Academy would take his ideas on Classicism as a primary reference Nicolas Poussin
FTP, name this painter of Et in Arcadia Ego and The Burial of Phocion. Nicolas Poussin
They appear in many Spanish paintings including Hans Holbein' the Younger's "Solothurn Madonna." They may incorporate a type of Kufic script, coat of arms, or heraldic shields and often included complex borders Admiral Carpet
FTP identify this hand made Spanish art form popular among Spanish nobility in the 14th and 115th centuries. Admiral Carpet
Born in 1932, he worked briefly as a set designer Fernando Botero
While in Madrid, he made daily trips to the Prado Fernando Botero
A typical work of his is The Arnolfini, 78 which, although incorporating the same elements as the Van Eyck work, features his signature rounded characters Fernando Botero
FTP, name this Colombian artist of The Presidential Family, Broadgate Venus and Big Hand. Fernando Botero
When he died of a ruptured appendix in 1925, he was only 43, but he had already achieved great acclaim George Bellows
In fact, he was memorialized by the Metropolitan Museum of Art less than a year after his death George Bellows
A devotee of Robert Henri, he was noted for his dramatic interpretations of common life, especially in New York City, where he helped organize the Armory Show of 1913 George Bellows
FTP name the painter of Forty-Two Kids, Matinicus, and such prize-fighting scenes as Stag at Sharkey's. George Bellows
Hans Bellmer's series of prints entitled La Poupee are representative of this art movement, as is Roberto Matta's oil painting A Grave Situation surrealism
Also representative is Joseph Cornell's Hotel Eden and Yves Tanguy's ("tan-GHEE's") Infinite Divisibility surrealism
The ideas for the art movement were contained in a 1924 "Manifesto" written by Andre Breton surrealism
FTP, name the artistic school more famously represented by Giorgio De Chirico ("Kir-ee-koh"), Joan Miro, and Rene Magritte. surrealism
In May of 1940 he and a group of militant followers attacked Leon Trotsky's fortified house outside Mexico City, peppering his rooms with machine gunfire, throwing grenades, and detonating dynamite David Alfaro Siqueiros
Somehow Trotsky and his wife escaped without a scratch David Alfaro Siqueiros
This leader of the raid also edited the communist nespaper El Machete, was an associate of Diego Rivera, and led the Mexican Communist Party after Rivera was thrown out David Alfaro Siqueiros
Like Rivera, he was also an artist, with murals entitled The March of Humanity and Portrait of the Bourgeoisie considered to be some of his best work David Alfaro Siqueiros
FTP, who was this Mexican activist and artist, the last of the great Mexican muralists? David Alfaro Siqueiros
Originally covered with red pigment, it has no eyes, feet, or face, but it has extremely thin arms and several intricate rows of parallel curls for hair Willendorf Venus
Presently on display in the Natural History Museum of Vienna, it was unearthed in 1908 at the Austrian Aurignacian-culture site for which it is named Willendorf Venus
With the typically fecund features of oversized belly, breast, and buttocks-for 10 points-what is the name of this most famous, nearly 30,000-year-old Venus figurine? Willendorf Venus
It was painted as the central panel of an altarpiece for the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception's chapel in San Francesco Grande Virgin of the Rocks
Possibly influenced by Fra Lippi, on the right side, an angel points to an infant John the Baptist praying to the Christ Child, who raises his hand in blessing Virgin of the Rocks
FTP, identify this painting by Leonardo da Vinci, which features Mary at the peak of the pyramidal composition, set in a stony grotto. Virgin of the Rocks
The last three were discovered after 1863 and are entitled "Proud monster!," "This is the truth," and "Infamous gain." The first one, "Sad presentiments of what must come to pass," depicts a man with his arms spread apart staring upward, while the next t The Disasters of War or Los Desastres de la Guerra
FTP, identify this series of 83 engravings, done between 1810 and 1820 in response to the horrors of the Peninsular War, the work of Francisco Goya. The Disasters of War or Los Desastres de la Guerra
He retired to Provence in 1925, where he worked on collages of cellophane sheets which he called "transparencies." He was a founding member of the Section d'Or (door), and painted works like Catch as Catch Can in an Orphist style until his encounter with Francis Picabia
FTP, identify this French artist, who founded the journal 391 in 1918, best known for "Mechanothropomorphic" fantasies like Universal Prostitution which exemplified his style of mechano-dada art. Francis Picabia
Peter Bruegel the elder's Fall of the Rebel Angels was long attributed to this artist until curators discovered Bruegel's signature beneath its frame Hieronymous Bosch
The National Museum in Lisbon holds his Saint Anthony Triptych Hieronymous Bosch
The Death of the Miser shows the grim reaper entering a room where an avaricious man sits with small grelims crawling around his bed Hieronymous Bosch
His most famous work shows either the creation or the end of the world in grey on the outside, but opens to reveal the Garden of Eden, a proliferation of humans, and hell Hieronymous Bosch
FTP, name this Brabant-born artist who created the Garden of Earthly Delights. Hieronymous Bosch
He loved animals so much that he kept a brood of white mice in a drawer in his first Paris studio Pablo Picasso
The artist had a billy goat in southern France, but it lost favor after developing a penchant for butting his son Claude Pablo Picasso
Despite this, animals were not frequently depicted in his early oeuvre, but did become more prevalent in such later works as 1944's Man with Sheep and 1950's She-Goat Pablo Picasso
FTP, name this eventually Cubist painter, who depicted at least parts of animals in his most famous painting, 1937's Guernica. Pablo Picasso
At the right, on a green platform, 4 men stand behind a flagpole, one with a large green garment with red spots, and one sporting blue and orange pants bending away from the viewer Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1885 or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1885
A red banner across the top proclaims "Vive la societé" (VEEV la SOH-see-uh-TAY) Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1885 or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1885
In the center, behind a progression of citizens, many in grotesque costumes or poses, and a garish marching band, the title figure, garbed in red and sporting a halo, rides a donkey Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1885 or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1885
FTP, name this influential painting set in the artist's homeland, a depiction of the Second Coming by James Ensor. Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1885 or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1885
Some of the figures in this painting are seemingly superfluous: Mercury stands at the far left, dispelling clouds from above trees laden with golden fruit Primavera (accept The Allegory of Spring)
A Cupid on the wing aims his little bow, but is probably only there by grace of his mother Venus, above whom he hovers Primavera (accept The Allegory of Spring)
The action takes place on the right Primavera (accept The Allegory of Spring)
The West Wind, Zephyrus, pursues a virginal Chloris whom he will rape Primavera (accept The Allegory of Spring)
Chloris is then shown transformed, bedecked with flowers, as the title character Primavera (accept The Allegory of Spring)
For 10 points, name this Botticelli allegorical work. Primavera (accept The Allegory of Spring)
It was banned in Nazi Germany, and Fascist politics kept it from winning the Mussolini Cup at the 1937 Venice Film Festival, but this pacifist masterpiece was awarded a special prize there anyway The Grand Illusion (or, La Grande Illusion)
Stateside, it became the first foreign language picture to earn a best picture nomination in Hollywood The Grand Illusion (or, La Grande Illusion)
Drawn from its director's experience as a World War I P.O.W., it centers upon the relationship between French prisoner Boeildieu, played by Pierre Fresnay, and his captor, von Rauffenstein, brilliantly portrayed by Erich von Stroheim--both of whose aristo The Grand Illusion (or, La Grande Illusion)
For 10 points, name this most profound of anti-war films, directed by Jean Renoir. The Grand Illusion (or, La Grande Illusion)
This artist was born to a family that veritably bled paint--Jean-Honore Fragonard was a grandfather Berthe Morisot (more-ee-SO)
Enjoying the weekly tutoring of Corot by age 20, it was a trip to the Louvre to copy Rubens that led to fame via a change in artistic direction Berthe Morisot (more-ee-SO)
Meeting Edouard Manet there in 1868, the painter became the painted in his famous 1868 The Balcony as well as in several other of his works, including The Repose Berthe Morisot (more-ee-SO)
Often featuring family members such as sister Edma and husband Eugene Manet (the master's brother) in her work, she was praised by fellow impressionists for her subtle rendering of color in such works as Peasant Hanging Out the Washing and Young Girl With Berthe Morisot (more-ee-SO)
For 10 points, who was this artist of Hide-and-Seek and The Cradle? Berthe Morisot (more-ee-SO)
It is said that it was so inspiring that Eugene Delacroix repainted his Massacre of Chios upon seeing it The Haywain
This painting was first exhibited at London's Royal Academy in 1820, and at the Paris Salon of 1824 it was awarded a gold medal and caused great excitement among French painters The Haywain
In it, two dogs watch as two men try to coax a team of three red-yoked horses to pull an unladen wagon through a ford in a river The Haywain
For 10 points, what is this painting, which had such an influence on Barbizon School painters, by John Constable? The Haywain
The scene is set in a shady bower full of vines and statuary The Swing
One of these statues, representing discretion, stands at left with his finger to his lips The Swing
The central lady kicks her shoe playfully at the statue while a young man, probably her lover, moves some bushes aside to gaze up the lady's dress The Swing
Another man, unaware of the first's presence, pushes the lady in the title object in, FTP, what oil painting by Jean-Honore Fragonard? The Swing
The artist was undoubtedly inspired to create this painting by Lord Byron's narrative poem on the same subject, though he replaces Byron's sacrificial suicide with orgiastic destruction Death of Sardanapalus
Everything swirls around the empty foot of the bed, but details fade toward the edge of the canvas Death of Sardanapalus
Most conspicuous are the tortured and dying bodies of the women, especially the one in the foreground dispatched by a murderous slave Death of Sardanapalus
The central figure lies on his bed and watches gloomily as his most precious possessions - women, horses, and treasure - are destroyed in his sight Death of Sardanapalus
FTP, what is this Eugene Delacroix painting about the downfall of the mythical last king of Assyria? Death of Sardanapalus
He first became known in England through Joseph Smith, who sold his collection of this artist's work to George III, and in 1745 he moved to England, where he did a number of paintings of London and country houses Canaletto or Antonio Canale
He prepared for his work by using a camera obscura to capture every detail of the scene, producing such paintings as Stonemason's Yard and View of San Cristoforo Canaletto or Antonio Canale
FTP, identify this Venetian artist, best known for his panoramic paintings of his native city. Canaletto or Antonio Canale
This painting is believed to be a celebration of the love of Giuliano de Medici for Simonetta Cattaneo Vespucci The Birth of Venus
In the upper left, Zephyr and Chloris fly through falling roses while in the right sits part of an orange grove, corresponding with the sacred garden of the Hesperides in Greek myth The Birth of Venus
A nymph just to the right of center holds a robe to the central character, who, driven by the wind, slowly floats to shore on a large shell The Birth of Venus
FTP, name this large masterpiece by Sandro Botticelli. The Birth of Venus
His early works employed a "tubular" style derivative of Léger (lay-ZHAY), though the influence of Futurism on his work can be seen in paintings like The Knife Grinder Kasimir Malevich
He gave up painting around 1919 in favor of making three-dimensional models, and taught Lissitzky at Vitebsk before moving to Leningrad, where he died in 1935 Kasimir Malevich
FTP, name this Russian painter, who wanted to "free art from the burden of the object," which he did in works like White on White, the father of Suprematism. Kasimir Malevich
In 1450 supporting arches had to be inserted at its crossing, due to the great weight of its 404 foot high tower and spire, the tallest of its kind in Britain Salisbury Cathedral
Set in a walled enclosure and rendered almost entirely in the Early English Gothic Style, construction on it began in 1220 and continued uninterrupted for fifty years Salisbury Cathedral
FTP, what is the name of this church of Saint Mary, perhaps the closest cathedral to Stonehenge? Salisbury Cathedral
Though three figures appear in the work, it has no discernible subject, and was an influence on the landscapes of Claude Lorraine and Rembrandt The Tempest
In the background lies a bridge over a small stream and a number of buildings, while in the foreground at left stands a soldier holding a tall staff, staring at a mostly nude mother nursing a baby to the right The Tempest
FTP, name the 1505 painting by Giorgione, which derives its name from the stormy skies at the top. The Tempest
Corrections to paintings of this type are often made via the secco process, and copies can be made using the techniques of strappo and stacco fresco
Typically, after a scratch coat, brown coat, and sand coat are created, a preliminary sketch is pounced on the surface, and after the intonaco, or painting coat, is laid, the artist paints on the intonaco until the surface becomes too dry to accept new pa fresco
Major examples can be found in the Arena chapel at Padua and the Sistine Chapel fresco
FTP, name this type of painting in which the pigments become an integral part of a wall. fresco
This artist's early style was influenced by Russian expressionism and cubism, as seen in Candles in the Dark Marc Chagall
Known for depictions of his private life, as seen in the print series My Life, and for the surrealism inherent in works like Self-Portrait With Seven Fingers, this artist also served as art director of the Moscow Jewish State Academy in his hometown of Ui Marc Chagall
FTP, name this artist of The Woman and the Roses, White Crucifixion, and I and the Village. Marc Chagall
Giovanni Bologna did a statue of this title which was set in marble in 1583 in the Loggia dei Lanzi The Rape of the Sabines or The Rape of the Sabine Women (accept equivalents)
In the better known painting of the name, an elderly woman appears at the center who would later serve as the model for a figure in Delacroix's Massacre at Chios The Rape of the Sabines or The Rape of the Sabine Women (accept equivalents)
A man robed in orange looks on the action from the upper left, while the grouping of a woman with left arm extended, grabbed around the waist by a man, is repeated 6 times from different angles in the painting The Rape of the Sabines or The Rape of the Sabine Women (accept equivalents)
FTP, what is this 1636 work, which depicts a famous abduction from early Roman history, by Nicolas Poussin? The Rape of the Sabines or The Rape of the Sabine Women (accept equivalents)
His works include 1625's Lot Fleeing from Sodom, which is now housed in the Louvre Peter Paul Rubens
After studying under Venius, he went to Italy in 1600, where he began working for Vincenzo Gonzaga, a period during which he painted his Transfiguration and The Baptism of Christ Peter Paul Rubens
FTP, name this painter of the Ildefenso Altarpiece, The Toilet of Venus, and the Descent from the Cross, a Flemish Baroque artist best known for his distinctive portrayals of fleshy female nudes. Peter Paul Rubens
It is the title of a 1934 drawing in which the wife of the artist appears as the assailant, and his mistress, Marie-Therese Walter, as the title victim The Death of Marat
Besides the carving knife, a pair of darts symbolizing the horns of a bull impales the reclining figure The Death of Marat
The more famous work of this title is a painting in which the name of the artist appears on a box in the lower right, and before a plain background lies the title character, holding a quill in his right hand and a blood-stained letter in his left The Death of Marat
FTP, give the name shared by these works of art, one by Pablo Picasso, the other a 1793 painting by Jacques-Louis David (dah-VEED). The Death of Marat
He was sent by the Venetian state to Constantinople in 1479 in response to Sultan Muhammad II's request for a good portraitist Gentile Bellini
Some of his most beautiful works date from his year's sojourn there, including a portrait of the sultan and a watercolor portrait of a boy scribe which reflects the influence of the Islamic painting style Gentile Bellini
Most of the latter were destroyed by a fire in the Doges' Palace in 1579, but three Miracles of the True Cross survive to establish their character Gentile Bellini
Set in contemporary Venice, they are pictorially somewhat dry but valuable as circumstantially accurate records of the city and its people in his time Gentile Bellini
FTP, name this Venetian painter, the son of Jacopo and brother of Giovanni. Gentile Bellini
At the foot of the bed stands a black kitten with its tail pointing up in the air Olympia
The subject of the painting wears a magnolia behind her left ear, a gold bracelet on her right arm, sandals, and nothing else, while a black maid offers her a large bouquet of flowers Olympia
FTP, identify this painting, a depiction of a nude prostitute which scandalized the art world of 1863 and is a masterpiece of Edouard Manet. Olympia
The artist can be seen in the background of this work as the short, bearded man with the derby standing to the left of the very tall man with the top hat, his cousin At the Moulin Rouge
They are standing to the left of two women, one of whom is adjusting her hair, while a group of three men and two women sit at a table in the foreground, a pattern reminiscent of the zigzag pattern of The Glass of Absinthe, by Degas At the Moulin Rouge
FTP, identify this painting completed in 1892 and on display at the Art Institute of Chicago, which shows the performers and customers of a well-known Paris nightclub, a work of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. At the Moulin Rouge
He was praised by the Belgian poet Emile Verhaeren, and by French critic Felix Feneon, and the eminent dealer Durand-Ruel exhibited his work while he lived in a garret studio Georges Seurat
In 1888, he joined The Twenty, a group of artists exhibiting in Brussels Georges Seurat
His last painting was entitled Le Cirque painted with his usual "additive method." FTP, name this painter of Bather at Asnieres and Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte, the founder of Divisionism. Georges Seurat
A Pop Art version includes a depiction of the artist herself, Marisol, sitting opposite the scene of wood sculpture The Last Supper
A version by Tintoretto divided the oil on canvas painting diagonally with the table, and includes a choir of angels, while Marisol's inspiration was painted for Santa Maria delle Grazie The Last Supper
Give the titles for these works depicting the moment at which Jesus announces that one apostle will betray him, the best known of which, FTP, was painted by Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper
Volume Two, published in 1846, "expresses the first and fundamental law respecting human contemplation of the natural phenomena under whose influence we exist," and expresses the author's admiration for Tintoretto Modern Painters
The third volume includes an essay on the Grand Style and a discussion of Idealism and landscapes, before winding up with an excursus on the Crimean War Modern Painters
Volumes 4 and 5 include passages on the tower of Calais, studies of landscapes, and discussions of the four orders of landscape painters, ending with a lament for Giorgione Modern Painters
For ten points, what is this five volume treatise, the first volume of which was published when John Ruskin was just 24? Modern Painters
At the bottom center is a squirming white cat Interior of My Studio or The Artist's Studio or Studio of the Painter or reasonable equivalent
Only two people are watching the main action -- a young child and a nude woman behind the main figure's chair Interior of My Studio or The Artist's Studio or Studio of the Painter or reasonable equivalent
2 groups of people mill around, commoners on the left, and Parisian gentility on the right Interior of My Studio or The Artist's Studio or Studio of the Painter or reasonable equivalent
FTP, name this 1855 work, subtitled "A Real Allegory Summing up Seven Years of My Life As an Artist," painted by Gustave Courbet. Interior of My Studio or The Artist's Studio or Studio of the Painter or reasonable equivalent
The weeping woman being held by her mother in the left foreground cries since her betrothed and her brothers are about to fight for the honor of their respective cities Oath of the Horatii
As it turns out, she is right to weep as her betrothed, Quintus Curatius, dies along with two of her three brothers, who are holding their swords up so rigidly in the painting Oath of the Horatii
The striking use of color and the dramatic tension present in the stances of the four characters in the center make, FTP, which painting of Jacques-Louis David so memorable? Oath of the Horatii
It was the first of a series of paintings commissioned by Alfonso d'Este to decorate the camerino d'alabastro, or alabaster study of his Ferrara castle The Feast of the Gods
The ass on the left is supposedly braying in response to amorous advances made against the sleeping nymph Lotis, on the right The Feast of the Gods
All the title figures are paying attention to the actions of Priapus, though the nymphs and satyrs carry on their serving duties The Feast of the Gods
Taken from a scene in Ovid's Fasti, it shows Jupiter, Neptune, Apollo, and others making merry in a pastoral setting The Feast of the Gods
FTP, identify this Giovanni Bellini painting. The Feast of the Gods
In 1516 this man was apprenticed to the goldsmith Andrea Marcone in Florence, and his first charge of manslaughter dates to this year Benvenuto Cellini
He would create such sculpted masterpieces as The Saltcellar of Francis I, the Seal of Cardinal d'Este of Ferrara, and the statue of Perseus, remarkable considering he was also a full-time criminal whose offenses include fornication, embezzlement, and at Benvenuto Cellini
For 10 points name this Renaissance goldsmith and subject of a Berlioz opera, most famous for his Autobiography. Benvenuto Cellini
In one version of this painting, a shaggy dog lays on the floor in the left background, but is missing from the other version Three Musicians
The former features bolder colors, and depicts, from right to left, a monk, Harlequin, and Pierrot, while in the latter painting Pierrot and Harlequin have switched places, with Harlequin now playing the violin instead of a guitar Three Musicians
FTP, name these two identically named 1921 cubist masterpieces painted by Pablo Picasso. Three Musicians
The man on the far left wears a red cloth and reaches up to grab a piece of yellow fruit Primavera
The figure on the right, bathed on supernatural blue, clutches at a woman Primavera
Three barefoot women on the left clasp hands and wear wispy see-through gowns, while two women on the right look demure Primavera
An arrow-shooting Cupid can be seen in the center top of, FTP, what work by Sandro Botticelli? Primavera
This artist's only signed work is painted on both sides and was made for the cathedral of his hometown Duccio Buoninsegna
Aside from this altarpiece, his other major work is the Rucellai Madonna, that shows her seated on a throne holding the infant Christ with a formality and symmetry of composition drawn from Byzantine tradition Duccio Buoninsegna
FTP, identify this man who represents the pinnacle of the Sienese school, best known for the Maestà altarpiece. Duccio Buoninsegna
As radical in politics as he was in painting, he was placed in charge of all art museums under the revolutionary 1871 Commune of Paris and saved the city's collections from looting mobs Gustave Courbet
However, he was accused of allowing the destruction of Napoleon's triumphal column in the Place de Vendtme and subsequently fled to Vevey, Switzerland, where he continued to paint until his death Gustave Courbet
Works include a depiction of a trout, and Woman with a Parrot Gustave Courbet
In a painting subtitled "A True Allegory Concerning Seven Years of My Artistic Life," he sits painting a landscape center stage, attended by a small boy, a dog, and a voluptuous female nude; at left a listless, bored group ignores him; at right a lively, Gustave Courbet
FTP, identify this realist French painter best known for The Artist's Studio, The Burial at Ornans and The Stonebreakers. Gustave Courbet
This man's designs were often dominated by richly curvaceous women and by motifs such as peacock feathers and large flowers, especially lilies Alfons-Maria Mucha
Renowned for his jewelry and furniture designs, he illustrated book versions of Salambo Alfons-Maria Mucha
After being discovered in Paris by Sarah Bernhardt he created a famous poster for the production of her play Gismonda and continued to work with her for years Alfons-Maria Mucha
During a trip to the US he met Charles R Alfons-Maria Mucha
Crane who financed his most ambitious project, which he moved back to Praque to complete Alfons-Maria Mucha
This series of 20 large works is titled The Epic of the Slavic People Alfons-Maria Mucha
FTP identify this Moravian artist closely associated with the foundation and development of Art Nouveau. Alfons-Maria Mucha
A serious student of the piano as a child, he would later argue for the connections between music and his art, particularly the tonal gradations in each Ansel Adams
He highlighted the plight of American minorities in works such as Born Free and Equal, a documentary of the Japanese-American interns at the Manzanar Relocation Center during World War II Ansel Adams
An ardent conservationist, he was director of the Sierra Club for 37 years, during which time he published This Is the American Earth and These We Inherit: The Parklands of America Ansel Adams
For 10 points, who was this photographer of the collections Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada, Yosemite and the Range of Light, and Yosemite Valley? Ansel Adams
Originated by Iwasa Matabei, its first great master was Hishikawa Moronobu ukiyo-e
Dominant in the 18th and 19th centuries, it appealed to the affluent merchant classes, employing bright colors and strong designs ukiyo-e
Made possible by improvements in block printing, its flat decorative color influenced French artists such as Degas, while miniatures called suri-mono commemorated special occasions ukiyo-e
FTP, what is this genre of "pictures of the floating world" expounded by Hokusai, color prints depicting actors, prostitutes, landscapes, and other scenes from everyday life? ukiyo-e
According to a Lawrence Ferlinghetti poem, the figures in this artist's scenes "writhe upon the page in a veritable rage of adversity." A bullfighter in his youth, his 1st major artistic commission was for the frescoes in the Zaragoza cathedral; he was la Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
FTP, name this man known for his macabre "Black Paintings", etchings in "Los Proverbios" and "Los Capricios" and paintings like "The Naked Maja" and "The 3rd of May, 1808." Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
Encouraged to become an artist by Sir Joshua Reynolds, he had a strong influence on his younger contemporary William Blake after his ten year foray to Italy to study the works of Michelangelo John Henry Fuseli or Johann Heinrich Füssli
Born in Zurich, he was appointed keeper of the Royal Academy in 1804, and is famous for his paintings and drawings of nude figures in strained poses showing intense emotion John Henry Fuseli or Johann Heinrich Füssli
FTP, name this Swiss-English painter, whose macabre fantasies included 1781's The Nightmare. John Henry Fuseli or Johann Heinrich Füssli
When Marc Chagall became director of the Vitebsk School of Art in 1918, he invited this man to teach under him; but shortly thereafter, during a brief Chagall absence, he took over the school and dismissed him Kasimir Malevich
A member of the Knave of Diamonds group and a participant in the 1912 Donkey's Tail exhibition, he was once arrested for distributing banned literature Kasimir Malevich
For 10 points, who was this artist of Yellow Parallelogram on White and Suprematist Composition: White on White? Kasimir Malevich
He served as a militia captain in Indian conflicts, although it is said that he received his first paints from Indian friends in Springfield, Pennsylvania Benjamin West
He painted religious and historical subjects on huge canvases, such as Agrippina Landing at Brundisium with the Ashes of Germanicus, and anticipated developments in French romantic painting with his Death on a Pale Horse Benjamin West
For ten points, name this court artist of George III, who painted the Death of General Wolfe. Benjamin West
A bleak mountain range provides the background, and sparse vegetation is scattered about a barren field The Scapegoat
A skeleton on the right and a skull on the left presage the fate of the unfortunate central figure, which will soon be sacrificed in order to remit the sins of the Israelites The Scapegoat
FTP, name this William Holman Hunt painting. The Scapegoat
On the presentation of this reception piece in 1717, its painter became a full member of the French Royal Academy The Embarkation for Cythera or A Pilgrimage to Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere or Le Pelerinage a Cythere or Return from Cythera or Chillin' on Cythera or equivalents
The artist's literary source was probably a musical entertainment, The Three Cousins, by Florent Dancourt, but the subject was considered so novel that the term "fete galante" was coined to describe it The Embarkation for Cythera or A Pilgrimage to Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere or Le Pelerinage a Cythere or Return from Cythera or Chillin' on Cythera or equivalents
Identify this work which had long caused confusion as to whether they are supposed to be coming or going, painted, FTP, by Antoine Watteau. The Embarkation for Cythera or A Pilgrimage to Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere or Le Pelerinage a Cythere or Return from Cythera or Chillin' on Cythera or equivalents
Original members of this movement included F.G Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Stephens, Thomas Woolner, and James Collinson Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Advocating the expression of genuine ideas and study of Nature, their aroused controversy with paintings like The Girlhood of Mary Vrigin and Christ in the House of His Parents Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Noted for their association with literature, they published the journal The Germ, and were named for their desire to recapture the artistic spirit of early Renaissance Italy Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
FTP, what was this 19th century British at movement whose members included William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti? Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
This artist often appended to his paintings quotes from his putative epic poem "The Fallacies of Hope", which he never published and may never have written Joseph Mallord William Turner
Prone to outrageous claims, such as when he vowed he had been lashed to the stern of the ship Ariel in a blizzard in order to create "Steamboat off a Harbour's Mouth", he often gave his paintings grandiose titles, such as "Slaves Throwing Overboard the De Joseph Mallord William Turner
Although is work was criticised by Constable as "airy visions, painted with tinted steam", Ruskin championed such works as "Petworth", Fighting Temeriere", and "Burning of the Houses of Parliament Joseph Mallord William Turner
FTP, who was this English painter perhaps best known for "Rain, Steam and Speed", "The Slave Ship", and "Snowstorm:Hannibal Crossing the Alps"? Joseph Mallord William Turner
Just to the left of center on the bottom of this painting is a spotted dog standing at the edge of the water, while on the far right is a man in the overgrowth on the opposite shore The Hay Wain
A man is seen reaching into the water at the house which dominates the far left, while in the center two men are trying to navigate the shallow water with a cart drawn by several black animals with red bridles The Hay Wain
FTP, what is this famous painting by John Constable? The Hay Wain
Among this artist's important works painted in the United States are a painting for the San Francisco Stock Exchange, as well as "Detroit Industry" Diego Rivera
He gained an intenational reputation with The Nightmare of War and the Dream of Peace and Man at the Crossroads, and created a scandal by including the phrase "God Does Not Exist" in Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Central Alameda Diego Rivera
Known for his monstrously ugly appearance, FTP, who was this most popular of the Mexican muralists? Diego Rivera
Canvases by this artist include The Companions of Fear, The Castle of the Pyrenees, and The Tomb of the Wrestlers, and he also made analogues of famous paintings like David's Madame Recamier and Manet's The Balcony in which he replaced the figures with co Rene Magritte
Influenced by de Chirico, he gained renown for the painting The Menaced Assassin, while works like Golconda and The Red Model demonstrate his use of visual paradoxes and everyday objects taken out of context, such as enormous rocks floating in air and fis Rene Magritte
FTP, name this Belgian surrealist best-known for his recurring motifs of bowler hats and apples. Rene Magritte
The godson of Anthony Koberger, this artist wrote the theoretical studies Treatise on Measurement and Four Books on Human Proportions Albrecht Durer
Called "the Apelles of black lines" by Erasmus, his early works include illustrations for Brant's Ship of Fools and the Paumgarter Alter, while mature work's like Feast of the Rose-garlands were intended to compete with the best Italian paintings Albrecht Durer
His best-known works came from his middle period, including St Albrecht Durer
Jerome in his Study and The Knight, Death and the Devil Albrecht Durer
FTP, name this great German Renaissance artist and engraver, creator of the Apocalypse series. Albrecht Durer
The English manifesto for this art movement was entitled Circle Constructivism
Rejecting the idea that art must serve a social purpose, the brothers Antoine Pevsner and Naum Gabo issued their Realist Manifesto, in which they conceived of a purely abstract art that reflected modern machinery and technology and which used inductrial m Constructivism
FTP, what was this Russian art movement founded in 1913 by Vladimir Tatlin? Constructivism
The wall in the background holds a bell, an hourglass and scales, directly under which sits a dejected looking cherub on top of a wheel Melencolia I
The foreground features a sleeping dog to the left, while tools of intellectual pursuits, including a sphere and a polyhedron, lie scattered around the folds of the title figure's dress Melencolia I
She is sitting and fingers a divider in her right hand, while her left holds up her chin Melencolia I
FTP identify this 1514 work whose title is carried by a strange creature in the upper left hand corner, an engraving by Albrecht Duhrer. Melencolia I
Shortly before his death this artist began The Cross of the World, a series of paintings on a religious theme Thomas Cole
One of his most famous works was based on the Count de Volney's Ruines and was painted while he was living with Henry Greenough in Florence Thomas Cole
In The Voyage of Life he depicts the progression of a young man from birth to old age, while the stages of a society is seen in "The Course of Empire" Thomas Cole
For 10 points, name this painter of the Hudson River School best remembered for The Ox-Bow. Thomas Cole
A former schoolmate and friend of Emile Zola, this painter of The Murder was greatly influenced by the work of Manet, as seen in A Modern Olympia or The Pasha Paul Cezanne
He soon focused on brush strokes and the balance of 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional images, developing his technique of breaking down an natural object into its composite shapes, including the cylinder, sphere, and cone, a technique clearly seen in his mo Paul Cezanne
FTP name this French forerunner of cubism and painter of Mount Saint Victoire. Paul Cezanne
This artist's decorations for the Chapelle des Anges of S Eugene Delacroix
Sulpice included his "Heliodorus Expelled from the Temple" Eugene Delacroix
Rumored to be the son of Talleyrand, he debuted at the Paris Salon of 1822 with Dante and Virgil in Hell, while a trip to northern Africa provided inspiration for exotic subjects like The Women of Algiers Eugene Delacroix
Creator of "The Massacre at Chios" and "The Death of Sardanopolus", FTP, who was this French Romantic painter of "Liberty Leading the People"? Eugene Delacroix
This artistic labor was inspired by a popular text of St Isenheim Altarpiece
Bridget's life in Sweden and depicts several scenes from that work Isenheim Altarpiece
In its second stage, an angel in pink plays the cello in front of an elaborate baldachino, while its outer carvings depict St Isenheim Altarpiece
Augustine and Jerome among others Isenheim Altarpiece
The first stage shows St Isenheim Altarpiece
Sebastian on one wing and a Lamenation on the predella Isenheim Altarpiece
Originally commissioned for a hospice for syphilitics run by the Order of St Isenheim Altarpiece
Anthony, its most compelling part is the gruesomely wounded, crucified Christ in the center Isenheim Altarpiece
FTP, name this polyptych completed in 1515 by Matthias Grunewald. Isenheim Altarpiece
In 1908 Picasso gave a famous banquet, half-serious half-burlesque, in this artist's honor Henri Rousseau (prompt on just last name)
Among his humorous paintings are The Football Players and Boy on the Rocks, mostly for their gross distortions Henri Rousseau (prompt on just last name)
Because of his lack of formal training, he was grouped with the Naives or the Primitives, but those labels vanished with such brilliant canvases as A Carnival Evening and The Snake Charmer Henri Rousseau (prompt on just last name)
His several years working as a customs officer led to his famous nickname, "Le Douanier [DWA-nyea]." FTP, name this French painter whose fame rests in his exotic jungle depictions and the painting known as The Sleeping Gypsy. Henri Rousseau (prompt on just last name)
It was one of the seven poesies that the artist painted for Philip II of Spain and preceded the Death of Actaeon in that series The Rape of Europa
The title character is situated on the right side clutching a red robe with her left hand The Rape of Europa
On the bottom left a small cupid rides atop one of two giant fish visible in the foamy waters at the bottom of the painting The Rape of Europa
Two more cupids fly in the air in the top left, but one's eyes are drawn to the right, which is dominated by a massive white bull and the title character, who is clutching on to the bull's back The Rape of Europa
FTP, name this painting by Titian that depicts an amorous adventure of Zeus. The Rape of Europa
This artist's fame rests on his later landscapes like Magpie on a Gallows Pieter Bruegel the Elder
However, a small subset of his canvases were successful allegories as in Battle Between Carnival and Lent and Fall of the Rebel Angels Pieter Bruegel the Elder
His grimmest works, such as The triumph of Death and Tower of Babel, date from the Spanish persecution of a large Protestant minority in his native town Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Nevertheless, he found humor, particularly in the comical Parable of the Blind Pieter Bruegel the Elder
His supreme achievement is considered to be 1565's The Months of the Year, which includes August, or Corn Harvest and January, or Hunters in the Snow Pieter Bruegel the Elder
FTP, name this Dutchman known for his everyday depictions like The Peasant Wedding. Pieter Bruegel the Elder
To the left is a partial view of a typical country house with a red chimney The Hay Wain
A river dominates the foreground of the painting, and at its bottom bank is a wandering dog, while on the opposite bank, on the right side of the canvas, is a man in a small boat huddled amongst some weeds The Hay Wain
In the bottom center is a pair of black horses being directed by two men The Hay Wain
Those two men stand astride the title object, which is in the shallow part of the river The Hay Wain
FTP, give the British name for this title object, a wagon, and you've named this 1821 painting by John Constable. The Hay Wain
This painting was originally meant to be executed by Gabriel-Francois Doyen, but he refused to do it for moral reasons The Swing
The work was commissioned by Baron de Julien, a priest, who had cuckolded a bishop The Swing
On the left side is a cupid statue with a finger to its mouth and it seems to be looking at a shoe in midair The Swing
The bishop appears on the right side of the work, while the aforementioned Julien hides in the bushes and looks up his mistress' skirt The Swing
FTP, name this work of the Rococo period that depicts two men and a woman in a lush landscape by Jean-Honore Fragonard. The Swing
His later days were spent writing about the danger of pollution in the future in such works as The Storm Cloud of the Nineteenth Century, but also saw the discussion of times past with his autobiography, Praeterita John Ruskin
His reasons for going mad are explained in his letters to laborers, Fors Clavigera John Ruskin
Works like Unto This Last differed from his three major publications, which were influenced by his trips to Italy John Ruskin
Two of those three are The Stones of Venice and The Seven Lamps of Architecture John Ruskin
FTP, name this English art critic best known for his Modern Painters. John Ruskin
This painting was originally conceived as a homily to educate a young boy of the Pierfrancesco family Primavera
The figure on the extreme left stands in boots with toeholes and is dressed in a pomegranate cloak with a sword belted at his left hip Primavera
On the far right is a blue-skinned figure whose touching of the woman to his immediate left transforms her into Flora Primavera
In the left center, three Graces dance and Cupid hovers above in the fruit grove setting Primavera
FTP, name this painting that shows Zephyr and Chloris on the right and Venus in the center, a Botticelli work also known as Allegory of Spring. Primavera
Many of his great paintings are now in Russia, as is the case with The Conversation Henri Matisse
Late in his life he was too weak to stand at an easel, so he turned to papercuts, the most famous of which was Beasts of the Sea Henri Matisse
His artistic career began with his decoration of his grandparent's house at Le Cateau, a theme that he copied in designing the sets for Diaghilev's ballet The Nightingale Henri Matisse
His notable paintings include a portrait of his wife entitled Green Stripe, the beautifully thematic The Red Room, and perhaps the most famous, his Joy of Life Henri Matisse
FTP, name this French painter known as the founder and leader of the Fauves. Henri Matisse
He was a noted womanizer and used to brag in slang, "Je peint avec mon bitre," or "I paint with my phallus." In fact, his later career proved successful after he found a market for seductive portraits like those of Jeanne Samary and Mademoiselle Charpenti Pierre-Auguste Renoir
This native of Limoges will always be noted for his warm, luminous nudes and other portraits like Child With Watering Can Pierre-Auguste Renoir
During the last 20 years of his life, he was crippled by arthritis and had to paint with a brush strapped to his arm Pierre-Auguste Renoir
This explains the lack of notable canvases following his 1887 Bathers series Pierre-Auguste Renoir
FTP, name this French painter of Au Moulin de la Galette and Luncheon of the Boating Party. Pierre-Auguste Renoir
In the background, a farmer in a blue shirt and black trousers steps with one foot over a wall, and behind him are the torsos of two women walking away The Yellow Christ or Le Christ jaune
Three young women in common Dutch farm dress kneel solemnly in the foreground, two facing the viewer and one with her back to us The Yellow Christ or Le Christ jaune
They are all in front of the title character, who wears only a white loincloth, and has his goateed face hanging to the right The Yellow Christ or Le Christ jaune
The most noticeable aspect of the painting is how the hue of the rolling grassland matches that of the title character The Yellow Christ or Le Christ jaune
FTP, name this Paul Gauguin painting, a colorful depiction of the son of God. The Yellow Christ or Le Christ jaune
X-rays have revealed that before the man on the left side of the painting existed, there was a naked woman in his place The Tempest
Set off against the aquamarine sky in the background is a wooden bridge supported by four columns The Tempest
More noticeable are the two broken white columns in the foreground The Tempest
On the bottom left is the aforementioned man, probably a soldier, who is carrying a long wooden stick in his right hand and looking across the river at the other figure in this painting, a partially naked woman in white sheets breast-feeding a child The Tempest
Painted in the first decade of the 16th-century, FTP, name this work by Giorgione that shares its name with a Shakespearean play. The Tempest
It now hangs in the Belvedere Gallery, along with many other of the artist's works in his hometown The Kiss
In it the two figures rest on a bed of flowers The Kiss
The man is dark-haired and his face is turned from the viewer, while the woman faces out with her eyes closed The Kiss
Their clothes are a combination of metallic gold paint and patterns of geometric shapes in the artist's signature style The Kiss
Sharing its name with famous sculptures by Brancusi and Rodin, FTP, name this Gustav Klimt painting of two people locked in an eternal embrace. The Kiss
His early canvases Women in the Garden and La Promenade set the stage for his career Claude Monet
He said of his second mentor, Jongkind, "I owed him the definite education of my eye," but it was his first teacher, Eugene Boudin, who converted him to painting the outdoors Claude Monet
His The Picnic mocked Manet's Luncheon on the Grass, but this was before his mature work, which was executed at the home he built at Giverny Claude Monet
FTP, name this artist famed for his paintings of Rouen Cathedral, his groups of Haystacks, and his series of Water Lilies. Claude Monet
The hair of the figure on the left is dotted with olive green leaves, while the hair of the figure on the right contains some white and green stars The Kiss
The bottom of this canvas is a mass of green highlighted by purples, blues, reds, and golds that were supposed to represent a field of flowers The Kiss
This transitions up to a series of colored rectangles that stud a gold mass The Kiss
At the time it was completed, it was the foremost example of Art Nouveau in Vienna The Kiss
FTP, name this painting by Gustav Klimt of two lovers in an embrace. The Kiss
His early work, under John Hesselius, was primarily natural as evinced by his Landscape Looking Towards Sellers Hall from Mill Bank Charles Willson Peale
He later became a master of trompe l'oeil [tromp-LOY], which is seen in his The Staircase Group, and also of note was the archaeological dig that produced the canvas Exhuming the Mastodon Charles Willson Peale
FTP, name this founder of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, a man who painted George Washington 7 times and named many of his 17 children after Renaissance painters. Charles Willson Peale
Kierkegaard got one of the titles from his books after seeing a copy of this man's painting The stages of life Caspar David Friedrich
His nocturnal interests led to a series that included Moonrise over the sea and Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon Caspar David Friedrich
However, it was two of his early paintings, Abbey in the Oak Wood and Monk by the sea, that he felt summed up his message Caspar David Friedrich
That message was the essence of the school that he led with Philipp Otto Runge Caspar David Friedrich
FTP, name this artist of Wanderer above the Sea of Fog and The Cross in the Mountains, the leading German Romantic painter. Caspar David Friedrich
This painting was drawn from a cartoon by Michelangelo showing two of the title characters kissing Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Love (prompt on "Allegory with Venus and Cupid")
The action takes place around a light blue silk sheet, on which rest two masks on the bottom left Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Love (prompt on "Allegory with Venus and Cupid")
The central figure holds an orange in her left hand and a wand in her upraised right Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Love (prompt on "Allegory with Venus and Cupid")
The decapitated man on the top left is Fraud, and just below him is howling Jealousy Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Love (prompt on "Allegory with Venus and Cupid")
Most noticeable is the raw eroticism as Cupid caresses the breast of Venus and kisses her Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Love (prompt on "Allegory with Venus and Cupid")
FTP, name this masterpiece of Agnolo Bronzino. Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Love (prompt on "Allegory with Venus and Cupid")
An engraving of this name by Martin Schongauer inspired famous copies by Raphael and Correggio The Temptation of St. Anthony
Salvador Dali's version has a caravan of elephants with incredibly long skinny legs and a horse rearing up in front of the naked title character brandishing a cross on the bottom left The Temptation of St. Anthony
The most famous one is a tryptich that shows the title character being tormented by devils in the center panel The Temptation of St. Anthony
FTP, identify this Hieronymous Bosch depiction of enticements thrown at a Christian monk, also the name of a novel by Flaubert. The Temptation of St. Anthony
The surname's the same de Stael [SCHTAI]
One was not really a writer but he collaborated with his friend Rene Char on a book of poems de Stael [SCHTAI]
This Russian was better known after befriending George Braque and producing such canvases as The Unicorn and Figures by the sea de Stael [SCHTAI]
The other gave perhaps the most famous eyewitness account of Louis XVI's execution and was exiled after the publication of the novels Corinna and Delphine de Stael [SCHTAI]
FTP, give this surname of the painter Nicolas and the daughter of Jacques Necker often referred to as Madame. de Stael [SCHTAI]
The building on the right is taken from the artist's vision of a wealthy house in Capernaum, while the body of water in the left is supposed to be Lake Genezaret The Tribute Money
In each figure, the line from the weight-bearing foot to the head is perpendicular, but even more revolutionary was the presence of a background landscape The Tribute Money
In all it depicts three separate scenes from left to right, with the one on the left showing St The Tribute Money
Peter grappling with a fish The Tribute Money
FTP, name this painting that portrays a tax collector making demands of Christ, a work by Masaccio. The Tribute Money
Critics claimed that "vegetable anomalies," overwhelmed the scene, though the artist claimed it was the dress with silver embroidery that should and did draw attention Ophelia
As preparation for it numerous sketches were made of the model Elizabeth Siddal in the pose of the title character Ophelia
That character clutches several flowers in her right hand and roses, pansies, and poppies surround her, while she wears a necklace of violets Ophelia
Depicting a woman lying in a pool facing imminent drowning, FTP, name this John Everett Millais painting inspired by a scene from Hamlet. Ophelia
The brown clock in the top of this painting looks to read 12:15 The Night Cafe
Just below it is an opening into another room, which interrupts the red walls, which are themselves interrupted by the three yellow hazes of lamps that hang from the ceiling The Night Cafe
A man is seated at the left next to a couple, and two men are seated to the right, drinking in the titular locale The Night Cafe
The most noticeable figure is the standing man in white, who is astride the pool table that dominates the center of this painting The Night Cafe
FTP, name this Vincent van Gogh canvas that depicts the inside of a local eatery in the evening. The Night Cafe
This artist spent much of his short career working for Leonard Smithers's periodical, The Savoy Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
After his death, his prose parody, The Story of Venus and Tannhauser, was published, though it initially appeared as Under the Hill Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
However, it was the eroticism of his work on Lysistrata and The Rape of the Lock that gained him attention in his time Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
He is best-known for collaborating with his fellow aesthete Oscar Wilde on the drawings for Salome and for his work in The Yellow Book Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
FTP, name this British Art Nouveau illustrator. Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
The action takes place in either a cave or tent, with all the light coming from the opening in the left The Blinding of Samson
In total there are four soldiers in the painting, with the one on the left extending a spear toward the abdomen of the title figure The Blinding of Samson
One soldier holds a chain around the title figure's right hand, another lies under him holding him down, and the last engages in the title action The Blinding of Samson
The only woman, standing to the left, holds a pair of shears in her right hand, and a mass of hair in her left The Blinding of Samson
FTP, name this Rembrandt painting depicting an attack on the strongest of the Israelite judges. The Blinding of Samson
His obsession with mortality seems to have arisen with the fact that his name was, literally, a synonym for skull Hans Holbein the Younger
Despite being called an atheist, he painted the Dead Christ, the Passion of Christ, and Madonna of Burgomaster Mayer Hans Holbein the Younger
In his time, he was also famous for illustrations of Erasmus's Praise of Folly and designs for the title pages of Martin Luther's translation of the Bible and Sir Thomas More's Utopia Hans Holbein the Younger
His early woodcuts like Dance of Death explored the same motif as his most famous painting, The Ambassadors Hans Holbein the Younger
FTP, name this German artist who served as court painter to Henry VIII of England. Hans Holbein the Younger
John Ruskin denounced him for "feeding upon horror and ugliness and filthiness of sin." His circular Medusa can be found in the Ufizzi as can his Bacchus Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo da Merisi before it is mentioned)
Neither was as controversial as the bare feet of Mary shown in his Death of the Virgin Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo da Merisi before it is mentioned)
These were all painted before he fled to Naples after stabbing a man in the groin over a tennis match Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo da Merisi before it is mentioned)
Sadly, he had finished all his great paintings, like Judith Beheading Holofernes and Supper at Emmaus, by then Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo da Merisi before it is mentioned)
FTP, name this master of tenebrism, who painted The Conversion of St Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo da Merisi before it is mentioned)
Paul and The Calling of St Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo da Merisi before it is mentioned)
Matthew and was born Michelangelo da Merisi. Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo da Merisi before it is mentioned)
Iconography was a series of portraits that was posthumously completed based on his preliminary sketches Sir Anthony van Dyck
His painting career began in the workshop of Hendrick van Balen in his native Antwerp Sir Anthony van Dyck
Soon after graduating his apprenticeship, he traveled to Genoa, where he did a series of famous Baroque portraits of the Genoese aristocracy Sir Anthony van Dyck
His most influential teacher was Peter Paul Rubens, with whom he studied for two years before settling in London in 1632 Sir Anthony van Dyck
FTP, name this Flemish painter, whose masterpiece is a portrait of his patron entitled Charles I in Hunting Dress. Sir Anthony van Dyck
In top center and top right, there is a multicolored town, including a building surmounted by a cross I and the Village
In total there are four human figures, with two of them being an upside down woman and a man holding a scythe next to each other near the top I and the Village
On the left is a woman milking a goat, horse, or a cow, but the two largest images are the white animal head on the left and the green human face on the right, both facing each other I and the Village
Many of these pictures are superimposed over each other in this 1911 painting I and the Village
FTP, name this famous painting by Marc Chagall. I and the Village
On the center right is a dark orange door opening in which two hazy onlookers stand The Gross Clinic
In this painting the artist actually portrayed himself as the figure hunched in the front row of the audience at the far left, sketching The Gross Clinic
Below him is a seated woman recoiling in horror, with seemingly arthritic hands covering her face The Gross Clinic
The paint, heavily built up on the canvas, demonstrates a clear debt to Rembrandt's Anatomy Lesson of Dr The Gross Clinic
Tulp, though this work was completed in 1875 for Jefferson Medical College The Gross Clinic
FTP, name this Thomas Eakins depiction of a surgeon operating before his students. The Gross Clinic
In the background a woman in a black dress is in profile, and next to her is Goulue who adjusts her hair At the Moulin Rouge
Walking past them are the very tall Dr At the Moulin Rouge
Gabriel Tapie' de Celeyran and his cousin, the artist himself At the Moulin Rouge
The foreground is dominated by three men, two in tophats, and two women gathered around a table At the Moulin Rouge
One of those women has her back to the viewer and a bun of bright red hair At the Moulin Rouge
Foremost, cut off by the right picture edge, is a woman with her face illuminated by a greenish light At the Moulin Rouge
FTP, name this 1892 painting of a popular Parisian nightspot by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec At the Moulin Rouge
The "Rubenists" faction of the Parisian Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture scored its final triumph with this 1717 work's admission Pilgrimage to Cythera or Embarkment to Cythera or Embarkation to Cythera
So revolutionary was the work, the academy created a new category, "elegant fates," for it Pilgrimage to Cythera or Embarkment to Cythera or Embarkation to Cythera
Featuring baby angels throughout the mountainous landscape, the work portrays the voyage of young couples to the island of love to pay homage to Venus, who is drawn on the far right Pilgrimage to Cythera or Embarkment to Cythera or Embarkation to Cythera
FTP, name this masterpiece by Jean Antoine Watteau. Pilgrimage to Cythera or Embarkment to Cythera or Embarkation to Cythera
At one time the Duke of Alva attempted to seize this painting by force, leading to a break with its owner, William of Orange The Garden of Earthly Delights
Alva's son gave it to King Philip II of Spain, the longtime patron of its artist The Garden of Earthly Delights
Its alternate name, The Strawberry Plant, comes from the center portion, which is unseen when it is closed and the third day of creation is found the outside The Garden of Earthly Delights
On the left is a depiction of God marrying Adam and Eve in Eden, and on the right are a series of distorted musical instruments shown in some gloomy hell The Garden of Earthly Delights
However, it is the center panel that names this 1510 tryptich The Garden of Earthly Delights
FTP, name this most famous painting by Hieronymus Bosch. The Garden of Earthly Delights
Among his pencil drawings the most famous is Under the angel's wing on a steep path Paul Klee [KLAY]
His mountainous landscape Ad Parnassum was painted in his later "divisionist" style, while earlier more Cubist canvases include Motif of Hammamet Paul Klee [KLAY]
He presaged his own death with the canvas Death and Fire, which was markedly different than his Fire in the evening, one of his "magic squares" series Paul Klee [KLAY]
FTP, name this author of the Pedagogical Sketchbook and painter of Twittering Machine, a Swiss member of Der Blaue Reiter. Paul Klee [KLAY]
In the rear a dark green bureau with a floral design on the drawers blends into the floral wallpaper, which, in turn also match the rug, made up of flower filled diamonds The Bath
In the front right, a large white pitcher sports yet another floral design The Bath
One of the figures wears her hair up and is in a white, green, and purple striped dress while the other figure is nude to the waist as her feet dangle into a washbasin The Bath
FTP, identify this 1892 painting of the titular event, the most famous of Mary Cassatt's most famous mother and child paintings. The Bath
This artist painted a series of 4 frescos based on the Decameron for the decoration of the Pucci villa Alessandro Botticelli
Also known for "The Madonna of the Pomegranate" and the "Mystic Nativity", his nickname was due to the corpulence of his eldest brother Giovanni, and means "little barrel" in Italian Alessandro Botticelli
The artist of "Primavera", FTP, who is this 15th Century Italian painter of The Birth of Venus? Alessandro Botticelli
When Manet first saw the works of this painter, he painted the canvas Le Bon Bock and dedicated it to this man Frans Hals
The most successful student of Karel van Mander, his gypsy girl, La Bohémienne, is considered his first masterpiece Frans Hals
His broad brushwork and alla prima are easily seen in such group works as Regents of the Old Men's Alms House and Banquet of the Officers of the St Frans Hals
George Militia Company Frans Hals
FTP, identify this Northern artist best known for the jovial spirit of such portraits as The Jolly Toper and The Laughing Cavalier. Frans Hals
Late in his career he worked on a commission for the Boston Public Library to execute murals on a history of Jewish and Christian religions John Singer Sargent
After 1910 he began to paint Alpine and Italian landscapes such as Mountain Fire John Singer Sargent
His most popular work at the time of its release was a study of two little girls lighting Japanese lanterns: Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose John Singer Sargent
But his most famed work was executed during his time as a fashionable portraitist and depicts a Mrs John Singer Sargent
Gautreau striking a sensual pose John Singer Sargent
FTP identify this Italian born American painter of Madame X. John Singer Sargent
"If I didn't start painting," she said late in life, "I would have raised chickens." And about her first exhibition of 1938 she recalled, "When I had quite a few paintings on hand, someone suggested that I send them down to the old Thomas' drug store in Anna Mary Robertson "Grandma" Moses (accept Robertson)
I also exhibited a few at the Cambridge Fair with some canned fruits and raspberry jam Anna Mary Robertson "Grandma" Moses (accept Robertson)
I won a prize for my fruit and jam, but no pictures." Discovered by Louis J Anna Mary Robertson "Grandma" Moses (accept Robertson)
Calder, who was this primitive artist of Catching the Turkey for Thanksgiving, whose 100th birthday in 1960 was proclaimed an official holiday in the state of New York? Anna Mary Robertson "Grandma" Moses (accept Robertson)
In the background at the right a barge is sailing on the river, and the towers of Notre Dame are visible Liberty Leading the People
The rest of the cityscape is obscured by a thick mist, while the foreground is comprised of a heap of dead bodies over which the main figures march Liberty Leading the People
At the left stand a black man wielding a saber and a man in a top hat; at the right is a small boy brandishing a gun in each hand; and at the middle the bare-breasted titular figure carries a tricolor flag Liberty Leading the People
FTP name this 1830 canvas by Eugene Delacroix. Liberty Leading the People
Born in Vic, a Burgundian village, this 17th century painter trod the boundary line between Classicism and the emerging Baroque style of Italy, although it is unlikely that he ever left France Georges de La Tour
Little is known about his early work and chronology, but he worked at Luneville in the duchy of Lorraine Georges de La Tour
Some lesser known paintings include The Penitent Magdalene and St Georges de La Tour
Sebastian Tended by St Georges de La Tour
Irene Georges de La Tour
FTP, name the French painter of tenebroso--dark, candle-lit--scenes like The Dream of St Georges de La Tour
Joseph and beautifully detailed full-light scenes like The Fortune Teller. Georges de La Tour
Born in 1867, she was neglected by an alcoholic mother, and before she was ten she wandered the streets of Montmartre, skipped school, and took pride in a prodigious filth Suzanne Valadon
"Washing is for pigs," she said Suzanne Valadon
"I am a monkey, I am a cat." Various friend or lover to several French painters, her tiny size made Toulouse-Lautrec feel tall beside her, so he introduced her to Degas, who encouraged her Suzanne Valadon
Although she had no formal training, her work showed a fresh, personal vision-particularly in the fiercely objective nudes and self-portraits that reveal her formidable character Suzanne Valadon
For 10 points, who was this artist of The Blue Room and Nude on a Striped Bedspread, who was also the mother of the artist Maurice Utrillo? Suzanne Valadon
He claimed to be related to Carlotta, the wife of Emperor Maximilian, and dabbled in cannibalism, recommending women's brains in vinaigrette as a tasty meal Diego Rivera
His first important work, "Creation", was typical of his style, which depicted simplified figures in crowded, shallow spaces Diego Rivera
Living at "The Blue House", where he served as host to an exiled Trotsky, his depiction of Lenin led to the destruction of his fresco "Man at the Crossroads" Diego Rivera
The husband of Freda Kahlo, FTP, who was this great Mexican muralist? Diego Rivera
The last of the artist's submissions to the Salon, it was first shown there in 1882 A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
A bowl with tangerines rests near a bottle with the Bass Ale label in the bottom right corner, while a pair of legs in yellow stockings and green shoes is seen in the top left corner A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
The appearance of the central figure is echoed in the champagne bottles near her right hand, while a slanted mirror behind the central woman reveals a gentleman customer A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
Set in a famous Parisian nightclub, FTP name this Eduoard Manet painting. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
Later paintings like Persephone and Bower Meadow were created during his time as invalid recluse Dante Gabriel Rossetti
This followed a period that included such canvases as La Ghirlandata and Monna Vanna, but his prolific output would end after he disinterred some writings he had buried with his wife in 1869 Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Today he is known for such paintings as The Girlhood of Mary Virgin, Ecce Ancilla Domini, and Beata Beatrix Dante Gabriel Rossetti
FTP, name this English artist, the leader of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Dante Gabriel Rossetti
It is set during the early evening, as a full moon may be seen in the upper right corner, and pale orange streaks flow diagonally across a sky with six stars The Sleeping Gypsy or La Bohémienne Endormie
The title character is a dark-skinned woman whose left arm can't be seen The Sleeping Gypsy or La Bohémienne Endormie
She is dressed in a multicolored striped outfit, and has apparently been traveling barefoot through the desert with nothing but a walking stick, a lute, and a large red vase, and appears to be blissfully unaware of the large male lion that sniffs her head The Sleeping Gypsy or La Bohémienne Endormie
FTP, identify this painting by Henri Rousseau. The Sleeping Gypsy or La Bohémienne Endormie
This artist of House by the Railroad and Sunlight in a Cafeteria originally trained as an illustrator, and was influenced by his time studying under Robert Henri Edward Hopper
He frequently painted urban scenes, as in 1927's Drug Store and 1930's Early Sunday Morning, and is known for his masterly use of lighting effects, as in Chop Suey Edward Hopper
For ten points, identify this painter of Nighthawks. Edward Hopper
The static nature of later paintings like "The Distribution of the Eagles" stands in contrast to early works like "Belisarius Asking Alms" and "Andromache Mourning Hector" Jacques-Louis David
He became known as the "Robespierre of the brush" after his election to the National Convention Jacques-Louis David
Works like "The Coronation of Napoleon" and "The Death of Socrates" have led him to be cited as a pioneer of modern art Jacques-Louis David
FTP, who is this French artist of "The Oath of the Horatii" and "The Death of Marat"? Jacques-Louis David
It was inspired by Luca Signarelli's frescoes for Orvieto Cathedral The Last Judgement
Among its many figures is one of Saint Bartholomew holding his own skin with a depiction of the artist's face on it The Last Judgement
Above him is an Apollo-like rendition of Christ The Last Judgement
Illustrating Matthew 24:29-31, its creator began work on it 20 years after doing the ceiling for the Sistine Chapel The Last Judgement
FTP, name this Michaelangelo work, which depicts the end of times. The Last Judgement
A passage in which two dark figures are reclining separates a crowd of onlookers who are obscured by shadow in the background of this painting, while a skylight not visible to the viewer illuminates the forehead of one of the central figures The Gross Clinic
On the left, a man behind a desk is writing on a piece of paper above a woman who raises her hands in a clawlike gesture to shield her view from the central action The Gross Clinic
Blood covers the fingers of the central figure, who stares out at the viewer, while four figures with scalpels at right concentrate on a naked form The Gross Clinic
FTP, name this painting by Thomas Eakins. The Gross Clinic
His Adoration of the Magi features portraits of the Medicis holding the foot of Christ, while the monk looking at the viewer may be his own self-portrait Sandro Botticelli (accept Filipepi until mentioned)
Born with the surname Filipepi, this man's more famous name may have come from the name of the goldsmith to whom he was apprenticed before studying under Fra Lippo Lippi Sandro Botticelli (accept Filipepi until mentioned)
Painter of Man with Medal and Judith, his thriftiness and association with the religious movement of Savonarola led to poverty in his later years, despite a successful career in which he was known for illustrations of The Divine Comedy and the painting P Sandro Botticelli (accept Filipepi until mentioned)
FTP, name this artist best known for the Birth of Venus. Sandro Botticelli (accept Filipepi until mentioned)
Facing La Disputa in the Stanza della Segnatura, the elements of this painting are reminiscent of Leonardo's The Last Supper, and Bramante's St The School of Athens
Peter's Basilica, and the works of Michelangelo, who appears at bottom center The School of Athens
The background contains statues of Apollo and Athena overlooking a mass of people gathered around four steps The School of Athens
The table in the front center is being written upon by Pythagoras, while to the side Euclid is seen drawing triangles The School of Athens
The center is dominated by Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates The School of Athens
Located in the Vatican Palace, FTP, name this 1511 fresco by Raphael. The School of Athens
His cartoon for the "Battle of Cascina" was considered a marvel of the age, while his "Holy Family" is considered one of his best paintings Michelangelo (Buonarotti)
Better known as a sculptor, he got his start under Ghirlandajo, soon producing "The Rape of Deianira" and "The Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs" Michelangelo (Buonarotti)
While working on tombs for the Medicis he created his famous reclining figures of "Day", "Night", "Dawn", and "Dusk", but his work on the tomb of Julius II was never completed, despite the creation of the colossal "Moses" Michelangelo (Buonarotti)
FTP, who was this artist perhaps best known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? Michelangelo (Buonarotti)
A barely-visible clock in the top left indicates the time of the scene as 7 o'clock The Potato Eaters
In the bottom right is a teapot on a stand, while another is seen in the hand of the woman on the right, who is pouring drinks The Potato Eaters
One woman has her back to the viewer, while a lamp hung from the ceiling illuminates the faces of the other four people, two of which are reaching for food with their utensils, while the third holds up one of the titular vegetables The Potato Eaters
FTP, what is this early masterpiece depicting peasants at dinner by Van Gogh? The Potato Eaters
Originally erected above a pool, it is now placed at the top of the main staircase of the Louvre, appropriate, as it was intended to be viewed obliquely and from below Winged Victory of Samothrace or Winged Nike of Samothrace (accept variations)
Known for the intricate depiction of the drapes billowing in the wind, it depicts a figure alighting on the prow of a ship, still partly airborne due to a powerful head-wind Winged Victory of Samothrace or Winged Nike of Samothrace (accept variations)
Created around 200 BCE, FTP, what is this great monument rediscovered in 1863 on the island of Samothrace? Winged Victory of Samothrace or Winged Nike of Samothrace (accept variations)
He painted his mistress, Madeleine Knobloch, in "Woman Powdering Herself", just before his death by meningitis at age 31 George Seurat
In "Les Chahut" he displayed his theories that certain types of lines could invoke specific emotions, but he is better-known for a technique first expressed in his first major painting, "Bathers, Asnieres", and whose popular name was coined by Felix Feneo George Seurat
FTP, who was this French painter, who in his masterpiece "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte" utilized the technique of "pointillism"? George Seurat
In the bottom right of this painting is an open book on a stand, while another book is seen in the hands of the man in the top center, above and to the left of which is a signature dating the work to 1632 The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. (Nicolaes) Tulp
In all, seven men are seen in the top left watching a man using a metal instrument on the arm of the cadaver before him The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. (Nicolaes) Tulp
FTP, what is this great group portrait by Rembrandt? The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. (Nicolaes) Tulp
Early works like the recently discovered Dormition of the Virgin show the influence of Byzantine icon painting El Greco or Domenikos Theotocopoulos Cretan
Kicked out of Titian's workshop in less than 10 days because he was too talented for Titian's comfort, he excelled as a portraitist, as seen in his painting Felix Paravicino El Greco or Domenikos Theotocopoulos Cretan
Known for a characteristic style representing figures as elongated, flame-like forms utilizing eerie bluish colors, he created a series of famed altarpieces, including El Espolio and The Burial of Count Orgaz El Greco or Domenikos Theotocopoulos Cretan
FTP, who was this artist who painted his adopted home in View of Toledo, known by a name indicating his Cretan origins. El Greco or Domenikos Theotocopoulos Cretan
This school's second generation of artists included such figures as Worthington Whittredge, Fitz Hugh Lane, and Sanford Gifford, who pioneered the movement known as Luminism Hudson River School
Its first generation of artists included Thomas Doughty, Jasper Cropsey, and John Casilear Hudson River School
This movement was discovered by John Trumball and art critic William Dunlap, who critiqued such works as Cotopaxi, Niagara, and Rocky Mountain-Lender's Peak Hudson River School
Consisting of such artists as Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Church, and Thomas Cole, FTP, identify this art movement based on American landscapes and named for a waterway. Hudson River School
Alexandre Dumas wrote that this painting's creator worked out of sentimentality rather than any sense of patriotism Liberty Leading the People or La Liberté guidant le peuple
Towards the right of the canvas a city can be seen in the foggy background Liberty Leading the People or La Liberté guidant le peuple
The soldier on the left wears his hat askew and bears a sabre, while the boy on the far right charges forward bearing two pistols Liberty Leading the People or La Liberté guidant le peuple
The man in the top hat with the musket is supposedly the artist himself and stands to the left of the central figure, who stands bare-breasted and holds a musket in one hand and the French tri-color in the other Liberty Leading the People or La Liberté guidant le peuple
FTP, identify this 1830 painting, the most famous work of Eugene Delacroix. Liberty Leading the People or La Liberté guidant le peuple
On a lower shelf is a book of arithmetic, two Lutheran hymn books, and a lute with a broken string which some believe signifies religious strife in the painter's homeland The Ambassadors (accept before the appropriate clue, Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve, The Ambassadors)
Symbolizing mortality, what appears to be a distorted skull protrudes into the foreground The Ambassadors (accept before the appropriate clue, Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve, The Ambassadors)
Leaning on the upper shelf, next to some cartographical instruments and maps are George de Selve, Bishop of Lavaur and Jean de Dinteville two French men who are, FTP, what envoys to the Pope and England respectively, the title of a work by Hans Holbein th The Ambassadors (accept before the appropriate clue, Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve, The Ambassadors)
Of note are the grisailles on the top left and right showing the story of Cain and Abel the Ghent Altarpiece
Much of the work was finished under the behest of Jodicus Vyd, whose portrait is barely evident on the lower right the Ghent Altarpiece
A radical depiction is the soft, sensuous, and almost pregnant belly of Eve on the top right, but perhaps most famous is the Adoration of the Lamb panel at the bottom center the Ghent Altarpiece
FTP, name this work completed around 1432 by Hubert and Jan van Eyck. the Ghent Altarpiece
In the 1950's he spent several years working with etchings and lithographs and followed up by creating ceramic murals of which the most famous were the Wall of the Moon and the Wall of the Sun for the UNESCO building in Paris Joan Miro Ferra
The sea change in his career took place in 1920 when he moved to Paris, met Picasso, and left his native folk art behind to create such distorted works as Chiffres et Constellations, Dutch Interior, The Tilled Field and Personage Throwing a Stone at a Bir Joan Miro Ferra
Perhaps best known for Harlequin's Carnival, Head and Bird and Catalan Landscape, FTP, name this Spanish surrealist. Joan Miro Ferra
On the far left is the shadowy silhouette of what appears to be a hooded man extending over the trees that gradually slope upward to the right through the painting The Horse Fair or Le Marché aux chevaux
The other men are not waiters but they are dressed in white shirts with black trousers The Horse Fair or Le Marché aux chevaux
The lone animal on the far left is white, with the next several figures being red, followed by several white ones and then a red animal on the far right The Horse Fair or Le Marché aux chevaux
The painting was a success at the 1853 Paris Salon despite its author needing police permission to wear masculine clothes so as to enter the titular location The Horse Fair or Le Marché aux chevaux
FTP, name this massive canvas by Rosa Bonheur. The Horse Fair or Le Marché aux chevaux
The Prado houses his erotic portrait "Woman Revelaing her Breasts," while the vast "Paradise" stands out from the cycle he and his assistants produced for the Palazzo Ducale Tintorreto or Jacopo Robusti before it is said
Paintings based on religious and mythological scenes include "the Origin of the Mily Way" and "St George and the Dragon," both on display in London Tintorreto or Jacopo Robusti before it is said
But his best known works remain in Venice and include the St Tintorreto or Jacopo Robusti before it is said
Mark miracles for the Scuola di San Marco and his scandalous "Last Supper" for San Giorgio Tintorreto or Jacopo Robusti before it is said
FTP identify this Mannerist painter born Jacopo Robusti whose epithet means "little dyer." Tintorreto or Jacopo Robusti before it is said
Composed during the artist's stay in Nuenen, a village in Brabant, an extra teapot sits in the bottom right corner, while a clock is barely visible in the upper left The Potato Eaters
The two windows in the back tell us that night has arrived and the entire scene is lit by a single lamp that hangs above the five figures, who are all huddled around a small rectangular table in a dilapidated room The Potato Eaters
A young girl sits with her back to the viewer, while her father, in profile, picks at the titular food The Potato Eaters
FTP identify this drab painting meant to evoke the poverty of rural peasant families, an 1885 work by Vincent Van Gogh. The Potato Eaters
In art books it is often paired with "Both Members of this Club" as the two were completed in 1909 Stag at Sharkey's
The bottom third of the canvas features numerous heads looking up at the action, while a seedy looking chap with a cigar points forward and looks out at the viewer Stag at Sharkey's
The center of the painting is framed by two dark ropes, while of the three central figures the one on the right is the only wearing a shirt, and he seems to be checking for illegal holding as the two combatants lunge savagely at one another Stag at Sharkey's
FTP identify this depiction of a boxing match at a particular venue, the most famed work of George Bellows. Stag at Sharkey's
In his many letters to his lifelong friend, Willibald Pirckheimer, he stressed geometry and measurement as the keys to understanding art and he turned notes and drawings into his best-known treatise, the Four Books on Human Proportions Albrecht Durer
After meeting Bellini in Venice he obtained a commission for the Madonna of the Rose Garlands Albrecht Durer
Back in Nuremberg he devoted himself to engravings including The Knight, Death, and the Devil , and Saint Jerome in His Study Albrecht Durer
His last monumental works are two large panels, depicting the Four Apostles Albrecht Durer
FTP identify this man most famous for his woodcut series Large Fortune, The Fall of Man, and the Apocalypse. Albrecht Durer
In a bit of subtle foreshadowing, this painting is deliberately cropped so that the title man's right foot is not visible Watson and the Shark
As a wealthy merchant in adulthood, he commissioned the painting in the hopes that it would provide a useful lesson to youths on triumph over adversity Watson and the Shark
Depicting an event that occurred in 1749 in the harbor of Havana, it shows nine men in a boat, one of whom is black, and one of whom wields a harpoon Watson and the Shark
FTP name this painting by John Singleton Copley of an impromptu rescue mission from the title animal. Watson and the Shark
Gerrid Rietveld and J De Stijl (pronounced Style) or neoplasticism or The Style
J De Stijl (pronounced Style) or neoplasticism or The Style
P De Stijl (pronounced Style) or neoplasticism or The Style
Oud were the best known architects of this movement De Stijl (pronounced Style) or neoplasticism or The Style
One of the founders said, "The square is to us as the cross was to the early Christians." In 1917 a namesake journal was published to explain the group's art, which was centered in Amsterdam De Stijl (pronounced Style) or neoplasticism or The Style
Although Theo Van Doesburg began using green and diagonal lines in 1925, the original focus was on horizontal and vertical lines and primary colors De Stijl (pronounced Style) or neoplasticism or The Style
FTP, name the movement that included Piet Mondrian. De Stijl (pronounced Style) or neoplasticism or The Style
The original, which has been lost, was obtained from the J Fountain
L Fountain
Mott Iron Works and in 1964, the Galleria Schwarz in Milan was entrusted to produced eight signed and numbered replicas, the most exact being the Arturo Schwarz 4th version Fountain
The only writing on it is the inscription "R Fountain
Mutt 1917." FTP, name this most notorious and important ready-made by Marcel Duchamp. Fountain
This artist began his career as something of a Symbolist landscape painter, as can be seen in paintings like Avond or The Red Tree and the Mill, though he would later leave that style behind, with the influence of the Luminists showing in his Evolution, i Piet Mondrian
Oval Composition (Kub) dates from his flirtation with Cubism, but he is best known for abandoning representation entirely in such works as Fox Trot: Lozenge Composition and New York City I, for whose style he coined the term "neoplasticism" Piet Mondrian
FTP name this artist around whom de Stijl was founded best known for Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow and Broadway Boogie-Woogie. Piet Mondrian
His "Madonna of St Antonio Allegri or Correggio
Francis" altarpiece, commissioned for the church of San Francesco is his first documented work Antonio Allegri or Correggio
He painted "Ascension of Christ" for the church of San Giovanni Evangelista in his adopted hometown and later decorated the apse of the same church though only the "Coronation of the Virgin" survives Antonio Allegri or Correggio
Among his murals, it is the "Assumption of the Virgin," for the dome of the Parma cathedral, and its odd sky perspective that gained him notoriety, FTP, identify this painter best known for Classical myth inspired works like "Danae," "The Rape of Ganymede Antonio Allegri or Correggio
A mustachioed man in a top hat is seen in the upper right hand corner talking to a woman whose back is turned to the viewer, while the upper left hand corner features the inexplicable legs of a trapeze artist The Bar at the Foiles-Bergere
The central figure stares out at the viewer of this painting from between bottles and a bowl of oranges on the marble countertop upon which she leans The Bar at the Foiles-Bergere
It can be seen that she is looking at a man from the mirror which lines the wall behind her The Bar at the Foiles-Bergere
FTP- What is this 1881 work housed in the Courtold Collection, London painted by Edouard Manet? The Bar at the Foiles-Bergere
Among the "instruments" of torture on the right part of this work are a giant bagpipe, harp, and lute, and nude figures are devoured by cats, a giant rabbit, and insects The Garden of Earthly Delights
The other two panels are significantly cheerier, with the left panel depicting a nude male and female, as well as an older, robed male in the foreground, in front of a fanciful lake surrounded by animals including a giraffe, elephant and flock of birds The Garden of Earthly Delights
In the central panel, large groups of nude figures cavort with deer, goats, giant birds and enormous fruit The Garden of Earthly Delights
FTP, name this painting in the Prado in Spain, the most famous work by Hieronymus Bosch The Garden of Earthly Delights
He claimed his art was concrete rather than abstract since it takes up space Jean Arp
In 1912 he moved to Munich where he met Kandinsky and briefly joined Der Blaue Reiter Jean Arp
In 1931 he joined Abstract-Creation at which point his work became more three-dimensional, and in 1950 he executed a wood and metal relief at Harvard Jean Arp
In between though, he worked with paper cutouts and founded the movement he is most associated with in Zurich Jean Arp
FTP, name this German-French dada artist. Jean Arp
She worked on three or more paintings at once, painting a series of backgrounds, then filling in details in the "sky-down" method Anna Mary Robinson "Grandma" Moses
Early in her career, she copied postcards and prints and displayed the results at a drugstore Anna Mary Robinson "Grandma" Moses
Her work achieved popularity in unusual forms, such as the use of "Home for Thanksgiving" on dinnerware Anna Mary Robinson "Grandma" Moses
FTP, name this major example of "naïve painting," an American whose nickname reflects the fact that she started her career at age seventy-seven. Anna Mary Robinson "Grandma" Moses
This artist froze a second from Eisenstein's Potemkin in one of his works and also painted studies of Muybridge's horse Francis Bacon
His "Three Studies for the Base of a Crucifixion" caused a furor when it was exhibited in the Tate Gallery, because of the gruesome treatment of his subject Francis Bacon
More famous now are his versions of "Velazquez's Innocent X", which portray the pope with slabs of butchered meat hanging next to him Francis Bacon
FTP name this 20th century painter of terror, who shares his name with a British philosopher and scientist. Francis Bacon
Painted in Dusseldorf in 1851, this work was such an immediate success that it brought its German-born American artist a commission to paint a mural for the United States Capitol, which culminated in 1860's Westward the Course of Empire Takes its Way Washington Crossing the Delaware
Land can be seen on the left, and a man struggles with an ice floe, while other boats are visible in the right background Washington Crossing the Delaware
Identify this painting by Emanuel Leutze, whose title figure assumes a determined stance in a portrayal of, FTP, an event from Christmas Eve of 1776. Washington Crossing the Delaware
He was first attracted to Mannerism after studying under Antonio Badile, producing such early works as The Family of Darius before Alexander Paolo Caliari Veronese
However, he fell under the influence of Tintoretto and produced such works as Agony in the Garden and 1587's Saint Pantaleone Healing a Child Paolo Caliari Veronese
His large workshop featured such artists as del Frisco and produced the scandalous 1573 Last Supper in the House of Simon, which the Inquisition forced him to rename The Feast in the House of Levi Paolo Caliari Veronese
FTP, identify this painter from Verona perhaps best known for his The Marriage at Cana. Paolo Caliari Veronese
This group moved to Berlin in 1911 and briefly became part of the New Secession movement Die Brücke or The Bridge
They dissolved in 1913 after contributing to the Sonderbund exhibition, and nominally included such members as Amiet, Gallen-Kallela, and Van Dongen Die Brücke or The Bridge
More prominent members included Nolde and Pechstein, and they espoused as their tenets the German Renaissance and primitive artifacts Die Brücke or The Bridge
Founded in Dresden in 1905, its 1906 manifesto claimed it sought an adjoining of the past and future of painting Die Brücke or The Bridge
FTP, identify this German Expressionist movement founded by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Die Brücke or The Bridge
A long, white stadium-like building stretches far into the background and bears a red pennant flag waving towards the left Mystery and Melancholy of a Street
A dark, shadowy building dominates the foreground and the right of the canvas, next to which sits a covered wagon with an open door Mystery and Melancholy of a Street
The light alley between the two buildings contains the shadow of a man on the ground and the silhouette of a girl rolling a hoop down the street Mystery and Melancholy of a Street
FTP, identify this 1914 painting, perhaps the most famous work by Giorgio de Chirico. Mystery and Melancholy of a Street
A common element studied in this painting is the lone bird soaring above the landscape near the top right of this painting The Hunters in the Snow
The town at this painting's center lies at the foothills of jagged peaks in the background The Hunters in the Snow
A group of peasants tend to household work around a large fire on the left of the canvas, while in the background many villagers can be seen skating on a frozen pond, which dominates the landscape The Hunters in the Snow
In the foreground, the title group marches into the town followed by a pack of dogs The Hunters in the Snow
FTP, identify this snow-covered 1565 painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The Hunters in the Snow
He served a prison stint for his depiction of Louis Philippe in his 1832 Gargantua Honoré Daumier
This noted satirist wrote for Charivari, but was later recognized for his artistic skill after his one-man show at Durand-Ruel's gallery in 1878 Honoré Daumier
He created close to 4000 lithographs during his life, but is better remembered for his paintings of the urban peasantry such as Wandering Saltimbanques and Two Sculptors Honoré Daumier
Paintings of the underprivileged like The Uprising and Laundress on the Quai d'Anjou typify his impressionistic subjects Honoré Daumier
FTP, identify this French artist perhaps best known for his The Third-Class Carriage. Honoré Daumier
Although he taught monochromatic painting in Massachusetts by 1850, his skill increased dramatically while studying later at the Düsseldorf Art Academy Albert Bierstadt
His career really took off following an 1859 trip under Colonel Frederick Lander to Colorado and Wyoming, followed by two more journeys to the American West, where he painted such works as Sunset in the Yosemite Valley and Seal Rock Albert Bierstadt
FTP, name this rival of Frederic Church, a German-born member of the Hudson River School. Albert Bierstadt
His first attempts at landscapes were made after learning oils from an itinerant portraitist named Stein Thomas Cole
After studying the techniques of Thomas Doughty and Thomas Birch at the Pennsylvania Academy, he went on to produce such works as Falls of Kaaterskill and Schroon Mountain, Adirondacks Thomas Cole
He also painted The Departure and The Return, though the prime example of his works may be found in View on the Catskill - Early Autumn and The Clove, Catskills, which influenced Asher Durand and Frederic Church Thomas Cole
FTP, identify this Hudson River School artist of The Voyage of Life and The Course of Empire. Thomas Cole
An enormous wave can be seen on the left of this painting, while in the top right is the almost imperceptible image of a ship in the distance The Raft of the Medusa or Scene of Shipwreck
Measuring an enormous 16 feet by 23 1/2 feet, it uses a famous triangular scheme to depict its subject The Raft of the Medusa or Scene of Shipwreck
On the bottom are those who have already died, above which is a cluster of sailors waving their shirts at the distant ship The Raft of the Medusa or Scene of Shipwreck
Depicting a notorious maritime disaster of 1816, FTP, what is this most famous painting by Theodore Gericault? The Raft of the Medusa or Scene of Shipwreck
A pupil of Guglielmo de Marcillat, this artist is known for such paintings as the 100-day fresco, which depicted scenes from the life of Pope Paul III, and the fresco cycles in the PalazzoVecchio Giorgio Vasari
Patronized by the de Medici family, he was also an architect who constructed the church, monastery, and palace created for the Cavalieri di San Stefano in Pisa, and the Uffizi in Florence Giorgio Vasari
FTP, name this Italian painter best known for a book on art called Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects. Giorgio Vasari
The ornate chandelier at the top of the painting holds a single lit candle, while several pieces of fruit can be seen by the window on the left The Arnolfini Wedding (accept alternatives, such as The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami or The Betrothal of the Arnolfini
A red pair of shoes on the floor in the back contrasts with the pair of wooden clogs in the lower left The Arnolfini Wedding (accept alternatives, such as The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami or The Betrothal of the Arnolfini
The figure on the right has her green dress gathered up in one hand, while a little dog, possibly representing fidelity, stands in the middle at the participants' feet The Arnolfini Wedding (accept alternatives, such as The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami or The Betrothal of the Arnolfini
Perhaps best known for the concave mirror in the background that reflects two witnesses, including the artist, FTP, identify this Jan van Eyck painting depicting the marriage vows of a certain couple. The Arnolfini Wedding (accept alternatives, such as The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami or The Betrothal of the Arnolfini
His relief "The Feast of Herod" graces the front of the baptismal font in the Siena Cathedral Donatello (or Donato di Niccolo)
He embedded pieces of colored glass in marble to create his unique Canteria, or "Singing Gallery," for the Florence Cathedral Donatello (or Donato di Niccolo)
According to Vasari, he could be observed repeatedly muttering, "Speak, damn you; speak!" while creating his sculpture of the prophet Habbakuk whose bald head has led it to be nicknamed the Zuccone Donatello (or Donato di Niccolo)
FTP, who was this great Early Renaissance sculptor who created the equestrian statue Gattemalata and the bronze David? Donatello (or Donato di Niccolo)
Currently on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, this 1928 painting was part of Alfred Stieglitz's personal collection before his death I Saw the Figure Five in Gold
In its upper-right quadrant the name "Carlo" can be seen, seemingly spelled out in lights I Saw the Figure Five in Gold
The name "Bill" appears in all caps at the top left, partly cut off by the edge I Saw the Figure Five in Gold
The background of geometric grays and silvers is dominated by a red field and three gold numerals I Saw the Figure Five in Gold
This describes, FTP, what work based on a William Carlos Williams poem by Charles Demuth? I Saw the Figure Five in Gold
A red barn can be seen in the back right of this painting, while the main building's attic features a pointed arch window that provides part of the basis for its title American Gothic
One figure is seen staring at something to the viewer's right, and is based on the artist's sister Nan American Gothic
Byron McKeeby, the artist's dentist, modeled for the other figure, who is given symbolic significance by holding a pitchfork in his right hand American Gothic
FTP, what is this classic of American Regionalism, painted by Grant Wood? American Gothic
This artist's early paintings often concerned Classical themes, as in Young Spartans, but his work soon developed an undercurrent of violence, seen in Interior, which is sometimes called The Rape Edgar Degas
His exploration of unusual artistic subjects resulted in The Cotton Exchange in New Orleans and The Absinthe Drinker, while the only sculpture exhibited during his lifetime, Little Fourteen-year-old Dancer, was an example of his most famous subject Edgar Degas
FTP, who was this French painter of The Rehearsal and The Dance Class? Edgar Degas
The background of this painting is a vast landscape in which two men can be seen walking away from the viewer up a road on the left St. Sebastian
Various remains from antiquity can be seen littered about a green and white floor in the foreground, which is dominated by a stone column featuring the artist's signature in Greek St. Sebastian
The title figure is standing on a block of stone with his feet tied to the column, dying from the numerous arrows piercing him St. Sebastian
FTP, what is this painting by Andrea Mantegna? St. Sebastian
Willy Lott is the owner of the building shown in this painting, in which a figure makes his way through thick hedges along the river at right, below which a boat is concealed The Hay Wain
Four figures are plying their trade in a meadow across the river Stour opposite a cottage behind Flatford Mill, in front of which a small dog watches the main action The Hay Wain
FTP, what is this famous painting depicting two men attempting to guide a large ox-drawn cart through the water, the masterpiece of John Constable? The Hay Wain
Early in his career, this artist executed a series of powerful engravings, notably The Frugal Repast, while his contributions to the realm of sculpture included Head of a Bull, Metamorphosis, made using the seat and handlebars of a bicycle Pablo Picasso
Images like the Dying Horse, the Weeping Woman, and the Minotaur predominate in his late work, which includes The Charnel House, while his early efforts, like La Vie, The Family of Saltimbanques, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, are often divided into perio Pablo Picasso
FTP, who was this Spanish painter probably best known for Guernica? Pablo Picasso
In the bottom right of this painting can be seen a young girl dressed in red with her left foot on a dog lying on the floor Las Meninas or The Maids of Honor
On the back wall, the king and queen are reflected in a mirror next to an open doorway, in which a man in black is seen peering at the main scene Las Meninas or The Maids of Honor
To the left, the artist is looking at the viewer while working on the huge canvas before him, while the front center is dominated by the Princess Margarita and her attendants Las Meninas or The Maids of Honor
FTP, what is this 1656 painting, one of the masterpieces of Diego Velazquez? Las Meninas or The Maids of Honor
This artist's early period is marked by works like Self-Portrait with Felt Hat, Still Life With Shoes, and Portrait of Pere Tanguy Vincent van Gogh
Late works like Wheat Field With Crows and Village Street in Auvers were created while he lived in Auvers-sur-Oise to be near one of his subjects, Dr Vincent van Gogh
Gachet Vincent van Gogh
Red Vineyard at Arles was the only work sold during his lifetime, but today he is known for works like The Night Cafe, The Potato Eaters, and Starry Night Vincent van Gogh
FTP, who was this artist of Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear? Vincent van Gogh
This painting is displayed in the main hall at the Huntington Gallery across from Thomas Lawrence's portrait of Sarah Barrett Moulton so as to contrast and highlight its most prominent feature The Blue Boy (accept Portrait of Jonathon Buttall before *)
Completed in 1770, its subject wears clothes from the previous century in homage to the paintings of Van Dyck The Blue Boy (accept Portrait of Jonathon Buttall before *)
Standing out against a brown and green landscape, the subject looks out confidently at the viewer with his left arm akimbo and his right hand holding a feathered hat The Blue Boy (accept Portrait of Jonathon Buttall before *)
Depicting the son of a hardware merchant named * Jonathan Buttall, FTP, what is this portrait by Gainsborough named for the color of the boy's costume? The Blue Boy (accept Portrait of Jonathon Buttall before *)
Etienne Falconet is often cited as the quintessential sculptor of this art movement whose early masters included Audran and Berain rococo
Its name was apparently coined by a student of David as a term of derision rococo
It was practiced in Italy by Guardi, Longhi, and Tiepolo, but enjoyed its greatest vogue in France, where Boucher, Watteau, and Fragonard created works typified by grace, playfulness, and intimacy rococo
FTP, what is this 18th century art movement whose name is a combination of the terms rocaille and barocco? rococo
His late interest in photography can be seen in works with Durieu like Draped Model and in his own portrait done by Nadar Eugene Delacroix
Late works like The Hunt show the Romantic spirit he exemplified his whole artistic life, as seen in his painting of Paganini, the Death of Sardanapalus, and The Massacre at Chios FTP, name this French artist, most famous for Liberty Leading the People. Eugene Delacroix
The subject is unknown, but from the description in the upper right-hand corner, it is known that he was 26 years old when he was painted The Laughing Cavalier
The light source seems to come from the left from beyond the painting and the broad brush strokes on the subject's black overcoat are thought to have influenced many Impressionists The Laughing Cavalier
The subject stands with his left hand on his hip, the sleeves of his shirt are painstakingly detailed, and he wears a short beard and a mustache curled upwards The Laughing Cavalier
Inaccurately titled since the subject's facial expression probably conveys haughtiness or pride rather than mirth, this is, FTP, what most famous painting of Franz Hals? The Laughing Cavalier
This canvas was an expansion of an earlier work by the artist, a conte crayon on paper entitled The Couple, which is featured prominently in this work A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
In the background can be seen two steamships and four men in red hats in a rowboat A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
A black dog plays at the bottom center and to its right a small brown dog and a monkey on a leash are playing as well A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
More noticeable are the men in tophats and the women in long dresses who carry parasols A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
FTP, name this idyllic masterpiece of pointillism painted by Georges Seraut. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
In this tempera and gesso on panel a hitching cart and a chicken wire supported by black posts can be seen in the distance Christina's World
The central figure wears white socks and possesses unnaturally lean arms Christina's World
Two buildings can be seen at the top, though it is unclear which one the title character looks at Christina's World
She is dressed in a pink dress and the wind blows at her hair, as she lies in the field that dominates this painting Christina's World
FTP, name this 1948 painting, the most famous of Andrew Wyeth. Christina's World
His early works, such as The Martydom of St Nicolas Poussin
Erasmus, differ from later canvases like The Gathering of the Manna Nicolas Poussin
He initially copied the style of Titian as in Plague at Ashod but moved to echoing a mature Raphael as in Adoration of the Golden Calf and Flight Into Egypt Nicolas Poussin
After coming to Rome, he lived in Italy for the rest of his life except for a few years as court painter to Louis XIII Nicolas Poussin
FTP, name this painter of Et in Arcadia Ego and Holy Family on the Steps, the preeminent French classical painter of the 17th-century. Nicolas Poussin
He aided his friend, architect Josef Hoffmann, by painting a series of mosaic murals in the Palais Stoclet, a Brussels mansion designed by Hoffmann Gustav Klimt
His best known works are later portraits like Judith I and Frau Fritsa Reidler, which were better received than early murals like the set Philosophy, Medicine, and Jurisprudence Gustav Klimt
As founder of the Sezessionstil [se-zess-one-schteel], he directed the art nouveau movement in his country Gustav Klimt
FTP, name this leader of the Vienna Secession movement, the Austrian painter of The Kiss. Gustav Klimt
The figures on the upper right are enlarged from Pietro Lorenzetti's Birth of the Virgin the Brancacci Chapel
It wasn't decorated until the Florentine ambassador to Cairo returned and commissioned Panicale to illustrate it with frescoes from Genesis and the Life of St the Brancacci Chapel
Peter the Brancacci Chapel
Panicale, better known by his first name of Masolino, completed several scenes, but the frescoes were ultimately finished by Filippino Lippi the Brancacci Chapel
Located in Santa Maria del Carmine, its most famous decorations include The Expulsion from Paradise and The Tribute Money the Brancacci Chapel
FTP, name this famous chapel frescoed by Masaccio. the Brancacci Chapel
In 1850 this man entered the studio of Thomas Couture Edouard Manet
The Franco Prussian War, in which he saw service as a gunner in the National Guard, inspired him to paint such terse pictures as The Barricade and The Execution of Maximilan III Edouard Manet
Earlier, after the suicide of the model for his Boy With Cherries he fell into a depression reflected in his morbid Absinthe Drinker Edouard Manet
He is better known for more vibrant works, such as Concert in Tuileries Garden Edouard Manet
FTP, name this French artist whose nude Olympia was less controversial than his Luncheon on the Grass. Edouard Manet
The year after it was finished the artist took this painting on a tour of England The Raft of the "Medusa"
A little bright color is provided by the red cloth worn by the pensive figure modeled on Michelangelo and seated on the left side The Raft of the "Medusa"
Two pyramidal structures are formed, first by the two figures waving flags on the top right and second by the title object itself The Raft of the "Medusa"
The artist studied corpses and interviewed survivors before finishing this painting in 1819, a year after an incident off the West African coast inspired this work The Raft of the "Medusa"
FTP, name this painting depicting the survivors of a French government ship, the masterwork of Theodore Gericault. The Raft of the "Medusa"
The gray wall that serves as the background for most of this painting bears on it a single black ring in the right hand corner, which seems to match the manacles on the floor The Death of Socrates
As four men cover their eyes in the main chamber, three others can be seen climbing stairs through a gateway on the left side of the canvas The Death of Socrates
The title figure, whose leg is gripped by an orange clad man sitting on a stone stool beside the centrally located bed, has his left hand raised and his index finger in the air as he reaches for a wooden goblet presumably filled with hemlock The Death of Socrates
FTP, name this 1787 depiction of a famed philosopher's last day by Jacques Louis David. The Death of Socrates
Completed in the late 1400's, the earlier version is a triptych satirizing greed and features its painter's earliest depiction of Hell The Hay-Wain
The titular object of this Hieronymus Bosch painting is drawn by demons and surrounded by a mob, while nuns cradle beggars and make amorous advances towards musicians The Hay-Wain
The later version is more subdued, featuring only a handful of peasants on the banks of the River Stour and depicting a cottage nestled on the left The Hay-Wain
FTP, name this depiction of the titular vehicle crossing the river, a work by John Constable. The Hay-Wain
On the right are ointments and the opening of a dark room Dead Christ (do not accept equivalents, the painting is known by this name)
On the left can be seen Mary crying, John praying, and Mary Magdalene looking downcast Dead Christ (do not accept equivalents, the painting is known by this name)
The body is partially covered by a shroud and lies on the annointing rock Dead Christ (do not accept equivalents, the painting is known by this name)
The view, from the pillow at the top to the upturned feet at the bottom, emphasizes the swollen chest and the open wounds of crucifixion Dead Christ (do not accept equivalents, the painting is known by this name)
Best-known for the technique used to depict Jesus, FTP, name this Andrea Mantegna masterpiece of foreshortening. Dead Christ (do not accept equivalents, the painting is known by this name)
Rembrandt painted a 1630 version largely based on this canvas Supper at Emmaus
The man on the right possesses a seashell brooch and has both his arms extended Supper at Emmaus
All together three men are seated around a table topped with fruit, bread, and a chicken, while an innkeeper wearing a white cap stands nearby Supper at Emmaus
The central figure is dressed in red and has a youthfully pudgy face Supper at Emmaus
FTP, name this Caravaggio work showing the moment Christ revealed his identity after his resurrection to two disciples during a meal. Supper at Emmaus
Jacob Jordaens' depiction of them shows them at half-length and almost obliterating the background of red velvety drapery and a glint of sky The Four Apostles or The Four Evangelists or The Four Holy Men
They are absorbed in a study of the text on the table at the bottom left The Four Apostles or The Four Evangelists or The Four Holy Men
A more famous 1526 version has them divided onto two panels, with the figure on the left draped in an orange cloak and the figure on the right draped in a white cloak The Four Apostles or The Four Evangelists or The Four Holy Men
Three of them are bearded and all four are engaged by two religious texts The Four Apostles or The Four Evangelists or The Four Holy Men
FTP, name this Albrecht Durer depiction of John, Peter, Paul, and Mark. The Four Apostles or The Four Evangelists or The Four Holy Men
During his second trip to Italy, he painted landscapes in the Villa Medici, some of the first known plen-aire work in Europe Diego Velazquez
His oil on canvas The Triumph of Bacchus appeared after he had received Rubens as a visitor Diego Velazquez
His battle series is most typified by Surrender and Breda and among his remarkable portraits is that of his valet Juan de Pareja Diego Velazquez
Even better known is his portrait of Innocent X, but it was work done as court painter to Philip IV that gained him lasting fame Diego Velazquez
FTP, name this Spanish painter of Las Meninas, or The Maids of Honor. Diego Velazquez
After his painting The Croquet Game received some notice, he went to study in France Winslow Homer
Eight Bells is considered one of his realist masterpieces, while Prisoners from the Front is his most important war painting Winslow Homer
Returning home from Europe, he crafted such homespun scenes as Snap the Whip and Long Branch, New Jersey Winslow Homer
In the next decade he found his typical subject matter with works like The Life Line and Fog Warning Winslow Homer
FTP, name this American painter of The Gulf Stream. Winslow Homer
This canvas was commissioned by Madame de Pompadour to hang in the Château de Bellevue The Toilet of Venus (accept equivalents)
Cast against a dark, cloudy background, a cherub on the bottom left retrieves a string of pearls from a half-shell tray, while a dove caresses the feet of the title character The Toilet of Venus (accept equivalents)
Another cherub attends to the title character's hair, while a third on the right helps the titular figure tie a blue ribbon around a dove in her lap The Toilet of Venus (accept equivalents)
Depicting the scene of a goddess in her private room, FTP, identify this most famous painting by François Boucher. The Toilet of Venus (accept equivalents)
This man served on the town council of Regensburg in 1519 when the decision was made to expel the city's Jewish community, which he celebrated with two etchings Albrecht Altdorfer
While the main body of this artist's works include forested scenes such as St Albrecht Altdorfer
George in a Wood, he was most noted for his small scale works like 1507's Satyr Family Albrecht Altdorfer
His most characteristic works were modeled after Bramante sketches and include Susannah in the Bath and Danube Landscape Albrecht Altdorfer
FTP, identify this most famous member of the Danube school whose most famous work was The Battle of Issus. Albrecht Altdorfer
This painting is thought to be inspired by, and an homage to, Velazquez's Las Meniñas, and is actually a composite of a studio portrait and some rough sketches taken of the title location A Bar at the Folies-Bergères or Un Bar aux Folies-Bergères
The dining crowd in the background supposedly contains renditions of the artist's friends, which probably don't include the pair of legs dangling from the trapeze in the top left A Bar at the Folies-Bergères or Un Bar aux Folies-Bergères
The marble tabletop in the foreground is strewn with bottles and a bowl of oranges, while the central figure is approached by a sinister man in a tophat, all of which can be seen in a mirror in the background A Bar at the Folies-Bergères or Un Bar aux Folies-Bergères
FTP, identify this painting by Edouard Manet. A Bar at the Folies-Bergères or Un Bar aux Folies-Bergères
Copies of this canvas were rare until the last decade because its owner, Albert Barnes, disapproved of color reproductions The Joy of Life or Le Bonheur de Vivre
A woman in the background to the right can be seen herding goats with a flute, while the foreground is dominated by another flute-playing figure and an embracing couple The Joy of Life or Le Bonheur de Vivre
A huge swath of orange dominates the left side of the canvas, where a squatting man can be seen in front of a stretching nude The Joy of Life or Le Bonheur de Vivre
Perhaps this painting's most interesting feature is the circle of six dancing figures in the background The Joy of Life or Le Bonheur de Vivre
FTP, identify this colorful canvas by Henri Matisse. The Joy of Life or Le Bonheur de Vivre
Vincent Van Gogh expressed his admiration for this school, particularly the painting Snow Scene with Sheep by his uncle Anton Mauve The Hague School
Also known as the Gray School, this movement's penchant for subdued colors and nature scenes was manifested in the works of J The Hague School
H The Hague School
Weissenbruch and Johannes Bosboom The Hague School
This group developed primarily in the 1870s and also contained such members as Hendrik Mesdag and Gerald Bilders The Hague School
Led by Jacob and Matthijs Maris and Jozef Israëls, FTP, identify this Dutch landscape school that was centered at its namesake city. The Hague School
Their brief success came with the awarding of two major commissions for work at Casa Bartholdy and at the Casino Massimo Nazarenes or Lucas Brotherhood or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukasbund
Their style was typified by works like Rose Miracle of St Nazarenes or Lucas Brotherhood or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukasbund
Francis in the Little Chapel at Assissi, which is the major work of this movement's founder Nazarenes or Lucas Brotherhood or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukasbund
They secluded themselves at San Isidro, earning their most common nickname, and they would be joined there by later members Wilhelm von Schadow and Peter von Cornelius Nazarenes or Lucas Brotherhood or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukasbund
Founded in Rome in 1809, FTP, name this group of religiously minded German painters headed by Johann Friedrich Overbeck. Nazarenes or Lucas Brotherhood or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukasbund
This painting was commissioned by the Trudaine de Montigny brothers, and Thomas Jefferson was present at its unveiling The Death of Socrates
Sir Joshua Reynolds compared the title figure's reaching hand to Adam's in the Sistine Chapel The Death of Socrates
Down the hall in the distance on the left, the title figure's wife can be seen leaving, while the title figure himself is surrounded by sorrowful men, save for the seated figure in white at the foot of the bed and the one touching the title figure's leg The Death of Socrates
FTP, identify this Jacques-Louis David painting in which the title character is reaching for a cup of hemlock. The Death of Socrates
This primarily dark canvas shows an intense white light that centers on the nine figures at its center The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulp
A man in the background huddles over a paper, but stares out at the viewer, while the rest of the group is either transfixed on the titular event or the large text in the foreground of the bottom right corner The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulp
The title figure raises one hand in gesticulation, while the other probes the body of an executed criminal with a pair of forceps The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulp
Graphically depicting the muscles of a cadaver's forearm, FTP, identify this medical painting by Rembrandt. The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulp
His last important works were a series of scenes including Saint Sixtus ordaining Saint Lawrence and scenes from the life of Saint Stephen, which were frescoes executed for the chapel of Pope Nicholas Fra Angelico (accept early Guido di Pietro)
After entering a Dominican convent in Fiesole, he started producing altarpieces like the Madonna of the Star, which is currently in the convent of San Marco in Florence to which he moved in 1436 Fra Angelico (accept early Guido di Pietro)
FTP, name this artist of Christ as a Pilgrim and the Madonna of the Linen Weavers, born Guido di Pietro, whose better known name refers to his noted piety. Fra Angelico (accept early Guido di Pietro)
At the upper left of this painting, a figure wearing a white shawl on his head watches the central scene, while a man wearing a seashell on his vest spreads his arms at right The Supper at Emmaus
The sleeve of the man at lower left tears at the elbow as he rises from his chair towards the central figure, who is reaching for a plate of poultry The Supper at Emmaus
The light source at the upper left is usually interpreted as an allegory depicting the uncertain atmosphere around the central figure, who Mark 16:12 tells vanishes as all three figures recognize him The Supper at Emmaus
FTP, name this scene of a meeting of two apostles with the resurrected Christ by Caravaggio. The Supper at Emmaus
This work was one of thirteen its creator painted for the 1827 Salon, and its original title was Massacre Number Two The Death of Sardanapalus
A broken elephant tusk near the center of the canvas represents title character's impotence The Death of Sardanapalus
A woman covers her face with a dress while a tanned man falls on his sword The Death of Sardanapalus
On the bottom left a muscular African reigns in a horse The Death of Sardanapalus
The dominant feature of this painting is the bed on which a nude prostrates herself and beseeches the apathetic title character, who watches as his worldly possessions are destroyed The Death of Sardanapalus
Based on a poem by Byron, FTP, identify this painting by Eugène Delacroix. The Death of Sardanapalus
The works A Wooded Stream of the Bredel collection and The Cottages under Trees of the Ford collection are often attributed to this artist Meyndert Hobbema
Early works like Landscape with a Hut and Road on a Dyke demonstrate his affinity for landscape scenes, as does his series of water mills Meyndert Hobbema
This Amsterdam native's Ruins of Breberode Castle gained him much recognition in England, where he is thought to be one of the biggest influences on Thomas Gainesborough Meyndert Hobbema
His most famous painting is 1689's The Avenue at Middleharnis Meyndert Hobbema
FTP, identify this Dutch landscape artist and pupil of Jacob van Ruisdael. Meyndert Hobbema
Located in the Contarelli Chapel in the Church of San Luigi dei Francesi in Rome, the only object visible in the background of this work is a window of a tavern The Calling of St. Matthew
The titular figure sits on the far left with his head bowed and a light shining on him from the upper right, and a man in the middle of the table points at him in surprise The Calling of St. Matthew
Jesus, mostly hidden behind St The Calling of St. Matthew
Peter on the far right, also points at the titular figure, indicating him to follow in, FTP, what great tenebrist painting by Caravaggio? The Calling of St. Matthew
One man by this name produced fantastic Italian landscapes like The Storm and was known by the moniker "Francisque." The other, studied under Delarouche and produced early portraits like The Naval Officer, though he gained fame for an 1848 work, now lost Jean François Millet
That canvas, The Winnower, was followed by others like The Walk to Work and Man with a Hoe Jean François Millet
Often suspected of being a socialist, he left Paris after a cholera epidemic forced him to move to Barbizon Jean François Millet
FTP, identify this realist painter best known for Angelus and The Gleaners. Jean François Millet
Completed for the Alabaster Chamber of Alfonso d'Este's palace, this work was later recolored by Dosso Dossi and famously completed by the artist's pupil Feast of the Gods
A major point of study in this painting is the bird in the trees above the titular scene Feast of the Gods
The nymph Lotis is reclining at the far right Feast of the Gods
Silenus' ass foils the advances of Priapus, who attempts to lift the nymph's skirt Feast of the Gods
Completely redone by the artist's student Titian, FTP, name this Renaissance work depicting an immortal celebration by Giovanni Bellini. Feast of the Gods
A prior painting of the same subject includes two lovers in the foreground and a reflection of city lights on the Rhône River The Starry Night
The buildings in the foreground are created with straight strokes, with a church spire just breaking the sky The Starry Night
Venus is created with spiraling strokes, and located slightly left of the center, which some say resembles a yin-yang The Starry Night
To the left of them, cypress trees extend to the heavens The Starry Night
FTP, name this nocturnal portrait of the village of Saint-Remy by Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night
Among his early drawings, he shows a fascination with the necks of old people Leonardo da Vinci (accept either name)
His Madonna Litta is the only painting of his in Russia, while his portrait of Ginevra de' Benci is the only painting of his in America Leonardo da Vinci (accept either name)
Most of his paintings date from the fifteen years after he left the workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio to settle in Milan Leonardo da Vinci (accept either name)
The lone exception is his Madonna of the Rocks Leonardo da Vinci (accept either name)
FTP, name this painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, and engineer perhaps best known for his Last Supper and portrait of Mona Lisa. Leonardo da Vinci (accept either name)
The subject of this painting was painted twice more, by Gustave Courti and Antonio de la Gandara, seven and fourteen years later, respectively Madame X
In the original, the light source is from the right, accentuating a little jewel in the subject's red hair and the shoulder straps on her dress Madame X
She stands next to a table with a fan in her left hand, wearing a low cut black dress showing her pale skin Madame X
Perhaps to shield the subject from the foreseen controversy, the artist withheld her real name, Gautreau, from the painting's title Madame X
FTP who is this woman, subject of an 1884 portrait by John Singer Sargent? Madame X
This painting inspired 27 oil paintings and over 100 drawings by Picasso, and an unfinished painting by Monet, set in the forest of Fontainebleau The Luncheon on the Grass or Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe (prompt on "The Bath" or "Le Bain," the original title)
It was itself indebted to Raimondi's engraving of Raphael's The Judgement of Paris, Courbet's Young Ladies on the Banks of the Seine, and the Concert Champetre of Giorgione and/or Titian The Luncheon on the Grass or Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe (prompt on "The Bath" or "Le Bain," the original title)
A young woman stands in the stream in the rear, and the figure modeled by Victorine Meurent sits at the left, on her discarded blue dress The Luncheon on the Grass or Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe (prompt on "The Bath" or "Le Bain," the original title)
Two dressed men and a nude woman appear in, FTP, what picnic scene by Edouard Manet? The Luncheon on the Grass or Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe (prompt on "The Bath" or "Le Bain," the original title)
The depiction of the main figure in this painting is based on the same figure's depiction in Giotto's Rising of Drusiana scene in the Peruzzi chapel, even down to the identical dress Tribute Money (accept reasonable equivalents)
The theme of the work is taken from Matthew 17:24-26 and was intended to be "read" by starting in the middle, which showed how to satisfy the request, then to the left, where a fish is caught with a coin in its mouth, finally to the right, where a tax col Tribute Money (accept reasonable equivalents)
FTP, name this painting in the Brancacci Chapel of the Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence, a masterwork by Masaccio. Tribute Money (accept reasonable equivalents)
In commissioning a portrait of himself on the imperial throne Napoleon instructed Jean Ingres to make him reminiscent of God in this artwork, which the emperor had plundered and moved to the Louvre Ghent altarpiece (need to say "altarpiece" until it's mentioned)
At the very bottom we learn that the work was completed for Jodicus Vyd, but more noticeable are the depictions of Adam and Eve at either end, particularly Eve's almost pregnant belly Ghent altarpiece (need to say "altarpiece" until it's mentioned)
Even more famous is the Adoration of the Lamb portion at the bottom Ghent altarpiece (need to say "altarpiece" until it's mentioned)
Begun by the artist's brother Hubert and completed in 1432, FTP, name this large altarpiece painted by Jan van Eyck. Ghent altarpiece (need to say "altarpiece" until it's mentioned)
The interplay of separately lit spaces, in the foreground versus the background, was anticipated by the artist's earlier painting The Tapestry Weavers Las Meninas (accept early buzz of Maids of Honor)
The pairing of the nun and man-servant on the right of the canvas parallels the shadowy and silvery depiction of the royal couple in the center Las Meninas (accept early buzz of Maids of Honor)
Two large Ruben-like paintings hang above the scene as a young boy threatens to kick a contented looking dog and a painter tries to work in his studio Las Meninas (accept early buzz of Maids of Honor)
But the most enigmatic parts of the painting are the man in the open doorway in the background and the dwarf whose pose echoes that of the Infanta Las Meninas (accept early buzz of Maids of Honor)
FTP, identify this 1656 depiction of "The Maids of Honor" by Velazquez. Las Meninas (accept early buzz of Maids of Honor)
An oddity in this painting is a scene in the background at the far right, featuring a toga-clad man unrolling a parchment and standing in front of a large unfinished pillar Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna dal Collo Lungo
The central scene is set against a backdrop of a red curtain, where the title character, clad in flowing brown and blue robes, sits and rests her feet on pillows while a quintet of androgynous youths stare over her shoulder in awe of the unnaturally shape Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna dal Collo Lungo
FTP, name this Mannerist work painted by Parmigianino and named for an extended feature of Mary's anatomy. Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna dal Collo Lungo
Surviving studies for the work show that two men, a student and a seated sailor, were originally meant to have been included in this painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
A thin strip of shades of brown appears on the left, but more disconcerting is the wedge of melon, bunch of grapes, and other pieces of fruit that are out of place at the bottom center Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
The final word in its title refers, surprisingly, to a red-light district in Barcelona whose prostitutes inspired this 1907 work Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Often considered the earliest Cubist work, FTP, name this depiction of five female nudes and first masterpiece of Pablo Picasso. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Its tile floor borrows its design from the mosaic floor of Westminster Abbey The (French) Ambassadors
Sometimes seen as an allusion to Plutarch's Parallel Lives, which had recently been translated by one of its subjects, it includes Peter Apian's book on accounting as one of the representatives of the quadrivium on display The (French) Ambassadors
This is on one of the shelves in the back, which also hold a sundial and a globe The (French) Ambassadors
Just below Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve is a distorted skull that appears normally if viewed from below The (French) Ambassadors
FTP, name this portrait by Hans Holbein depicting two representatives of Francis I in London. The (French) Ambassadors
He studied under French painters Carle Vernet and Pierre Guerin before traveling to Italy to further his career Theodore Gericault
His earliest major work, The Charging Chasseur, as well as Wounded Cuirassier and Race of the Riderless Horse, convey one of the chief interests of this avid horseman Theodore Gericault
He was a frequent patient at numerous asylums and mental hospitals, which served as the inspirations for paintings like A Mad Woman with a Mania of Envy Theodore Gericault
FTP, name this 19th-century French Romantic painter who depicted a recent national tragedy by showing the dying survivors of a shipwreck in his The Raft of the Medusa. Theodore Gericault
Just to the right of center in this painting rises the tower of the Nieuwe [NOY-va] Kerk, a large church View of Delft
In the foreground two women speak, and a group of five citizens exit a barge, while clouds loom overhead View of Delft
While there is no documentary evidence to suggest the artist used a camera obscura, the slightly unfocused edges of boats and buildings in this cityscape indicate he may have View of Delft
FTP, name this painting of a Dutch city, the hometown of its artist Jan Vermeer. View of Delft
The background is painted in muted yellows and greens, and a crucifix pokes into the sky on the left side of the canvas Burial at Ornans or L'enterrement à Ornans
A dog is just right of center; his body faces the titular action though his head turns away Burial at Ornans or L'enterrement à Ornans
Two clergy are noticeable for their red vestments, while the majority of the people wear black and a couple women cover their faces with handkerchiefs Burial at Ornans or L'enterrement à Ornans
Set in the titular village, which was the artist's hometown, FTP, name this depiction of a peasant's internment by Gustave Courbet. Burial at Ornans or L'enterrement à Ornans
This painting is based on a legend that dates back to the real life title event, which occurred in 1323, though those portrayed are depicted in the dress of the artist's time The Burial of Count Orgaz
Compositionally, it is divided into two sections, a more Venetian-based bottom half and a clearer Mannerist upper section drawn from the time after its artist left Venice The Burial of Count Orgaz
A series of men in black, with white lace at their necks stand behind the titular figure at the bottom, but perhaps more startling amidst the swirling figures at the top are Saints Stephen and Augustine The Burial of Count Orgaz
FTP, name this 1586 painting that depicts the interment of a noble, a masterpiece by El Greco. The Burial of Count Orgaz
Among the scenes of his later career are superstitious ones like Spirit of the Dead Watching Paul Gauguin
With Emile Bernard he proposed a synthetist theory of art emphasizing the use of flat planes and bright, non-naturalistic color in conjunction with symbolic or primitive objects, and he would stress this theory in the Pont-Aven school that he led Paul Gauguin
Among his major works are the late masterpiece Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? and the earlier The Yellow Christ Paul Gauguin
FTP, name this one-time French stockbroker, who left his family and retired to paint in Tahiti. Paul Gauguin
Each of the leaves on the right side of this painting has a gold spine and outline and the tree trunks are highlighted with short diagonal lines of gold The Birth of Venus
The scene is meant to be set off of Paphos in Cyprus, explaining the orange grove on the right The Birth of Venus
Rose blossoms with golden hearts float in the air on the left, while one of the Horae holds a robe up for the titular figure on the right The Birth of Venus
Zephyrus and Chloris are aloft at the left and blow that figure toward the shore The Birth of Venus
FTP, identify this depiction of a Roman goddess emerging from a scallop shell, a masterwork of Sandro Botticelli. The Birth of Venus
Very few people notice the rust colored butterfly that flits above a dark colored dog of indistinguishable breed in this painting A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte (accept Isle of Grand Jatte or Island of Grande Jatte)
The only person directly facing the viewer is a young girl in a white sundress and hat A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte (accept Isle of Grand Jatte or Island of Grande Jatte)
She holds the hand of her mother, who is dressed and equipped like all the women in this painting A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte (accept Isle of Grand Jatte or Island of Grande Jatte)
It's hard to find all seven parasols that appear, but much easier to see the lone monkey and even easier to see the river Seine on the entire top left of the painting A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte (accept Isle of Grand Jatte or Island of Grande Jatte)
FTP, name this canvas depicted a popular Parisian picnic spot, the pointillist masterpiece of Georges Seraut. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte (accept Isle of Grand Jatte or Island of Grande Jatte)
An unfinished second version hangs at the Tate, and its creator worked on the painting throughout the summer of 1883 at the subject's summer house in Brittany Portrait of Madame X
That subject was the daughter of an Italian émigré to Louisiana who had died at the Battle of Shiloh Portrait of Madame X
One hand holds a black fan that matches her dress, while the other is balanced on a table Portrait of Madame X
She looks away to the viewer's right as if to expose more of the porcelain, white skin that the painter emphasized with the flimsy bejeweled straps and the low cut top Portrait of Madame X
FTP identify this notorious portrait which was exhibited without Mrs Portrait of Madame X
Gautreau's name, a work by John Singer Sargent. Portrait of Madame X
Five of this man's sons also became painters, though none reached his notoriety Franz Hals
Although Adriaen Brouwer used this man's techniques, he left few if any direct followers Franz Hals
This pupil of Carel van Mander painted with a loose brushstroke technique that allowed him to capture the vitality of sitters like Mr Franz Hals
Verdonck, who carries a jawbone, or the carelessly dressed Gypsy Girl Franz Hals
Though later works like his portrait of Descartes and his Daniel van Aken Playing the Violin reveal a sense of foreboding he will always be associated with the liveliness of group scenes like The Archers of St Franz Hals
Adrian and Banquet of the Officers of St Franz Hals
George Franz Hals
FTP name this Haarlem native best known The Governors of the Almshouse and his pair of 1620s works The Merry Toper and The Laughing Cavalier. Franz Hals
On the top right, light creeps over a tan bluff as if the sun were going down over the hill that serves as the setting for the painting The Stonebreakers
A pot and some linen are strewn in the right foreground near some weeds, while the left side of the canvas shows various tools in a wheel barrow The Stonebreakers
One figure wears a hat, while the other, in what appears to be striped pants held up by one filthy suspender, lifts a heavy load The Stonebreakers
Both are turned away from the viewer and are intent on using their picks and hammers to perform the title activity The Stonebreakers
Completed one year after the artist's similarly bleak The Burial at Ornans and later destroyed during the bombing of Dresden, FTP, identify this painting by Gustave Courbet. The Stonebreakers
This man's father in law was the man to whom the tea that provoked the Boston Tea Party was consigned John Singleton Copley
His Head of a Man was one of the first portraits of a black man produced by an American and contrasts with his usual subjects, the privileged and wealthy, many of whom would travel to London to be painted John Singleton Copley
Early canvases like The Return of Neptune foreshadowed his interest in the dramatic events he later chose to portray John Singleton Copley
But it was his Boy with a Squirrel that caught the eye of Benjamin West and helped make his name John Singleton Copley
Famous sitters for him included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere, but he is best known for painting historical scenes John Singleton Copley
FTP name this painter of The Death of Chatham and Watson and the Shark. John Singleton Copley
The artist owed much of this painting to his friend Nicolaus Kratzer, who sent him many of the pieces exhibited in it The French Ambassadors
Kratzer did not provide the silver crucifix that peeks out in the top left corner nor did he provide the large object at the bottom that is distorted via anomorphic projection The French Ambassadors
An expanse of green drapery sets of the background, and in the center we see such things as a torquetum, a quadrant, a lute, and a sundial The French Ambassadors
Though the artist titled this work Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve, the painting is now know by another name The French Ambassadors
FTP, name this 1533 Hans Holbein depiction of a pair of emissaries. The French Ambassadors
He created work illustrating the life of the saint Filippo Benizzi for the order of the Servites, in addition to the "Nativity of the Virgin" and the "Procession of the Magi." After a Pieta and a Madonna of his were sent to the French court, Francis I in Andrea del Sarto (or Andrea _d'Agnolo_)
On his return to Paris, he created "Dance of the Daughter of Herodias" and "Beheading of the Baptist," as part of a series of works depicting the life of John the Baptist Andrea del Sarto (or Andrea _d'Agnolo_)
The teacher of Pontormo his "Madonna del Sacco was painted in the shape of a lunette, but he is probably more famous for a different Madonna who is perched precariously on a stool Andrea del Sarto (or Andrea _d'Agnolo_)
Nicknamed "the faultless painter," this is, FTP, what creator of "Madonna of the Harpies"? Andrea del Sarto (or Andrea _d'Agnolo_)
This artist was inspired by Japanese woodcuts and would often compose whole works from a single block of wood Edvard Munch
Landscapes like Couple on the Shore form part of later works like The Reinhardt Frieze Edvard Munch
Various self-portraits depict him "with a burning cigarette," "with a bottle of wine," and "as the Night Wanderer." The deaths of family members when he was young had a profound influence on early paintings like The Sick Child which depicts his eldest sis Edvard Munch
Loneliness is constantly present in his works, especially in the 22 paintings making up the Frieze of Life, in which even those pictures about love convey a hint of death Edvard Munch
FTP, identify this artist who most poignantly expressed feelings about anxiety and isolation in 1893's The Scream. Edvard Munch
Pablo Picasso made a series of 58 variations on this painting, and it was only given its modern title in 1834, nearly two hundred years after it was painted Las Meninas
The scene takes place in a room decorated by large canvases, and a dog lies comfortably in the right foreground Las Meninas
In a doorway in the background, we see Jose Nieto, while in the foreground are two dwarves and the two figures mentioned in the title, Isabel Velasco and Agustina Sarmiento Las Meninas
FTP, a mirror showing the king and queen, and the artist himself standing near an easel are the two most famous features of what Velazquez masterpiece? Las Meninas
Though this man incessantly painted his associates, including Leopold Zborowski and Beatrice Hastings, he only thought to paint himself once Amedeo "Dedo" Modigliani
In that self-portrait, we see the artist at work in a red shirt and blue scarf, with his characteristic blacking-out of the eyes evident Amedeo "Dedo" Modigliani
Under the tutelage of Brancusi, this man gained the African sculptural stylings visible in his series of stone head sculptures, which expose his characteristic elongation of the human figure Amedeo "Dedo" Modigliani
FTP, name the artist who created such works as "Reclining Nude from the Back" and "Yellow Sweater" and whose very pregnant lover, Jeanne Hébuterne, committed suicide by defenestration the day after his 1920 death from tubercular meningitis. Amedeo "Dedo" Modigliani
Later in his life the architect Jose Luis Sert built him a namesake studio on the island of Majorca Joan Miro
His The Reaper was painted for the Paris World Exhibition, and in 1968 he finished two large ceramic murals for the UNESCO buildings in Paris Joan Miro
Originally involved with the Dadaists, from 1924-27 he completed 100 canvases in the "dream painting" and "imaginary landscape" styles including The Birth of the World Joan Miro
He usually tried to work in the style of automatism, which explains the stick figure character of many of his works Joan Miro
FTP identify this Catalan artist of The Lovers, The Carnival of Harlequin, and Dog Barking at the Moon, a Spanish Surrealist. Joan Miro
He once declared that his "pictures were dramas", and, with Adolph Gottlieb, wrote a contradictory letter to critic Edward Jewell who had said he didn't understand this artist's Syrian Bull Mark Rothko
He showed his surrealist influence and the influence of Northwest Indian art in Slow Swirl by the Edge of the Sea but soon abandoned this style Mark Rothko
Although he hated being called a colorist, he became famous as one of the main artists in the color field school Mark Rothko
FTP, name this Russian-born American artist who often painted rectangles and horizontal lines of color as in Red on Maroon, and Green White. Mark Rothko
His large altarpiece at St Nicolas Poussin
Peter's, the Martyrdom of St Nicolas Poussin
Erasmus, was a critical failure, but he recouped respect with works like the "7 Sacraments" series for Cassiano Pozzo Nicolas Poussin
His first works were copies of Raphael, and differed distinctly from mature pieces like Death of Meleager and Death of Germanicus Nicolas Poussin
Early commissions, including a set of illustrations of Ovid's Metamorphoses, were made in his adopted country Nicolas Poussin
And though he worked almost entirely in Rome, he briefly returned to his native land in 1641 when Louis XIII asked him to decorate the Great Gallery of the Louvre Nicolas Poussin
Landscapes like Landscape with Polyphemus are typical of, for 10 points, what baroque French artist of The Arcadian Shepherds and Holy Family on the Steps? Nicolas Poussin
This artistic group published a namesake almanac that featured folk art and argued that the artificial separation of form and idea could not truthfully express the inner rhythm of the spirit Der Blaue Reiter or The Blue Rider
A collection of this group's works is held in the former home of Franz von Lenbach and the group met at the home of one of its founders, Gabriele Münter Der Blaue Reiter or The Blue Rider
Completing such works as Study for Improvisation V and Yellow Cow, the collaboration ended with the World War I deaths of August Macke and Franz Marc Der Blaue Reiter or The Blue Rider
FTP, name this expressionistic movement led by Wassily Kandinsky and which often employed an equine motif. Der Blaue Reiter or The Blue Rider
This canvas features a small cross lit up on the left bank, while the right side features two trees that are about to fall into the sparkling river Heart of the Andes
When it was unveiled at New York's Lyrique Hall in 1859 it caused a sensation and thousands of patrons paid money to file past it every month in the hopes of catching a glimpse of the exotic terrain described in Humboldt's scientific writings Heart of the Andes
Painted on the artist's second trip to Ecuador, the titular mountains can be seen rising majestically in the distance Heart of the Andes
FTP identify this landscape painting by Frederick Edwin Church. Heart of the Andes
Cabanel's Birth of Venus, shown near the original at the Musee d'Orsay, is often taken as a point of departure for discussing this work Olympia (accept Modern Olympia before it is said)
A second version painted in 1873 moves the title figure to the background as a gentleman with a cane looks on and a black servant hurries to cover her with a white sheet Olympia (accept Modern Olympia before it is said)
That "Modern" version by Cezanne is in sharp contrast to the original, where the title woman wears a flower behind her left ear, a black string around her neck, and little else, and brazenly stares out of the canvas Olympia (accept Modern Olympia before it is said)
FTP identify this nude which caused an uproar at the Salon of 1865, a work by Manet. Olympia (accept Modern Olympia before it is said)
At the extreme left, a group of two men, a woman and her child wind around a column opposite from a man perched on a throne Miracle of the Slave
In the background is a Greek Temple-style building with caryatids Miracle of the Slave
St Miracle of the Slave
Mark plunges down contrasting with a man in a turban who raises his hammer and chisel with his back turned to a half-naked man lying on the ground Miracle of the Slave
Spectators turn towards the incapacitated servant in, for 10 points, what 1548 painting by Tintoretto? Miracle of the Slave
At Andre Malraux's urging he asked Andre Hermant to design his museum at Nice Marc Chagall
That museum displays his illustrations of Shakespeare's The Tempest, Homer's Odyssey, lithographs published in Derriere le mirroir, and numerous Biblical stories showing his "Biblical Message" which included beliefs in communion with God through dance and Marc Chagall
His The Soldier Drinks reflects his memories from the Russo-Japanese War, painted years before his first work of Orphic Cubism named by Blaise Cendrars, Paris Through a Window Marc Chagall
For 10 points, name this artist of Green Violinist and I and the Village. Marc Chagall
The two kneeling donors, dressed in flowing, red and blue robes respectively, flank the entrance to the barrel vault that houses the main scene The Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John and Two Donors
The lowest section of the work, linked with a tomb below, shows the words "What you are, I once was, what I am, you will become" inscribed above a skeleton on a sarcophagus The Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John and Two Donors
In the main scene, the Virgin extends her hand, while St The Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John and Two Donors
John stares up at God the Father who stands on a ledge behind Jesus in, FTP, what 1425 fresco in the Santa Maria de Novella by Massacio. The Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John and Two Donors
This painting is known for the zigzag of characters and paths that leads the viewers eyes into the background Flight into Egypt
In the middle right a flock of sheep walks down to a river and on the next hill a man stands next to several cattle below an Italian castle Flight into Egypt
Two white doves lead the central figures up from the river they have just been ferried across as the ferryman rows away Flight into Egypt
The central group are separated by a donkey covered with a red blanket as Joseph walks behind holding the animals reigns Flight into Egypt
For 10 points, name this Carracci painting that features Jesus, Mary, and Joseph escaping from Herod. Flight into Egypt
Among the artists to join later were Otto Müller, Cuno Amiet, the Akseli Gallén-Kallela, and Kees van Dongen Die Brucke
Their lasting value was their revival of graphic arts, in particular the woodcut Die Brucke
Characteristic works include Sleeping Negress and Crouching Girl by Erich Heckel, Self-Portrait with Monacle by Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, and Bathers at Moritzburg by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner whose writings in their Chronicle led to the groups break up in 1913 Die Brucke
For 10 points, name this twentieth-century association of German painters that also included Max Pechstein and Emil Nolde whose name means "the Bridge". Die Brucke
A black cap rests on a small case on the right edge of this painting The Third Class Carriage
Hilly countryside is visible through the windows at the left The Third Class Carriage
The professions of men are highlighted as some wear peasant attire and others don top hats The Third Class Carriage
A boy sleeps with his back to a laborer and leans on an old, roughly dressed woman who is carrying a basket The Third Class Carriage
On the left of the front bench is a woman breastfeeding her baby The Third Class Carriage
For 10 points, identify this oil canvas painting showing peasants on a train, painted by Honore Daumier. The Third Class Carriage
The ornate geometric pattern of the mosaic pavement is copied from a 14th century work in Westminster Abbey The French Ambassadors
The presence of a Protestant psalm book open to two Lutheran hymns is explained by the fact that one of the titular figures sympathized with the Reformation, and the entire scene is depicted against the background of green curtain The French Ambassadors
Both of the title figures lean on a shelf, which holds a compass, two globes, and a lute The French Ambassadors
Depicting Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve, FTP, name this 1533 canvas most famous for the anamorphic skull in the floor that was painted by Hans Holbein the Younger. The French Ambassadors
There are two extant versions of this painting, the Detroit and the Dresden variations The Jewish Cemetery
Although they are both views of a site at Ouderkerk, on the Amstel River, the ruins in the background of the Detroit version are based on the old Abbey Church at Egmond while those in the Dresden painting are taken from Egmond Castle The Jewish Cemetery
Both landscapes are bisected by a rushing stream, while the Detroit variant includes a rainbow and brighter sky than the more solemn Dresden painting with its barren beech tree The Jewish Cemetery
With both paintings featuring three large white tombs, FTP, name these works by Jacob van Ruisdael, featuring a religious graveyard. The Jewish Cemetery
It was only loaned out of the Courtauld Institute once, for an exhibition of its artist's work in the Prado in October 2003 Bar at the Folies-Bergere or Le Bar aux Folies-Bergere
Despite the blur of the background, two portraits are apparent, those of Mery Laurent and Jeanne Demarsy, two friends of the artist who sit in the back left with yellow and gray gloves respectively Bar at the Folies-Bergere or Le Bar aux Folies-Bergere
In the foreground things of note include a container of crème de menthe and a bottle of Bass beer Bar at the Folies-Bergere or Le Bar aux Folies-Bergere
More prominent are the bowl of oranges and the reflection of the man in a top hat at the right Bar at the Folies-Bergere or Le Bar aux Folies-Bergere
Most prominent is the auburn-haired Suzon, who works at the title location Bar at the Folies-Bergere or Le Bar aux Folies-Bergere
For 10 points name this Edouard Manet depiction of a popular Parisian nightspot. Bar at the Folies-Bergere or Le Bar aux Folies-Bergere
A faint blue mountain, indicative of Da Vinci's influence on the artist, can be seen in the background, while the subject of the painting is based on Rubens' Jardin d'Amour The Embarkation for Cythera or The Embarkation from Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere
A man with a staff in his left hand can be seen helping a woman in a yellow dress up from her seat in the center The Embarkation for Cythera or The Embarkation from Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere
Floating cherubs appear on the left The Embarkation for Cythera or The Embarkation from Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere
More are added in a later edition, to raise a mast, and float around a statue of Venus on the right as the people get ready to leave The Embarkation for Cythera or The Embarkation from Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere
FTP, name this 1717 painting with an oft-mistranslated title, the most famous work of Jean-Antoine Watteau. The Embarkation for Cythera or The Embarkation from Cythera or l'Embarquement de Cythere
A sword stuck in its holder and the head of a corpse are seen near bushes on the lower left Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
In the background, smoke rises above two ends of an island Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
At right, a partridge watches as a man with his back to the viewer fishes, while a ruined castle on an island at center appears behind a shepherd who gazes skyward in the midst of his flock Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
Furrows emerge from a grassy field as a red-jacketed farmer follows a horse and plow, and a ship nonchalantly passes by the title action Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
FTP, name this painting depicting the seacliffs of Crete and the pair of legs belonging to a drowning youth, by Pieter Brueghel the Elder. Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
This title names two paintings, one now housed in the Prado in Madrid and the other in the National Gallery in London The Haywain
The first is a triptych in which title object in the middle panel symbolizes humanity's greed while the left panel depicts Eden and the right Hell The Haywain
The second was based on sketches the artist had done earlier of his family's property in East Bergholt, Suffolk The Haywain
On the left is a copse of trees and a cottage while in the mid-left a dog watches the main action, two men driving a horse-drawn cart through a mill-pond The Haywain
For 10 points - identify these works by Hieronymus Bosch and John Constable. The Haywain
Valentine Greene's 1779 mezzotint popularized this painting Watson and the Shark
Infrared reflectography has revealed that the artist originally intended to add another young man where the balding sailor in the beige coat appears in the final work Watson and the Shark
While men in gray remain firmly within the craft, two men in white stretch forward and a man in a black coat thrusts a harpoon at one of the title figures Watson and the Shark
Set against the placid harbor of Havana, it depicts an event that took place in 1749 when a 14-year-old orphan was attacked while swimming alone Watson and the Shark
For 10 points - name this Copley painting of a man losing his leg to an animal. Watson and the Shark
This painting was originally bought by the couturier Jacques Doucet but came to its current home in 1939 Demoiselles d'Avignon (accept "Young Ladies of Avignon" or such like translations)
Originally, it was supposed to have a man in it holding a skull, but the artist eventually got rid of him in favor of the current five figures Demoiselles d'Avignon (accept "Young Ladies of Avignon" or such like translations)
The left-hand edge is sharply red, as is the left-most figure Demoiselles d'Avignon (accept "Young Ladies of Avignon" or such like translations)
Two of the central figures have recognizable faces, but the outer pair of standing figures as well as the woman sitting on the right are wearing primitivist-type masks Demoiselles d'Avignon (accept "Young Ladies of Avignon" or such like translations)
The Philosophical Bordello was the original title of -- for 10 points -- what painting by Pablo Picasso whose current name refers to the street in Barcelona inhabited by the title women, and not to a former seat of the popes? Demoiselles d'Avignon (accept "Young Ladies of Avignon" or such like translations)
Some people think that his lost work, Reclining Magdalene, was originally executed under the patronage of the Gonzagas of Mantua Correggio (accept Antonio Allegri before the words "Antonio Allegri")
His numerous other paintings of the Virgin Mary, including Madonna with St Correggio (accept Antonio Allegri before the words "Antonio Allegri")
Jerome, Madonna with St Correggio (accept Antonio Allegri before the words "Antonio Allegri")
Francis, Madonna della Scodella, and Madonna of the Basket show the influence of Andrea Mantegna and Leonardo Correggio (accept Antonio Allegri before the words "Antonio Allegri")
He painted Diana Returning from the Chase for the Convent of San Paolo, and from 1526 to 1530, worked on The Assumption of the Virgin in the Cathedral of Parma Correggio (accept Antonio Allegri before the words "Antonio Allegri")
He was born with the name Antonio Allegri Correggio (accept Antonio Allegri before the words "Antonio Allegri")
For 10 points -- name this Italian Renaissance painter, who painted scenes such as Leda with the Swan and Jupiter and Io. Correggio (accept Antonio Allegri before the words "Antonio Allegri")
Originally owned by Maréchal de Créquy, the center of this painting shows an elderly woman in an orange tunic, who would be used as a model for a character in Gericault's Massacre at Chios Abduction or Rape of the Sabines or Sabine Women or (do not accept: Carrying off of the Sabines, which is another work held by the Louvre)
A dark sky and a temple in the background set off the action in the foreground Abduction or Rape of the Sabines or Sabine Women or (do not accept: Carrying off of the Sabines, which is another work held by the Louvre)
Two babies lie crying on the bottom, on the right a man wears yellow armor modeled after the ancient 'lorica,' while on the left Romulus, dressed in a red cloak, watches as the titular action is carried out Abduction or Rape of the Sabines or Sabine Women or (do not accept: Carrying off of the Sabines, which is another work held by the Louvre)
Held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art --for 10 points-- name this Poussin work which depicts the Roman army taking women of the namesake tribe. Abduction or Rape of the Sabines or Sabine Women or (do not accept: Carrying off of the Sabines, which is another work held by the Louvre)
The largest factory producing crafts in the style of this period was at Meissen, near Dresden Rococo
In Germany its leading sculptor was Ignaz Gunther, while in France Etienne-Maurice Falconet was celebrated for his porcelain sculptures produced at Sevres Rococo
In Catholic Germany, the churches of Neumann and Dominikus Zimmerman exemplify this style, while in Italy its influence was confined primarily to Venice Rococo
Its primary Venetian proponent was the painter of The Apotheosis of the Spanish Republic and Tarquin and Lucretia, Giambattista Tiepolo, but it was most prominent in France, whose painters of this style included Francois Boucher, Antoine Watteau, and the Rococo
FTP name this period of art that directly followed the Baroque, known for its overly ornate style as exemplified by Jean-Honore Fragonard. Rococo
Renoir referred to it as a "big gendarme", despite a popularity campaign spearheaded by the French government Venus de Milo
Discovered by a peasant named Yorgos and sold for 1,000 francs to the Marquis de Rivière, the island on which it is found has the name of the Greek word for "apple," which lends credence to the theory that this figure was holding the golden apple awarded Venus de Milo
However, that apple, along with the plinth, is now lost Venus de Milo
FTP, name this sculpture, originally thought to be by Praxiteles but now attributed to Alexandros of Antioch, which is most famous for her conspicuous lack of arms. Venus de Milo
Jonathan Harr's new novel The Lost Painting describes the search for this man's The Taking of Christ Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
This man won early success with mythological portraits such as his Bacchus, whom he depicts in a toga holding a black ribbon, and a portrait of Cupid standing over a heap of musical instruments with his arrows in his right hand Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
It did not take long, however, for him to start painting hagiographical portraits, such as The Incredulity of St Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
Thomas and a large depiction of the beheading of St Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
John that now resides in a church on Malta, where he lived toward the end of his life Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
He is more famous for works like his Supper at Emmaus and a depiction of St Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
Paul having fallen from his horse Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
FTP, name this Italian painter, who was born Michelangelo Merisi and who is best known for his Calling of St Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
Matthew. Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
The artist of this work had doctors provide him with used parts of cadavers, on which he based a number of preparatory sketches known as his Severed Heads and Dissected Limbs The Raft of the Medusa
On the left sits a bearded man with curly, silver hair hunched over in pensive despair, his arm over a dead body clothed only in shoes The Raft of the Medusa
On the right is another body wrapped in cloth whose head disappears below the boundary of the painting The Raft of the Medusa
The center is dominated by a number of figures looking and reaching upward, culminating in a black man holding a red and white signal flag The Raft of the Medusa
FTP name this painting depicting the aftermath of the wreck of a ship carrying Algerian immigrants, a work of Theodore Géricault. The Raft of the Medusa
Antonio Buero Vallejo wrote a play about this painting that shares its title Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
The most important commentaries on are those of Sir Kenneth Clark and Michel Foucault, whose take on it can be found in his book The Order of Things Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
The ceiling of the room in which it is set has two mounts for chandeliers that do not appear in the painting Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
In the rear are two large but unintelligible paintings above a mirror in which two people can be seen Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
In the right front corner stand two dwarves and a dog, while on the left stands the artist himself with a red cross on his chest, in the act of painting Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
In the foreground is the Infanta, surrounded by the titular servants Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
FTP, name this painting of the Spanish court by Diego Velázquez. Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
Ted Rose did a watercolor "Revisited" version of this work into which he inserts an incredulous officer of the law with his white dog Nighthawks
In the upper left-hand corner of this painting one can see that the windows have their blinds halfway down, and the shops below are bare Nighthawks
Two large percolators sit on a counter toward the back next to a door with a window but no knob Nighthawks
The clothes of the people inside the all-night diner bring to mind the 1930s and early 40s, as well as the lettering which reveals the name of the "lunch-counter" as being Phillies Nighthawks
FTP, name this painting by Edward Hopper. Nighthawks
He aroused controversy by depicting a chamber pot and a pair of slippers in a painting which shows a woman with her legs crossed removing a red sock, The Toilet Jan Steen
An old woman offers Joseph a bowl of eggs in his Adoration of the Shepherds, while an ugly child holding a statuette and a pail looks at her grandmother in his The Feast of Saint Nicholas Jan Steen
A lute hangs behind the bed on which the title character's head rests while a doctor takes her pulse in his The Sick Lady, while the artist included a self-portrait as a man playing the bagpipes in a 1668 work, The Merry Family. Jan Steen
The latest novel by Gioia Diliberto is a fictional memoir of this painting's subject Madame X
A flash of gold above the central character's head represents a tiara, the only jewelry the central character wears as she leans against a table Madame X
Two ornate silver stars mark the spots on her dress where the silver straps that come up her shoulders attach Madame X
Her only visible ear is bright pink, which contrasts with the stark paleness of her body and the redness of her hair Madame X
FTP name this monumental portrait of Virginie Gautreau by John Singer Sargent. Madame X
One of them simply depicts a plain coastal landscape on which two men are fighting with sticks Black Paintings
Ethereal figures sit behind several real women and a laurel-wreathed horned animal standing on its hind legs in The Witches' Sabbath, and other subjects include a drowning dog, old people eating, and Judith and Holofernes Black Paintings
Created in the "Quinta del sordo" or "Country-house of the Deaf-Man," this series that also depicts Saturn Devouring His Children reflects similar themes to the earlier Caprichios and Disasters of War Black Paintings
FTP, name this series of somber Goya paintings named for a traditionally depressing color. Black Paintings
This man's woodcuts include a procession of ten blocks known as The Triumph of Christ and the enormous Crossing of the Red Sea, and his woodcut of St Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
Jerome is one of the first examples of chiaroscuro Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
He was commissioned by Mary, Queen of Hungary, to paint a series of four mythological portraits known as the Furias which resembled his earlier ceiling frescoes for the Santo Spirito in his hometown Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
One of his first commissions was for the two altarpieces of St Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, one of which is known as the Pesaro Madonna Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
While in Ferrara he painted mythological works such as Bacchas and Ariadne, while he later traveled to Urbino and did a portrait of a reclining nude Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
Perhaps best known for a painting done in honor of a 1514 wedding, FTP name this Venetian painter of Venus of Urbino and Sacred and Profane Love Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
In the background of this painting one can see the cart that made the two apparent ruts on the right, which is lying abandoned on its side Christina's World
The most prominent house in this work was built in Cushing overlooking the Georges river by the Hathorne family, which later became the Olson family Christina's World
The painter left the horizon devoid of pine trees and changed the slope of the hill, on which a woman in a pink dress can be seen crawling through the grass Christina's World
FTP, name this 1948 work painted by Andrew Wyeth. Christina's World
Along with Zelotti, he was commissioned to decorate some ceilings in the Consiglio dei Dieci, which resulted in a painting in which a goddess drops coins and crowns on a seated woman Paolo Veronese
That allegory, Juno Presenting Gifts to Venice, was created in the 1550s, a decade in which this man began work on the Church of San Sebastiano Paolo Veronese
He painted a naked woman holding her own right breast with her left arm aronud a bearded god in Mars and Venus United by Love, while he went to the Gospels for inspiration in such works as The Feast in the House of Levi Paolo Veronese
FTP, name this Italian painter of Marriage at Cana, who was born Paolo Caliari but took a name referring to his hometown. Paolo Veronese
In an 1891 painting in which this man depicted his wife sitting in "the conservatory," she wears a black dress and has her hands folded in her lap Paul Cézanne
In another painting of the early 1890s, this man depicted a table on which are placed a white teapot, a jug, several pears and a plate of five peaches Paul Cézanne
More famously, this man produced a series of paintings of a large, squat mountain which he could see from the windows of his studio Paul Cézanne
As a young man in Provence, he befriended the writer Emile Zola, who wrote about this man in his novel The Masterpiece Paul Cézanne
FTP, name this French artist who created many depictions of still-lifes, Mont Sainte-Victoire, and the painting The Card Players. Paul Cézanne
He loved to work with wood, as seen in woodcuts like Be in Love and You Will Be Happy and a wooden sculpture of the Birth of Venus, while his Still Life with Ham represents his flirtation with Divisionism Paul Gauguin
During his time in Le Pouldo he worked with the Dutch painter Jacob Meyer de Haan, after which he went to Paris, where he produced controversial canvases such as The Loss of Virginity Paul Gauguin
It was earlier, though, while staying with Emile Bernard at Pont-Aven, that he produced one of his better known works, a painting of a contest between god and man set in front of a blood red background, and The Yellow Christ while at Arles with Vincent va Paul Gauguin
FTP name this painter of Vision After the Sermon: Jacob Wrestling the Angel, who later in life went to Tahiti. Paul Gauguin
It was used in wall paintings in ancient Egypt and Babylonia, and during the Mycenaean period in Greece, where a little vinegar was probably added Tempera
One must first fill all the cracks and crevices in the panel with a mixture of size, glue or sawdust Tempera
The panel is then covered with cloth and the surface is coated with heavy gesso Tempera
The painter had to work with great rapidity and sureness, because correcting errors was nearly impossible and it dried very quickly Tempera
FTP, name this oldest method of painting, which usually used egg yolk and was practiced by such painters as Giotto and Cimabue. Tempera
The artist was comfortable with the nudity in this work, though drapery has been strategically painted in over the years The Last Judgment
The figures get progressively larger from the bottom up to the main focus, and then smaller again at the top where angels hold a column on the right and a cross on the left The Last Judgment
In the lower right, figures cross the River Sytx near the depiction of Hell-mouth The Last Judgment
Famous for its portrayal of the artist's critic Pietro Aretino as St The Last Judgment
Bartholomew and the artist himself as dangling skin, FTP name this Michelangelo work in the Sistine Chapel that shows Christ raising figures from their graves for the titular event. The Last Judgment
In one of his most famous drawings, one of the title figures wears a cap and holds a brush while the other stands behind him and looks interested in his work Pieter Breugel the Elder
In one of his paintings, a street is thronged with people walking on stilts, rolling hoops, sitting on barrels, and engaging in other forms of the titular activities Pieter Breugel the Elder
In addition to The Painter and the Buyer and Children's Games, he produced drawings to be engraved by Hieronymous Cock, such as Big Fish Eat Little Fish Pieter Breugel the Elder
His later works include The Magpie on the Gallows, while his religious works include The Procession to Calvary and The Adoration of the Kings Pieter Breugel the Elder
His light-hearted works include The Battle Between Carnival and Lent and the Peasant Wedding, while he was more severe in The Triumph of Death Pieter Breugel the Elder
FTP, name this Flemish artist of Landscape with the Fall of Icarus. Pieter Breugel the Elder
In a painting by this artist, a man clad in a striped orange outfit seems to be punching the midsecton of a man in a striped blue outfit in a clearing in the woods Henri Rousseau
The Football Players was created in 1908, a year after he painted some uncomfortable looking officials on a red platform with a woman clad in red and a lion Henri Rousseau
The large feline appearing in The Representatives of Foreign Powers Coming to Greet the Republic as a Sign of Peace is not unique in his work, as big cats also appear in The Repast of the Lion and Fight Between a Tiger and a Buffalo Henri Rousseau
In one of his most famous works, a large lion looks down at the titular woman, who has a pitcher and a stringed instrument Henri Rousseau
FTP, name this French painter of The Snake Charmer, The Dream, and The Sleeping Gypsy. Henri Rousseau
In his most homoerotic painting, a nude boy hugs a brown and white cat, though some prefer the sexual energy captured in his portrait of the seated painter Bazille Pierre Auguste Renoir
His paintings of major European landmarks characterized his so-called "Dry Period," which he followed up by exhibiting with Les Vingt (lay van), a group of modern artists based in Brussels Pierre Auguste Renoir
The Montmartre model Nini was the subject of his At the Theater and The Theater Box, which also featured his brother Edmond Pierre Auguste Renoir
However, he would abandon his Impressionist style with the masterpiece The Umbrellas Pierre Auguste Renoir
FTP, name this oversexed French painter of such group scenes as Le Moulin de la Galette and Luncheon of the Boating Party. Pierre Auguste Renoir
It is depicted "by moonlight" in an 1885 work by Hercules Brabazon Brabazon, and is shown at "night" by Canadian painter James Wilson Morrice Venice
Michele Marieschi lived here until 1735 and painted numerous capriccios of places in it Venice
A man in black talks to a woman wearing a black shawl and a pink dress on a "street" in this city in an 1880 painting by John Singer Sargent Venice
It appears "at dusk" in a 1908 painting by Claude Monet, which features its Church of San Giorgio Maggiore Venice
It was painted many times by Turner, who depicted the Rialto and a scene "looking toward the Dogana" that shows the Grand Canal Venice
FTP, name this Italian city which also appears in many paintings by Canaletto. Venice
He only completed sketches for a painting on the Opening of the Doors of the Spanish Inquisition and another on the African Slave Trade before his death Théodore Géricault
His last major finished work was a series of ten portraits done for Etienne-Jean Georget, five of which survive and depict such subjects as Kleptomania and Delusion of Military Command Théodore Géricault
A visit to Rome prompted his depictions of the Barberi horses, while he painted the Wounded Cuirassier Leaving the Field of Battle for the Salon of 1814 Théodore Géricault
He is perhaps most famous for a work that was based on the consequences of the incompetence of Frigate-Captain Hugues Duroy de Chaumereys, who left seventeen men on the title object Théodore Géricault
FTP, name this artist of The Raft of the Medusa. Théodore Géricault
This work lent its name to a biography of its artist by Meredith Etherington-Smith The Persistence of Memory
In the right background is a small egg-shaped object, which sits at the foot of some cliffs at the edge of the sea The Persistence of Memory
It originated as a landscape of the seashore at Cape Creus, where the artist had been on vacation with his wife when a lunch of Camembert inspired some of its most famous features The Persistence of Memory
In the upper left rests a plane surface of some sort, while the lower left contains a brown platform from which a small tree is growing The Persistence of Memory
Some ants are swarming on a gold item in the lower left corner, while the middle of the painting features a ridge over which some sort of fleshy object is draped The Persistence of Memory
FTP, name this 1931 painting best known for its three melted timepieces, a work of Salvador Dali. The Persistence of Memory
The state funeral of Napoleon prompted his painting War: The Exile and the Rock Limpet Joseph Mallord William Turner
The following year he painted the popular The Opening of the Wallhalla and two didactic works on the "evening" and the "morning after" a "Deluge," which were supposed to illustrate Goethe's theory of color Joseph Mallord William Turner
Later in the 1840s he painted Queen Mab's Cave, The Angel Standing in the Sun, and a work which depicts the Great Western Railway Joseph Mallord William Turner
He raised a ruckus in 1840 with a painting which shows a typhoon coming on as the dead and dying are thrown overboard by slavers, a work known as The Slave Ship Joseph Mallord William Turner
FTP, name this English painter beloved of Ruskin, whose works include Rain, Steam and Speed and The Fighting Temeraire. Joseph Mallord William Turner
It first hung in a villa outside Catello that belonged to Lorenzo de Pierfrancesco, and its images were probably conceived of as educational aides by Marsilio Ficino Primavera
Based on the Stanze of Poliziano, the three intertwined figures on the left side of the canvas were singled out by Alberti in his treatise on painting, while the rustic lad who is dressed in red, wears a cap, and points up at the sky represents Mercury Primavera
The central figure is framed by the myrtle tree and oranges abound throughout the scene Primavera
To Venus' right the blue skinned Zephyr grabs Chloris and helps her to transform into Flora, the confident goddess of the the painting's title season Primavera
FTP, identify this work, a celebration of Spring by Sandro Botticelli. Primavera
It became popular due to an engraving by Nicholas de Launay The Swing or Les heureux hazards de I'escarpolette
This work was originally commissioned from Gabriel-Francois Doyen, who suggested the addition of cupids but ended up refusing to paint it The Swing or Les heureux hazards de I'escarpolette
The original was to have included a bishop, but that was changed to a generic old man in the final version The Swing or Les heureux hazards de I'escarpolette
In the lower center, a statue depicts dolphins driven by cupids who pull the water-chariot of Venus The Swing or Les heureux hazards de I'escarpolette
On the left, a young man lies luxuriously on a bush with his hat extended, staring upward at the erotic central scene The Swing or Les heureux hazards de I'escarpolette
That central scene depicts the "happy dangers" of a certain object which contains the mistress of the Baron de Saint-Julien The Swing or Les heureux hazards de I'escarpolette
A pink shoe flies through the sky toward a cupid as a woman reaches her apex in, FTP, what Rococo masterpiece by Jean-Honore Fragonard? The Swing or Les heureux hazards de I'escarpolette
The model for this work also appeared in the artist's earlier La Bella Venus of Urbino
The artist originally refused to paint this work, but changed his mind after Pietro Aretino suggested that he depict a prostitute's body instead of that of the old lady who is its ostensible subject Venus of Urbino
The titular figure wears a bracelet on her right arm and in her right hand holds a bunch of flowers, one of which has fallen to the couch Venus of Urbino
The left half of the background is blocked by a drape, but the right background contains two woman, one of whom is standing and looking down on the other, who is kneeling with her back to the viewer Venus of Urbino
To the right of the painting's subject, a small dog is taking a nap Venus of Urbino
FTP, name this 1538 depiction of a nude woman, which was painted by Titian. Venus of Urbino
His friend Charles Blanc helped him win government commissions to produce religious works such as Mary Magdalene in the Desert and We Want Barabbas! Honoré Daumier
His mythological works include Two Nymphs Pursued by Satyrs and The Drunkenness of Silenus, and he exhibited his Don Quixote Going to the Wedding of Gamaches at the Salon of 1851 Honoré Daumier
A student of Alexandre Lenoir, he began his career as a lithographer, and made a name for himself in the pages of a journal published by Aubert (oh-bear) and Philipon, Le Charivari Honoré Daumier
His Gargantua led Louis Phillipe to throw him in prison for six months Honoré Daumier
FTP, name this French artist who also painted Third Class Carriage. Honoré Daumier
A goat sits calmly between the two human figures in a 1740 depiction of this event by Charles Joseph Natoire The Expulsion from Paradise (or: Expulsion from the Garden of Eden)
An angel puts his hand on a bearded man's back, while his wife bares her prominent buttocks to the viewer in a 1510 engraving of it by Albrecht Durer The Expulsion from Paradise (or: Expulsion from the Garden of Eden)
In one of the most famous depictions, an angel wearing a red robe points a sword at the neck of a male human figure The Expulsion from Paradise (or: Expulsion from the Garden of Eden)
In another famous depiction, an arched doorway appears to the left of the painting, beneath an angel in red holding a black sword, while two nude and weeping figures walk into a desert The Expulsion from Paradise (or: Expulsion from the Garden of Eden)
Those two versions are to be found in the Sistine Chapel and the Brancacci Chapels The Expulsion from Paradise (or: Expulsion from the Garden of Eden)
FTP, name this Biblical scene which inspired artworks by Michelangelo and Masaccio, the last of which appears next to The Tribute Money and depicts the forced departure of two people from a garden. The Expulsion from Paradise (or: Expulsion from the Garden of Eden)
This work was created in the aftermath of the artist's failed affair with Anna Landolt, the niece of Johann Casper Lavater The Nightmare
It was the inspiration of Charles Nodier's story Smarra, while it became more popular in England after a version of it appeared in The Botanical Garden The Nightmare
In the same year it was painted, its artist created The Oath of the Ruttli The Nightmare
In the painting, a small wooden table on the lower left supports several vials The Nightmare
In the upper left, an open-mouthed black horse stands next to some red curtains, though the unconscious blond woman sprawled upon the bed doesn't notice it, anymore than she notices the troll-like figure seated on her chest The Nightmare
FTP, name this 1781 painting by Henry Fuseli. The Nightmare
This artist's output began to decline during his Lake Millinocket period, though his success began early with works like Hooker Journeying from Plymouth to Hartford Frederick Edwin Church
His travels took him to Jamaica, which inspired his The Vale of St Frederick Edwin Church
Thomas, and to Labrador, the subject of his seascape Icebergs Frederick Edwin Church
Several of his luminist works, like Sunset, Hudson Valley are based on the view from his estate Olana, but he is better known for an 1853 trip to New Granada with Cyrus Field which brought about river scenes like La Magdalena and The Falls of Tequendama Frederick Edwin Church
FTP, name this painter of the Hudson River School famous for landscapes like Niagara and Heart of the Andes. Frederick Edwin Church
The artist's first version of this work is alternately known as the Chatsworth version and more closely resembles a Guercino work painted a decade earlier Et in Arcadia Ego (accept early answer of Happiness Pursued by Death; prompt on any English variations of "I too was once in Arcadia" or "I, Death, was in Arcadia too" as there's no exact accepted translation to English)
The figure on the right affects a statuesque pose and is dressed in a gold cloth up top and a blue cloth at bottom Et in Arcadia Ego (accept early answer of Happiness Pursued by Death; prompt on any English variations of "I too was once in Arcadia" or "I, Death, was in Arcadia too" as there's no exact accepted translation to English)
The only other figure looking at her is leaning over to her immediate left and he is dressed in a red cloth and white sandals and holds a staff in his right hand Et in Arcadia Ego (accept early answer of Happiness Pursued by Death; prompt on any English variations of "I too was once in Arcadia" or "I, Death, was in Arcadia too" as there's no exact accepted translation to English)
The two remaining figures examine the central structure and ponder what they see Et in Arcadia Ego (accept early answer of Happiness Pursued by Death; prompt on any English variations of "I too was once in Arcadia" or "I, Death, was in Arcadia too" as there's no exact accepted translation to English)
Originally titled Happiness Pursued by Death on its 1640 completion, its current title has no known source in the classics Et in Arcadia Ego (accept early answer of Happiness Pursued by Death; prompt on any English variations of "I too was once in Arcadia" or "I, Death, was in Arcadia too" as there's no exact accepted translation to English)
FTP, identify this painting that depicts four shepherds at a tomb in the titular region in southern Greece, a painting by Nicolas Poussin whose Latin title can be translated as "I too was once in Arcadia." Et in Arcadia Ego (accept early answer of Happiness Pursued by Death; prompt on any English variations of "I too was once in Arcadia" or "I, Death, was in Arcadia too" as there's no exact accepted translation to English)
El Kantara and Marabout, Exodus resulted from his travels to Tunis and the Sahara Oskar Kokoschka
This artist wrote a children's book, The Dreaming Youth, which was deemed inappropriate because of the psychosexual illustrations that he provided Oskar Kokoschka
He had already been kicked out of art school for his Pieta with Bloody Man and been in hot water for his pen drawings of a naked Mata Hari Oskar Kokoschka
His mature period saw the production of such major canvases as Venice, Boats at the Dagana, Help the Basque Children, and his Portrait of Tomas Masaryk Oskar Kokoschka
This followed a time when he had made a life-sized doll of his mistress that he would often take to the opera before smashing the doll to pieces during a night of heavy drinking Oskar Kokoschka
That doll was a likeness of his infatuation, Alma Mahler, whom he depicted in his major work Oskar Kokoschka
FTP, name this member of the so-called Viennese Big Three and artist of Bride of the Wind, or The Tempest. Oskar Kokoschka
He implicitly criticized the beach paintings of William Collins in his depiction of a choppy sea in Chain Pier, Brighton John Constable
He paid tribute to Bishop Fisher by depicting his living, Langham Church, in his Glebe Farm John Constable
He was inspired by Claude, whose work he saw through his patron Sir George Beaumont, in works like Dedham Vale, Evening John Constable
With his largescale 1819 painting of a White Horse, his reputation was established, though he had to suppress his Whitehall Stairs to consolidate his reputation as a landscape painter John Constable
He painted in Dorset, Hampstead, and Salisbury, but is best known for a series depicting the Stour valley John Constable
FTP, name this British artist, best known for The Hay Wain. John Constable
He was inspired by Sir Walter Scott's The Monastery to paint Roadside Meeting, while a poem by Thomas Campbell inspired Lord Ullin's Daughter and the "Man of Law's Tale" inspired his depiction of a woman lounging in a canoe, Constance Albert Pinkham Ryder
He depicted the sun setting behind a strangely bowed sailboat in his With Sloping Mast and Dipping Prow Albert Pinkham Ryder
Two people in Elizabethan garb stand in the lower left of his The Forest of Arden, while God holds a brown orb and raises his left hand in the center background in this man's Jonah Albert Pinkham Ryder
His other depictions of boats on the ocean include Toilers of the Sea and The Flying Dutchman Albert Pinkham Ryder
In his most famous painting, a snake hangs out by a ruined fence in the foreground, while the central figure rides by holding a scythe Albert Pinkham Ryder
FTP, name this American artist of Death on a Pale Horse. Albert Pinkham Ryder
He updated Schopenhauer's The World as Will and Representation by arguing that the artist must create new forms of cognition to subvert the tyranny of the object world in his The World as Non-Objectivity, which followed up his earlier book God Is Not Cast Kazimir Malevich
His early paintings, such as Peasant Woman With Buckets, were produced while he was associated with such groups as "Jack of Diamonds" and "Donkey's Tail," but after appearing in the Tramway V exhibition of 1915 he lost interest in non-geometrical represen Kazimir Malevich
During the 1920s he worked on "arkhitektona" and models of Utopian cities, which were exhibited at Chagall's school in Vitebsk Kazimir Malevich
His own movement reached its culmination in the White on White series of paintings Kazimir Malevich
FTP, name this Russian artist of Black Square who founded Suprematism. Kazimir Malevich
It may be a response to a now-lost work in which a young woman attached pieces of boxwood to pictures of her parents, Albert Stevens's Palm Sunday Olympia
It may take its name from a character in The Dialogue of the Foolish Virgins and the Wise Virgins by Zacharie Astruc, whose poem about this work was quoted by its artist in response to questions about its meaning Olympia
In earlier works, the artist depicted the model for this work "in the costume of an espada" and as a "street singer." The subject of the painting wears a black ribbon around her neck and a pink flower in her hair, while a bouquet of flowers is brought to Olympia
A portrayal of Victorine Meurent, it also features a small black cat Olympia
FTP, name this 1863 painting of a reclining nude whose left hand covers her genitals, a work by Edouard Manet. Olympia
In one that was painted for François Derbais, three angels loll on a cloud above the title figure, while another angel sits at her right knee The Rape of Europa
About 90 years before François Boucher painted that version, Guido Reni produced one in which the title figure is looking toward a Cupid who hovers in the upper right of the canvas The Rape of Europa
Two women support the title figure, while another woman explostulates toward two angels dangling from the trees overhead, in one that was painted around 1570 by Paolo Veronese The Rape of Europa
In the most famous one, completed in 1562, a cherub rides a fish to the left of the titular event, while the title character holds a red cloth in her right hand and a horn in her left The Rape of Europa
FTP, give the name shared by these depictions of the abduction of the daughter of Agenor by Zeus in the form of a bull, the most famous of which was by Titian. The Rape of Europa
One of his paintings depicts a throng of people rushing toward the lighted doors of a building labelled "CAFF." In another of his paintings, a man in black boots rides a red horse through a landscape marked by factory chimneys and high-tension poles Umberto Boccioni
In addition to Riot in the Galleria and Elasticity, he depicted a glum man sitting with his hands folded in his lap in Horizontal Volumes, while The Farewells, Those Who Go, and Those Who Stay figure in his States of Mind series Umberto Boccioni
Some street workers and a straining horse are seen in his The City Rises, while a man's head, a cyclist, and a soccer player are among the figures whose "dynamism" he depicted Umberto Boccioni
FTP, name this Italian artist best known for a 1913 bronze sculpture, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space. Umberto Boccioni
Some trees are inexplicably knocked over in the background of one of his paintings which shows a man with enormous hands playing the titular instrument Ben Shahn
In addition to Blind Accordion Player, he depicted a man with one leg ascending the titular structure by the side of a ruined building in The Red Stairway Ben Shahn
He was the first painter to give Harvard's Charles Eliot Norton lectures on the arts, which were published as The Shape of Content Ben Shahn
He depicted a group of stunt cyclists in Epoch, while his more overtly political works include 1947's Death of a Miner Ben Shahn
During World War II, he painted the mural in Washington's Social Security Building Ben Shahn
Born in Lithuania, his works in the 1930s include a series of 15 paintings of Tom Mooney, but he is better known for a group of 23 paintings of two immigrants who were executed Ben Shahn
FTP, name this artist of The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti. Ben Shahn
The Maharajah of Indore commissioned him to design a Temple of Meditation to house his works, but it never got built Constantin Brancusi
If it had been built, it might have included works like his Vitellius and Head of Laocoon Constantin Brancusi
His last important work was Flying Turtle, while he created controversy with the phallic Princess X and the wooden The Prodigal Son Constantin Brancusi
One of his most important works was commissioned by his country's National League of Women, and includes the circular Table of Silence and a stylized version of a funeral pole, Endless Column Constantin Brancusi
The creator of such ovoid works as The Newborn and The Beginning of the World, he sculpted a famous funeral monument for the grave of a suicide in Montparnasse Cemetary Constantin Brancusi
FTP, name this creator of Mademoiselle Pogany and The Kiss, best known for his numerous bronze sculptures of a Bird in Space. Constantin Brancusi
In the extreme upper left, a bell hanging from a tree is rung by two figures The Triumph of Death
In the far lower right, a man plays a lute while lying in the lap of his lover, while a figure watches over them The Triumph of Death
Behind them is a round table with a white cloth, in front of which a man in red draws a long sword The Triumph of Death
The upper right features a man at the gallows, and a group of chanting monks appears on the left over some water The Triumph of Death
Smoke billows from the mountains and sea in the background, and a slain king is seen in the lower left The Triumph of Death
On the right, phalanxes guard a gigantic coffin into which people are being driven in, FTP, what painting showing a bunch of skeletons kicking mortals' asses by Pieter Bruegel the Elder? The Triumph of Death
Two versions of it exist because its creator decided to keep the original and send a copy to the fraternity at San Francesco Grande in Milan The Virgin of the Rocks
It was designed to be the center of an altarpiece that was originally commissioned by the De Predis brothers The Virgin of the Rocks
A natural window opening up to the misty sea can be seen in the left background, while exquisite plants and flowers dot the foreground and contrast with the bleakness of the setting The Virgin of the Rocks
Perhaps the most impressive detail is the title figure's foreshortened hand which hovers above one of the other three figures The Virgin of the Rocks
Departing noticeably from contemporary depictions of the "Immaculate Conception" it features a sitting angel and a young John the Baptist kneeling in homage to his cousin The Virgin of the Rocks
Drawn primarily from sketches of geological formations in the painter's notebooks, FTP, identify this work by Leonardo Da Vinci that shows the Christ child and his mother in a stony grotto. The Virgin of the Rocks
Thunderclouds race across the sky helping to dim much of the canvas, which is already thrown into darkness by the vegetation and the jutting rock-face that hangs over and surrounds the painting's focal point Horse Attacked by a Lion or Lion Attacking a Horse or anything that mentions a horse a lion and some attacking
Modeled on a Roman sculpture on view at the time at the Palazzo Senatorio, its creator was haunted by an image he saw returning home from Italy, during a stop at Ceuta in Morocco Horse Attacked by a Lion or Lion Attacking a Horse or anything that mentions a horse a lion and some attacking
One of the title figures seems to have emerged out of the shadows to surprise the other, whose white coat makes it stand out and whose head has whipped around in panicked anguish to try and dislodge the predator on its back Horse Attacked by a Lion or Lion Attacking a Horse or anything that mentions a horse a lion and some attacking
FTP identify this work that depicts the violent encounter between a big cat and a Barbary stallion, a painting by George Stubbs. Horse Attacked by a Lion or Lion Attacking a Horse or anything that mentions a horse a lion and some attacking
This man's unusual views on nutrition led to the starvation of his two boys, and he may have been poisoned while working on some copper altarpieces for the Cappella del Tesoro Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
His first important work was the Liberation of St Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
Peter from Prison, and after completing his teacher's Flagellation of St Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
Andrew he began to establish his own style in works like the Meeting of St Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
Nilus and Otto III Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
His only undisputed work at the Palazzo Farnese is the Maiden with the Unicorn, though he definitely decorated Santa Luigi dei Francesci with scenes from the life of St Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
Cecilia Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
In 1631, he moved to Naples and did the ceiling frescos of the San Gennaro chapel Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
The favorite pupil of Annibale Carracci and one-time teacher of Poussin, FTP, name this Italian Baroque painter from Bologna most famous for the Last Communion of St Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
Jerome whose real name was Domenico Zampieri. Domenichino (accept Domenico Zampieri before it is mentioned)
The town of Arkona can be seen in the distant background of this man's The Tree of Crows, while three people walk down a deserted road beneath a bright sun in his Easter Morning Caspar David Friedrich
The lady in a greenish dress looking out a square windowsill in his Woman at the Window was his wife, Caroline Bommer, who appeared in the painting with her back facing the viewer, like most of the human subjects in his paintings Caspar David Friedrich
Depicted in his studio with a trademark oversized easel and canvas in a portrait by Georg Kersting, this man also painted Two Men Contemplating the Moon, Chalk Cliffs on Rugen, and Wanderer above the Sea of Fog Caspar David Friedrich
Fond of snowy winter settings, he depicted an icebound shipwreck in Polar Sea, and is also known for an 1812 painting that put the elements of a religious altarpiece into a landscape setting Caspar David Friedrich
FTP, name this German Romantic artist, who painted the Cross in the Mountains. Caspar David Friedrich
One of his late works was a nude crucifixion, currently housed at El Escorial, which was probably modeled by his assistant Fernando Benvenuto Cellini
One of his works shows a nude young man who holds his left arm in the air, while his right hand rests on a wing of the bird he is riding Benvenuto Cellini
Another of his works depicts two figures who sit across from each other with their legs crossed, in the same way that the arms of the sea flow into the land, and features a man mounted on four seahorses and a woman sitting next to a temple Benvenuto Cellini
Yet another, which is located in the Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence, shows a young man holding a sword in his right hand and a decapitated head in his left Benvenuto Cellini
He sculpted a bust of Cosimo I di Medici as well as Ganymede Riding the Eagle, and like Canova he sculpted a Perseus with the Head of Medusa Benvenuto Cellini
FTP, name this larger-than-life Renaissance artist, whose works include a notable "Saltcellar" and a lurid Autobiography. Benvenuto Cellini
It was much admired by Michael Angelo Titmarsh, who noted that the fire in it looked red but might have been done with cobalt and pea-green Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
It may be a response to a work by Thomas Talbot Bury which depicts the excavation of Olive Mount Cutting Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
A farmer plows a field on the right of this work, while on the left some people are boating on a river Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
At the center is a bridge composed of two brick arches which connects Taplow and Maidenhead Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
A rabbit runs to take cover from the central object in this work, which approaches the viewer Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
Also of note is the yellow-brown puff of smoke which dominates the left-center, and which is one of the title components Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
FTP, name this 1844 landscape depicting a train crossing a bridge, a depiction of "the Great Western Railway" by J.M.W Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
Turner. Rain, Steam and Speed. The Great Western Railway
His late works include a depiction of a doleful "cottage girl" who holds a pitcher in her right hand and a dog in her left hand, as well as a depiction of Actaeon surprising Diana and her attendants Thomas Gainsborough
His early works include the desolate Landscape with Sandpit and a self-portrait with a woman in a voluminous pink dress who is probably his wife Thomas Gainsborough
One of his most famous works is set at the Auberies and features an enclosed pasture of grazing sheep, a girl named Frances Mary Carter, and a man wearing a three-cornered hat and holding a rifle Thomas Gainsborough
Another of his paintings shows his children Margaret and Mary chasing a butterfly, while he made portraits of William Wollaston, the Duchess of Cumberland, and the Honorable Mrs Thomas Gainsborough
Thomas Graham Thomas Gainsborough
FTP, name this artist who famously depicted Mr Thomas Gainsborough
and Mrs Thomas Gainsborough
Robert Andrews, as well as a notorious boy dressed in blue clothing. Thomas Gainsborough
This artist depicted an angel in red robes pointing one of the title figures toward a seated and bound Jesus in his Christ and the Christian Soul Diego Velásquez
A young man holds a beaker to the left of the seated title figure in his Old Woman Frying Eggs Diego Velásquez
He showed five brothers tricking their horrified father in Joseph's Bloody Coat Brought to Jacob, while Francisco Lezcano and Sebastiano de Morra are two of the dwarves he painted Diego Velásquez
The title figure reclines naked on a bed and looks into a mirror supported by a cherub in his Venus at Her Mirror, also known as the Rokeby Venus Diego Velásquez
FTP, name this painter whose other works include the Surrender at Breda and Las Meninas. Diego Velásquez
The dresses of the female figures blur into a nondescript box at the center of Biscaino's red-on-tan chalk drawing of this event Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (accept equivalents but make sure the player doesn't specify the wrong Saint Catherine)
It is depicted in the central panel of the Bruges St Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (accept equivalents but make sure the player doesn't specify the wrong Saint Catherine)
John Altarpiece by Hans Memling, and a row of seven cherubs are climbing over a hill to watch it in Lucas Cranach's version Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (accept equivalents but make sure the player doesn't specify the wrong Saint Catherine)
While painting this scene in Cadiz, Bartolomé Murillo fell off a scaffold and fatally injured himself Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (accept equivalents but make sure the player doesn't specify the wrong Saint Catherine)
A disturbing humanoid cat appears next to St Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (accept equivalents but make sure the player doesn't specify the wrong Saint Catherine)
Sebastian in Lorenzo Lotto's version which, like Parmagianino's, shows Mary with a white shawl and red dress and the title character in yellow Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (accept equivalents but make sure the player doesn't specify the wrong Saint Catherine)
FTP, identify this popular artistic theme, in which the infant Christ is joined in a vision to an Alexandrian saint who was later miraculously saved from dying on a spiked wheel. Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (accept equivalents but make sure the player doesn't specify the wrong Saint Catherine)
The identities of all the figures in this painting are known, except for the pair of hands at the upper left holding a pen against a chair The Agnew Clinic
Of the six figures lit in the foreground, three are engaged in work, while the one dressed in what looks like a maid's uniform appears less interested than several audience members who have stood up from their seats The Agnew Clinic
The man in the shadows on the right listening to a whisper is the painter responsible for the rest of the scene, who was added to the work by his wife The Agnew Clinic
Described as "Chirurgus expertissimus" in an inscription on the frame, the bald, white-mustached title figure is shown with a scalpel in his left hand, overseeing a mastectomy The Agnew Clinic
FTP, name this painting, reproduced on diplomas at Penn's medical school, the second of two medical scenes produced by Thomas Eakins. The Agnew Clinic
A story surrounding this work told by Antonio Trueba has the painter being led to the scene it was based on by his servant Isidro after witnessing the action through a telescope The Executions of the Third of May, 1808: The Shootings on Príncipe Pío Mountain or El ejecución del tris de mayo, 1808: El disparacion en la montaña del Príncipe Pío
Two fists are visible, one of which covers a man's left ear in the background The Executions of the Third of May, 1808: The Shootings on Príncipe Pío Mountain or El ejecución del tris de mayo, 1808: El disparacion en la montaña del Príncipe Pío
The figure in the green jacket at lower left has been identified with a peasant who stabs a horse in this painting's companion piece The Executions of the Third of May, 1808: The Shootings on Príncipe Pío Mountain or El ejecución del tris de mayo, 1808: El disparacion en la montaña del Príncipe Pío
That figure provides one of its most poignant symbols, which resembles the angle made by the box lantern at center, an inverted v-shaped pose The Executions of the Third of May, 1808: The Shootings on Príncipe Pío Mountain or El ejecución del tris de mayo, 1808: El disparacion en la montaña del Príncipe Pío
The folded hands of a Franciscan monk sink toward the ground, contrasting with the pierced hands of the central figure, who lifts his arms in futile surrender The Executions of the Third of May, 1808: The Shootings on Príncipe Pío Mountain or El ejecución del tris de mayo, 1808: El disparacion en la montaña del Príncipe Pío
FTP, name this painting in which a group of madrilenos is put to death by firing squad, a work by Francisco Goya. The Executions of the Third of May, 1808: The Shootings on Príncipe Pío Mountain or El ejecución del tris de mayo, 1808: El disparacion en la montaña del Príncipe Pío
It is often called the classical companion to the artist's Vow of Louis XIII and was lambasted by Champfleury as "insincere mannerism" after its installation in room nine of the Musee Charles X The Apotheosis of Homer
The artist himself can be seen peeping out from behind a pedestal, gazing at the central figure, which is flanked by a man holding a sword and another holding an oar in a triangular composition The Apotheosis of Homer
Boileau, Racine and Moliere appear, but only in half-portrait, and men holding out a lyre, mallets, and scroll, represent Pindar, Phidias and Aeschylus, respectively The Apotheosis of Homer
Based on a Hellenistic relief by Archelaus of Priene, the painter's master, David, is notably absent, but Tasso appears in the lower-left corner as does a cropped portrait of Shakespeare The Apotheosis of Homer
FTP, name this painting by Ingres depicting the author of the Iliad being raised to godhood. The Apotheosis of Homer
The creation of this painting was influenced by a similarly titled 1619 work by Thomas de Keyzer as well as by its painter's studies with Pieter Lastman, while the commission itself was suggested by an art dealer named Ulyenburgh The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp
Its subject was a man named Adriaan Adriaanson who had been found guilty of robbery, though the painting is named for a man known in his own time for his treatises on monsters The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp
One of the men in the background holds a list of government officials, while in the foreground is another open book The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp
The title figure is holding forceps, not a pointer, suggesting to some that he was trying to demonstrate something about muscle movement The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp
FTP, identify this painting which shows a group of men watching a dissection, a work of Rembrandt. The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp
This painting was the inspiration for Rilke's poem Der Berg and was also used for the cover of the first edition of Debussy's La mer The Great Wave off Kanagawa or Fugaku sanjurokkei: Kanagawaoki namiura (or In the Hollow of a Wave off the Coast at Kanagawa; be generous with the title, as various translations are acceptable as long as wave and Kanagawa are present)
This work inverts the traditional meisho-e conventions by placing the famous place in the background and the titular entity in the foreground The Great Wave off Kanagawa or Fugaku sanjurokkei: Kanagawaoki namiura (or In the Hollow of a Wave off the Coast at Kanagawa; be generous with the title, as various translations are acceptable as long as wave and Kanagawa are present)
Three fishing boats can be seen in this painting, one moving against the titular object and the other two resting in its trough The Great Wave off Kanagawa or Fugaku sanjurokkei: Kanagawaoki namiura (or In the Hollow of a Wave off the Coast at Kanagawa; be generous with the title, as various translations are acceptable as long as wave and Kanagawa are present)
The background of this work depicts a snow-capped peak which is also depicted in thirty-five other paintings from the same series by this work's artist The Great Wave off Kanagawa or Fugaku sanjurokkei: Kanagawaoki namiura (or In the Hollow of a Wave off the Coast at Kanagawa; be generous with the title, as various translations are acceptable as long as wave and Kanagawa are present)
FTP, identify this ukio-e print from Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji; the most famous painting of Katsushika Hokusai. The Great Wave off Kanagawa or Fugaku sanjurokkei: Kanagawaoki namiura (or In the Hollow of a Wave off the Coast at Kanagawa; be generous with the title, as various translations are acceptable as long as wave and Kanagawa are present)
This work was a response to the artist's rejection by Augusta Boogaerts, who he called "La Sirene." In an etching of the same subject, this work's artist included an advertisement for Colman's Mustard and a banner with the slogan "Noisy Wagner Army." A de Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889 (accept equivalents like The Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
The title figure, a self-portrait of the artist, can be seen riding on a donkey behind a marching band Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889 (accept equivalents like The Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
FTP, name this painting first shown publicly forty years after it was listed in the 1889 exhibition catalogue of Les Vingt [LAY VAHNT]; a James Ensor painting imagining the reaction to Jesus's appearance in a Belgian city. Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889 (accept equivalents like The Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
He depicted a man in a suit of armor standing on a small boat and kissing a naked woman whose pudenda are obscured by a metal chain in his painting The Deliverance of Arsinoe Tintoretto (accept Jacopo Robusti before it's mentioned)
The titular nude figure dips her left leg into a pool of water while looking at a mirror behind which can be seen a bald, bearded man in his The Bathing Susanna Tintoretto (accept Jacopo Robusti before it's mentioned)
A figure hanging horizontally in space and wearing a red robe holds a baby which sucks at the breast of another naked woman in his The Origin of the Milky Way Tintoretto (accept Jacopo Robusti before it's mentioned)
His other works include Vulcan Surprising Venus and Mars and a notable 1594 version of the Last Supper Tintoretto (accept Jacopo Robusti before it's mentioned)
FTP, name this mannerist painter who was born Jacopo Robusti. Tintoretto (accept Jacopo Robusti before it's mentioned)
Painted during the artist's shift towards more abstract watercolors, this oil work was created after two separate trips to Nassau The Gulf Stream
The scene features numerous stalks of sugar cane that lie scattered at the central figure's feet The Gulf Stream
Some critics have speculated that the "rigger" in the upper left-hand corner was added in order to offer hope and make the work more appealing to buyers The Gulf Stream
FTP, identify this picture depicting a tumultuous water spout, raging sharks, and a seemingly stoic black man awaiting his demise; a painting of a boat drifting along the titular ocean current by Winslow Homer. The Gulf Stream
Its pictorial composition was inspired by an Emile Bernard painting and it was the painter's first definitive break with the orthodox Cloissonist style Vision After the Sermon (or Jacob Wrestling the Angel)
Across the top center of this painting appears to run the trunk of a tree and it contains at least twelve distinct forms of life, one of which is a bull Vision After the Sermon (or Jacob Wrestling the Angel)
The tree divides the scene on the right side from the Breton people with their hands clasped in prayer in the foreground Vision After the Sermon (or Jacob Wrestling the Angel)
The strikingly red background punctuates the colors in the right-hand side of the painting, which shows one man dressed in black attempting to subdue another man who is dressed in blue and has wings Vision After the Sermon (or Jacob Wrestling the Angel)
FTP, name this painting by Paul Gauguin depicting a memorable scene involving a son of Isaac. Vision After the Sermon (or Jacob Wrestling the Angel)
It was first exhibited under the title The Defeated One and was also titled The Awakening of Humanity at one point The Age of Bronze or L'Age d'Airain (accept The Awakening of Humanity or The Defeated One before they're mentioned)
The plaster version of this sculpture was displayed at the Cercle Artistique in Brussels and this version is recognized because of valuable photographs by Marconi and Druet The Age of Bronze or L'Age d'Airain (accept The Awakening of Humanity or The Defeated One before they're mentioned)
Its strangeness attracted the attention of L'Etoile Belge, who thought it represented a man on the verge of committing suicide The Age of Bronze or L'Age d'Airain (accept The Awakening of Humanity or The Defeated One before they're mentioned)
Its model was a twenty-two-year-old Belgian soldier, Auguste Neyt, and in order to discredit its creator, his contemporaries claimed the sculpture was cast from life The Age of Bronze or L'Age d'Airain (accept The Awakening of Humanity or The Defeated One before they're mentioned)
The better-recognized bronze version of it was commissioned by Edmund Turquet, the director of the Beaux-Arts, in 1900 The Age of Bronze or L'Age d'Airain (accept The Awakening of Humanity or The Defeated One before they're mentioned)
FTP, name this Rodin sculpture of a nude man touching his head with one hand. The Age of Bronze or L'Age d'Airain (accept The Awakening of Humanity or The Defeated One before they're mentioned)
The signature of the artist in this work is an etching off of the background which is decorated with a technique also used for the Palais Stoclet friezes in Brussels The Kiss
Housed in the Upper Belvedere, it shows a woman's hand sliding beneath the cloak of a man's before emerging to grasp the man's right hand The Kiss
The St The Kiss
Apollinare in Classe near Ravenna is the inspiration for the field of flowers on which the woman kneels with the edge of her feet standing next to nothingness The Kiss
Black and white rectangles decorate the man's cloak while circles of flowers surrounded by gold tesserae cover the woman's dress and hair The Kiss
FTP, name this Gustav Klimt painting of an act of love. The Kiss
In the upper left, one can see some buildings in the distance fading into some hazy hills at the edge of a harbor Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
Several ships sail in the harbor though only one, with a bellying mainsail, features prominently on the right side Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
A singing shepherd tends to his sheep near the center and a man appears to be fishing in the lower right corner Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
In the lower left, the most visible scene shows a horse pulling a plow in front of a colorfully dressed farmer Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
All of these scenes, however, distract the viewer from the titular event in the lower right, depicted as a cascade of feathers and a pair of legs sticking out of the water Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
FTP, name this Peter Bruegel painting pitting the son of Daedalus against an Italian coastal setting. Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
His two altarpieces, the Virgin with Saint Bernard and Saint Ildefonsus Receiving the Chasuble, were probably painted for the convent of Saint Clemente, and his Flight Into Egypt resides at the Detroit Institute of Art Bartolome Esteban Murillo
His first documented works are the Vision of Friar Lauterio and the Virgin Presenting the Rosary to St Dominic Bartolome Esteban Murillo
Palomino wrote that he first worked as a festival painter and in 1645 he married Beatrice Villalobos Bartolome Esteban Murillo
The Ecstasy of Saint Francis reflects the influence of Zurburan and Boy De-Lousing Himself was the first of his canvasses depicting children, another of which is the Grape and Melon Eaters Bartolome Esteban Murillo
FTP, name this seventeenth-century Spanish realist best known for his numerous versions of the Immaculate Conception, especially that of the Escorial. Bartolome Esteban Murillo
Late in life, this artist created a number of pastel self-portraits such as his Self-portrait with Spectacles and Self-portrait at Easel Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
His figure paintings began as single domestic scenes like Woman Sealing a Letter, Woman Drawing Water from a Cistern, and Soap Bubbles, but evolved into more complex works like House of Cards and Saying Grace Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
His first commission was for two sets of decorative works entitled Attributes of the Arts and Attributes of Exploration for the Paris house of Konrad von Rothenburg, although he was better known for later works such as Jar of Olives and Kitchen Table Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
FTP, name this great eighteenth century French painter of still-lifes. Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
In one of his works, a female on the left floats in the air dripping blood out of the object in her hands onto a prominent flower sticking straight up in the foreground Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
That work, The Climax, was done shortly before he was fired and went to work with Arthur Symons at The Savoy, where he contributed to a translation commissioned by the "decadent" publisher Leonard Smithers, The Rape of the Lock Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
He took classes at the urging of Edward Burne-Jones, was soon commissioned to work on a new edition of Le Morte D'arthur, and quickly gained fame working under Lane and Harland at The Yellow Book Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
FTP, name this artist who courted controversy with his erotic drawings for Lysistrata and for Oscar Wilde's Salomé. Aubrey Vincent Beardsley
Animals that can be seen in this painting include a black dog on the far right and a white bird at the feet of a woman in the lower left corner Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? or D'où venons nous? Que sommes nous? Où allons nous?
Currently residing in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, it was called its creator's "testament" as he planned to commit suicide upon its completion Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? or D'où venons nous? Que sommes nous? Où allons nous?
This painting features three women with a child on the right, a youth taking fruit from a tree and two women talking about destiny in the middle, and a blue statue on the left background while an old woman approaches death Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? or D'où venons nous? Que sommes nous? Où allons nous?
Its artist believed this work, one of his works done in Tahiti, should be read from right to left to symbolize the progression from birth to death Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? or D'où venons nous? Que sommes nous? Où allons nous?
FTP, identify this painting by Paul Gauguin whose title consists of three questions. Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? or D'où venons nous? Que sommes nous? Où allons nous?
His last work was completed by his pupil Alessandro Allori Agnolo Bronzino or Agnolo di Cosimo
In his youth, he was forced to Certosa by an outbreak of the plague in his hometown Agnolo Bronzino or Agnolo di Cosimo
He was used as the figure of a child in his teacher Pontormo's Joseph in Egypt Agnolo Bronzino or Agnolo di Cosimo
He worked for the Duke of Urbino for a time, and painted a portrait of Andrea Doria as Neptune Agnolo Bronzino or Agnolo di Cosimo
He decorated the chapel of Eleanora of Toledo, the wife of his patron Cosimo di Medici Agnolo Bronzino or Agnolo di Cosimo
One of the premier portraitists among the Mannerists, for 10 points, name this Florentine, best known for Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time. Agnolo Bronzino or Agnolo di Cosimo
This student of Jean-Leon Gerome at the Ecole des Beaux Arts was one of the subjects of Mumford's The Brown Decades Thomas Cowperthwaite Eakins
His students included Henry Ossawa Tanner and Thomas Anschutz, and he painted Mending the Net and Arcadia after learning of Muybridge's work Thomas Cowperthwaite Eakins
He painted a portrait of his friend Walt Whitman, rumored to be Whitman's favorite, and painted himself in a small boat behind the title figure in Max Schmitt in a Single Scull Thomas Cowperthwaite Eakins
A man lectures to the students of Jefferson Medical College in, FTP, this American realist's monumental painting of a surgery in progress, The Gross Clinic. Thomas Cowperthwaite Eakins
The title figure holds an accordion in her lap while rainbows descend from the stormy sky in the background in this artist's The Blind Girl John Everett Millais
He created a depiction of the last days of Atahualpa, Pizarro Seizing the Inca of Peru John Everett Millais
He depicted a British soldier handing the titular notification to the wife of a wounded Scotsman in The Order of Release, while the title character sits with another child listening to the story of a sailor in 1870's The Boyhood of Raleigh John Everett Millais
The creator of a controversially realistic depiction of the Holy Family, Christ in the House of His Parents, FTP, identify this pre-Raphaelite painter who depicted a deceased Shakespearean character in his Ophelia. John Everett Millais
This group's main publication was later supplemented by an addition called Mecano, and its work prompted the formation of the COBRA group De Stijl (or The Style)
Its building designs include the Café de Unie and a factory in Permerund, and a building containing free-floating walls, painted steel beams, and interior sliding partitions, the Schroder House De Stijl (or The Style)
Including such people as Gerrit Rietveld and J De Stijl (or The Style)
J De Stijl (or The Style)
Oud, and growing out of Neo-Plasticism, FTP, identify this art movement exemplified by such works as Broadway Boogie-Woogie, which was founded Theo van Doesburg and whose main exponent was Piet Mondrian. De Stijl (or The Style)
Among this group's aims was the revival of monumental fresco painting, and one of its main patrons was the Marquis Massimo, whose Casino near the Lateran was the site of one of its major commissions the Nazarene movement (or the Brotherhood of St. Luke before it's mentioned)
Among works produced by one its adherents is the tempera fresco Joseph Interpreting Pharaoh's Dream, while another created The Triumph of Religion in Art the Nazarene movement (or the Brotherhood of St. Luke before it's mentioned)
Initially working out of the abandoned monastery of San Isidoro, this group's main commission was the Casa Bartholdi the Nazarene movement (or the Brotherhood of St. Luke before it's mentioned)
They included the designer of the Munich Glyptothek, Peter Cornelius, whose Last Judgement covers the entire east wall in Munich's Ludwigskirche the Nazarene movement (or the Brotherhood of St. Luke before it's mentioned)
Founded as the Brotherhood of St the Nazarene movement (or the Brotherhood of St. Luke before it's mentioned)
Luke, FTP, identify this group of religious German painters including Friedrich Overbeck and Friedrich Schadow. the Nazarene movement (or the Brotherhood of St. Luke before it's mentioned)
John Ruskin derided its creator for painting "the foulest things he could see by rushlight." Seymour Slive of Harvard has definitively debunked the popularly believed poor reception of this painting, one of whose titular subjects had a watercolor copy of The Night Watch or The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch
A small girl, the mascot of the titular group, stands in the left middle next to a man in red, while the two title figures, one all in yellow and one in a red sash, lead the titular group, who hoist their pikes in the air The Night Watch or The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch
For ten points, identify this painting which depicts the company of Captain Franz Banning Cocq, the most famous work of Rembrandt van Rijn. The Night Watch or The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch
This painting was commissioned by the Baron de Julien, a priest who had cuckolded a bishop, and its artist took the job five years after returning from his Prix de Rome trip The Swing
Julien's flush cheeks are reminiscent of the artist's style in such works as Blind Man's Bluff The Swing
On the left, a cupid statue with a finger to its mouth observes the action from above, while two putto statues look at the title object from below The Swing
The aforementioned bishop sits at the right side of the work, while Julien hides in the lower-left bushes and looks up the billowing pink skirt of his mistress, who is kicking off her left shoe The Swing
A tree to the far right suspends, FTP, which title object of a lush Rococo landscape by Jean-Honoré Fragonard? The Swing
This man's early work included illustrations in the satirical paper The Vanguard, though he claimed to dislike propagandistic art, stating "my one theme is humanity." His work depicting Prometheus bound was inspired by Michelangelo, and the critical react Jose Clemente Orozco
Skeletons clad in robes look on as another skeleton gives birth to a skeleton baby in "Gods of the Modern World," part of his monumental series for the Baker Library at Dartmouth, while the mural Catharsis resides in the Palace of Fine Arts in the capital Jose Clemente Orozco
FTP name this Mexican muralist of The Coming of Quetzalcoatl and Man on Fire. Jose Clemente Orozco
In a letter to the man who would go on to sell this work, its creator noted that his interest was "religious atavism." Fred Kliener considered this work to be the first true symbolist painting, and a deer can be seen wandering across the canvas in the upp The Vision After the Sermon or Jacob Wrestling with the Angel
The artist described the setting of the event that gives this painting its alternate name as "pure vermillion," while women in "intensely black clothes" and "yellow-white bonnets" look on The Vision After the Sermon or Jacob Wrestling with the Angel
For ten points, identify this painting, in which Breton women observe combat between a divine being and a mortal, created by Paul Gauguin. The Vision After the Sermon or Jacob Wrestling with the Angel
One of this artist's works originally featured an angel, which was removed at the request of Clare Boothe Luce, who commissioned the painting depicting Hampshire House and the suicide of Dorothy Hale Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón
Images of Alexander the Great, Martin Luther, Ghandi, Napoleon, Hitler, and Marx are to the left of the embryo of Moses, in one of this artist's paintings Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón
Andre Breton got her a showing at the Julian Levy Gallery, and her other works include a depiction of herself sitting under a portrait of Dr Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón
Farrill, whom she credited with saving her life, as well as Miscarriage in Detroit, inspired by retablos Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón
For ten points, name this Mexican artist, the wife of Diego Rivera who notably painted a self-portrait with monkeys, as well as a painting depicting two versions of herself. Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón
This painting is alluded to in Chilean writer Rosamel del Valle's Eva the Fugitive and was featured on the cover of an edition of Philip Pullman's The Subtle Knife Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
A red flag is seen in the background towards the top of this work and like the painter's creation of the previous year, The Soothsayer's Recompense, this painting features multiple arcades, one of which shades an abandoned horse trailer Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
A half-shadow of a man appears at the far end of the title setting, and each of the planes in this painting have their own perspective Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
Most famous for its image of a girl rolling a hoop with a stick, for ten points, identify this painting by Giorgio de Chirico. Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
This painting's theme may have been suggested by the play The Three Cousins, though it was more likely inspired by Houdar de la Motte's opera ballet La Venitienne A Pilgrimage to Cythera [or Embarkation from Cythera; or Embarkation to Cythera]
Most of the artistic techniques were probably taken from the artist's close study of Rubens' Garden of Love A Pilgrimage to Cythera [or Embarkation from Cythera; or Embarkation to Cythera]
A statue wound about with flowers appears on the right A Pilgrimage to Cythera [or Embarkation from Cythera; or Embarkation to Cythera]
In the center, a man faces away from the viewer and holds a staff in his left hand, with his right arm around a woman in a bright gold dress, while four other couples stand under the large trees that dominate the upper right of this painting A Pilgrimage to Cythera [or Embarkation from Cythera; or Embarkation to Cythera]
On the left, cherubs fly around the red and white sails of a golden boat, which people are boarding, while the far right features Cupid's quiver of arrows at the base of a statue of Venus A Pilgrimage to Cythera [or Embarkation from Cythera; or Embarkation to Cythera]
For ten points, name this painting depicting a leisurely trip to an enchanted island, a fete-galante by Watteau. A Pilgrimage to Cythera [or Embarkation from Cythera; or Embarkation to Cythera]
The Hollywood art satirist John Decker painted Charlie McCarthy as this painting's subject The Laughing Cavalier
It brought its long-dead creator out of obscurity when it was purchased, under the title "Portrait of a Man" at an 1865 auction and is now found in the Wallace Collection The Laughing Cavalier
An inscription on the upper right notes that the anonymous subject is twenty-six years old; he wears ruffles on his wrists, attached to his black doublet inlaid with gold and colored lace The Laughing Cavalier
A giant collar, visible pink around the nose and curled hair brushed backwards also appear, along with an enormous, upward-pointing mustache and a goatee on this man wearing a gigantic black hat The Laughing Cavalier
For 10 points, identify this misnamed painting of a man who is merely smiling, a work by Franz Hals. The Laughing Cavalier
His teacher Claude Gillot's interest in the commedia dell'arte and scenes d'opera were an important influence on this artist, whose depiction of Diana was an inspiration for Manet's Dejeuner Sur l'herbe Antoine Watteau
A clown during intermission is the subject of his Gilles, and he painted a wounded soldier in convalescence in Les Fatigues de la guerre Antoine Watteau
His Gersaint signboard shows an art dealer's shop, though more typical works include Do You Want to Succeed with Women? and The Pleasures of Love Antoine Watteau
A rococo artist known for his fetes galantes, this is, for 10 points, what painter best known for his depiction of pilgrims traveling to a mythical island, Embarkation to Cythera. Antoine Watteau
One of his works shows a water nymph in the lower right, holding a piece of music after lulling to sleep Rinaldo, who leans against a tree as Armida discovers him Anthony van Dyck
His time in Italy resulted in portraits like Cardinal Bentivolo and George Gage, Looking at a Statuette, and he created a series of etchings and engravings depicting various colleagues known as his Iconography Anthony van Dyck
At the court of the Earl of Arundel, he painted a portrait of Thomas Howard, and he executed 35 paintings of Queen Henrietta Maria, but is better known for portraits of her husband, including one ...in Hunting Dress Anthony van Dyck
For 10 points, name this Flemish pupil of Rubens and portraitist of England's Charles I. Anthony van Dyck
This artist used pre-made letters known as "Letraset" to vary the surface of paintings like Sphinx-Portrait of Muriel Belcher, and he juxtaposed oil and pastel paints in his Study of the Human Body Francis Bacon
He began his "light" period with Van Gogh's Painter on the Way to Tarascon, eschewing the darkness of works like Study of a Baboon Francis Bacon
Many of his paintings were based on photographs by Eadweard Muybridge Francis Bacon
The Furies are the title images of his triptych Three Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion, created shortly before a series of deconstructions of a famous portrait by Velasquez Francis Bacon
For 10 points, name this British artist known for his shocking depictions of Pope Innocent X. Francis Bacon
One member of this group designed the Allegonda villa at Katwik and the Café de Unie De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
The early works of Burgoyne Diller are often said to belong to this group, which also included the painter of Mechano-Dancer, Vilmos Huszár De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
A home constructed with its principles has a sub-dividable open space on the 2nd floor and a façade of protruding planes, designed by the man who did the Red and Blue Chair De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
With J.J.P De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
Oud and Bart van der Leck, Theo von Doesburg founded the journal of this group, whose work was exemplified by Rietveld's Schröder House and another artist's Broadway Boogie Woogie De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
For 10 points, name this Dutch art school including Piet Mondrian. De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
In the lower left of this painting, a man in a hooded gray robe bows his head in front of a man in a hooded black robe with his right arm extended The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
In the lower right, a man in white partially obscures a priest while looking to the upper left, where St The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
Peter dangles his keys as he looks over the shoulder of Mary, who is below a white-shrouded Jesus and on one side of an opening in the clouds through which an angel flies holding a small spirit The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
In the center, the artist's son points at the golden sleeve of St The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
Stephen, who along with St The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
Augustine holds the title figure clad in black armor The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
For 10 points, name this work depicting the internment of a pious Spaniard, a work of El Greco. The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
One of his works shows a left-facing female with her hair in a bun looking downward and using a spoon for stirring Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro
He was shown in his early job as a blinds-painter in a painting by Armand Guillaumin, and his son Lucien was part of Walter Sickert's Camden Town Group Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro
He wears a black hat and coat, a long beard, and a confused expression in a late self-portrait Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro
He presented his work under the name "Pupil of A Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro
Melbye" for seven years, and he showed The Old Road to Ennery and Hoar Frost at the first Impressionist exhibition Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro
For 10 points, name this creator of Peasant Girl Drinking Her Coffee, whose mentorship of other Impressionists led to his epithet "father." Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro
The artist's time as a douanier contributed to the unique characteristics of this work's central figures, and it was intended as a tribute to Laval but refused by that town's mayor The Sleeping Gypsy [or La Bohémienne endormie]
A realistic moon at the top-right of this work hangs in an otherwise clear sky over a series of low mountains in the background The Sleeping Gypsy [or La Bohémienne endormie]
One central figure stands on top of a small dune, in front of which is found a red vase carrying drinking water and a mandolin The Sleeping Gypsy [or La Bohémienne endormie]
Often cited as an example of Primitivism, its artist used dolls as the models for the woman in a multi-colored robe and the nearby lion The Sleeping Gypsy [or La Bohémienne endormie]
For 10 points, name this painting depicting a reposing traveling musician that was created by Henri Rousseau. The Sleeping Gypsy [or La Bohémienne endormie]
In a Frederic Bazille painting of this English title, a man plays the piano in the back right, while two men address the central figure in front of a large window The Artist's Studio [accept reasonable approximations here as long as "Artist" and "Studio" are said]
Another painting of this name features a woman in a yellow dress looking into a mirror, a woman in a white dress sitting on a chaise, and the title figure in a gray suit carefully eyeing something, and was painted by James Whistler The Artist's Studio [accept reasonable approximations here as long as "Artist" and "Studio" are said]
In another version, a mix of all walks of life are found on the left, with Charles Baudelaire on the right, and a small boy and a nude model watching the central figure sitting in front of a canvas The Artist's Studio [accept reasonable approximations here as long as "Artist" and "Studio" are said]
For 10 points, give the title of these works, including one by Gustave Courbet showing his place of work. The Artist's Studio [accept reasonable approximations here as long as "Artist" and "Studio" are said]
He painted his dad sitting in a chair with his legs crossed in his Fauvist Portrait of the Artist's Father Marcel Duchamp
He created a fake rip in the canvas near a pointing hand and a real bottle brush in Tu m', and his last major work was a peep show created in secret Marcel Duchamp
He collaborated on the film Anemic Cinema with Man Ray, who photographed him in drag as Rrose Selavy, and he never quite finished a work also known as The Large Glass Marcel Duchamp
In Advance of the Broken Arm and Bicycle Wheel are examples of a form he created that included one signed by R Marcel Duchamp
Mutt Marcel Duchamp
For 10 points, name this producer of ready-mades who caused a stir at the Armory Show with his Nude Descending a Staircase, No Marcel Duchamp
2. Marcel Duchamp
He showed two hands shaking and a combination of a hammer and a sickle extending out of a man's face in the Carnival of the Ideologies Jose Clemente Orozco
His opposition to World War II was manifest in his publicly painted send up of mechanized warfare, Dive Bomber and Tank, while he fled his home country following his series that depicted the lives of prostitutes, The House of Tears Jose Clemente Orozco
In a series of frescos, he depicted scenes such as Gods of the Modern World and Symbols of Nationalism in his Epic of American Civilization, which also included the Coming.. Jose Clemente Orozco
and Return of Quetzalcoatl Jose Clemente Orozco
For 10 points, identify this contemporary of Diego Rivera, a Mexican muralist. Jose Clemente Orozco
This man used pastel paint to write the printing instructions for his lithograph Pinned Hat Pierre-Auguste Renoir
His somber early period is exemplified by his Cabaret of Mother Antony, while Woman Bathing with Griffon was posed for by his mistress, Lise Trehot Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Early paintings in the style for which he is best-known include Parisian Woman and The Theater Box Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Favorite portrait subjects of his included Jeanne Samary and Mme Charpentier and her children, while Gustave Caillebotte can be seen in a better-known en plein air work Pierre-Auguste Renoir
For 10 points, name this impressionist painter of Moulin de la Gallette and The Luncheon of the Boating Party. Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Foucault's The Order of Things opens with an extensive discussion of how this painting signals an epistemological break in its complex sightlines, and Luca Giordano called it the "Theology of Painting." A dark figure, knee half bent, pauses in a doorway Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor]
The greatest emphasis in this painting is on a young girl, illuminated by a window at right and accompanied by her attendants, one of whom is rousing a sleeping dog with his foot Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor]
The Infanta Margarita and two dwarfs are the central figures of, for 10 points, what painting by Diego Velazquez? Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor]
A woman who had been this man's housekeeper was painted by him wearing a veil in mourning in the painting Leocadia, while he painted two young men each raising a wooden object ready to strike the other in his Duel with Cudgels Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
Those works were part of a series he did in the "House of the Deaf Man," while he did a series of 80 etchings, including "Hunting for Teeth," called Caprichos Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
Another of his paintings possibly depicting the Duchess of Alba was scandalous for its depiction of pubic hair, while his later works include his 14 Black Paintings Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
For 10 points, name this painter of The Nude Maja, whose Disasters of War series contains The Third of May, 1808. Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
The artist of this work intended to create an entire Corinthian temple portico in the background but left it with just a single column Madonna of the Long Neck [or Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna dal Collo Lungo]
One of the figures on the left, possibly John the Baptist, holds a crystal vase and stares at the title figure, whose right foot seems to jut out toward the viewer as it rests on some pillows Madonna of the Long Neck [or Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna dal Collo Lungo]
In the lower right corner is a rather small depiction of a prophet, possibly Isaiah, reading from a scroll, while a large infant Christ lies sprawled out in an S-shape in the center on Mary's lap Madonna of the Long Neck [or Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna dal Collo Lungo]
For 10 points, name this painting in which Mary has some rather exaggerated features, a work of Parmigianino. Madonna of the Long Neck [or Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna dal Collo Lungo]
This artist executed the Blue series for the Centre Pompidou and Personages and Birds for the Wichita State Art Museum, while a stuffed parrot sits on top of his sculpture simply called Object Joan Miro
A Jan Steen painting influenced the second entry in his Dutch Interiors series, and he created the ceramic murals Wall of the Sun and Wall of the Moon for the UNESCO building Joan Miro
A blackberry jam stain became his Birth of the World, and another work features the multi-colored title animal below the multi-colored title celestial object Joan Miro
For 10 points, name this artist of Dog Barking at the Moon and Harlequin's Carnival, a Catalan surrealist. Joan Miro
One painting on this theme, by Bartolome Murillo, shows a man clad in a bright orange robe with white fur at the top kneeling in the bottom center with two young girls on the left Adoration of the Magi [or reasonable equivalents]
The version by Leonardo da Vinci was for the monastery of San Donato a Scopeto and originally featured a camel Adoration of the Magi [or reasonable equivalents]
Maybe the most important one is the center of an altarpiece for the Strozzi family chapel in Florence and is by Gentile da Fabriano Adoration of the Magi [or reasonable equivalents]
Pieter Bruegel the Elder did one "in winter landscape" and Bosch did one in triptych form showing Joseph handling some diapers Adoration of the Magi [or reasonable equivalents]
For 10 points, name this artistic theme which shows the laying of gold, frankincense, and myrrh before Jesus by the title dudes. Adoration of the Magi [or reasonable equivalents]
This artist depicted the remnants of a tree hanging over the edge of a cliff after a lightning strike in Storm in the Mountains, and he showed a man walking toward the titular structure high on a cliff in The Monastery of San Pedro Frederick Edwin Church
His former home Olana is now a tourist site, and no single place inspired the setting of Twilight in the Wilderness Frederick Edwin Church
Various trips led to many of his works, including The Icebergs and Falls of Tequendama, as well as images of the volcanos Chimborozo and Cotopaxi Frederick Edwin Church
For ten points, name this student of Thomas Cole who painted a famous version of some New York falls in Niagara and an idealized South American landscape in Heart of the Andes. Frederick Edwin Church
One piece of artwork with this name includes two figures blowing into seashell horns The Birth of Venus
Another piece of artwork with this name includes five puttos flying above the title figure, who has her hand on her forehead The Birth of Venus
The most famous piece of artwork with this title features spines of leaves and lines in tree trunks accented with gold, and a top-left section which features rose blossoms with a gold center falling around two interwind characters, Zephyrus and Chloris The Birth of Venus
The works by Bouguereau and Cabanel are not nearly as famous as one by an Italian, who painted a figure on the right holding a robe for the female title character, who is emerging from the water on a shell The Birth of Venus
FTP, name this common painting title, the most famous of which was created by Botticelli. The Birth of Venus
In this work, the title figure has her hand on her breast, and her right foot rests on two pillows Madonna with the Long Neck (or Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna del Cullo Longo)
In the right background of this painting near the lush pink drapery , there is a miniature man unfolding a scroll in front of an unfinished line of columns without capitals Madonna with the Long Neck (or Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna del Cullo Longo)
In the left foreground, angelic figures watch the titular figure seated on a very luxurious chair with green and red pillows at her feet Madonna with the Long Neck (or Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna del Cullo Longo)
The title figures elongated fingers hold back her shawl, and her eyes focus on the very alien-looking child in her lap Madonna with the Long Neck (or Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna del Cullo Longo)
FTP, name this Mannerist painting by Parmigianino, whose titular figure has an extended feature. Madonna with the Long Neck (or Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna del Cullo Longo)
In this painting, a tree outside is obscured from the viewer by a column Venus of Urbino
The artist of this work originally refused to paint it, until Pietro Aretino suggested depicting a prostitutute's body Venus of Urbino
In the back right of this painting, two servants are looking for something in a chest Venus of Urbino
On the figure's bed, a dog rests Venus of Urbino
The main figure is reclined fully nude on the bed, with her left hand covering her crotch and her left holding some flowers as she stares directly at the viewer Venus of Urbino
FTP, name this 1538 Titian work that depicts the title goddess in a Renaissance-era palace. Venus of Urbino
His early works included self portraits such as The Wounded Man, The Cellist, and The Man with a Pipe Gustav Courbet
His works concerning dormancy include The Sleeping Spinner and an erotic work featuring two females entitled The Sleepers Gustav Courbet
One of his best-known works, which depicts a young and old man performing the titular backbreaking action, was destroyed during the bombing of Dresden, and another depicts the internment of a peasant in the presence of two clergy wearing red Gustav Courbet
FTP, name this French painter of The Stone-breaker and The Burial at Organs. Gustav Courbet
He painted a portrait of Théodore Duret holding a top hat in his right hand, and in another of his works, painted a woman, with her head turned to the right, wearing a pinkish-purple dress, a work entitled Mother of Pearl and Silver James Whistler
He explained his thoughts on art in Ten O'Clock Lecture, and another of his works shows a young girl in a white dress leaning on the titular instrument being played by an elderly woman in black, a painting entitled At the Piano James Whistler
Joanna Hiffernan was the model in his painting The White Girl, which shows his concern with the beautiful arrangement of colors James Whistler
He became bankrupt after suing art critic John Ruskin for criticism of his work Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket James Whistler
His best-known work was sneezed on by the fictional character Mr James Whistler
Bean and is entitled Arrangement in Grey and Black James Whistler
FTP, name this American artist most famous for a painting of his mother. James Whistler
This artist once completed a series with gouache and uncolored paper while bedridden, and those images are presented in a book interspersed with handwritten text Henri Matisse
That series features many images related to the circus or to the theater, including The Sword Swallower, Cirque, The Clown, and Pierrot's Funeral Henri Matisse
The most iconic image this artist created for that series shows a black, stylized man against a deep blue sky with geometric yellow stars, entitled Icarus Henri Matisse
Along with the 1947 series Jazz, this French artist painted a colorful canvas with a woman herding goats with a flute, many nude people lying down, and a scene that would be recreated in The Danse Henri Matisse
FTP, name this French artist of The Joy of Life, the leader of the Fauves. Henri Matisse
The wife of the artist, Suzanne Leenhoff, modelled for this painting, as did Victorine Meurent The Luncheon on the Grass (also accept Déjeuner sur l'herbe)
Originally entitled The Bath, it was showcased in the 1863 Salon of the Refused The Luncheon on the Grass (also accept Déjeuner sur l'herbe)
This painting includes a round loaf of bread, a basket of fruit, and clothing of a woman.in the lower right The Luncheon on the Grass (also accept Déjeuner sur l'herbe)
The clothing belongs to the naked woman who looks at the viewer and sits near two dressed men The Luncheon on the Grass (also accept Déjeuner sur l'herbe)
FTP, name this Edouard Manet painting depicting a picnic. The Luncheon on the Grass (also accept Déjeuner sur l'herbe)
One version of it features marble panels that are uniform and calm except for one, which reflects the turmoil in the figure sitting below that panel The Last Supper
In another version, light shines through a circular window, while an empty bread plate rests prominently on the floor The Last Supper
Still another version has the table set at an angle to the plane of the picture with many of the figures surrounded by halos, but unlike other versions, servants, dogs, and cats are also included The Last Supper
FTP, name this subject of paintings by Castagno and Tintoretto and a woodcut by Durer, whose most famous version features lunettes with the Sforza coat-of-arms above the main painting of Jesus Christ and his twelve apostles, a work by Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper
The slave girl "Pink" is depicted crouching in front of the main figure in this man's Henry Ward Beecher, and he designed the angelic choir in the St Savior Chapel and the statuary of the St Columba Chapel in New York's Church of St (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
John the Divine (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
His Mares of Diomedes was the first American sculpture to be placed in the Metropolitan Museum, but he is best known for his works of Americana such as his Sheridan statue in Chicago and the Abraham Lincoln statue in the Capitol rotunda (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
Best known for a work which he fought over with a local businessman, John Boland, and which was eventually finished by his son, Lincoln, FTP, name this American sculptor of Danish ancestry who designed the original Stone Mountain and the faces of four Ame (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
Rushmore. (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
A three dimensional sculpted version of this painting was recently completed by Mikhail Dronov and Alexander Taratynov in honor of the artist's 400th birthday The Night Watch [accept "Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lietuenant Willem van Ruytenburch" before it's read]
A man in the back waves a gold and blue striped flag, while the left foreground features a dwarf next to a man in a bright red outfit loading a gun The Night Watch [accept "Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lietuenant Willem van Ruytenburch" before it's read]
Behind him and to his left stands a brightly clad young girl wearing the symbols of the Arquebusiers, and a shield with 18 of their names on it sits above the gate in the background The Night Watch [accept "Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lietuenant Willem van Ruytenburch" before it's read]
The most notable features of this painting include a foreshortened gun in the left hand of Willem van Ruytenburch and the foreshortened left arm of the painting's commissioner The Night Watch [accept "Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lietuenant Willem van Ruytenburch" before it's read]
Misnamed because of many coats of dark varnish, FTP name this painting of the Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq, the most famous work of Rembrandt. The Night Watch [accept "Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lietuenant Willem van Ruytenburch" before it's read]
He was influenced by the Utrecht School and Carel Fabritius, of whose works he owned several and under whom he may also have studied Jan Vermeer
Among his less famous works are Woman with a Balance, whose wide interpretations include the soul's peril before worldly temptation, female virtue or grace, or the divine truth of revealed religion, while he is also known for several paintings featuring w Jan Vermeer
Only recently firmly believed to be the actual painter of one of the works best associated with him, FTP name this artist of Girl with a Pearl Earring. Jan Vermeer
Along with Rembrandt's Sea of Galilee, this painting is critiqued in Eric Avery's Haitian Interdiction print Watson and the Shark
This work's artist never visited the site depicted and gleaned most of the details from the engravings of Peter Canot, including its depiction of Morro Castle at the upper right Watson and the Shark
The title character, a future Lord Mayor of London, lies below two men in white shirts who reach out toward him Watson and the Shark
Modern theorists make much of the impassive stance of the African-American man in the center of this work, who limply holds a rope, while his white companion furiously thrusts a spear at one of the denizens of Havana harbor Watson and the Shark
FTP, identify this painting featuring a boat's crew attempting to rescue the title figure from a bloodthirsty animal, the most famous work of John Singleton Copley. Watson and the Shark
Gernit Rietveld's red/blue armchair and Schroder House are some of the most noted designs of this movement De Stijl (prompt on Neoplasticism)
However, the controversial introduction of the diagonal in a certain member's work alienated the movement's best known artist, who afterwards stopped contributing to the journal in which he had argued for "equilibration" between opposites realized through De Stijl (prompt on Neoplasticism)
Founded by Theo van Doesburg , this FTP, what modern art movements characterized by bold black lines and blocks of primary color, most commonly associated with Piet Mondrian. De Stijl (prompt on Neoplasticism)
His earliest works included landscapes such as Going West, produced during his tutelage under Albert Pinkham Ryder, and later works such as Frogman echoed the exploration of Jungian archetypes that influenced earlier works like Guardians of the Secret Jackson Pollock
This early work was also influenced by Orozco and Rivera Jackson Pollock
After Mural, a work that included elements of Thomas Hart Benton's techniques, he turned in the late 1940s to Galaxy and Eyes in the Heat, early examples of his "poured" painting technique Jackson Pollock
Art historians have argued that his work led to the viewer's association not with the subject but with the artist Jackson Pollock
Full Fathom Five is one of the best-known works of, FTP, this founder of the school of abstract expressionism. Jackson Pollock
On the bottom left of this painting a black-haired man holds his hands up in fright while turned away from the scene in the center "The Gross Clinic"
Two shadowy figures watch the title character from a large threshold on the right, while a man on the left looks down at a piece of paper on which he is writing "The Gross Clinic"
A man with large sideburns works to the right of the painting's central focus while on the left the grey-haired title character stands in a black waistcoat holding a scalpel "The Gross Clinic"
FTP name this painting in which medical students view a surgical demonstration by the titular Philadelphia doctor, a work of Thomas Eakins. "The Gross Clinic"
In reproductions of this work, the image of a woman screaming towards the sky is often excluded Guernica
In 1974, this painting was defaced with red spray paint and the words KILL LIES ALL Guernica
Commissioned for the 1937 World's Fair in Paris, this black and white work depicts a man trying to steal a baby from its mother, Lady Liberty carrying the lamp of democracy, a flower growing from a shattered vase, and a horse drowning in chaos Guernica
FTP, name anti-war Pablo Picasso painting named for a bombed Basque city. Guernica
This person depicts a wide-eyed, peasant-topped girl under a cloudy sky with left shoulder exposed, crosses to her left and tombstones to her right, in Orphan Girl at the Cemetery Ferdinand-Eugène-Victor Delacroix
A depiction of Louis IX on a white horse appears at center-left in this artist's unfinished The Battle of Tailleburg, while a chicken, hare, and lizard appear on the beach along with the titular crustacean in Still Life with Lobsters Ferdinand-Eugène-Victor Delacroix
Though later works like The Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople hardly reflect the fact, this artist began as a neoclassicist as can be seen in the The Barque of Dante Ferdinand-Eugène-Victor Delacroix
FTP, name this painter of Women of Algiers in Their Apartments, The Massacre at Chios, The Death of Sardanapalus, and Liberty Leading the People; one of the foremost French romantics. Ferdinand-Eugène-Victor Delacroix
One of his paintings shows a woman holding a withering pink flower next to a small dog Francisco de Goya
Another shows a boy in red standing between two funny looking chubby adults in the Palace of Aranjuez Francisco de Goya
He married the sister of Francisco Bayeu, who secured him the commission to decorate Church of the Virgin in Zaragoza Francisco de Goya
Influenced by Tiepolo, his Marquesa de Pontejos is in the style of Gainsborough Francisco de Goya
Deaf for much of his career, he made prints like Los Caprichos, and followed Velazquez's model in caricaturing The Family of Charles IV Francisco de Goya
Most famous for depicting a man in white executed by a firing squad, FTP, name this Spanish painter of Saturn Devouring his Children and The Third of May, 1808. Francisco de Goya
His self portaits include one "between clock and bed" and another as "the wanderer." A girl stands in front of a boat in his The Voice, and the title figure is naked and convulsing in his Madonna; those works join with his Ashes, Jealousy, and Melancholy Edvard Munch
He depicted the death of his sister from tuberculosis in The Sick Child, while the reactions of family members to a similar event are the subject of his Death in the Sick Room Edvard Munch
He considered most of his paintings to be a part of his series The Frieze of Life, including a work inspired during a walk along the Ljabrochaussàen, which shows the influence of Krakatoa in the red sky above the bald and elongated central figure who is c Edvard Munch
FTP, name this Norwegian painter of The Scream. Edvard Munch
This artist penned the influential text An Analysis of Beauty, which includes his argument for the perfect ogee-curve William Hogarth
One of his self-portraits includes his dog Trump, and his other works include Good Samaritan and The Fool of Bethesda William Hogarth
In his time, he was a sought-after portrait painter, producing notable portraits of Capt William Hogarth
Thomas Coram and David Garrick William Hogarth
He created sets which included characters such as Moll Hackabout and Dr William Hogarth
Misaubin, and some of his most famous pieces are Beer Street and Gin Lane William Hogarth
FTP, name this British artist best known for the series A Harlot's Progress and A Rake's Progress? William Hogarth
This 1948 painting is set in Cushing, Maine, where the artist spent his summers Christina's World
Near the top right of this painting, two ruts are in the ground, formed by an abandoned cart Christina's World
Located at the Museum of Modern Art, this work depicts a woman picking flowers from a garden Christina's World
That woman has a paralyzed lower body and is wearing a pink dress Christina's World
FTP, name this Andrew Wyeth painting. Christina's World
The original version of one of his most famous works gave one title figure large, awkward feet and knees, and was rejected Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
His early works included The Music Party and the realistic Boy with a Basket of Fruit Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
The success of The Cardsharps, one of his first independent works, attracted the patronage of Cardinal Del Monte, for whom he painted The Lute Player Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
His most famous cycle of paintings is displayed in the Contarelli Chapel of San Luigi dei Francesi Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
His Death of the Virgin scandalously featured bared legs and a swollen belly, and his other religious works included The Deposition of Christ and a three-part cycle on Matthew the Evangelist, including St Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
Matthew's Vocation Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
FTP, identify this mannerist painter of Supper at Emmaus. Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
Donatello's version of this scene was originally placed between his Bearded Prophet and Prophet with Scroll on the campanile of the Duomo The Sacrifice of Isaac or Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac or Isaac's Sacrifice or Abraham and Isaac
Raphael's fresco of this event on the ceiling of the Stanza d'Eliodoro shows two angels and a fire in the background The Sacrifice of Isaac or Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac or Isaac's Sacrifice or Abraham and Isaac
Another treatment quoted the Spinario and depicted the figure of a draped servant boy pulling a thorn from his foot, which was shown below a man grasping a loved one's neck The Sacrifice of Isaac or Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac or Isaac's Sacrifice or Abraham and Isaac
That version, a bronze relief, was the last sculpted work of Brunelleschi, who was upstaged by a cheaper design with hollow bronze figures by Ghiberti The Sacrifice of Isaac or Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac or Isaac's Sacrifice or Abraham and Isaac
The subject matter for the competition panels for the east doors of the Florentine Baptistry was, FTP, what Biblical scene in which Abraham prepared to kill his son? The Sacrifice of Isaac or Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac or Isaac's Sacrifice or Abraham and Isaac
An updated version of this piece was the artist's last painting and was given a name which commemorated the end of World War II Broadway Boogie-Woogie
The predominance of yellow in the original canvas was inspired by cabs zooming around a certain city, and this work was preceded by depictions of Trafalgar Square and the Place de la Concorde which prefigure it Broadway Boogie-Woogie
Although the color black has been completely eliminated from this work, it did not betray the principles its artist had espoused in his manifesto, Neo-Plasticism, more than 20 years earlier Broadway Boogie-Woogie
Primarily composed of tiny alternating rectangles of different colors, FTP, identify this De Stijl masterpiece, a depiction of New York street life set to a jazzy rhythm which is the most famous work of Piet Mondrian. Broadway Boogie-Woogie
The smoke rising from the burning buildings in the left background fills much of the canvas with inky darkness, while the composition of the figures that surround the primary scene was inspired by Rubens' Medici cycle The Barque of Dante
This work, its artist's first major achievement, caused Thiers to proclaim that "No canvas better reveals the future of a great painter." One bearded man in the bottom right bites the head of another as pale bodies writhe about the title character's party The Barque of Dante
Phlegyas can be seen from behind as he guides the titular vessel to safety in, FTP, this 1822 work that depicts a boat transporting Vergil and the author of the Inferno, a painting by Eugene Delacroix. The Barque of Dante
The background features a castle on the left side and a shepherd tending his flock on the upper right Sacred and Profane Love
A pair of rabbits hides underneath the trees that frame the primary figures Sacred and Profane Love
Two of the figures are divided by a marble relief that references the violence perpetrated on the Bagarotto family Sacred and Profane Love
Created as a wedding gift for Nicolo Aurelio's future bride, its youngest subject looks down and dips his right hand into the clear water at the center of the painting, while another figure wears a flowing orange robe and holds a lamp to the sky as she le Sacred and Profane Love
FTP, name this 1514 work housed in the Borghese Gallery that contrasts the images of two women who personify the opposition between different types of affection, a painting by Titian. Sacred and Profane Love
His public shows and "transparencies" were widely popular, though he suffered severe burns after his thousand-candle representation, Peace in the Clouds, set off 700 rockets Charles Wilson Peale
He studied in London where his first work of note, the allegorical Portrait of William Pitt, was produced Charles Wilson Peale
Notorious for secretly sketching Benjamin Franklin necking with a woman, his life-size depiction of two boys, The Staircase Group, began the trend of illusionist painting in America Charles Wilson Peale
An entrepreneur as well as a painter, he opened a namesake museum in Philadelphia and documented the unearthing of its greatest exhibit in Exhuming the Mastodon Charles Wilson Peale
FTP, name this painter of the Early Republic, perhaps best remembered for siring numerous sons, naming them for great artists, and painting the portrait Washington at the Battle of Princeton. Charles Wilson Peale
Often compared to a related mezzotint which shows a brooding figure seated on a low horizon, a copse of trees can be seen in the left side of the canvas, while the lower portion, depicting a ridge, is dominated by shades of black The Colossus or El Coloso (prompt on "The Giant" which was the original Spanish name and is occasionally used in Spain)
Only a donkey in the foreground remains undisturbed, as if trying to understand the hysteria that surrounds him The Colossus or El Coloso (prompt on "The Giant" which was the original Spanish name and is occasionally used in Spain)
The use of heavy impasto for the scattering caravan contrasts with the misty, cloudy look that dominates three-fourths of this work, which was probably based on Juan Arriaza's poem about a certain figure "caught by the fiery light of the setting sun" risi The Colossus or El Coloso (prompt on "The Giant" which was the original Spanish name and is occasionally used in Spain)
Presumably an allegory depicting the impact of the Napoleonic war on the painter's homeland, FTP, identify this 1812 work featuring an enormous bearded man, a painting by Francisco Goya. The Colossus or El Coloso (prompt on "The Giant" which was the original Spanish name and is occasionally used in Spain)
A bearded man in a blue robe puts his hand on the chest of a reclining young woman in this man's Raising of Jairus' Daughter Ilya Repin
Some distant mountains are lit by the sun while the title character sits in the shade to the left of three other men in his Job and his Friends Ilya Repin
He showed a man with outstretched arms and a woman clutching her hat in 1903's What a Freedom!, and his other works include St Ilya Repin
Nicholas Saves Three Innocents from Death and depictions of an author "in his study" and "as a ploughman in the field." His other portraits include ones of Dmitri Mendeleev and Pavel Tretyakov Ilya Repin
FTP, name this painter of Ivan the Terrible Killing His Son and The Volga Boatmen. Ilya Repin
One version of it was published as an accompaniment to Erasmus Darwin's The Botanic Garden, while another inspired Charles Nodier to write the story Smarra The Nightmare
Created 20 years before its artist began his Lectures on Painting at the Royal Academy, one of its subjects likely depicts his former lover, Anna Landolt The Nightmare
The original version now housed in the Detroit Institute of Arts features a side table and the edge of a vanity mirror on the right side of the canvas, while a curtain provides the background The Nightmare
One of the figures depicted in this work was used to model the title character's appearance in Nosferatu The Nightmare
That squat, impish creature looks out at the viewer and sits hunched on the chest of a woman who appears to be in a state of sensual pleasure The Nightmare
FTP, name this 1782 painting featuring a creepy horse and a bad night's sleep by Henry Fuseli. The Nightmare
One work with this name is set in what appears to be a hallway near a stone staircase and features the meeting of figures in medieval costume The Kiss
In that work the man wears a cape and a feathered cap, while the woman is in a blue dress The Kiss
Another work of this name is notable for the light, nondescript faces and clothes that blend into the blue-brown background The Kiss
These works by Francesco Hayez and Edvard Munch are not as well-known as a 1908 work which features a background inspired by the Ravenna mosaics The Kiss
In that painting a flowering field is spread out at the feet of a dark-haired male, whose neck is nearly perpendicular to his body, while the female kneels against him The Kiss
Both wear gold robes, though the male's has rectangular, solid-color decorations while the female's has circular ones The Kiss
FTP, Gustav Klimt painted the most famous version of what works named for an affectionate activity? The Kiss
X-ray analysis reveals that this work once contained the image of a putto unrolling a scroll in front of the central figure Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse
Five years later the artist produced a second copy of it, which is held in the Dulwich Gallery Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse
A bulky necklace of pearls contrasts with a golden-brown dress and hangs over the chest of the title figure, who was also once depicted by Henry Briggs in a double portrait with Fanny Kemble Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse
A feminine figure with head bowed and dagger in hand on the left and a gaping-mouthed figure clutching a chalice on the right represent pity and terror; they stand behind the title character, who is perched upon a throne among dark clouds and rendered in Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse
FTP, name this Joshua Reynolds painting of an actress as one of the nine Greek goddesses of the arts. Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse
One version of this work features a group of people in the upper left carrying banners with such phrases as "It is glad tiding of great joy" and "Good will to all men everywhere." Influenced by an Edward Westall illustration that commonly appeared in Ame The Peaceable Kingdom
Originally painted to provide support for the artist's Quaker preaching, common figures in the foreground include various children leading a tranquil menagerie including a lion, a lamb, and a leopard The Peaceable Kingdom
Chapter 11 of Isaiah served as the inspiration of, FTP, what series of paintings depicting the United States as an Edenic paradise which were created by Edward Hicks? The Peaceable Kingdom
The 1911 study for this work included a table with a vase near the window, which was not included in the finished product Self Portrait with Seven Fingers
That product was painted at a studio in La Ruche where the artist lived in communal squalor with Soutine, Léger, and others Self Portrait with Seven Fingers
The top of the work is dominated by shades of red which contrast with the planked floor of the room depicted Self Portrait with Seven Fingers
At the top right a simple farm house is depicted in a bubble on the wall; in the top left a window is opened to a view of the Eiffel Tower Self Portrait with Seven Fingers
In the center a tuxedo-clad artist is depicted as he works on a canvas features a floating woman in a white dress trying to milk a cow Self Portrait with Seven Fingers
FTP, name this anatomically suspect painting in which Marc Chagall depicts himself. Self Portrait with Seven Fingers
In 1997 Edwin Hall wrote a book about this work which discussed the inclusion of St The Arnolfini Wedding (or The Arnolfini Marriage)
Margaret emerging from the belly of a dragon, which can be seen carved above the back of a chair, to argue that Erwin Panofsky's influential interpretations are too simplistic The Arnolfini Wedding (or The Arnolfini Marriage)
Commissioned by its subject, a counselor to the Duke of Burgundy who made his money as a silk merchant, the year and the artist's signature can be seen above the mirror whose reflection depicts the artist himself The Arnolfini Wedding (or The Arnolfini Marriage)
That artist would go on to paint other famous portraits like The Madonna with the Chancellor Rolin The Arnolfini Wedding (or The Arnolfini Marriage)
Filled with details like a lit candle, a little dog, and a pair of discarded clogs, FTP, identify this work that depicts a man dressed in dark heavy wool and a big hat holding the hand of his betrothed, a painting by Jan van Eyck. The Arnolfini Wedding (or The Arnolfini Marriage)
The figures in the background are predominantly portrayed in brown and blue in order to distinguish them from the more brightly colored central group, which is surrounded by shades of red Washington Crossing the Delaware
Two horses can be seen in the rear as the sun creeps up illuminating the scene Washington Crossing the Delaware
Its artist used the Rhine as a model and copied the title figure's dress from an exhibition he had seen on a visit to America Washington Crossing the Delaware
Featuring several actual personages including Prince Whipple, a black patriot, and James Monroe, it depicts various men in fur hats struggling with ice floes that threaten to hit the foregrounded boat Washington Crossing the Delaware
Depicting an event that took place on Christmas Eve of 1776, FTP, identify this painting of the first president leading his army over a certain river, a work by Emmanuel Leutze. Washington Crossing the Delaware
While studying philosophy at Harvard he visited Alfred North Whitehead's lectures at Radcliffe, which were to influence his artistic philosophy starting with At Five in the Afternoon Robert Motherwell
He used large calligraphy for the painting Africa and dabbled in the style that would make him famous in "Indian Summer, #2," fully adapting that technique for the Open series Robert Motherwell
That same color-field method would inspire his wife to paint This Morning's Weather and Mountains and Sea, and characterized his most famous work, a cycle he described as the "black of death contrasted with the dazzle of a Matisse-like sunlight." FTP, nam Robert Motherwell
On this work's left, a cat carries a mouse in its mouth and a flock of birds extends from its upper left corner loop through a towering cave-like structure The Garden of Earthly Delights
Its center features numerous berry trees and for a time it was known as "The Picture with the Strawberry-Tree Fruits." Songbirds on the left look on as horses and cats are ridden in a circle around a central pool The Garden of Earthly Delights
Members of both sexes bathe communally in two pools in the center and left of this work's central panel and the left and right panels of this work depict the Garden of Eden and Hell The Garden of Earthly Delights
FTP, name this 1504 triptych by Hieronymus Bosch that depicts the worldly sinful pleasures of human life. The Garden of Earthly Delights
Paintings by this man feature a coyly smiling woman penning a titular Love Letter, a peasant boy and two Cupid-like infants hoisting a rosy-cheeked girl in The See-Saw , and a work featuring similar characters, with the girl blindfolded, Blindman's Bluff Jean-Honoré Fragonard
A stone statue of a cherub is to the left of the central figure of this man's most famous work, and that figure is illuminated by a shaft of light coming through the trees, kicking off one of her shoes and glancing knowingly at a concealed suitor Jean-Honoré Fragonard
FTP, name this French artist who depicted a woman in a pink dress being pushed by a man unaware that another is looking up her skirt in The Swing. Jean-Honoré Fragonard
While in Paris, this man painted pedestrians crossing Les Ponts des Arts and evoked an earlier painting with his depiction of a tower of the Louvre's Pavillon de Flore Edward Hopper
A painting by this man depicts a white-faced woman in green sitting across a table from her doppelganger at the titular restaurant, Chop Suey Edward Hopper
Another of his paintings depicts the long shadows of a curbside fire hydrant and barber's pole in front of closed red and green storefronts, Early Sunday Morning Edward Hopper
Another of his paintings features a sign for five-cent cigars above two hat-wearing men and a woman in a red dress patronizing the counter of a diner Edward Hopper
FTP, name this American painter of Nighthawks. Edward Hopper
A barely visible plowman on the right of the painting and a group of waders just to the left of center persist through the first of the title phenomena Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway
The most distinct figures in this work are paddling a small boat on the left side of the painting just to the right of a traditional stone-arch bridge Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway
Such rustic images are contrasted with the dark bridge at this painting's center, on which a nearly indistinguishable rabbit frantically dashes away from an oncoming vehicle Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway
FTP, name this work that features an onrushing train of the Great Western Railway, a painting by J.M.W Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway
Turner. Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway
Raymond Geselbracht contrasts this painting with the artist's bedroom scene Chambered Nautilus, and its central figure appeared seated and scowling in another painting called "Anna." A still-life by the same artist features a central blue door and is name Christina's World
Seven crooked and unevenly spaced posts demarcate a fence that sits in front of a shed and the two-gabled Olson house in this work's upper right corner Christina's World
A barn is depicted in the upper middle of this painting set in Cushing, Maine that is rife with brownish grass Christina's World
FTP, name this painting depicting a paralyzed girl in a pink dress looking towards her home, a work of Andrew Wyeth. Christina's World
The artist described this work as a metaphor for ideas that were a "solitary paranoiac-critical camembert." Several brick-like shapes adorn a work that features a giant fish and claims to be the "Disintegration" of this painting, and a white figure with a The Persistence of Memory or La persistencia de memoria
In the upper left, a broad, flat rectangle rests next to the seashore, while ants swarm a metallic object in the lower left The Persistence of Memory or La persistencia de memoria
The cliffs of Cadaques are depicted in the upper right of this work, and three distinctive images appear draped over a tree branch, the side of a rectangle, and on a white object The Persistence of Memory or La persistencia de memoria
FTP, name this painting that features three melting clocks, a work of Salvador Dali. The Persistence of Memory or La persistencia de memoria
A reimagination of this painting depicts a fruit-covered table, a forward-facing nude woman, and the title figure laid out on a sheet, and was done by Edvard Munch The Death of Marat
A work depicting the same scene shows a shelf containing three books, a large map on the back wall, and a woman in a black-and-white-striped dress, and was painted by Paul-Jacque-Aime Baudry The Death of Marat
In front of a green cloth, this painting depicts a wooden box, which serves as a table for an inkwell The Death of Marat
The title figure holds a quill in his right hand and a note in his left, and he lolls to his right while wearing a white sheet like a turban The Death of Marat
FTP, name this painting depicting a stabbed French revolutionary in his bathtub, a work by Jacques-Louis David. The Death of Marat
The painter of this work was inspired to paint it after finishing a Georgiano painting that depicts a thunderhead above a village on a hill in the upper right corner above the title figure Venus of Urbino
Beneath a column and a potted plant, two servants in a tapestried corner in the background rummage for garments in a cassone, a marriage chest Venus of Urbino
The title figure clutches a bunch of flowers in her braceleted right hand and rests beneath a black velvet curtain next to a curled-up dog, and she lies on a red sofa covered by a white sheet with her other hand covering her pubic area Venus of Urbino
FTP, name this painting that depicts a reclining goddess of love, a work by Titian. Venus of Urbino
One of this man's paintings depicts a girl wearing a blue dress and red hat who enigmatically glances to the right, and is titled The Terrace Pierre-Auguste Renoir
One of his paintings depicts a basket-toting red-haired woman in front of a crowd toting the title Umbrellas Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Portraits like Jeanne Samary and Madame Charpentier and Her Children provided his later income Pierre-Auguste Renoir
A child wearing a red bow is the subject of his Girl With a Watering Can, while another work depicts some bare-armed dudes in straw hats, women in fancy dresses, and men in top hats eating and commiserating under an awning Pierre-Auguste Renoir
FTP, name this French painter of Le Moulin de la Galette and Luncheon of the Boating Party. Pierre-Auguste Renoir
In Walter de la Mare's short story A Revenant, a professor who considers Poe's poetry "flawless mastery of method" sees this "curiously detached" painting flashing through his head The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
The title figure of this painting looks to the canvas's left and wears a wide-brimmed black hat, and an enormous tome by Andreas Vesalius is open at the lower right The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
Aris Knidt is the focal point of this painting, and he lies in its center as seven bearded gentlemen in black with poofy white collars look on The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
Knidt had earlier been hanged for armed robbery The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
FTP, name this portrait by Rembrandt, commissioned by the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons, that shows the titular physician dissecting a cadaver's hand. The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
Ernest Chesneau said that this figure's left hand "in the form of a toad, provokes hilarity," and T.J Olympia
Clark noted that her hand "enraged and exalted the critics as nothing else did." Dark green curtains hang in the right background and are drawn above and behind the main figure Olympia
Victorine Meurent posed for this painting, whose main figure wears a black ribbon around her neck, tan shoes, a bracelet, and a flower behind her ear Olympia
The main figure reclines upon rumpled bedclothes, and a black cat stands at right Olympia
To the left of the cat, a black servant brings flowers, presumably from the central figure's next client Olympia
FTP, name this 1863 painting of a reclining nude by Edouard Manet. Olympia
This painting's prequel depicts a crowd revolting against turban-wearing men with curved swords, The Charge of the Mamelukes The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid [accept anything with the correct date and year]
A six-chimneyed building with a tall spire lies in the background and the central scene is Principe Pio hill The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid [accept anything with the correct date and year]
A figure in white kneels and prays next to a man donning red and black who covers his head with his hands, and a figure in green stares with clenched fists at a dead body at his feet The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid [accept anything with the correct date and year]
Its most poignant figure lifts his hands in the air and stares helplessly at a line of blue-uniformed French soldiers pointing rifles at a crowd of Spaniards The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid [accept anything with the correct date and year]
FTP, name this Goya work depicting a massacre on a certain date. The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid [accept anything with the correct date and year]
On this work's far left, a sword-toting figure donning a red cloak points a staff upwards to banish tiny clouds from the central scene Primavera [or Allegory of Spring; accept Spring before it's mentioned]
The three Graces are dancing a rondel on this work's left-center, and to the right, the nymph Chloris is chased by the west wind Primavera [or Allegory of Spring; accept Spring before it's mentioned]
The central figure is atypically depicted with clothes on, and Cupid hovers among the fruit trees above that central figure while Flora spreads flowers in the clearing in which this painting is set Primavera [or Allegory of Spring; accept Spring before it's mentioned]
FTP, name this work featuring Venus that takes it name from the Italian for "spring;" a painting by Sandro Botticelli. Primavera [or Allegory of Spring; accept Spring before it's mentioned]
One of them depicts soldiers aiming at a group on horseback while two flying figures point towards an anvil-shaped rock and is titled Asmodea The Black Paintings or las pinturas negras
Others depict two old people eating, a mostly submerged dog, and two elderly monks The Black Paintings or las pinturas negras
Fantastic Vision and Fight with Cudgels are two of the most uncharacteristic, and one of the most famous depicts a shadowy, horned figure surrounded by a group of women, The Witches Sabbath The Black Paintings or las pinturas negras
This collections appears on the walls of the "Deaf Man's Villa." FTP, identify this series of paintings that contains Saturn Devouring his Sons, a set of Francisco Goya works named for their uniform use of a certain dark color. The Black Paintings or las pinturas negras
A turning point in the execution of this work is marked by a lack of painted a secco detailing The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (accept equivalents; prompt on partial answers)
This work features a section in which a small-headed blonde figure winds his way up a tree, expending his hand to a seated woman The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (accept equivalents; prompt on partial answers)
To the right of that scene, a figure in red uses a stick to send away a distraught man with his hands raised and a hunched woman The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (accept equivalents; prompt on partial answers)
An adjacent work by the same artist features a self-portrait of the artist in flayed skin and a bunch of souls getting cast down into heaven, The Last Judgment The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (accept equivalents; prompt on partial answers)
FTP, name this large fresco that features panels like The Creation of Eve and one in which God is almost touching Adam's finger, The Creation of Adam. The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (accept equivalents; prompt on partial answers)
One of his works shows a dove's silhouette on the sky above the beach, while another shows a winged man next to a lion and is called Homesickness Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte
Another of his paintings depicts a canvas that matches up with the view from a window in Euclidean Promenades Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte
He replaced the central figure of David's Madame Recamier with a coffin, and he depicted raining men in Golconde Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte
Another of his works has a contradictory inscription and depicts a pipe, while in another a train emerges from a fireplace Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte
FTP, name this painter who painted The Treachery of Images and Time Transfixed, also known for a work showing dude in a bowler hat with an apple in front of his face, Son of Man. Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte
His apprenticeship featured plein-air works such as Morning, while History shows an older man and a young boy sitting under the shade of an oak tree Edvard Munch
The Day After depicts a woman sleeping next to abandoned liquor bottles, while his Madonna offers herself to the viewer as she stands next to an embryo Edvard Munch
His self portraits include one "between a clock and a bed" and one "in hell." It was in Berlin that he began a 22 painting cycle that he would title The Frieze of Life, as well as complete his most celebrated pictures including Puberty and Vampire Edvard Munch
His most famous work depicts an orange and red sky in the background as a bald man on a bridge holds his head and emits the titular shout Edvard Munch
FTP, name this Norwegian artist of The Scream. Edvard Munch
This artist's The Siesta features his mortally ill wife Beatrice, while Maud Franklin was depicted in a fur coat and later as Effie Deans in a series of portraits James M. Whistler
He studied under Charles-Gabriel Gleyre while living in Paris, and his "French set" marked a revival in the field of etching James M. Whistler
Among his patrons was Charles Freer, whose museum houses the Peacock Room which this man designed to display his The Princess from the Land of Porcelain James M. Whistler
He summed up his views on aesthetics in the mock-ecclesiastical "Ten O'Clock Lecture," and Frederick Leyland suggested the name of his series entitled "Nocturnes." FTP, name this artist who painted Joanna Hiffernan as The White Girl and his mother in Arra James M. Whistler
1. James M. Whistler
His lost paintings include a fresco of giants in Padua and the Life of St Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
Benedict Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
One of his earliest extant works is a fresco depicting the mercenary Sir John Hawkwood, while his later The Profanation of the Host may have been painted in Urbino along with the now damaged Hunt in the Forest Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
He may have included a depiction of Alberti in his fresco cycle The Story of Noah Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
His most famous work is composed of three separate panels, featuring numerous lances as well as the unhorsing of the Sienese commander Bernardino della Carda Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
FTP, name this painter from Florence, whose nickname means bird and whose most famous work is The Battle of San Romano. Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
On the left side a dark haired nude kisses an androgynous face, while on the bottom right a young boy seems to be biting his prone mother Massacre at Chios or Massacre of Chios or Le Massacre de Scio or Scènes des massacres de Scio
Smoke rises from some buildings in the background and a naked woman with a snake wrapped around her left arm seems to be dancing next to a person covering their head Massacre at Chios or Massacre of Chios or Le Massacre de Scio or Scènes des massacres de Scio
Almost 14 feet long, its center features a darker skinned man lying on his side in a loincloth Massacre at Chios or Massacre of Chios or Le Massacre de Scio or Scènes des massacres de Scio
It was the artist's second submission to the Salon and like its predecessor, Barque of Dante, it uses unblended colors to great effect Massacre at Chios or Massacre of Chios or Le Massacre de Scio or Scènes des massacres de Scio
FTP, a Turkish soldier on a rearing horse dominates the right side of the canvas, which was painted to stir up sympathy for the 20,000 Greeks who had been killed on the namesake island, in what work by Eugene Delacroix? Massacre at Chios or Massacre of Chios or Le Massacre de Scio or Scènes des massacres de Scio
Now housed at Hertford House, London, it was originally known as Portrait of a Man, but got its now-standard name after Richard Seymour-Conway purchased it at auction in 1865 The Laughing Cavalier
The title figure's sleeve has ten buttons and he sports a black cumberbund and cravat, both of which match his hat, which is slightly askew The Laughing Cavalier
It was painted three years before its artist completed his Banquet of the St The Laughing Cavalier
Hadrian Civic Guard and from the writing in the upper right, we know that its subject is 26 years old, though he doesn't seem to be affecting the titular expression The Laughing Cavalier
FTP, identify this best-known work of Franz Hals. The Laughing Cavalier
Among the more notable of his studio assistants were James Northcote and Giussepe Marchi, who toiled with him for more than three decades Joshua Reynolds
He painted social scenes like Ladies Adorning a Term of Hymen and historical works, as in the large The Infant Hercules he finished at St Joshua Reynolds
Petersburg Joshua Reynolds
While his frequent trips abroad would result in the publication of A Journey to Flanders and Holland, it was his 15 part series of lectures that best captured his philosophy of painting Joshua Reynolds
He could be simple, as when he depicted Nelly O' Brien with a dog in her lap or Samuel Johnson in profile, but he is best remembered for a much more dramatic portrait of a famous actress in costume Joshua Reynolds
FTP, name this author of the Discourses on Painting, the British artist who created Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse. Joshua Reynolds
One of the two putti in this work seems to be jabbing St Madonna of the Harpies
Francis in the stomach with his wing Madonna of the Harpies
The other looks down at the foot of St Madonna of the Harpies
John, whose depiction was modeled on a statue by Sansovino that this work's artist admired Madonna of the Harpies
Ferdinand de Medici wanted to acquire this work so badly that he offered the nuns of San Francesco dei Macci a copy by Pertrucci as well a complete restoration of their church in exchange for it Madonna of the Harpies
It is now housed in the Uffizi, where patrons can still see the four aforementioned figures flanking the title woman who stands on a pedestal decorated with reliefs of mythological monsters Madonna of the Harpies
FTP, identify this 1517 work, the masterpiece of Andrea del Sarto. Madonna of the Harpies
His collaboration with the poets Carmen Sylva and Richard Dehmel, among others, was published posthumously as Stella Peregrina Franz Marc
While his early work inspired by Van Gogh resulted in such nature studies as Larch Sapling, his later works, including Playing Forms and Fighting Forms, are non-representational Franz Marc
He contributed the essay "Wild Germany" to an artistic almanac released in 1912, and his large compositions include the canvases Mandrill and Fate of Animals Franz Marc
These paintings marked the zenith of his mature approach which depicted prismatically shattered animal forms Franz Marc
FTP, identify this artist, whose painting of two equines named the movement he founded with Wasily Kandinsky, The Blue Rider. Franz Marc
One section of this work features a cloudlike white palace and consists of a landscape that partly hides a mountain range on the right The Voyage of Life
The first painting of this series is dominated by a cave representing "the mysterious Past," while the fourth depicts a dove illuminated by golden rays of light The Voyage of Life
All paintings but the last contain an hourglass attached to the prow of a golden boat, which is steered by an angel due to the infancy of the central figure The Voyage of Life
Unlike its painter's earlier historical series The Course of Empire, it centers on that solitary figure's allegorical journey on a river before reaching the ocean and ascending to heaven The Voyage of Life
Consisting of "Childhood," "Youth," "Manhood," and "Old Age," FTP, identify this series of paintings by Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life
In Nikolai Ge's version, the central figure wears brown and reclines on a bed The Last Supper
Dirk Bouts' version is the center panel of the Altarpiece of the Holy Sacrament, and includes four servants in the background The Last Supper
The figures are barefoot in Jacopo Bassano's version, while Andrea del Castagno's version features an isolated figure sitting in the foreground on one side of a long white table The Last Supper
The central figure has a brilliant halo in Tintoretto's version, which is set on a diagonal, while another version portrays Judas' face in shadow The Last Supper
FTP, name this scene from the New Testament most famously painted by Leonardo da Vinci, which depicts the final meal eaten before the betrayal of Jesus. The Last Supper
In one work by this artist a large white cat sits in the lap of a man clad in a blue sweater in front of some bay windows, while another work by this man shows Nick Wilder in front of an apartment complex David Hockney
His experiments with Polaroid photo collages yielded works like You make the picture, Zion Canyon, Utah, and his other portraits include one "surrounded by artistic devices." The Metropolitan Museum contains his Mount Fuji and Flowers, and he also created David Hockney
FTP, name this painter of Mr David Hockney
and Mrs David Hockney
Clark and Percy, a contributor to British pop art in the 1960s who paints front lawns, men taking showers, and lots of swimming pools as seen in works like A Bigger Splash. David Hockney
His early works such as The Remains of a Poet drew on his experiences as a clerk, while he turned to literary inspiration for Hamlet Following the Ghost of his Father Aubrey Beardsley
He illustrated his own novella Under the Hill, which was a version of the Tannhauser story Aubrey Beardsley
Also controversial were the eight illustrations he created for an edition of Aristophanes' Lysistrata Aubrey Beardsley
Other illustrations included a series done for Le Morte d'Arthur, but he is better known for his work with such magazines as The Savoy and The Yellow Book Aubrey Beardsley
Noted for his black-and-white ink work, FTP, name this Art Nouveau artist most famous for his illustrations of Oscar Wilde's Salomé. Aubrey Beardsley
This artwork is depicted in the top center of the fourth work in William Hogarth's Marriage A-la-Mode series Jupiter and Io (accept Io and Jupiter; do not accept "Zeus and Io")
Originally commissioned by the Duke of Mantua, it is currently housed at Vienna's Museum of Art History Jupiter and Io (accept Io and Jupiter; do not accept "Zeus and Io")
The extreme lower portion of the work depicts the rocky shore of a small stream Jupiter and Io (accept Io and Jupiter; do not accept "Zeus and Io")
On that shore sits a large vase, overgrown by vines and earth Jupiter and Io (accept Io and Jupiter; do not accept "Zeus and Io")
Atop the overgrowth, the central figure lies on a large white sheet Jupiter and Io (accept Io and Jupiter; do not accept "Zeus and Io")
On the left, a tree is enveloped by a dark gray cloud from which emerges a paw-like form that caresses the central figure as a face emerges to kiss her Jupiter and Io (accept Io and Jupiter; do not accept "Zeus and Io")
FTP, name this work by Correggio depicting the rape of an Argive princess who was subsequently transformed into a heifer?. Jupiter and Io (accept Io and Jupiter; do not accept "Zeus and Io")
One of his works depicts Father Magloire in a blue shirt and sandals walking down a sandy road Gustave Caillebotte
He depicted a series of kayaks near the location of his family property at Yerres, though his later work centered on Paris, where he created a number of paintings of snowy rooftops Gustave Caillebotte
Near his death he focused primarily on his garden, painting Dahlias, the Garden at Petit-Gennevilliers, while his early work includes painting urban toil as in The Housepainters and The Floor-Scrapers Gustave Caillebotte
His best known piece, which is at the Art Institute of Chicago, depicts a number of his impressionist friends and numerous folks carrying umbrellas Gustave Caillebotte
FTP, name this artist of Paris Street, Rainy Day. Gustave Caillebotte
At one point in this work, a character goes to Shell-heap Island to visit the grave of Joanna, who lived in isolation after her fiancé deserted her The Country of the Pointed Firs
Its author wrote four additions to this work, including "The Queen's Twin," "The Foreigner," and another which introduces Esther Hight The Country of the Pointed Firs
One of the more famous sections concerns a journey to the North Pole by the reclusive Captain Littlepage, which is followed by the narrator's visit to Green Island, where she meets Mrs The Country of the Pointed Firs
Blackett The Country of the Pointed Firs
As the volume opens, the narrator leaves Boston for the coastal town of Dunnett Landing, where she befriends the widowed herbalist Almira Todd The Country of the Pointed Firs
FTP, name this series of sketches published in 1896 by Sarah Orne Jewett. The Country of the Pointed Firs
One figure that can be discerned in the lower left of this work wears a black and green top hat, while a mostly red figure at the front and center carries a black sword and wears a yellow pointy hat Christ's Entry into Brussels (or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
It depicts social reformer Emile Littre as a bishop Christ's Entry into Brussels (or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
On the right, a clown in green and red stands on top of a green platform Christ's Entry into Brussels (or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
They overlook a throng of people, some of whom hold signs, including one saying "Doctrinaire fanfares always succeed." Originally rejected by The Twenty, a group its creator helped found, a prominent banner at the top reads "Vive La Sociale," under which Christ's Entry into Brussels (or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
FTP, name this work depicting Jesus coming into the titular Belgian city, a work of James Ensor. Christ's Entry into Brussels (or Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889)
He adapted Joseph Blackburn's portrait d'apparat method for his works depicting a fat-looking woman with a blue book in Mrs John Singleton Copley
James Russell, Katherine Graves, an old elegant lady with a hint of a mustache in Mrs John Singleton Copley
Thomas Boylston, and a red-coated Samuel Adams John Singleton Copley
Influenced by John Smibert, his later historical works include The Death of the Earl of Chatham and The Death of Major Peirson John Singleton Copley
His The Boy with a Squirrel got him noticed, and he also painted a famous portrait of Paul Revere at his silver shop John Singleton Copley
FTP, name this American artist who depicted a dangerous incident occurring in Havana harbor in his Watson and the Shark. John Singleton Copley
This artist depicted Judith against a serene mountainous landscape in flowing red dress with a tree rising over her left shoulder Giorgione or Giorgio Barbarelli (or Giorgio da Castelfranco before mentioned)
Little remains of the frescoes he painted for the exterior of the Fondaco dei Tedeschi or the German Warehouse, which is now the Post Office in Venice Giorgione or Giorgio Barbarelli (or Giorgio da Castelfranco before mentioned)
Other works attributed to him include a canvas dubbed The Three Philosophers perhaps completed by del Piombo, a Madonna in his home town of Castelfranco, and the Sleeping Venus Giorgione or Giorgio Barbarelli (or Giorgio da Castelfranco before mentioned)
His best known work features a huddled woman in white sitting on a rock across from an upright soldier in red posed against a threatening sky Giorgione or Giorgio Barbarelli (or Giorgio da Castelfranco before mentioned)
FTP, name this Italian painter of The Tempest. Giorgione or Giorgio Barbarelli (or Giorgio da Castelfranco before mentioned)
It is often cited as the secular analogue to the Lamentation at the Cappella di Eleonora Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (accept Allegory of Love or The Triumph of Venus)
The old woman on the left is holding her head, while another figure has a young girl's face and offers a honeycomb Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (accept Allegory of Love or The Triumph of Venus)
Painted as a gift for Francis I, a white dove can be seen on one side, while two masks lie strewn on the lower right Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (accept Allegory of Love or The Triumph of Venus)
One of the title figures has a bald head and uses his long arm to draw back a blue curtain at the top of the painting Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (accept Allegory of Love or The Triumph of Venus)
Another title figure is a smiling nude boy who clutches a handful of rose petals Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (accept Allegory of Love or The Triumph of Venus)
Meanwhile, the two central titular figures are portrayed embracing Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (accept Allegory of Love or The Triumph of Venus)
FTP, name this Mannerist masterpiece by Agnolo Bronzino. Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (accept Allegory of Love or The Triumph of Venus)
The artist of these pieces stated that he was inspired by memories of his childhood and particularly a friend who sang a playful song near the water of a brook Woman series
Meyer Schapiro persuaded that artist to continue working, and one of these works may borrow from the artist's own "Self-Portrait with Imaginary Brother." First exhibited at the Sidney Janis gallery, these pieces were followed by a group on urban landscap Woman series
One of them depicts a bicycle while another is described as a landscape; its artist briefly halted their production but resumed upon spotting a cigarette advertisement in a magazine Woman series
FTP, name these six paintings of abstract expressionism, a numbered series by Willem de Kooning. Woman series
In this painting, the tiny bird and flower pattern lining the bottom of the left figure's outfit blends seamlessly with numerous rows of three red blotches The Two Fridas or Las Dos Fridas
MacKinley Helm spent time interviewing the artist during the production of this work, in which the tiny egg-shaped object held in the left hand of the rightmost figure is actually a miniature portrait of the artist's lover The Two Fridas or Las Dos Fridas
Set on a green woven bench against the backdrop of a cloudy gray and black sky, it was painted during the artist's divorce proceedings, and shows a pair of surgical scissors severing the artery that connects the exposed hearts of the titular figures, a wo The Two Fridas or Las Dos Fridas
FTP, identify this portrait representing both of the contrasting backgrounds of its artist, Miss Kahlo. The Two Fridas or Las Dos Fridas
Subjects of this man's early works include a barren streetcorner marked by a leafless tree and a run-down industrial plant with ruts leading up to it Paul Signac
The Gennevilliers Road and Gas Tanks at Clichy were painted after this artist ended his training with Jean-Baptiste Bin Paul Signac
Later in life he would introduce the idea of musical tempo into his work, as exhibited in his Presto, while his brief pure color period can be seen in the bright orange hillside that provides the setting for his Women at the Well Paul Signac
Among his best-known paintings are those of a pine tree and the harbor at that location, St Paul Signac
Tropez Paul Signac
Later works include the wildly psychedelic portrait of his friend Felix Feneon, which represented a departure from his roots in Divisionism Paul Signac
The author of From Delacroix to Neo-Impressionism, this is, for 10 points, what artist who together with Georges Seurat developed pointillism. Paul Signac
This piece is framed at the top by a semicircular arch under a central gable with a relief of the torso of a robed man touching his hands to his chest Four Crowned Martyrs or Four Crowned Saints or Quattro Santi Coronati
The marble relief below this sculpture group shows the construction of a spiral column on the left and a nude cherub on the right in a workshop scene depicting its main subjects in action Four Crowned Martyrs or Four Crowned Saints or Quattro Santi Coronati
This sculpture group shows a set of Romanesque-figured men in togas somberly facing each other inside a semicircular niche, and was commissioned by a guild of stone and woodworkers in homage to a group of artists executed for refusing to build a statue of Four Crowned Martyrs or Four Crowned Saints or Quattro Santi Coronati
Located along with works by Ghiberti and Donatello in Florence's Or San Michele, this is, FTP, what sculpture group depicting a quartet of doomed Christian sculptors, the masterpiece of Nanni di Banco? Four Crowned Martyrs or Four Crowned Saints or Quattro Santi Coronati
A later self-portrait by this painting's artist in which he is wearing a blue sweater features it in the background, though most of the people depicted in the original painting are not present The Yellow Christ or Le Christ Jaune
A man and two children can be seen climbing over a short wall that runs across this painting, and a winding path leads down to a row of four houses The Yellow Christ or Le Christ Jaune
A set of brown cliffs can be seen in background on the left, though on the right they are obscured by a large hill The Yellow Christ or Le Christ Jaune
Reddish-brown trees dot the majority of the hilly landscape behind the title figure The Yellow Christ or Le Christ Jaune
In the foreground sits a woman wearing a grey wimple, and next to her sit a woman in bright blue and another in black and white, all facing the title character The Yellow Christ or Le Christ Jaune
That character is modeled after an anonymous painting created for a chapel in Tremalo The Yellow Christ or Le Christ Jaune
For ten points name this painting in which the crucifixion is depicted in a certain color by Paul Gaugin. The Yellow Christ or Le Christ Jaune
One character at the center of this painting is an entirely red dwarf who hunches against a column with a dark parrot on his arm, while two soldiers are conspicuously milling about in German dress The Feast in the House of Levi or Convito in casa di Levi or La Cena in casa di Levi
A black and white dog sits in the front center on a raised platform; the platform is accessible by gradually ascending the stairs in the lower corners The Feast in the House of Levi or Convito in casa di Levi or La Cena in casa di Levi
The background is dominated by an arcade of three massive arches, beyond which city buildings rise, including a white tower at center The Feast in the House of Levi or Convito in casa di Levi or La Cena in casa di Levi
Commissioned for the refectory of the Dominican monastery of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, it now sits in the Academy in Venice The Feast in the House of Levi or Convito in casa di Levi or La Cena in casa di Levi
It was renamed in the wake of heresy charges and completed a decade after its artist's other masterpiece, The Marriage at Cana The Feast in the House of Levi or Convito in casa di Levi or La Cena in casa di Levi
FTP, name this painting which depicts the Last Supper, but was named by its artist Veronese to reflect the festive banquet taking place at the title place. The Feast in the House of Levi or Convito in casa di Levi or La Cena in casa di Levi
This man's writings include the unfinished novel M Giorgio de Chirico
Dudron's Adventure Giorgio de Chirico
This artist's fruit paintings include Transformed Dream, while a bunch of brightly-colored toys dominate his Evil Genius of a King Giorgio de Chirico
Nude men wading through pools is the subject of his set of prints entitled Mysterious Bathers, while paintings in a more classical style include the Horses by the Sea paintings Giorgio de Chirico
Experiments with lithography culminated in The Grand Metaphysician, while Still-Life with Silverware and Self-Portrait in Black Costume exemplify his "neo-baroque" period Giorgio de Chirico
He produced over twenty versions of his painting of three mannequins on a wooden pedestal, Disquieting Muses, but better-known are his "arcade paintings" including one featuring a girl rolling a large hoop in the shadowy title locale Giorgio de Chirico
For 10 points name this surrealist artist of Mystery and Melancholy of a Street. Giorgio de Chirico
The otherwise empty right side of this painting is highlighted by a projection of wheat crops in the lower right corner, three trees above them, and a distant image of sheep grazing in an enclosed pen amidst the background of a cloudy sky over the fields Mr. and Mrs. Andrews or Robert Andrews and his Wife
An unfinished patch was left in the female subject's lap, and like her floppy sun hat and tiny pink slippers, contrasts with her enormously oversized pastel blue dress Mr. and Mrs. Andrews or Robert Andrews and his Wife
That space was probably meant to be filled with the image of a pheasant killed by the man to her left, who wears a tri-cornered hat and stands leaning against the bench she sits on, a hunting rifle tucked underneath his arm Mr. and Mrs. Andrews or Robert Andrews and his Wife
FTP, identify this portrait honoring the marriage of an 18th Century Suffolk couple, painted by Thomas Gainsborough. Mr. and Mrs. Andrews or Robert Andrews and his Wife
On the right end of this painting, a saw and a split log with a stick and an ax resting on it lie on the floor, beneath the bench where a bearded man in brown constructs a mousetrap, symbolizing the role of the cross as a trap against Satan Merode Altarpiece
An open door and the brick walls of a castle with a guard perched in front form the backdrop of the left end, where a man in black and a woman in a red garment and white veil kneel in awe Merode Altarpiece
Between these depictions of Joseph as a carpenter and this painting's donors, a vase, a candle, and an open book rest on the table in the center panel of this work, which shows an angel approaching an oblivious Virgin Mary, who wears a flowing red dress a Merode Altarpiece
FTP, identify this three part altarpiece showing an annunciation scene, a work by Robert Campin, the Master of Flemalle. Merode Altarpiece
He painted a version of Monet's Luncheon On the Grass with a deliberate misspelling in its French title which featured a brown fish and an egg-plant laid on a white cloth Max Ernst
One work by this artist depicts an airplane with human arms flying over an open field as a wounded soldier is being carried away, while another work depicts a human like figure who has a tilted cylindrical head with green hair and spins on a top in a barr Max Ernst
In addition to Murdering Airplane and Ubu Imperator, he made several works featuring the birdman Loplop which appear in his collage novels such as La Femme 100 têtes and Une Semaine de bonté, but he is better known for Pieta or Revolution by Night, and a Max Ernst
For 10 points, identify this German surrealist who made famous such techniques as grattage and frottage. Max Ernst
Scenes of a castle siege and knights on a white horse decorate the woven red tapestry folded over in front of the title character's lap The Lady of Shalott
Three white candles, only of one which is lit, a lantern, and a miniature statue of Christ on the cross appear to the right of the title character, who was also depicted in a 1915 painting sitting at a loom, wearing a long red dress, and being "Half-Sick The Lady of Shalott
FTP, identify this John William Waterhouse painting of a woman who lived alone on an island near Camelot and was also the title character of an Alfred, Lord Tennyson poem. The Lady of Shalott
In one of his paintings, a white-haired man in a red cape leans over his harp asleep as gray-and-white figures of warriors appear in the clouds above him, representing his dream Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
In another of his paintings, a royal figure from Toledo kneels as he extends his hat back with his left arm and leans over to kiss a rapier on a pillow Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
In addition to painting The Dream of Ossian, this painter depicted the composer Cherubini with the muse of lyric poetry Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
He painted a nude woman stretching one arm over her head as she pours out a water jug in The Source, while this painter of Portrait of Countess D'Haussonville also painted The Valpincon Bather Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Perhaps his most famous portrait shows a blue-dressed woman with a red bow in her hair appearing to scratch her chin Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
FTP, identify this painter of the Apotheosis of Homer, who painted too many vertebrae on the woman in La Grande Odalisque. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
This artist depicts an old woman peering out from a vase of flowers on a ledge in his Bouquet of Margueritas, while his mythological scenes include "Oedipus Taken from the Tree" and "Offering to Pan." He depicted a much-loved family meeting place in The C Jean Francois Millet
One of his more famous paintings was originally commissioned by Thomas Appleton, though he later refused it and the artist added a steeple to the canvas; Salvador Dalí authored a manuscript on the "tragic myth" of that painting Jean Francois Millet
His most famous work features three people bent over in different-colored bonnets, while other characteristic works include The Angelus and The Potato Planters Jean Francois Millet
FTP, name this Barbizon school naturalist best known for The Gleaners. Jean Francois Millet
Juan de Arfe is sometimes referred to as the Spanish version of this artist Benvenuto Cellini
One work attributed to him at the National Gallery of Art in Washington depicts the creation of the Hippocrene fountain Benvenuto Cellini
He borrowed imagery from a lost fresco of Rosso Fiorentino to create a bronze lunette which depicts a woman reclining among hounds who drapes her arm around a stag, the Nymph of Fontainebleau Benvenuto Cellini
His best known work includes a group of four seahorses and features one character placing his hand upon a ship, while his legs intertwine with the goddess Ceres who rests her hand upon an ionic temple Benvenuto Cellini
The Loggia dei Lanzi houses his "Perseus Holding the Head of Medusa" and he is also known for being repeatedly convicted of sodomy and shooting the Prince of Orange Benvenuto Cellini
FTP, name this artist who gave to Francis I the gift of an enamel, ivory, and gold Saltcellar. Benvenuto Cellini
This painting is bookended on each side by maroon chairs with tassles and gold studs The Art of Painting [or The Allegory of Painting; or The Allegory of the Art of Painting; or Die Allegorie der Malerei]
The image on the wall in this painting is, as in many other works by its artist, labeled with the word "Descriptio," its creators being known as "World Describers The Art of Painting [or The Allegory of Painting; or The Allegory of the Art of Painting; or Die Allegorie der Malerei]
The lack of candles in the golden chandelier adorned with a double-headed eagle in this work is likely a reference to the suppression of the painter's faith The Art of Painting [or The Allegory of Painting; or The Allegory of the Art of Painting; or Die Allegorie der Malerei]
A large tapestry serves as a repoussoir, held back by the chair on the left The Art of Painting [or The Allegory of Painting; or The Allegory of the Art of Painting; or Die Allegorie der Malerei]
Black and white tile belies this painting's meager setting and led to its misidentification as a work of Peter de Hooch The Art of Painting [or The Allegory of Painting; or The Allegory of the Art of Painting; or Die Allegorie der Malerei]
One figure, wearing a poofy black and white slashed doublet, has his back to the viewer and rests his right arm on a maulstick, while the other figure wears holds a book and a trumpet in the guise of Clio The Art of Painting [or The Allegory of Painting; or The Allegory of the Art of Painting; or Die Allegorie der Malerei]
For 10 points, name this work that symbolically depicts an artist painting a posing subject, by Jan Vermeer. The Art of Painting [or The Allegory of Painting; or The Allegory of the Art of Painting; or Die Allegorie der Malerei]
In response to the death of Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso painted a set of fifteen variations of this painting Women of Algiers in their Apartment
An ornately drawn picture of a flower vase highlights the center of the ivory wall in the background, which is offset by a slightly ajar set of double doors to the right and the slanted mirror above Women of Algiers in their Apartment
An unworn red slipper rests in front of the jeweled necklace wearing figure lounging on a set of pillows in the lower left corner, the only one of the title characters directly facing the viewer Women of Algiers in their Apartment
To the right, a standing black servant woman looks back at the other two title characters, who are enjoying a private moment with a hookah Women of Algiers in their Apartment
FTP, identify this orientalist painting of ladies in a North African harem, a work of Eugene Delacroix. Women of Algiers in their Apartment
This work was submitted by its artist as a contrasting companion piece to an identically-sized canvas The Concealed Enemy Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
The background features only a small clump of green foliage in the center Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
The grizzled character on the right wears a stocking cap and a red shirt while smoking a pipe, while the other character in a blue shirt appears more amicable and sprawls lazily across the center of the canvas Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
On the left, we see a shadowy black cat which appears to be a pet since it is on a tether; the central character holds a pouch and a dead duck Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
The two characters depicted are father and son, though the son is half-white Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
Held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art since 1932, FTP, name this classic of American genre painting, in which George Caleb Bingham depicts two men peacefully floating down a certain river. Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
One of these works shows the fur clothing a polish nobleman Rembrandt's Self-Portraits (accept equivalents, i.e., depictions of himself, drawings of himself, etc.) prompt on portraits or pictures of Rembrandt
Another one depicts an oriental prince behind a dog posing with a dark red feather in his turban, while another finds the central figure attired after Titian's Ariosto Rembrandt's Self-Portraits (accept equivalents, i.e., depictions of himself, drawings of himself, etc.) prompt on portraits or pictures of Rembrandt
Two enormous semi-circles can be seen behind a white haired figure in the version painted at Kenwood Rembrandt's Self-Portraits (accept equivalents, i.e., depictions of himself, drawings of himself, etc.) prompt on portraits or pictures of Rembrandt
There are also numerous poster card size versions that show a man in "studio attire" and one depicting the scene of the prodigal son in a tavern Rembrandt's Self-Portraits (accept equivalents, i.e., depictions of himself, drawings of himself, etc.) prompt on portraits or pictures of Rembrandt
In a more famous example, the central figure, draped in red, raises a glass to his wife Saskia, that work was painted one year before its subject's more famous The Blinding of Samson was completed Rembrandt's Self-Portraits (accept equivalents, i.e., depictions of himself, drawings of himself, etc.) prompt on portraits or pictures of Rembrandt
For ten points, identify this series of drawings and paintings by a certain Dutch who also painted Night Watch. Rembrandt's Self-Portraits (accept equivalents, i.e., depictions of himself, drawings of himself, etc.) prompt on portraits or pictures of Rembrandt
This man's works such as Israel and the Law and Frieze of Prophets were painted for the Triumph of Religion series at the Boston Public Library John Singer Sargent
He painted portraits of Frederick Law Olmstead and Lady Agnew of Lochnaw, in addition to depicting Evelyn, Mabel, and Mildred Vickers in The Misses Vickers John Singer Sargent
He also depicted soldiers holding rifles walking in a file with bandages over their eyes in Gassed, while a better known work shows two girls lighting Chinese lanterns and is called Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose John Singer Sargent
Better known for a scandalous depiction of Virginie Gautreau, for 10 points, identify this American artist of Madame X. John Singer Sargent
One of the figures at the left of this painting stares at the title figure while clutching a large vase Madonna of the Long Neck [accept Madonna with the Long Neck; prompt on Madonna dal Collo Longo]
The central figure's bare foot pokes out from behind some blue satin in front of a green pillow stacked atop a red pillow in the bottom center of this work Madonna of the Long Neck [accept Madonna with the Long Neck; prompt on Madonna dal Collo Longo]
A bare-chested, toga-clad man unrolls a scroll in the bottom right, and he stands next to a single white column Madonna of the Long Neck [accept Madonna with the Long Neck; prompt on Madonna dal Collo Longo]
The central female rests her hand on her breast in front of her brown braided ponytail, and is looking down at an enormous baby that is sprawled out across her lap Madonna of the Long Neck [accept Madonna with the Long Neck; prompt on Madonna dal Collo Longo]
For 10 points, name this work by Parmigianino that depicts the infant Christ held by a lengthily-trunked Mary. Madonna of the Long Neck [accept Madonna with the Long Neck; prompt on Madonna dal Collo Longo]
A man in armor stands in a boat kissing a naked woman in his Deliverance of Arsinoe Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
Angels radiate out in circular rows in his largest painting, Paradise, which was executed with help from his son Domenico, and a figure sucks at a woman's breast, causing stars to fly out, in his Origin of the Milky Way Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
He painted the ceiling of Scuola di San Rocco, and St Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
Mark descends from the sky in an orange cape in his Miracle of the Slave Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
Another of his works is housed in the San Giorgio Maggiore and depicts angels circling a chandelier and depicts the title act on a diagonal axis Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
For 10 points, name this late Renaissance painter of The Last Supper whose name means "little dyer." Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
This artist created the Fountain of the Bees for the Barberini family and sculpted busts like Damned Soul and Blessed Soul Gianlorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
His works in the Galleria Borghese include one that depicts the three title figures fleeing from Troy, and one that depicts a woman turning into a tree Gianlorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
In addition to Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius and Apollo and Daphne, he designed the oval church of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale Gianlorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
He sculpted a work in the Piazza Navona which includes representations of the Nile and the Ganges and one which shows an angel pointing a spear at the title figure Gianlorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
For 10 points, name this Italian sculptor of The Fountain of the Four Rivers and The Ecstacy of Saint Theresa. Gianlorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
In one of his works, three nude women can be seen in room with his most famous work in the background of the painting, and his series of "concert café" paintings such as At the Concert Europeen notably use the Conté crayon Georges-Pierre Seurat
He also depicted performers doing the can-can in his Le Chahut, and another painting sees a boy standing in the water with his hands near his mouth as another boy rests his legs in the water Georges-Pierre Seurat
In addition to Bathers at Asnieres, he is best known for a work depicting several people relaxing near a waterway as a woman with a large behind has a monkey on a leash Georges-Pierre Seurat
For 10 points, name this pointillist painter of Sunday Afternoon on La Grande Jatte. Georges-Pierre Seurat
It has been nicknamed "the forest," because each beam in its construction came from a different tree the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris ["Paris" is not necessary after it is said]
A later addition to it was performed by Bellu, who created a second spire on an octagonal base supported by four transept pillars the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris ["Paris" is not necessary after it is said]
One of its windows, designed by Jean de Chelles and Pierre de Montreuil, has corner pieces that represent the descent into Hell and the resurrection of Christ the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris ["Paris" is not necessary after it is said]
Unlike that South Rose Window, its transept and famous spire were rebuilt in the 1800s in an effort led by Eugene Viollet-le-Duc the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris ["Paris" is not necessary after it is said]
Originally constructed under the orders of Maurice de Sully and found on the Ile de la Cite, for 10 points, name this Gothic cathedral located in Paris. the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris ["Paris" is not necessary after it is said]
His last work, based on Réne Thom's catastrophe theory, depicts three integral signs and is titled The Swallow's Tail Salvador Dali [or Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech]
An optical illusion transforms the first of the titular animals seated on a lake into larger mammals in his Swans Reflecting Elephants Salvador Dali [or Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech]
One of his paintings depicts an elephant in the background and two tigers over a naked woman in the foreground Salvador Dali [or Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech]
This creator of Lobster Telephone also painted The Hallucinogenic Toreador and a "disintegration" of his most famous work which depicted the Cadaques and three melting clocks Salvador Dali [or Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech]
For 10 points, name this surrealist artist of The Persistence of Memory. Salvador Dali [or Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech]
The Manningtree altarpiece features this artist's The Risen Christ, and in another work the titular animal action is performed by jumping over an obstacle as people look on from a barge John Constable
In addition to Leaping Horse, he painted several works about life near his hometown of East Bergholt, while another series depicts the title structure at Leadenhall "from the River," and "from the meadows" with an overarching rainbow John Constable
His most famous work shows the title object near Flatford Mill on the River Stour and depicts Willy Lott's cottage John Constable
The painter of Salisbury Cathedral, for 10 points, name this English landscape artist whose best-known painting is The Hay Wain. John Constable
One of this man's works contains a naked man holding a bucket showering himself on a plain, while another features a man in a red uniform holding a cherry tree while a boy holds an axe Grant Wood
In addition to Sultry Night and Parson Weems' Fable, he depicted a white church in the middle of a dark town as a man on horseback hurries to the left in one painting, and another work shows the title figures standing in front of a copy of Washington Cros Grant Wood
For 10 points, name this painter of The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere and Daughters of Revolution, an American regionalist best known for a portrait of his dentist and his sister in American Gothic. Grant Wood
He never finished the chalice that Clement VII had commissioned, though he did create a button for that Pope's cape Benevenuto Cellini
He created a medallion depicting Atlas Supporting the Sphere, and he also sculpted a statue of Mars for Fontainebleau and a statue of Ganymede Riding the Eagle Benevenuto Cellini
Personifications of the winds ring the base of another of his works, which also features reclining gold models of Neptune and Ceres, while the first title figure of his most famous work holds the sword with which he decapitated the other title figure Benevenuto Cellini
For 10 points, identify this murderous Mannerist goldsmith who sculpted Francis I's Salt Cellar and Perseus with the Head of Medusa. Benevenuto Cellini
Edgar Samuel cited its artist's portrait of George Gisze to suggest that its artist may have used a blown glass tube while painting it The French Ambassadors
One figure wears the Order of St The French Ambassadors
Michael and holds a dagger, while another clutches a glove in his right hand as his arm rests on a book which indicates that his age is 25 The French Ambassadors
The curtain in the background is green, and the pattern of the tiles at the bottom of this painting is taken from the Westminster Abbey The French Ambassadors
Its center includes shelves with several musical and scientific instruments and it also features a distorted skull at the bottom The French Ambassadors
For 10 points, identify this painting featuring a diplomat and a bishop from France by Hans Holbein the Younger. The French Ambassadors
Inkwells and some scrolls can be seen lying to the left of a figure in this painting as a man dressed in orange has his right palm on the title figure's knee as he stares at the title character The Death of Socrates
A lyre can be seen behind the extended right leg of the title figure as well as a chain that lies partially on the floor The Death of Socrates
A figure in blue and brown stands in an archway leaning against the wall at its left, and in the center a man in red turns his head away from the title figure whose left hand points upward as he grabs a cup containing poison The Death of Socrates
For 10 points, name this painting by Jacques-Louis David, which shows the final moments of a philosopher about to consume hemlock. The Death of Socrates
A Jean Louis Forain work with the same name depicts a chair behind the subject A Bar at the Folies-Bergere [or Un Bar aux Foiles-Bergere]
To the left of this painting, a woman in a white coat can be seen with orange gloves, and the subject of this painting is a woman generally considered to be named Suzon A Bar at the Folies-Bergere [or Un Bar aux Foiles-Bergere]
Two indistinct chandeliers hang from the ceiling, and a pair of green boots dangles from the ceiling in the upper corner A Bar at the Folies-Bergere [or Un Bar aux Foiles-Bergere]
A man with a moustache can be seen at the top right of this work and the subject rests her hand on a counter where one can find a bowl of oranges and several bottles of alcohol as the subject stares directly at the viewer A Bar at the Folies-Bergere [or Un Bar aux Foiles-Bergere]
For 10 points, identify this depiction of a Parisian nightclub, a work by Eduoard Manet. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere [or Un Bar aux Foiles-Bergere]
A man dressed in green leans forward while clenching his fists and the tower of a cathedral can be seen towards the left background The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
A companion piece to this painting depicts a man dressed in brown attempting to stab an Arab soldier on horseback, and is subtitled The Charge of the Mamelukes The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
The men at right all wear black hats, unlike the most prominent figure who kneels against a foreboding pile of blood The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
Set against the background of Principe Pio hill, a man in a white shirt raises his arms in surrender as a firing squad points at him The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
For 10 points, name this painting depicting "The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid" on the namesake day, painted by Francisco Goya. The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
In one of his works, a bow, quiver, and sword hang above the white robed title figure while five figures look on as Jesus performs the titular Raising of Lazarus Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn [accept either underlined answer]
He painted his wife as the model of a woman who drank her husband Masolus of Carnia's ashes, Artemisia, and he painted a man with his right hand placed on the title figure's breast in The Jewish Bride Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn [accept either underlined answer]
He also painted the author of Metaphysics with his hand on the head of a statue as well as the marching company of Franz Banning Cocq Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn [accept either underlined answer]
For 10 points, name this artist of Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer and The Nightwatch who also painted a dissection in The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn [accept either underlined answer]
Tulp. Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn [accept either underlined answer]
Veronese changed the title of his Last Supper to Feast in the House of Levi after he was told to replace one of these with Mary Magdalene dogs
Two flowers, two pens, and some sheet music lay by another one of these at the bottom left of the portrait of Madame de Pompadour by Francois Boucher dogs
The periodic motion of a woman's feet and one of these can be found in a painting by Giacomo Balla titled the Dynamism of one of these, and another one of this animal is curled up at the foot of the bed as a woman rummages through a chest in the backgroun dogs
For 10 points, a series of sixteen paintings by C dogs
M dogs
Coolidge depicts what animals playing poker? dogs
This man painted a work in two panels which shows the title figures intently discussing about the texts in their hands and is called The Four Apostles Albrecht Durer
A lion rests on the floor in the foreground as the title figure stare intently at his work sitting at a desk in his St Albrecht Durer
Jerome in His Study Albrecht Durer
One work depicts an angel sitting on a wheel near a ladder and dog by the feet of a woman, and also contains an hourglass, a sphere, and a Latin square, while another work a decrepit figure holds a trident at the bottom left as the titular quartet trample Albrecht Durer
For 10 points, identify this German artist of several woodcuts such as Melancolia I and Four Horseman of the Apocalypse. Albrecht Durer
One of his works depicts a woman with a cage of doves exiting the title place as Jesus smacks a money-changer El Greco [or Domenikos Theotokopolous]
In another of his works, a red-tunic'd Jesus looks towards the sky as several people mock him El Greco [or Domenikos Theotokopolous]
In addition to The Purification of the Temple and Disrobing of Christ, one of his paintings shows John the Baptist extending his arms as cherubs bring white clothes to several naked figures, and inspired Picasso's Demoiselles d'Avignon El Greco [or Domenikos Theotokopolous]
In addition to Opening of the Fifth Seal, he painted a dark sky a green hillside on whose top sits the Alcazar, in his painting View of Toledo El Greco [or Domenikos Theotokopolous]
For 10 points, identify this Spanish artist of The Burial of Count Orgaz, originally from Crete. El Greco [or Domenikos Theotokopolous]
Its artist also depicted his father listening to a musician playing a violin in an After Dinner party at the titular location Burial at Ornans [or A Painting of Human Figures, the History of a Burial at Ornans; or Un Enterrement à Ornans; accept Interment at Ornans; or Funeral at Ornans; or other synonyms for "burial"]
A skull lies by the feet of one of the two oddly dressed figures at this painting's center, whose clothes are from the French Revolution Burial at Ornans [or A Painting of Human Figures, the History of a Burial at Ornans; or Un Enterrement à Ornans; accept Interment at Ornans; or Funeral at Ornans; or other synonyms for "burial"]
One figure kneels on his right knee and stares at a choirboy, and another figure staring at the viewer holds a crucifix Burial at Ornans [or A Painting of Human Figures, the History of a Burial at Ornans; or Un Enterrement à Ornans; accept Interment at Ornans; or Funeral at Ornans; or other synonyms for "burial"]
Two clergymen in the center are dressed in red, and a dog stands to the center right as several people walking in an S-shaped line are depicted dressed in mourning Burial at Ornans [or A Painting of Human Figures, the History of a Burial at Ornans; or Un Enterrement à Ornans; accept Interment at Ornans; or Funeral at Ornans; or other synonyms for "burial"]
For 10 points, identify this gigantic painting depicting a funeral, a work of Gustave Courbet Burial at Ornans [or A Painting of Human Figures, the History of a Burial at Ornans; or Un Enterrement à Ornans; accept Interment at Ornans; or Funeral at Ornans; or other synonyms for "burial"]
This man painted a portrait of Cardinal Niccolo Albergati, while another of his works depicts St Jan van Eyck
George taking off a metal helmet as another man kneels by the Madonna and Child Jan van Eyck
Another work shows an angel with a crown flying over Virgin Mary, who is seated facing a Burgundian aristocrat Jan van Eyck
In addition to The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin this artist of Self Portrait with Red Turban worked with his brother on an altarpiece which depicts the Adoration of the Lamb, but is best known for depicting a man in a black dress and a woman in green holdin Jan van Eyck
For 10 points, identify this artist of The Arnolfini Marriage. Jan van Eyck
Triangular patterns can be seen on the hat of one figure in this painting who wears a set of beads with a cross, and diagonal lines connect the eyes of the two most prominent figures of this painting, one of whom feeds the other a flower I and the Village
A face peeks out of an orthodox church in the background of this work whose top right contains five houses, two of which are upside down I and the Village
A woman can be seen milking a goat, and in another portion, a man with a scythe walks to the right as an upside down woman points the way I and the Village
Depicting the artist's hometown in Vitebsk, Belarus, for 10 points, name this painting by Marc Chagall. I and the Village
One of his paintings features a woman in black on the left with her two daughters and a man sitting in a chair facing the trio Hillaire Germaine Edgar Degas
In addition to a Portrait of Bellili Family, he also painted Semiramis Building Babylon and Place de la Concorde Hillaire Germaine Edgar Degas
This man also depicted some Jewish bankers in his At the Stock Exchange, and some members of his family can be seen trading the titular commodity in his New Orleans Cotton Exchange, but he is better known for depicting a woman sitting beside a man smoking Hillaire Germaine Edgar Degas
For 10 points, identify this impressionist painter of L' Absinthe and several sculptures and paintings of ballet dancers. Hillaire Germaine Edgar Degas
Marsden Hartley wrote an essay entitled "The Importance of Being" this, and John Heartfield and was a founding members of one branch of this movement Dadaism
Another man active in this movement gave his works the name "Merz," and became acquainted with it through the periodical "The Storm." In addition to Kurt Schwitters, participants in this movement included a man who created the satirical works entitled The Dadaism
Its practitioners in Cologne included Jean Arp and Max Ernst, while the magazine "391," started in Barcelona by Francis Picabia, also propagated its ideals Dadaism
Founded in Hugo Ball's Cabaret Voltaire by a number of expatriate artists that include Tristan Tzara, for ten points, identify this absurdist artistic movement whose best known representative is probably Marcel Duchamp, and which takes its name from the F Dadaism
One figure on the right side of this group is given a narcissistic pose and is sometimes referred to as I am Beautiful, while that figure appears elsewhere and is known as The Falling Man The Gates of Hell [Or La Porte de L'Enfer]
An aged whore in this group is given the title She Who Was Once the Helmet-Maker's Beautiful Wife The Gates of Hell [Or La Porte de L'Enfer]
and three originally separate scuptures from this group were fused together, placed on top, and called The Three Shades The Gates of Hell [Or La Porte de L'Enfer]
The Count Ugolino is shown in this group, while a better known statue in this group depicts Paolo and Francesca Rmini performing the title act The Gates of Hell [Or La Porte de L'Enfer]
For 10 points, name this work whose various parts represent the Divine Comedy, a massive entryway which include the sculptures "The Kiss" and "The Thinker". The Gates of Hell [Or La Porte de L'Enfer]
On the left side of his "Triumph of Virtue," the mother of virtue is imprisoned in a tree with twigs growing from her nipples, and his first work, the Santa Sofia Altarpiece, is now lost Andrea Mantegna
His work with Ansuino for the Ovetari Chapel of the Eremitani Church was largely destroyed by the Allied bombings of Padua, including a famous grisaille fresco with an extremely low vantage point Andrea Mantegna
That work shows the titular figure on the left beneath a large arch commanding a lame man to walk Andrea Mantegna
Also utilizing his creative perspective are his frescos for the Gonzaga family and a depiction of Jesus on a slab Andrea Mantegna
The son-in-law of Jacopo Bellini, for 10 points, who was this artist of St Andrea Mantegna
James Led to His Execution, the Camera Degli Sposi, and the Dead Christ? Andrea Mantegna
His self-portraits include one "with Burning Cigarette," one "Beneath Woman's Mask," one "Between Clock and Bed," two "During the Eye Disease," and one "with Skeleton Arm." His namesake museum in the Tøyen district of his hometown, designed by Fougner and Edvard Munch
In addition to Madonna and Vampire, he included Death in the Sickroom in his painting cycle the Frieze of Life Edvard Munch
FTP name this man who painted a swirling red sky and two indistinct figures on a bridge approaching a figure with a distorted face in The Scream. Edvard Munch
This artist shares both his first and last name with a classical landscape painter responsible for such works as Landscape with a Flash of Lightning Jean-Francois Millet
A student of Langlois and Paul Delaroche, this artist's early work included classical paintings such as Oedipus Unbound, which he painted over the canvas of his St Jean-Francois Millet
Jerome Jean-Francois Millet
A man carrying a bag under one arm and a pitchfork in another is depicted alongside a woman in his The Walk to Work, while his late works include landscapes like November and The Church of Greville Jean-Francois Millet
In 1859, Baudelaire unfavorably reviewed this man's The Cowgirl, and his more famous paintings include a depiction of two peasants praying in the middle of their workday as well as one of three women hunched and sorting through straw Jean-Francois Millet
For ten points, identify this sometime member of the Barbizon school best known for such paintings as The Angelus and The Gleaners. Jean-Francois Millet
This artist depicted himself in a blue jacket and red tie surrounded by ghostly figures in the self-portrait Demons Teasing Me, while he also showed a cosmic figure in red blasting an earthly figure with golden light in The Annihilation of the Rebel Angel James Sidney Ensor
This man depicted large medicine bottles in the foreground of a painting of his dead mother, The Artist's Mother in Death, and he also depicted several people with distorted faces standing around a corpse in The Vile Vivisectors James Sidney Ensor
Several of his paintings depict masks, including Masks Fighting Over a Hanged man, while other paintings depict skeletons, such as those Trying to Warm Themsleves James Sidney Ensor
For ten points, identify this Flemish painter, who depicted a large banner reading "Vive La Sociale" in the titular city of Christ's Entry Into Brussels. James Sidney Ensor
In the left background of this painting, two men in breeches contrast with another man wearing Quaker dress, while wispy clouds are seen in the sky over a clump of willow trees Max Schmitt in a Single Scull
Its artist's familiarity in painting the Biglen brothers and work with Jean-Leon Gerome may have assisted in this painting, which sees the mansion Sweetbriar serves as a contrast with the eighteenth century building at the right center Max Schmitt in a Single Scull
The Girard Avenue Bridge and the Connecting Railroad Bridge can both be seen in the background, while the title character sits in the Josie while three parallel wakes trail behind him Max Schmitt in a Single Scull
While the artist himself can be seen resting on his oars, the title character is in the foreground of, FTP, which Thomas Eakins painting set on the Schuylkill River? Max Schmitt in a Single Scull
In one of this man's paintings, a man falls into a ditch, tripping the man behind him, who will cause the four behind him to fall in turn since they are all holding onto a long stick, being unable to see Pieter Bruegel the Elder
In addition to The Parable of the Blind, he depicted an army at center marching ominously into a snowy village as the cavalry rides around spearing infants in The Massacre of the Innocents Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Peasants dance gaily while a bird perches on a wooden frame in his The Magpie on the Gallows, while he drew a man with a knife twice the size of his body cutting into a bloated corpse in Large Fish Eat Small Fish, which is itself included in a larger pain Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Well known for several depictions of the Tower of Babel, for 10 points, identify this Flemish artist of Hunters in the Snow and Landscape with the Fall of Icarus. Pieter Bruegel the Elder
In one of this man's paintings, the giant title character sits on top of a mountain in the background while nymphs collect water from a spring in the foreground; in another, a yellow-clad Philistine covers his mouth while a nearby baby sits by his dying m Nicolas Poussin
Besides Landscape with Polyphemus and the Plague of Ashdod, this artist painted a double series including Baptism, Penance, and Extreme Unction, the Seven Sacraments Nicolas Poussin
In a more famous paiting by this man, four shepherds cluster around a tomb bearing the text by which that painting is known, while another of his paintings shows men in orange capes performing the titular action Nicolas Poussin
His most famous work shows the Four Seasons cavorting next to a statue of Janus Nicolas Poussin
For 10 points, name this seventeenth-century French painter of the Et in Arcadia Ego, Rape of the Sabine Women and A Dance to the Music of Time. Nicolas Poussin
Clive Bell advanced his idea of the "significant form" in a book whose title refers to art "Since" this painter, who also is the subject of a "study of his development" written by Roger Fry Paul Cezanne
Maurice Denis painted artists admiring one of this man's works in his Hommage to this painter, who used the technique of applying paint in thick slabs to create a series of portraits of his Uncle Dominic Paul Cezanne
Early landscapes by this artist include a depiction of the House of the Hanged Man, and in a characteristic work, he painted a conch shell to the left of a teacup and the titular object entitled The Black Clock Paul Cezanne
This artist paid tribute to Manet in his painting A Modern Olympia, and Picasso's Demoiselles d'Avignon was inspired by this man's Bathers series Paul Cezanne
Famous for his still-lifes and for paintings like The Card Players, for ten points, identify this French post-Impressionist whose landscapes of Provence prominently feature Mt Paul Cezanne
St Paul Cezanne
Victoire. Paul Cezanne
His Crucifixion of St Masaccio [or Tommaso Cassai]
Peter has a foreshortened halo and two executioners looming into the foreground as Roman soldiers in the background avert their gaze Masaccio [or Tommaso Cassai]
A wavy pattern reminiscent of Roman sarcophagi can be seen behind two small angels with lutes at the feet of the Virgin Mary in his Madonna with Child and Angels Masaccio [or Tommaso Cassai]
Both of these works are part of his Pisa Altarpiece, as is his Adoration of the Magi that features indistinct mountains in the background, a technique known as aerial perspective Masaccio [or Tommaso Cassai]
A red-clad cherub looms over the titular figures in his The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, while a more famous work is a synoptic sequence which depicts the titular object being extracted from the mouth of a fish Masaccio [or Tommaso Cassai]
For 10 points, name this early Italian painter of The Tribute Money, whose most famous work is the Trinity fresco. Masaccio [or Tommaso Cassai]
Directly under the people depicted in this painting, a large tree branch has broken off and is falling onto some large rocks Kindred Spirits
Writing on a tree on the left gives the image that the names of the people depicted in this painting were carved into that tree Kindred Spirits
This painting incorrectly portrays Kaaterskill Falls and the Clove of the Catskills in roughly the same place, and both of the men portrayed in this painting are standing on a large rock outcropping Kindred Spirits
One of the title characters holds a hat and walking stick in front of him, while the other points with his stick toward a bird which obscures a blue mountain and holds in his left hand a red book of some sort, possibly a portfolio Kindred Spirits
For 10 points, name this painting of William Cullen Bryant and Thomas Cole, a work by Asher Durand. Kindred Spirits
His visit to North Africa alongside August Macke inspired early watercolors such as Southern Tunisian Gardens and Red and White Domes Paul Klee
Equally colorful were this artist's Fish Magic and Golden Fish, standing in stark contrast to his bizarre early lithograph Two Men Meet, Each Believing the Other to Be of Higher Rank Paul Klee
During the 1930's this author of The Pedagogical Sketchbooks produced a number of Pointillist "magic square" paintings, most notably Ad Parnassum, while the extreme primitivism of drawings such as Angelus Novus prompted the Nazis to declare his work "dege Paul Klee
Better known is his painting on burlap in which the German word "tod" forms the features of the central skull, while his most famous piece sees a pink "stain" encroaching upon the stick-like rotating title contraption Paul Klee
Briefly associated with Der Blue Reiter, For ten points, identify this Swiss painter of Death and Fire as well as Twittering Machine. Paul Klee
One figure in this painting is floating in the air and dangling a pair of keys from his hand, while across from him, a naked cherub is being tossed aside on a wave of rent air The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
A painting depicting the crucifixion is sitting on the ground next to a young boy staring directly at the viewer The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
A man plays a harp on the left of this painting, while figures on the top right have their attention directed toward a white-shrouded Jesus The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
The soul of the title figure is seen in the center of this painting and is being assisted in its ascent by an angel, while directly below that, a series of men wearing black and white lace around their neck gather around the black armored title figure, wh The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
For 10 points, name this painting that depicts the interment of a noble, a work by El Greco. The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
This person's love of Goya can be seen in La Reina Mora, El Tango, and The Spanish Dancing Girl Robert Earl Henri [or Robert Henry Cozad]
This artist's emphasis on social reality is evident in portraits of poor children like Dutch Joe and Willie Gee, though his disciples sang "I am a genius, I am a genius man" to mock that tendency Robert Earl Henri [or Robert Henry Cozad]
Perhaps this artist's most distinctive work depicts a long woman in a short green tank top a sheer black skirt from which her right leg protrudes holding veils her the ringed fingers Robert Earl Henri [or Robert Henry Cozad]
That work currently in Amherst's Mead Gallery, but was barred from the National Academy of Design Robert Earl Henri [or Robert Henry Cozad]
In addition to the aforementioned Straussian Salome, this painter also crafted Cumulus Clouds, East River; Snow in New York; and his aesthetic theories are presented in his book The Art Spirit Robert Earl Henri [or Robert Henry Cozad]
For 10 points, name this leader of The Eight and prominent member of the Ashcan School. Robert Earl Henri [or Robert Henry Cozad]
One of this artist's protégés became famous for his erotic self-portraits and most notably painted a 1915 version of Death and the Maiden Gustav Klimt
This artist depicted two naked embracing pregnant women in frieze that he titled after the composer of the Moonlight Sonata, the Beethoven Frieze Gustav Klimt
This artist created a set of works entitled Medicine, Philosophy, and Jurisprudence for the University of Vienna, but he may be better known for a protrait of Adele Bloch or several paintings which include one of a green-vested, bare-breasted woman, the J Gustav Klimt
He is best known for a painting partially inspired by the St Gustav Klimt
Apollinare in Classe near Ravenna, which also features an embracing couple Gustav Klimt
For 10 points, name this major influence on Egon Schiele and painter of The Kiss. Gustav Klimt
This painting was originally supposed to serve as the companion piece to Giovanni Rost's Innocence tapestry, and in Studies in Iconology, Erwin Panofsky has argued that it represents a critique of Luxury Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Venus and Cupid
One obscured figure in this painting appears to have a right hand attached to her left arm and a left hand attached to her right arm; she also has a lion's leg and a serpent's tail coming out of her body Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Venus and Cupid
At the lower left of is a dove, above it is a woman tearing away her hair in agony, and above her is a mask-like face without eyeballs Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Venus and Cupid
More masks lie at the lower right of this painting, near the feet of a character that holds the golden apple Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Venus and Cupid
One character has rose petals in his hands, and these characters in the foreground are characterized by sensuous, silk-like skin Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Venus and Cupid
A bald, bearded man grasps the blue curtain in the background Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Venus and Cupid
For 10 points, incestuous kissing and breast-groping are two of the few things going on in what allegorical painting by Bronzino? Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time or Allegory of Venus and Cupid
This painting inspired the first major work of American artist Larry Rivers, and it is the subject of Michael Fried's essay concerning "The Structure of Beholding in" this work Burial at Ornans or Tableau de figures humaines, historique d'un enterrement a Ornans
This work's artist depicted his sisters Zoe, Juliette, and Zelie in the right half of this work, whose frieze-like quality prompted Mary Cassatt to exclaim "Why, it's Greek!" upon seeing it Burial at Ornans or Tableau de figures humaines, historique d'un enterrement a Ornans
In addition to two boys, both wearing skullcaps, two figures robed in red can be seen in the center left of this painting, whose title locale was also the setting for an earlier work by the same artist depicting the titular workers Burial at Ornans or Tableau de figures humaines, historique d'un enterrement a Ornans
The crowd gathered for the depicted event is arranged in an S-curve across this monumental painting, and only a cross projecting into the upper half of the painting breaks this work's division between the sky and the titular event occurring below Burial at Ornans or Tableau de figures humaines, historique d'un enterrement a Ornans
For ten points, identify this painting depicting a country funeral by Gustave Courbet. Burial at Ornans or Tableau de figures humaines, historique d'un enterrement a Ornans
This artist depicted a man in a gray suit standing in front of a drip painting in Abstract and Concrete Norman Rockwell
This painter portrayed men playing a violin, clarinet, and cello in a back room behind the window of the title establishment in Shuffleton's Barber Shop Norman Rockwell
Late in life, this artist painted a series of paintings attacking racism, including Southern Justice and The Problem We All Live With, as well as the mural The Golden Rule for the United Nations Norman Rockwell
This artist depicted himself smoking a pipe and staring into a mirror while painting an idealized version of his face in his Triple Self-Portrait Norman Rockwell
For 10 points, name this painter of The Four Freedoms, who created many covers for the Saturday Evening Post. Norman Rockwell
One of this artist's paintings portrays Hur and Aaron holding up a scowling Moses' arms during a battle against the Amalekites John Everett Millais
In addition to Victory, O Lord!, this painter depicted a young man pulling off a white armband while embracing his lover in A Huguenot on St John Everett Millais
Bartholomew's Day John Everett Millais
A child looks back at a double rainbow while perched on the lap of the title accordion player in this painter's Blind Girl John Everett Millais
His created a painting of the Holy Family lambasted for its realism by Charles Dickens, and a painting in which Elizabeth Siddal modeled a drowned Shakespearean character John Everett Millais
For 10 points, name this pre-Raphaelite painter of Christ in the House of His Parents and Ophelia. John Everett Millais
This painter depicted a saint fallen from a white horse with a spotted bridle in his version of The Conversion of St Parmigianino [or Parmigiano; or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola]
Paul Parmigianino [or Parmigiano; or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola]
portrayed a bearded man sporting a diagonal square hat in his Portrait of a Man, and created a fresco of Three Foolish Virgins Flanked by Adam and Eve Parmigianino [or Parmigiano; or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola]
A saint covers his eyes while imagining a muscular Christ pulling a cross in his 1527 painting The Vision of Saint Jerome Parmigianino [or Parmigiano; or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola]
He painted a man unfurling a scroll next to a single Doric column in a painting which features an elongated baby sitting in the lap of a woman with the title feature Parmigianino [or Parmigiano; or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola]
For 10 points, name this Italian Mannerist painter of Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror and Madonna with the Long Neck. Parmigianino [or Parmigiano; or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola]
In one of this artist's paintings, a seven, an ace, and a face card fall out of a man's hand, below a couple kissing in a window under a broom Pieter Brueghel the Elder
This painter depicted a bagpipe player sitting at a table and watching a dancing couple in The Kermess Pieter Brueghel the Elder
He portrayed a large number of kids amusing themselves playing leapfrog and rolling hoops in his panoramic painting Children's Games, and painted skeletons destroying mankind in The Triumph of Death Pieter Brueghel the Elder
In another of his paintings, puddings and pies are carried to a roomfull of people at the title celebration Pieter Brueghel the Elder
For 10 points, name this Flemish artist of Peasant Wedding, Landscape With the Fall of Icarus, and Hunters in the Snow. Pieter Brueghel the Elder
A novel by Susan Vreeland is named for this painting, which depicts Charles Ephrussi wearing a top hat The Luncheon of the Boating Party
In the upper-right corner of this painting, Paul Lhote and Eugene Pierre Lestringez flirt with Jeanne Samary The Luncheon of the Boating Party
It depicts Alphonsine Fournaise leaning on a rail and looking wistfully into the distance, while its lower left portrays its painter's future wife, Aline Charigot, playing with a little dog The Luncheon of the Boating Party
Also including Gustave Caillebotte wearing a straw hat, this painting is set along the River Seine at the Maison Fournaise near Chatou, France The Luncheon of the Boating Party
For 10 points, name this impressionistic painting of the artist's friends enjoying a banquet by Pierre-Auguste Renoir. The Luncheon of the Boating Party
One member of this group painted Daniel Wynkoop, Jr Ashcan School [accept The Eight before mentioned]
standing in front of a bowl of apples in Sulky Boy Ashcan School [accept The Eight before mentioned]
Another member of this group painted three women drying their hair atop a roof in the aptly titled painting Sunday, Women Drying their Hair Ashcan School [accept The Eight before mentioned]
This group included the painters of Strong Man, Clown, and Dancer and In the Steerage, and was mentored by the author of The Art Spirit Ashcan School [accept The Eight before mentioned]
Exemplified by George Luks, Everett Shinn, and William Glackens, this movement included many members of "The Eight." For 10 points, name this artistic movement led by Robert Henri and John Sloan, which was named by Art Young for their paintings of lower-c Ashcan School [accept The Eight before mentioned]
This artist worked with Margaret Jarman Hagood in North Carolina, and notably attended a seminar by Clarence H Dorothea Lange
White at Columbia Dorothea Lange
A collection of works by this artist is found in An American Exodus, which includes text by Paul Taylor Dorothea Lange
A man who is leaning on a wooden railing and clutching a tin mug is depicted in this artist's work White Angel Breadline Dorothea Lange
One of this artist's works is set in Nipomo, California in 1936, and depicts Florence Owens Thompson, surrounded by three children Dorothea Lange
For 10 points, name this photographer whose portraits of rural workers during the Great Depression include Migrant Mother. Dorothea Lange
This artist depicted smokestacks rising behind the right shoulder of the title author in his Portrait of Pierre Loti Henri Rousseau
His self-portraits include a "portrait-landscape" in which he dwarfs a Parisian street, as well as The Artist with a Lamp Henri Rousseau
He portrayed monkeys playing with a backscratcher and a bottle in The Merry Jesters, while the first exhibition of the Fauves included his painting The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope Henri Rousseau
He painted a musician playing a flute to the right of a nude woman reclining among flowers in a lush jungle in The Dream, as well as a canvas in which an instrument and a lion appear beside a resting dark-skinned woman Henri Rousseau
For 10 points, name this French painter of The Sleeping Gypsy. Henri Rousseau
This artist depicted a "half-figure in a yellow shirt" looking at a distant red object in Complex Presentiment Kasimir Severinovich Malevich
This artist painted a group of "trans-rational" canvases, which contain symbols like an ace of clubs, the number zero, a saw, and a fish Kasimir Severinovich Malevich
This artist of The Aviator participated in only exhibition done by the group Donkey's Tail, and described his style in The Nonobjective World Kasimir Severinovich Malevich
This member of Jack of Diamonds pioneered an artistic movement in paintings such as Black Square and White on White, which consist of assorted simple geometric shapes Kasimir Severinovich Malevich
For 10 points, name this Russian painter, the founder of Suprematism. Kasimir Severinovich Malevich
Peter-Klaus Schuster claimed that its left and right sides represent fortune and virtue in a book that labels this work its artist's "Denkbild." In this work, a coastal city can be seen in the distance through the rungs of a ladder, next to a small winged Melencolia I
A ring of keys hangs from the belt of its central figure, who holds a compass and sits near a huge sphere and a curled-up dog Melencolia I
More prominent features include a large hourglass, a rainbow over a comet, a giant irregular polyhedron, and a magic square Melencolia I
For 10 points, name this engraving filled with symbols of alchemy, a work by Albrecht Durer about the saddest temperament. Melencolia I
Minor figures in this painting include a Chinese man refusing to listen to a missionary and a boy kneeling on the ground sketching on a piece of paper The Artist's Studio: A real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life [or The Painter's Studio: A real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life]
Its left side includes a skull resting on a newspaper as well as a large floppy hat, a cloak and dagger, and a guitar The Artist's Studio: A real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life [or The Painter's Studio: A real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life]
Its right side depicts friends of the painter like Champfleury, Bruyas, Proudhon, and Baudelaire. The Artist's Studio: A real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life [or The Painter's Studio: A real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life]
Several members of this artistic school were lured away from Tramway V, while the move toward cubism by one member seen in The Violin created tension surrounding the 0.10 exhibition Suprematism
One member of this school, which grew in part out of the Donkey's Tail, advocated a so-called fusion of painting and architecture he dubbed "Proun" and rambled insanely in the Judaism-inspired text Four Billy Goats Suprematism
The cultural influence of the "beautiful corner" on this movement was discussed by its founder in The Non-Objective World, while another member created the politically-driven Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge Suprematism
Including Popova and El Lissitzky, its founder worked on the set design for Victory over the Sun and works like a giant black dot and a "self-portrait" of red rectangles Suprematism
FTP, identify this artistic school responsible for White on White, a blank canvas by Russian founder Kazimir Malevich. Suprematism
The artist Carel van Mander used this painting to argue against Pliny's statement that "painters who have to paint a hundred faces .. Ghent Altarpiece [prompt on "Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" or "Het Lam Gods" before said]
are unable to compete with nature." This painting depicts eight crowned women singing from a songbook, as well as St Ghent Altarpiece [prompt on "Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" or "Het Lam Gods" before said]
Cecilia playing an organ Ghent Altarpiece [prompt on "Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" or "Het Lam Gods" before said]
This painting portrays Elizabeth Boorluut worshiping a grisaille statue of St Ghent Altarpiece [prompt on "Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" or "Het Lam Gods" before said]
John the Evangelist, and features God wearing a huge three-tiered crown Ghent Altarpiece [prompt on "Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" or "Het Lam Gods" before said]
Its inner panels show a dove radiating light over the central figure, who is dripping blood into a chalice Ghent Altarpiece [prompt on "Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" or "Het Lam Gods" before said]
For 10 points, name this altarpiece centering on the Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, created by Hubert and Jan van Eyck. Ghent Altarpiece [prompt on "Adoration of the Mystic Lamb" or "Het Lam Gods" before said]
This artist depicted a red-frocked oarsman, an armored man, and two naked women in a boat in The Deliverance of Arsinoe Jacopo Tintoretto [accept Jacopo Robusti or Jacopo Comin]
This painter depicted the concentric rings of Heaven in a work for the Sala dei Maggior Consiglio which remains one of the world's largest canvases, his Paradise Jacopo Tintoretto [accept Jacopo Robusti or Jacopo Comin]
He executed a series of works in which Saint Mark is found "in Alexandria" and "Freeing a Slave," and painted Jupiter shoving the infant Hercules into Juno's armpit, causing the creation of stars in The Origin of the Milky Way Jacopo Tintoretto [accept Jacopo Robusti or Jacopo Comin]
Jesus' halo pierces the dark canvas of his depiction of the Last Supper, which is set on a diagonal Jacopo Tintoretto [accept Jacopo Robusti or Jacopo Comin]
For 10 points, identify this Italian Mannerist whose name means "little dyer." Jacopo Tintoretto [accept Jacopo Robusti or Jacopo Comin]
This artist was commissioned by the Comte de Blacas to create many works, including one that depicts the male title figure riding a hippogriff, and another in which Francis I is shown bending over the title artist Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Besides Roger Freeing Angelica and The Death of Leonardo da Vinci, this artist incorporated a figure from his painting The Valpincon Bather into a scene of nude women in a harem, The Turkish Bath Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
This artist's title figures include an author being crowned with a laurel wreath by Nike, and a woman on a blue couch holding a peacock feather fan, which does not cover her two additional vertebrae Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
For 10 points, name this French painter of The Apotheosis of Homer and La Grande Odalisque. Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
One painting of this name includes an image of Heracles in the garden of the Hesperides, and depicts the central figure surrounded by twisting threads The Lady of Shalott [prompt on "Elaine"]
In a painting by Sidney Meteyard, a crystal ball appears behind this figure, who is clad in blue The Lady of Shalott [prompt on "Elaine"]
John La Farge painted the dead body of this figure, who stands in front of a cracked mirror in a painting by William Holman Hunt The Lady of Shalott [prompt on "Elaine"]
In another painting, this woman holds a chain and sits on a tapestry dipping into the water, and wears a white dress which contrasts with her red hair The Lady of Shalott [prompt on "Elaine"]
For 10 points, name this figure depicted by John William Waterhouse and many other Pre-Raphaelites, a woman whose love for Lancelot causes her to die of grief on a barge. The Lady of Shalott [prompt on "Elaine"]
The central figure of this work is depicted in the background of Alexander Moffat's painting Poets' Pub Liberty Leading the People [or La liberte guidant le peuple; or Liberty on the Barricades]
Contemporary critics mocked the underarm hair and dirty appearance of this painting's central figure, who wears a Phrygian cap Liberty Leading the People [or La liberte guidant le peuple; or Liberty on the Barricades]
It is similar to Schnetz's painting Combat de l'Hotel de Ville, and depicts the towers of Notre Dame in the distance, while its foreground portrays a fallen National Guardsman Liberty Leading the People [or La liberte guidant le peuple; or Liberty on the Barricades]
It includes a man in a top hat carrying a gun and a boy brandishing two pistols Liberty Leading the People [or La liberte guidant le peuple; or Liberty on the Barricades]
The title character is barefoot and bare-breasted, and is based on Marianne Liberty Leading the People [or La liberte guidant le peuple; or Liberty on the Barricades]
For 10 points, name this painting whose title character holds up a flag over a barricade during the July Revolution, by Eugene Delacroix. Liberty Leading the People [or La liberte guidant le peuple; or Liberty on the Barricades]
Jane Aiken called this work "the first extant painting full informed by" Leon Battista Alberti's "new humanist ideal of painting." The kneeling figures on the left and right of this work are thought to be members of the Lenzi family Holy Trinity with the Virgin and Saint John and donors
It was rediscovered in the 1860s after Giorgio Vasari covered it with an altar Holy Trinity with the Virgin and Saint John and donors
This work's lower portion depicts an open tomb with a skeleton and the inscription, "I was what you are and what I am you shall be." In the center of this work, perspective is provided by a barrel vault, which features a dove floating above the halo of Ch Holy Trinity with the Virgin and Saint John and donors
Located in the church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence, for 10 points, name this fresco by Masaccio. Holy Trinity with the Virgin and Saint John and donors
In the distance of this work, a church with a blue steeple stands out against the cloudy sky Cezanne's Large Bathers
The center features a figure escorting his pony or horse towards the forest on the horizon Cezanne's Large Bathers
Groups of trees on either side extend off of the canvas and create a triangular frame for the main scene Cezanne's Large Bathers
In the foreground, one of the figures featured in this painting lies facedown looking towards the background, while three of the title figures extend their arms towards what appears to be smoke Cezanne's Large Bathers
The subject of Aruna D'Souza's study of "Biography and the Erotics of Paint," on the right of the canvas two of the titular figures seem to heading towards the patch of blue in the center Cezanne's Large Bathers
Completed sometime between 1898 and 1906, at the same time its creator was working on his depictions of Mt Cezanne's Large Bathers
Sainte Victoire, it is now located in the Philadelphia Museum of Art Cezanne's Large Bathers
For 10 points, identify this work that features thirteen female nudes luxuriating by a body of water, a work by Cezanne. Cezanne's Large Bathers
Reclining figures in this work are modeled after allegorical nude figures in the Medici Chapel Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave [accept Miracle of the Slave]
A study on Michelangelo's statue of Samson and the Philistines provided the basis for a red-clad soldier with his back to the viewer, and a woman in orange holding a baby on the far left of this work may be based on drawings of Sistine Chapel sybils Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave [accept Miracle of the Slave]
In the right background of this painting, two figures stand in the doorway of a temple decorated with caryatids and two reclining female figures, and two dark-skinned men lean over a balcony in the left background Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave [accept Miracle of the Slave]
A man in blue on his knees holds a stake over the central figure, and a man in a turban holds up a broken chisel and turns to the right of this painting Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave [accept Miracle of the Slave]
Broken ropes, stakes, and axes lie around a prostrate and naked title figure, while a notably foreshortened orange-cloaked figure clasps a book while hovering above Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave [accept Miracle of the Slave]
For 10 points, identify this painting of the titular saint intervening in an execution, a work by Tintoretto. Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave [accept Miracle of the Slave]
Its artist interviewed some of the principals in preparation for this painting, which features a cloudy, dark sky on the upper right side of the canvas The Death of General Wolfe
On the left a man in a Green coat and a sash made out of beads bends towards the central group The Death of General Wolfe
Another figure's embroidered hat lies in front of him as he clenches his fists, while another man clutches a large flag The Death of General Wolfe
Completed two years after its artist's more conventional depiction of Agrippina Landing at Brundisium, the artist defended his decision to depict "the modern garb of war."This, however, did not exclude its artist from taking historical license, for neithe The Death of General Wolfe
For 10 points, identify this 1770 painting that depicted a certain British commander being killed at the Battle of Quebec, a work by Benjamin West. The Death of General Wolfe
One of the men in this work holds a list in his left hand and sits beside another gentleman who is standing in front of a broadsheet that bears the artist's signature and the date of its composition The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
Painted during the artist's time at Uylenburgh's workshop, it depicts an event that took place on January 31 of the same year that another figure in this work was punished for committing armed robbery The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
Its namesake was well known in his time for publishing a work describing the then unknown symptoms of Beri-Beri The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
That subject is surrounded by a group of black-clad onlookers, wears a large floppy hat, and holds a pair of forceps over the flayed arm of a man stretched out on a table The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
For 10 points, identify this 1632 work commissioned by the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons, a work by Rembrandt. The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
In Marcus Stone's depiction of this figure, the neck of a lute can be seen on the side of the canvas, while in Arthur Hughes', this personage sits on the trunk of a tree.A prominent symbolist depicted this figure with red hair and eyes closed in a paintin Ophelia
Like the aforementioned Odilon Redon, Eugene Delacroix also offered a series of depictions, including one where this character kneels with bare arms while desperately grasping at a cloak Ophelia
Dante Gabriel Rossetti's painting of this figure depicts a moment after the "first madness," while another artist used a sketch of Elizabeth Siddal lying on her back, to create the most famous depiction of this doomed fictional character.For 10 points, wh Ophelia
In one work, this artist depicted a huge nude with a flayed left arm contorted in pain, while in another of his works, a hooded woman buries her face in her hands David Alfaro Siqueiros
In addition to War and The Sob, he painted a work that sees a group of figures with distorted faces hold up a bleeding, bound black man and another work in which a red-cloaked figure sits on a pile of debris as its head emerges from a disembodied gray hea David Alfaro Siqueiros
Those works by this man are Cain in the United States and Echo of a Scream David Alfaro Siqueiros
He also painted a work in which several bodies burn as large groups of people trudge across the wall of the Parque de Lama and a series depicting the overthrow of Diaz David Alfaro Siqueiros
For 10 points, identify this artist of The March of Humanity and From Porfiriato to the Revolution, who led a renaissance in Mexican mural-painting with Diego Rivera and Jose Orozco. David Alfaro Siqueiros
His landscapes include The Valley of the Loue in Stormy Weatherand The Torrent, which depicts a stream in the Jura mountains Gustave Courbet
He painted a young woman nodding off at the wheel in The Sleeping Spinner, while Meyer Schapiro suggested that he was influenced by images d'Epinal, prints circulated in the countryside, in an essay on this man and "popular imagery." That influence can be Gustave Courbet
An extrovert, he depicted himself in numerous works such as Self-portrait with a dog and Self-portrait as a desparate man Gustave Courbet
He created a painting of two naked women cavorting in Sleep and he called his close-up of Jo Hiffernan's genitals The Origin of the World Gustave Courbet
Two young girls play next to a man sitting on a step in a portrait of his friend Proudhon, who also appears along with Champfleury, George Sand, and himself, in a huge painting subtitled An Allegory of the Last Seven Years of My Artistic Life Gustave Courbet
For 10 points, name this painter of The Artist's Studio and The Stonebreakers. Gustave Courbet
This artist's earlier pieces, such as the marble Torso, emulated Fernand Leger, while this artist's last sitter was the photographer Elie Lotar Alberto Giacometti
One of this artist's works depicts a woman sitting on a chair with her calves hidden from view, while the title feature of another one of this artist's subjects protrudes far outside the outline of a cage Alberto Giacometti
In addition to Invisible Object and The Nose, this artist designed a notable set for a production of Waiting for Godot and completed numerous abstract portraits of his wife Caroline Alberto Giacometti
Recently his animal sculpture Le Chat, one of eight bronze cats the artist sculpted in the early 1950s, was set to be auctioned off by Sotheby's Alberto Giacometti
Another of his bronzes, subtitled Composition with Seven Figures and a Head, depicts a group of women as trees Alberto Giacometti
That work, The Forest, as well as an earlier piece featuring four men walking, the City Square, depict this sculptor's characteristic elongation of the human figure Alberto Giacometti
For 10 points, identify this Swiss creator of Palace at 4AM and Woman With her Throat Cut. Alberto Giacometti
A bird can be seen floating among the hills in the distances, while mist rises in the back of the left side of the canvas Kindred Spirits
The foreground features some broken pine trees, indicating that a storm has recently passed Kindred Spirits
A stream of water that begins somewhere beyond the horizon snakes its way to the foreground, where it tumbles among some rocks at the bottom of two cliffs Kindred Spirits
Commissioned by a dry goods merchant named Jonathan Sturges, it was donated to one of the figures it depicts, after that man gave a funeral elegy at the National Academy on May 4, 1848 Kindred Spirits
Three large trees dominate the left foreground and partially obscure a rocky outcropping where two figures are standing and talking Kindred Spirits
Taking its name from Keats' "Sonnet to Solitude," for 10 points, identify this work that imagines an idyllic outing in the Catskill Mountains involving the painter of the Course of Empire series and the author of "Thanatopsis," a masterpiece of the Hudson Kindred Spirits
This artist painted a work in which Mary offers her breast to a distracted baby Jesus, the Madonna del Latte Antonio Allegri da Correggio
He depicted a tense and trembling Mary Magdalene kneeling before Christ in a golden dress in his Noli Me Tangere and included a golden lion's head at the bottom of his Madonna of St Antonio Allegri da Correggio
Jerome Antonio Allegri da Correggio
His frescoed ceilings and walls with scenes of the hunt were meant to recreate a bower sacred to Diana for the Abbess' salon in the Camera di San Paolo, and he painted twelve apostles sitting around the base of a dome and staring at a foreshortened Christ Antonio Allegri da Correggio
His greatest works were to be given as gifts to Charles V and were commissioned by Frederico Gonzaga; they depicted such scenes as the Abduction of Ganymede, Leda and the Swan, and Danae receiving the "golden rain." For 10 points, identify this painter of Antonio Allegri da Correggio
One painting by this artist depicts a sculpture of a satyr on the right and two women gazing at a man with a guitar whose back is turned to us Jean-Antoine Watteau
A black servant at a wine tub and a dog sniffing itself appear in the bottom-right of another painting by this artist, in which four blue-and-white columns frame a central figure tuning a lute Jean-Antoine Watteau
One of the final works by this painter of The Party of Four and The Music Party shows people packing paintings into wooden boxes on the left and is named after the art dealer friend for whom he painted it Jean-Antoine Watteau
In addition to Gersaint's Shop Sign, he frequently created works featuring commedia dell'arte characters, including several paintings featuring the character "Gilles" as Pierrot Jean-Antoine Watteau
Best known for his pastoral depictions of couples cavorting on the island of Venus, for 10 points, identify this French artist of fêtes galantes such as the Embarkation for Cythera. Jean-Antoine Watteau
This artist's later work included a series of seven allegorical female figures, including Temperance Triumphing Over Vice and Charity, all of which were drawn in brown ink on gray paper Paolo Veronese [accept Paolo Caliari]
This artist's Lamentation depicts a foreshortened, seated Christ being held by a man in red Paolo Veronese [accept Paolo Caliari]
In another work by this man, a putti tries to steady a large gray horse as a fully clothed Mars tries to resist a nude Venus' advances Paolo Veronese [accept Paolo Caliari]
Even though he worked with Palladio on a commission by the Barbaro family to fresco the Villa Maser, his greatest commissions were executed in Venice and include Age and Youth, for the ducal palace, and a pair of large banquet scenes Paolo Veronese [accept Paolo Caliari]
One of those scenes depicts Christ in Galilee at a wedding, while the other was produced for the monastery of Santi Giovanni, but resulted in a charge of heresy Paolo Veronese [accept Paolo Caliari]
For 10 points, identify this painter of Marriage at Cana and Feast in the House of Levi. Paolo Veronese [accept Paolo Caliari]
One of his works depicts a Cross of the Order of St Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin
Michael and a small plaster statue of Pigalle scattered among objects on a table Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin
That piece, Attributes of the Arts, was painted a few years before this artist's failing vision caused him to turn primarily to working in pastels Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin
Though he had no students of his own, his influence on subsequent painters, such as Lucian Freud, who made multiple copies of his The Schoolmistress, may be attributed to his use of short parallel strokes that built up layers of pigment.His earliest succe Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin
For 10 points, identify this French artist renowned for his still lifes and genre works, including 1734's Young Man Blowing Bubbles. Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin
A deep red drape extends down from the top of the canvas, while gray and white silk sheets dominate the bottom The Rokeby Venus [also accept Toilet of Venus or Venus at her Mirror]
Given its peculiar name after John Morrit brought it to the namesake town in Yorkshire, it was commissioned by the Marquis of Eliche The Rokeby Venus [also accept Toilet of Venus or Venus at her Mirror]
Eschewing the usual blond hair associated with previous versions of the subject, this 1650 work is the artist's only surviving nude The Rokeby Venus [also accept Toilet of Venus or Venus at her Mirror]
Intertwining pink silk ribbons threaten to cover the blurry reflection of the title figure, whose mirror is held up by a small winged boy The Rokeby Venus [also accept Toilet of Venus or Venus at her Mirror]
For 10 points identify this work that features the goddess of love lying on her bed, her back turned to the viewer, a work by Diego Velazquez. The Rokeby Venus [also accept Toilet of Venus or Venus at her Mirror]
The original design included a statue of the Risen Christ, but this was later replaced by an orb and a cross Baldachinno
Its decorative details include lizards, vines, and a smattering of bees, in honor of its patron Baldachinno
Open tie rods connect two pairs of putti who lean over its front edge; one pair holds a book, while the other a set of keys Baldachinno
Originally conceived of by Carlo Maderno, its columns allow sight of another work by the same artist, the Cathedra Petri, a great gilt bronze chair Baldachinno
Rising at the cross section of the Latin Cross, more than 100 feet above the main altar, its dark, twisted, columns were derived from a set believed to have come from the Temple of Solomon Baldachinno
Commissioned by Urban VIII in 1623, for 10 points, identify this grand baroque canopy in St Baldachinno
Peter's Basilica, a work designed by Gianlorenzo Bernini. Baldachinno
Lesser known works associated with this movement include "Oriental" by Stanton Macdonald-Wright and Patrick Henry* Bruce's reconfigurations of still lifes Orphism (*accept "Synchromism" up to this point)
The magazine linked with this movement was called Montjoie! and its development was precipitated by the formation of the Puteaux Group Orphism (*accept "Synchromism" up to this point)
One of its proponents referred to it as "Simultaneity" and his early works include a series of images depicting a certain monument as seen through refracted light Orphism (*accept "Synchromism" up to this point)
That series of Eiffel Tower paintings was followed by such works as A Window and Circular Forms: Sun and Moon, which are examples of this art movement's underlying theory that "color alone is form and subject." Given its name by a 1912 Guillaume Appolinai Orphism (*accept "Synchromism" up to this point)
Joshua Reynolds's portrait of Mrs Et in Arcadia Ego
Bouverie and Mrs Et in Arcadia Ego
Crewe was inspired by the main theme of several paintings with this title Et in Arcadia Ego
One painting with this title depicts two figures identical to men watching from a forest in its artist'sApollo Flaying Marsyas, who look at a fly and a mouse next to a skull Et in Arcadia Ego
Besides that painting by Guercino, another painting of this name depicts Alpheus spilling an urn full of water Et in Arcadia Ego
According to Erwin Panofsky'sMeaning and the Visual Arts, the central subject of a more famous painting of this name is not a mere death's-head, but mortality itself Et in Arcadia Ego
In that painting of this name, a woman in a yellow cloak stands in a pastoral landscape next to three men attempting to make out an inscription on a sarcophagus Et in Arcadia Ego
For 10 points, identify the shared name of two paintings by Nicholas Poussin which depict shepherds discovering a grave. Et in Arcadia Ego
This artist painted numerous nude images of Betalo Rubino, but also painted her in costume as a Dancer of Dehli Robert Henri or Robert Henry Cozad
This man adopted Hardesty Maratta's twelve basic color system later in his career; this switch brightened his subsequent portraits appreciably when compared to such earlier works as his Gypsy series and Laughing Boy Robert Henri or Robert Henry Cozad
His admiration for Degas was evident in such works as Dancer in a Yellow Shawl and his portrait of Madame Voclezca as Richard Strauss' Salome.His theories were eventually collected in The Art Spirit, some years after this student of Thomas Anshutz moved f Robert Henri or Robert Henry Cozad
It was his decision to spurn the National Academy of Design that led him to organize a breakthrough show at the Macbeth Gallery in 1908, that exhibition featured such like minded artists as William Glackens and George Luks Robert Henri or Robert Henry Cozad
For 10 points, identify this American painter, perhaps best known as the leader of "The Eight." Robert Henri or Robert Henry Cozad
He painted historical works in Venice under Carlo Maratta, and his own assistants included Edward Byng and John Jacob Bakker Sir Godfrey Kneller
His sitters included the missionary Shen Fu Tsung, whose depiction as The Chinese Convert was owned by James II, as well as 14 naval commanders whose portraits were completed for Queen Anne and Prince George of Denmark Sir Godfrey Kneller
His glamorous portraits of the Royal Ladies in Waiting are now known as the Hampton Court Beauties Sir Godfrey Kneller
This rival of Peter Lely's, who succeeded him as Charles II's Painter to the Crown, eventually bought a house at Whitton where he became Alexander Pope's neighbor; fitting, since he would go on to paint the leading literary figures of his day, including P Sir Godfrey Kneller
For 10 points, identify this Lubeck born painter, best known for his portraits of the Kit-Kat club. Sir Godfrey Kneller
An estate surrounded by woods can be seen in the background of this work, which was commissioned by Taddeo Contarini and also features a fig tree in the foreground The Three Philosophers
Previous names for this painting include "figures" and, more in line with the current name, "geometers and mathematicians."One of its subjects wears an ornate gold necklace, red robe, and a turban, while another, seemingly the oldest, holds a parchment wh The Three Philosophers
Although the rocky path on the left is well lit, much of the canvas is taken up by dark cave that beckons the youngest of the title figures, who is seated and holds compass and a slate in his hands The Three Philosophers
Owned by the same family that purchased its artist's previous work, The Tempest, for 10 points, identify this 1506 work by Giorgione featuring the titular number of thinkers. The Three Philosophers
This artist's most notable work can be found in a building designed by Camillo Pastrucci called the Palazzo Massimo Myron of Eleutherae
Charles Townley brought a copy of one of this artist's works to London, and that piece now bears his name Myron of Eleutherae
Adolf Furtwangler argued that the depiction of certain locks of hair, so reminiscent of the Cassel Apollo, marks a particular head of Perseus in this man's work.An armless nude putting one foot forward and now housed at the Lateran Museum is known as his Myron of Eleutherae
According to Pliny, he was taught by Ageladas of Argos and created such works for the Acropolis as Athena and Marsyas, as well as a figure so lifelike it was said to have attracted a bull Myron of Eleutherae
In addition to his bronze cow, he depicted contemporary athletes including the runner Ladas Myron of Eleutherae
His most famous work depicted a man bent over and about to release a namesake projectile Myron of Eleutherae
For 10 points, identify this ancient sculptor of the Discobolos. Myron of Eleutherae
The mansion Sweetbriar can be seen on the brow of the hill on the right in this painting, whose creation was motivated by what the artist referred to as "the prettiest problem in perspective" and was the product of numerous studies Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
It depicts the mellow sun of an autumn afternoon bathing the Girard Avenue railroad bridge in the background in light, and its artist included himself in the painting, pulling away from the center Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
A group of trees, as well as a band of people in a truss, create reflections off to the left side of the canvas Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
Three years after its artist completed this work he produced a similar work depicting a man in a red bandanna named John Biglin, who, rather than simply sitting on the surface of the Schuylkill, was actually in the process of moving the oars Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
For 10 points, identify this 1871 painting of the titular rower, a work by Thomas Eakins. Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
Its subject may have been inspired by Michelangelo's last paintings in the Vatican The Conversion of St. Paul on the Way to Damascus
Originally commissioned to complement an altarpiece by Annibale Carraci in the Santa Maria del Popolo by the Papal Treasurer, Tiberio Cerasi, this work displays a plumed helmet on the bottom of the canvas The Conversion of St. Paul on the Way to Damascus
The helmet and a spread out red cloak belong to the title figure, whose eyes are closed and arms are outstretched The Conversion of St. Paul on the Way to Damascus
Depicting a moment recounted in the Acts of the Apostles, it features an old man with an enormous varicose vein trying to restrain a large animal, whose bulk dominates much of the painting The Conversion of St. Paul on the Way to Damascus
Notable for its use of foreshortening, for 10 points, identify this 1601 depiction of the moment a saint is nearly trampled by a horse and finds god, a painting by Caravaggio The Conversion of St. Paul on the Way to Damascus
Grisaille sections of this work show Cain and Abel making sacrifices and Cain beating Abel to death Ghent Altarpiece [or Het Lam Gods; or The Lamb of God; accept Adoration of the Mystic Lamb before mentioned]
Jef Vanderveken replaced a portion of this work which was stolen in 1934, known as The Just Judges Ghent Altarpiece [or Het Lam Gods; or The Lamb of God; accept Adoration of the Mystic Lamb before mentioned]
When this work's wings are closed, four panels depicting the Annunciation of Mary can be seen Ghent Altarpiece [or Het Lam Gods; or The Lamb of God; accept Adoration of the Mystic Lamb before mentioned]
The Jewish prophets and the apostles kneel around a bejeweled fountain while the central creature bleeds into a chalice in this work's main scene, the Adoration of the Mystic Lamb Ghent Altarpiece [or Het Lam Gods; or The Lamb of God; accept Adoration of the Mystic Lamb before mentioned]
For 10 points, name this altarpiece by Hubert and Jan van Eyck. Ghent Altarpiece [or Het Lam Gods; or The Lamb of God; accept Adoration of the Mystic Lamb before mentioned]
One member of this group painted landscapes like Mount Desert Island, Maine Hudson River School
Aside from Jervis McEntee, members of this group included Worthington Whittredge and Sanford Robinson Gifford, as well as the painter of The Heart of the Andes Hudson River School
One member of this group created a work depicting William Cullen Bryant in the Catskills standing next to this group's most famous member, the painter of The Course of Empire and The Voyage of Life Hudson River School
For 10 points, name this American art movement which included such painters as Frederic Church, Asher Durand and Thomas Cole. Hudson River School
A propaganda brochure in its defense asks, "Did [it] fall out of the sky?" and, "Is [it] a gymnastic apparatus?" Its end was precipitated by the Monday demonstrations, and parts of it now reside in the Vatican Gardens and the Sanctuary of Fatima in Portug Berlin Wall
Its East Side Gallery featured Dmitri Vrubel's painting of an infamous kiss from Brezhnev Berlin Wall
Wooden crosses near Checkpoint Charlie commemorate its victims, the most famous being Peter Fechter, who was shot in its 'death strip.' In response to a mass emigration, Erich Honecker began its construction in 1961 and it was dismantled 28 years later Berlin Wall
A physical manifestation of the Iron Curtain, for 10 points, name this structure which Ronald Reagan told Gorbachev to tear down. Berlin Wall
Joachim von Sandrart noted that the two leftmost figures in this painting are derived from a Holbein woodcut depicting two card players  The Calling of Saint Matthew
The window at the top of this painting is covered in oilskin, and its figures are lit by an unseen source at the top right  The Calling of Saint Matthew
This painting hangs in the Contarelli chapel along with two other paintings by the same artist depicting the title character's inspiration and martyrdom  The Calling of Saint Matthew
Only three of the figures sitting at Levi's money table take notice of the barefoot figure at right  The Calling of Saint Matthew
For 10 points, name this Caravaggio painting in which Jesus gestures towards a certain tax-collector.  The Calling of Saint Matthew
This artist depicted Jesus holding the title fruit while in his mother's arms in Madonna of the Pomegranate Alessandro Botticelli
Another circular depiction of Jesus by this artist is Madonna of the Magnificat Alessandro Botticelli
He painted himself into his Adoration of the Magi but moved away from Christian themes in a work which is bordered on one side by a red-cloaked man about to pick an orange from a tree Alessandro Botticelli
Another work shows a nymph in the process of throwing a cloak over the nudity of the titular figure standing on a shell Alessandro Botticelli
For 10 points, name this creator of Primavera and The Birth of Venus. Alessandro Botticelli
Male and Female, one of this artist's earliest works, may have been influenced by David Alfaro Siquieros, while his 1943 work The She-Wolf may have been influenced by Jungian psychology Paul Jackson Pollock
One of his most famous works was done on an eight-foot by four-foot piece of fiberboard and prominently features layered yellow and brown streaks of paint Paul Jackson Pollock
His 1952 painting Blue Poles and the aforementioned No Paul Jackson Pollock
5 both illustrate his technique of dripping paint directly onto his paintings Paul Jackson Pollock
For 10 points, name this abstract expressionist who pioneered the technique of action painting. Paul Jackson Pollock
A group of relaxing nude women have tea on the seashore in a painting by this man titled after a line in a Baudelaire poem Henri Matisse [accept Luxe, Calme et Volupté before "this man"]
Another of his works is centered on a grandfather clock without hands and sees its title color often broken only by white lines Henri Matisse [accept Luxe, Calme et Volupté before "this man"]
This artist of Luxe, Calme et Volupté and L'Atelier Rouge painted a portrait of his wife in which the titular "Green Stripe" bisects her face Henri Matisse [accept Luxe, Calme et Volupté before "this man"]
A woman lays out dessert on a table in one of his paintings, while a painting commissioned by Sergei Shchukin borrowed a depiction of a group of  figures holding hands and cavorting around from one of his earlier paintings Henri Matisse [accept Luxe, Calme et Volupté before "this man"]
For 10 points, identify this artist of Harmony in Red, La Danse, and Le Bonheur de Vivre, a leading Fauvist. Henri Matisse [accept Luxe, Calme et Volupté before "this man"]
This painter depicted himself as a character from a Walter Scott novel in his Self-Portrait at Ravenswood Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
A woman holds out her arms imploringly in his Greece Expiring on the Ruins ofMissolonghi, and he depicted a scene from the Inferno in The Barque of Dante Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
He portrayed an Assyrian king's demise is The Death of Sardanapalus and the slaughter of Greeks by Ottoman troops in The Massacre at Chios Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
He is best known for a work in which the titular woman holds a musket in one hand and the French flag in the other Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
For 10 points, name this French Romanticist creator of Liberty Leading the People. Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
This sculptor depicted Nancy Cunard in a work often titled Sophisticated Young Lady Constantin Brâncuşi
This sculptor of the jagged and triangular Le Coq and the oval-eyed Miss Pogany created an ensemble including Table of Silence in Targu Jiu, which also contains his 29 meter Endless Column Constantin Brâncuşi
This sculptor of the phallic Princess X created a geometrically-simple relief version of The Kiss, but is best known for a marble and bronze series of figures whose heads and beaks are reduced to ovals Constantin Brâncuşi
For 10 points, name this Romanian sculptor of the sleek Bird in Space. Constantin Brâncuşi
The hexagon-impressed tiles on the arches in this painting are modeled on the ceiling of the Vatican Palace The School of Athens [or La Scuola di Atene]
A putto over the top of this painting bears the injunction “causarum cognitio,” or “become knowledgeable of the causes.” The upper left and upper right of this painting include statues of Apollo and Athena, holding a lyre and a shield, respectivel The School of Athens [or La Scuola di Atene]
Hypatia is depicted in a white robe in the lower left, while in the lower right a group of students gathers around Archimedes The School of Athens [or La Scuola di Atene]
The Timaeus and the Nicomachean Ethics are held by the two central figures, Plato and Aristotle The School of Athens [or La Scuola di Atene]
For 10 points, name this fresco by Raphael. The School of Athens [or La Scuola di Atene]
He worked on the restoration of Titian's Emperor Vitellius and Emperor Galba, while several of his own works were adapted into sculptures by Bernini Sir Anthony Van Dyck [or Antoon Van Dijck]
His Iconography series consists of portraits of several of his contemporaries.  His self-portraits include one with a broken column and one with a sunflower, and he also painted several portraits of Queen Henrietta Maria Sir Anthony Van Dyck [or Antoon Van Dijck]
Another work depicts his patron's upper body in three positions, while his most famous work depicts the same figure in hunting dress Sir Anthony Van Dyck [or Antoon Van Dijck]
For 10 points, name this student of Peter Paul Rubens, a Flemish portraitist who was court painter to Charles I of England. Sir Anthony Van Dyck [or Antoon Van Dijck]
This character retires to the town of Redriff with his wife Mary Burton after meeting the Portuguese captain Don Pedro Lemuel Gulliver
He is told of rebels from the land of Lindalino who built four massive towers topped with magnets Lemuel Gulliver
This character finds out that Alexander the Great died of alcoholism after summoning Alexander, Caesar, Brutus and other luminaries in Glubbdubdrib Lemuel Gulliver
This surgeon on the Antelope  describes the Academy of the floating island of Laputa after single handedly capturing the entire navy of Blefuscu Lemuel Gulliver
For 10 points, name this character who describes journeys through Brobdinag and Lilliput in his namesake travels, a creation of Jonathan Swift. Lemuel Gulliver
One series created by this artist depicts a woman with a gambling addiction, a woman with obsessive envy, and a man suffering from delusions of military rank Théodore Géricault
That series of ten paintings of the insane includes a self-portrait called Portrait of a Kleptomaniac Théodore Géricault
This painter also created a work in which a Napoleonic soldier brandishes a sword atop a rearing horse, The Charging Chasseur Théodore Géricault
Another of his works includes a figure waving a flag in the top right, and depicts the suffering of the survivors of a shipwreck off the coast of Mauritania Théodore Géricault
For 10 points, name this French Romantic who painted The Raft of the Medusa. Théodore Géricault
This ruler created the Chambre Ardente to persecute heretics, a cause which was furthered by his Edict of Chateaubriant Henry II of France
After his defeat in the Battle of St Henry II of France
Quentin, this ruler married his sister Margaret to Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy and his daughter Elisabeth to the King of Spain in the Peace of Chateau-Cambresis, and he had earlier married his son to Mary Queen of Scots Henry II of France
This man's mistress, Diane de Poitiers, controlled court life during his reign, although he was married to Catherine de' Medici Henry II of France
For 10 points, name this Valois King of France who died from a wound suffered while jousting, the father of Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. Henry II of France
In the bottom right of this work, a partridge is perched on a branch Landscape with the Fall of Icarus Â
In the background, several ships can be seen sailing near a port which is surrounded by cliffs and lies across from what appears to be a volcano Landscape with the Fall of Icarus Â
Near the center of this painting, a man leaning on a stick looks skyward rather than monitoring the sheep surrounding him Landscape with the Fall of Icarus Â
Other figures include a fisherman and a plowman, both of whom ignore the titular event, as does the ship passing the title character Landscape with the Fall of Icarus Â
For 10 points, identify this painting depicting the drowning of the son of Daedalus, by Bruegel the elder. Landscape with the Fall of Icarus Â
Alexander Calder's Ordinary is located outside of this structure, which lies across from the Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill-designed Lever House Seagram Building
The shear trusses and shear walls of this building extend to the 29th and 17th floors of it respectively Seagram Building
This building has three specified positions for window blinds, which its architect included to maintain uniformity Seagram Building
Mark Rothko was going to create displeasing art for the Four Seasons Restaurant in this International Style building Seagram Building
For 10 points, name this structure designed by Johnson and Mies van der Rohe. Seagram Building
Although completely surrounded, this ruler's use of wagons and firearms at the Battle of Khanwa resulted in his victory over Rana Sanga, a leader of Mewar, and he initially rose to prominence as the ruler of Fergana Babur [or Zahir ud-Din Muhammad bin Omar Sheikh]
Muhammad Shaybani took Samarkand from this man, only for him to regain it shortly after, and in the meantime this ruler captured Kabul Babur [or Zahir ud-Din Muhammad bin Omar Sheikh]
This ruler defeated Ibrahim Lodhi at the First Battle of Panipat, which marked the beginning of an empire that would last three centuries until its replacement by the British Raj in India Babur [or Zahir ud-Din Muhammad bin Omar Sheikh]
For 10 points, name this father of Humayun and grandfather of Akbar, the founder of the Mughal Dynasty. Babur [or Zahir ud-Din Muhammad bin Omar Sheikh]
This artist's Christ Taken Captive and Christ in Limbo are part a series of his that had a "Little" counterpart, his "Great Passion." Joachim and Anna Meeting at the Golden Gate and The Annunciation are part of his "Life of the Virgin" series, and the fir Albrecht DürerÂ
This creator of Knight, Death, and the Devil included a skull on a window ledge and lion sleeping on a rug for one work, and another contains polyhedrons, magic squares, and a depressed angel Albrecht DürerÂ
For 10 points, name this German woodcut master, creator of St Albrecht DürerÂ
Jerome in his Study, and Melencolia I. Albrecht DürerÂ
In homage to Watson and Crick, this man painted Galacidalacidesoxiribonucleicacid, part of his “nuclear mysticism” period that also included such works as Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus) Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Doménech
He depicted several Venus de Milos wearing different colored skirts in The Hallucinogenic Toreador Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Doménech
He created a work titled after “the disintegration of” his most famous work, in addition to an optical illusion involving the title pachyderms, Swans Reflecting Elephants Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Doménech
For 10 points, name this Catalan surrealist who painted some melting watches in The Persistence of Memory. Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Doménech
Gerrit Lundens' copy of this painting in London's National Gallery reveals its pre-cropped state, in which the large arch in the background was closer to the center The Night Watch [or De Nachtwacht; accept The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch before mentioned]
A partially out-of-frame man beats a drum on the extreme right of this painting, while in the background a man in armor holds an orange and blue flag The Night Watch [or De Nachtwacht; accept The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch before mentioned]
The two main figures are a man dressed in yellow and carrying an ensheathed sword, and a man in a red sash, while many of the background figures are holding pikes The Night Watch [or De Nachtwacht; accept The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch before mentioned]
For 10 points, name this painting depicting the company of Frans Banning Cocq, a work by Rembrandt. The Night Watch [or De Nachtwacht; accept The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch before mentioned]
One of this artist's works was commissioned by Edward Coates, who later replaced it with a work entitled The Pathetic Song to avoid the controversy caused by the original work's portrayal of six nude men Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins
That work, The Swimming Hole, was created fourteen years after this artist's Max Schmitt in a Single Scull Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins
In his most famous painting, a woman recoils in disgust as the titular figure demonstrates a surgery at the Jefferson Medical College Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins
That painting is often paired with this artist's The Agnew Clinic Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins
For 10 points, name this American painter of The Gross Clinic. Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins
One composer from this country composed the Peacock Variations and Dances of Galanta, and another composer from this nation composed Atmosphères and Lux Aeterna, two pieces included in 2001: A Space Odyssey Republic of Hungary
The former of those composers based an orchestral suite on his opera about a hussar who defeats Napoleon, Háry János Republic of Hungary
One composer from this country wrote a Concerto for Orchestra and Mikrokosmos, and Brahms composed a set of tunes based on dances from this nation Republic of Hungary
The primary Romantic composer from this country wrote the Transcendental Etudes and Rhapsodies from here Republic of Hungary
For 10 points, name this country, home of Béla Bartók and Franz Liszt. Republic of Hungary
This artist's final paintings included garishly-colored works like Model by the Wicker Chair, while his many self-portraits include The Night Wanderer and a woodcut with a skeleton arm running along the bottom Edvard Munch
The majority of his paintings, which include numerous depictions of "vampiric" women, were intended for inclusion in a series entitled The Frieze of Life Edvard Munch
His more famous works include a green-walled depiction of his sister's death from tuberculosis, entitled Death in the Sickroom, as well as a work set along a dock at Ljabrochaussen with a swirling, blood-red sky Edvard Munch
For 10 points, name this Norwegian Expressionist painter of The Scream. Edvard Munch
This artist's works include portraits of the writer Joachim Gasquet and the journalist Gustave Geffroy Paul Cézanne
He painted a takeoff on Manet in which a white female is disrobed by a black male while a seated man watches, Paul Cézanne
In one work by this author, a line of horsemen in the far distance ride along a ground formed from layers of various colors Kazimir Malevich
This artist of Red Cavalry Riding depicted a man holding an ace of clubs who is partially obscured by a white fish in his The Aviator Kazimir Malevich
This man showed the title figure's foot simultaneously depressing a pedal to three separate depths in his The Knife Grinder, exemplary of the period during which he exhibited with the group Jack of Diamonds Kazimir Malevich
This author of The Nonobjective World collaborated with Vladimir Mayakovsky on the manifesto for a group that emphasized the importance of feeling in art and thus concentrated on simple geometric shapes Kazimir Malevich
For 10 points, name this painter of Black Square and the White on White series, the Russian founder of Suprematism. Kazimir Malevich
In one of this man's paintings, one character oddly uses her left hand to grasp the red-cloaked character's chin while her right hand sits at his knee Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Alabaster statues of soldiers lie strewn in the clouds above the red-caped title figure in one work by this painter, who also depicted a nude woman with her head tilted back as a hero arrives on a hippogriff in another painting Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
This painter of Jupiter and Thetis, The Dream of Ossian, and Roger Freeing Angelica may be better known for depicting a character about to be crowned by Nike with Moliere and Herodotus among those around him Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
He also painted a work featuring a concubine with elongated proportions Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
For 10 points, name this French Neoclassicist painter of The Apotheosis of Homer and La Grande Odalisque. Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
One of this artist's most famous works was later rendered on the sides of subway cars by Fab Five Freddy Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
This artist also appeared in a series of ads for his collaboration with Jean-Michel Basquiat that featured both dressed in boxing gear Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
This artist chose photos from the AP wire that were too grotesque to be printed for his Death in America series Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
At the American Supermarket show, he displayed both real and fake boxes of Brillo soap pads Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
One of this man's films depicts DeVeren Bookwalter receiving fellatio for 35 straight minutes Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
This director of Sleep and Blow Job included Billy Name and Edie Sedgwick among his namesake Superstars, who generally hung out at his Factory Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
For 10 points, name this Pop artist best known for screen prints of Marilyn Monroe and Campbell's Soup Cans. Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
One of this man's early works shows what appears to be a windmill amidst various blotches Pieter Cornelis “Piet” Mondrian [or Mondriaan]
Two of his works with the same title, painted just a year apart, show this man's progression away from Cubism Pieter Cornelis “Piet” Mondrian [or Mondriaan]
Several late works by this painter of Moulin au Soleil Rouge and two versions of Still Life with Ginger Pot were named for places, including Place de la Concorde and New York I Pieter Cornelis “Piet” Mondrian [or Mondriaan]
Though he had a vehement disagreement with another artist about diagonals, many of this man's most famous works are geometric compositions inside lozenges Pieter Cornelis “Piet” Mondrian [or Mondriaan]
His most iconic painting features colors intended to evoke the traffic lights of the namesake street Pieter Cornelis “Piet” Mondrian [or Mondriaan]
For 10 points, name this Dutch artist of Broadway Boogie Woogie and Composition in Red, Yellow, and Blue, the most famous practitioner of De Stijl. Pieter Cornelis “Piet” Mondrian [or Mondriaan]
A nude man and woman help another woman up in front of a dark landscape in this artist's Departure of Summer Man Ray [accept Emmanuel Radnitzky]
Another of his works, which features a building in the background and a plant with a single eye in the foreground, was called The Misunderstood Man Ray [accept Emmanuel Radnitzky]
His works in other media included a metronome with a picture of an eye attached to an arm that was destroyed by the Jarivistes, and a cloth-wrapped sewing machine tied to a wooden base Man Ray [accept Emmanuel Radnitzky]
This creator of Object to be Destroyed and The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse painted f-holes onto a photograph of his companion Kiki de Montparnasse in a work called Le Violon d'Ingres Man Ray [accept Emmanuel Radnitzky]
He also took photos of his cross-dressing friend Marcel Duchamp as the Rrose Selavy Man Ray [accept Emmanuel Radnitzky]
For 10 points, name this American Dada photographer and artist. Man Ray [accept Emmanuel Radnitzky]
One of this man's works contains sections on the Ascent of the Blessed and Fall of the Damned, while another of his paintings sees a woman balance a book on her head while a flower is extracted from the head of another figure Hieronymous Bosch [other acceptable first names include Jeroen and Jerome; other acceptable last names include van Anthoniszoon and van Aken]
This painter of Visions of the Hereafter and The Cure of Folly depicted a man and a woman flying on a fish in the background while a saint meditates in the foreground in one work Hieronymous Bosch [other acceptable first names include Jeroen and Jerome; other acceptable last names include van Anthoniszoon and van Aken]
Another work by this man depicts revelers eating and drinking, unaware that the tree-masted boat that they're in is sinking Hieronymous Bosch [other acceptable first names include Jeroen and Jerome; other acceptable last names include van Anthoniszoon and van Aken]
For 10 points, identify this painter of Ship of Fools and The Temptation of St Anthony who also created a triptych that when closed depicts creation when closed, and when open shows Hell in one section and Paradise in another, The Garden of Earthly Deligh Hieronymous Bosch [other acceptable first names include Jeroen and Jerome; other acceptable last names include van Anthoniszoon and van Aken]
One work created by a member of this movement depicts several men in blue examining the titular creatures Die Brücke [or The Bridge]
This movement spawned Horse Fair, and one of its practitioners painted two nude figures in a lake and one in the trees surrounding the lake in his Bathers Die Brücke [or The Bridge]
Other works by that member of this group are part of the series Die Zigeuner Mappe Die Brücke [or The Bridge]
This movement's founder painted a work that depicts a nude woman on a blue background holding the titular “Japanese Umbrella.” Another painting from this movement, which included Max Pechstein and Otto Mueller, depicts two bare breasted women performi Die Brücke [or The Bridge]
For 10 points, name this German expressionist movement that included such artists as Ernst Kirchner and Emil Nolde. Die Brücke [or The Bridge]
One of his works shows a dog curled up near the head of a white bedspread Andrew Wyeth [don't accept “N.C. Wyeth”]
In another work by this man, lace curtains blow back from an open window that looks out onto tire tracks leading to the coast Andrew Wyeth [don't accept “N.C. Wyeth”]
Several portraits by this painter of Master Bedroom and Wind from the Sea feature a nude pigtailed model looking away from the viewer; one of those works shows that model kneeling on a bed, while another shows her sitting on a stool as light streams in th Andrew Wyeth [don't accept “N.C. Wyeth”]
On Her Knees and Lovers are two of the hundreds of studies he made of his neighbor Helga Testorf Andrew Wyeth [don't accept “N.C. Wyeth”]
His best-known work is set at the Olson House in Cushing, Maine and shows a disabled girl in a pink dress crawling across a field Andrew Wyeth [don't accept “N.C. Wyeth”]
For 10 points, identify this American painter of Christina's World. Andrew Wyeth [don't accept “N.C. Wyeth”]
This artist depicted his girlfriend sitting on a bench on the beach near Dieppe in the painting By the Seashore Pierre-Auguste Renoir
This artist's paintings of Suzanne Valadon include Girl Braiding Her Hair and Dance at Bougival Pierre-Auguste Renoir
A white-faced woman in a black-and-white striped dress gazes at the viewer while the man next to her looks off at an angle through opera glasses in his La Loge, also known as The Theater Box Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Another of his paintings shows Gustave Caillebotte sitting backwards in a chair while this man's future wife Aline Charigot plays with a dog at a table in a balcony of the Maison Fournaise Pierre-Auguste Renoir
For 10 points, name this Impressionist who depicted a Sunday evening at a restaurant in Montmartre in Bal du Moulin de la Gallette and also painted Luncheon of the Boating Party. Pierre-Auguste Renoir
A 2008 laser restoration of this sculpture found that gold leaf was once used to highlight it Donatello's David [prompt on David before “Donatello;” accept David alone after “Donatello”]
Currently, this piece is housed with versions of Madonna and Child by Luca Della Robbia and Lorenzo Ghiberti in a gallery at the Bargello Donatello's David [prompt on David before “Donatello;” accept David alone after “Donatello”]
The helmet of one character in this work features a depiction of the Triumph of Cupid, which lends credence to the interpretation that it is representative of the primacy of sodomy in the culture in which it was created Donatello's David [prompt on David before “Donatello;” accept David alone after “Donatello”]
That theory is also supported by the feather running up the inside of its central figure's leg Donatello's David [prompt on David before “Donatello;” accept David alone after “Donatello”]
The title figure's toes are intertwined in the hair of his enemy, on whose decapitated head he stands Donatello's David [prompt on David before “Donatello;” accept David alone after “Donatello”]
For 10 points, identify this first freestanding bronze nude since antiquity, a work by Donatello depicting the slayer of Goliath. Donatello's David [prompt on David before “Donatello;” accept David alone after “Donatello”]
In one of this man's paintings, an armored St Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
Nicasius carries the ensign of the Knights of Rhodes and faces the viewer in front of a red wall Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
A robed St Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
Francis stands on the other side of that painting by this man, which centers on Mary holding the infant Jesus atop a huge throne Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
Another of his paintings depicts a man holding a compass and a slate seated on a rock next to two standing men, a turbaned Arab and an elderly figure Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
A third work by this painter shows a man with a pike standing across a stream from a nursing woman; the cream-colored city in the background of that work contrasts with the dark clouds gathering overhead Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
His Sleeping Venus was finished by his student Titian Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
For 10 points, name this painter of the Castelfranco Madonna, The Three Philosophers, and The Tempest. Giorgione [or Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; prompt on Castelfranco until it is mentioned]
In one of this man's works, a man on the right sitting cross-legged turns his head to watch a woman playing the piano James Ensor
In another work, he depicted a woman opening a door and greeting a man sitting at a table while wearing a mask with a long nose James Ensor
This artist of Russian Music painted a work in which a line of figures react with disgust at the sight of doctors experimenting on a monkey James Ensor
In another of his paintings, skeletons duel with mops and brooms under the title character, who holds a sign saying “CIVET.” This artist of The Scandalized Masks, The Vile Vivisectors, and Skeletons Fighting over a Hanged Man depicted a crowd of peopl James Ensor
For 10 points, name this Belgian painter of Christ's Entry into Brussels. James Ensor
The artist's friend Meyer de Haan appears with two semi-nude women surrounded by flowers in his Barbarian Tales Paul Gauguin
A naked black woman lies on her stomach on a green bed in one painting by this painter Paul Gauguin
He drew a tree branch to set off the main action taking place on a vermillion background in another work Paul Gauguin
This painter of Spirits of the Dead Keep Watch and Jacob Wrestling with the Angel also painted a religious figure surrounded by Breton women Paul Gauguin
He depicted an old woman with a white bird at her feet representing the final stage of life in another painting Paul Gauguin
For 10 points, name this French painter who painted The Yellow Christ and Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? while living out his life on Tahiti. Paul Gauguin
This artist chronicled the formation of Lake Berryessa and the abandoning of the town of Monticello in a work co-created with Pirkle Jones called Death of a Valley Dorothea Lange [accept Dorothea Nutzhorn; accept Pirkle Jones until his name is read]
Paul Taylor provided the text for a collaboration with this artist called An American Exodus Dorothea Lange [accept Dorothea Nutzhorn; accept Pirkle Jones until his name is read]
A man looks up angrily from his truck's steering wheel in this artist's Ditched, Stalled, and Stranded Dorothea Lange [accept Dorothea Nutzhorn; accept Pirkle Jones until his name is read]
Another work by this artist shows a man in a white hat leaning on a wooden fence with a cup between his arms Dorothea Lange [accept Dorothea Nutzhorn; accept Pirkle Jones until his name is read]
In the most famous work by this photographer of White Angel Breadline, two children bury their faces into the shoulders of Florence Owens Thompson, who looks worriedly off into the distance Dorothea Lange [accept Dorothea Nutzhorn; accept Pirkle Jones until his name is read]
For 10 points, identify this photographer whose Depression-era portraits of workers include Migrant Mother. Dorothea Lange [accept Dorothea Nutzhorn; accept Pirkle Jones until his name is read]
His full name appears only once in his works, on a sign hanging from a tree branch in his painting Adam and Eve Albrecht Dürer
While visiting Italy, this artist created the Feast of Rose Garlands, which served as the altarpiece for the San Bartolomeo Chapel Albrecht Dürer
This artist created a self-portrait in which he holds a hand to his fur collar while a golden inscription to his right notes that he has “portrayed himself in colors aged twenty-eight years.” Another of his works features a sleeping dog and a supine l Albrecht Dürer
He also depicted a ponderous angel sitting near a truncated rhombohedron and a magic square Albrecht Dürer
For 10 points, name this artist of St Albrecht Dürer
Jerome in His Study and Melencolia I, whose other woodcuts include The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. Albrecht Dürer
This artist depicted himself sleeping below grazing animals, fir trees, and a lilac sky in a painting inspired by his honeymoon Marc Chagall [or Moshe Shagal]
A fish holds a candle up to a red easel in the background of another of this man's works Marc Chagall [or Moshe Shagal]
This artist depicted the Eiffel Tower in the back window of a canvas that contains a self-portrait at an easel Marc Chagall [or Moshe Shagal]
This artist of The Poet Reclining and La Mariée created a 70-foot mosaic for Chicago called The Four Seasons Marc Chagall [or Moshe Shagal]
A green-clad man carries a sack below a burning synagogue in a work by this man whose central figure wears a prayer shawl Marc Chagall [or Moshe Shagal]
His most famous work shows the Tree of Life being held by a green-skinned man who looks past a small row of houses at a sheep Marc Chagall [or Moshe Shagal]
For 10 points, name this Vitebsk-born Jewish painter of White Crucifixion and I and the Village. Marc Chagall [or Moshe Shagal]
Vincent van Gogh complimented the tones of “bare earth” found in the feet of one person depicted in this work The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp [or De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp]
The asymmetrical groupings of figures in this painting were inspired by the artist's desire not to replicate a similar work by Thomas de Keyzer The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp [or De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp]
One figure's shoulder casts a shadow that forms a mask over the central figure's eyes The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp [or De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp]
Another figure in this work holds a list in his left hand and stands in front of a scroll displaying the artist's name The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp [or De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp]
The lower right foreground of this work depicts a huge open book, likely a work of Vesalius The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp [or De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp]
In this painting, seven figures with ruffed collars observe the forearm muscles of the criminal Aris Kindt being held up with a forceps The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp [or De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp]
For 10 points, name this painting in which an Amsterdam surgeon performs a public dissection, a work of Rembrandt. The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicholas Tulp [or De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp]
This artist painted Venus and Apollo observing Achilles commemorating the death of his friend in The Funeral of Patroclus Jacques-Louis DavidÂ
Another of his works shows the titular scientist sitting at a red table covered in chemistry equipment while his wife leans over him Jacques-Louis DavidÂ
The subject of another of his paintings lays on an Empire-style sofa and looks over her shoulder Jacques-Louis DavidÂ
This artist of portraits of Antoine Lavoisier and Madame Recamier painted a work in which three men extend their hands towards a fourth man holding three swords Jacques-Louis DavidÂ
Another of his works shows the title character reaching for a cup of hemlock Jacques-Louis DavidÂ
For 10 points, name this artist of Oath of the Horatii and Death of Socrates, who depicted a revolutionary in his bathtub holding a note in The Death of Marat. Jacques-Louis DavidÂ
One of this artist's paintings focuses on a multicolored shield as the Emperor Titus rears on a majestic white horse Nicholas Poussin
This artist of The Destruction of Jerusalem painted Ruth kneeling before Boaz in one of a quartet of paintings that also includes a depiction of The Spies with the Grapes of the Promised Land Nicholas Poussin
He depicted Judas sneaking out of the Last Supper in Eucharist, which joins works like Extreme Unction and Baptism in another series Nicholas Poussin
This artist of The Four Seasons and The Seven Sacraments painted a work in which group of chariots riding above clouds as Wealth, Poverty, Labor, and Pleasure join hands in the center Nicholas Poussin
Another of his paintings shows four peasants examining a tomb Nicholas Poussin
For 10 points, name this classical French artist of A Dance to the Music of Time and Et in Arcadia Ego. Nicholas Poussin
While in Rome, this artist depicted a muscular title character who brandishes white-hot iron in one hand while Apollo enters the central scene Diego Velazquez
This artist depicted the voluminous black hair of a man wearing a green coat in one of his portraits Diego Velazquez
A drunken outdoor feast culminates in the drunken crowning one of the revelers in this artist's work that shows the triumph of Bacchus Diego Velazquez
This artist of a portrait of Juan de Pareja and Los Borrachos showed the titular goddess's face reflected towards the viewer in his Rokeby Venus Diego Velazquez
He also depicted Ambrosio Spinola receiving the keys of a city in a painting also sometimes called “The Lances.” For 10 points, name this artist who depicted the Surrender of Breda and also painted a dwarf and a large dog next to the Infanta Margarita Diego Velazquez
An art movement from this country produced the masterpiece Red Furniture by Robert Falk Russia
Black birds fly around a pyramid of skulls in a painting from this country titled The Apotheosis of War Russia
One painter from this country showed a woman in black standing out of her chair while a returning soldier is admitted to the room Russia
Unexpected Visitors was painted by an artist who created another work depicting a group writing a reply to Sultan Mehmet IV Russia
A modernist movement here was the Jack of Diamonds, while another artist from this country painted the titular "Black Square" on a white background Russia
For 10 points, name this country home to Ilya Repin and the Suprematism movement led by Kazimir Malevich. Russia
This artist only completed the preparatory sketches for the epic Opening of the Doors of the Spanish Inquisition Theodore Gericault
This artist showed a cart stopped next to a gray building emitting white smoke in The Lime Kiln Theodore Gericault
He painted an unusual still-life of severed limbs called Anatomical Pieces, and he featured horses in his paintings Derby at Epsom and Horse Frightened By Lightning Theodore Gericault
A horse rearing away from an unseen attacker appears in his The Charging Chasseur Theodore Gericault
He studied bodies in the morgue of the Hospital Beaujon for his most famous work, which sees a man waving a red handkerchief on the top right and a bloody hatchet implies cannibalism Theodore Gericault
For 10 points, name this French Romantic painter of The Raft of the Medusa. Theodore Gericault
An injured soldier holds a newspaper while his daughters play with a lion, bear, turkey, and rooster in this artist's Peace Concluded, and he illustrated several works of Anthony Trollope.  A man leans forward on a green chair, pointing his white leg at John Everett Millais
One figure in this work looks away from a scroll she holds in her left hand, which is based on the artist's earlier Doni Madonna ceiling of the Sistine Chapel [accept logical equivalents]
In one section of this work men place the entrails of a slaughtered ram into the furnace of an altar to prepare for a sacrifice ceiling of the Sistine Chapel [accept logical equivalents]
Many people are shown trying to jump into a capsizing rowboat during a flood in a section of this work titled The Deluge ceiling of the Sistine Chapel [accept logical equivalents]
In this work, twenty nude figures wearing garlands of fig leaves called the "Ignudi" sit on plinths above thrones occupied by prophets and sibyls ceiling of the Sistine Chapel [accept logical equivalents]
This work's program concludes with The Drunkenness of Noah, while in its best-known painting, God's finger is about to touch the finger of Adam ceiling of the Sistine Chapel [accept logical equivalents]
For 10 points, name this large fresco painted by Michelangelo whose central program show nine scenes from Genesis. ceiling of the Sistine Chapel [accept logical equivalents]
In the background of this painting, a priest, grave digger, and prostitute stand together in a group the artist called "the exploiters, people who make a living from death", while the presence of a rabbi on the far left has been left unexplained The Artist's Studio: A Real Allegory Summing Up Seven Years of My Artistic and Moral Life [accept L'Atelier du Peintre]
In the center of this painting, a contorted male nude figure standing above a skull was inspired by Jusepe de Ribera The Artist's Studio: A Real Allegory Summing Up Seven Years of My Artistic and Moral Life [accept L'Atelier du Peintre]
A black feathered hat lies next to a guitar and dagger representing the inadequacy of academic art The Artist's Studio: A Real Allegory Summing Up Seven Years of My Artistic and Moral Life [accept L'Atelier du Peintre]
The central figure looks away from a semi-nude female standing next to him who represents the Platonic ideal of beauty The Artist's Studio: A Real Allegory Summing Up Seven Years of My Artistic and Moral Life [accept L'Atelier du Peintre]
On the right side of this painting, George Sand and Charles Baudelaire are among the figures looking at the painter in the center of the canvas, who works on a landscape in the title location The Artist's Studio: A Real Allegory Summing Up Seven Years of My Artistic and Moral Life [accept L'Atelier du Peintre]
Subtitled, "a real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life," for 10 points, name this self-portrait by Gustave Courbet. The Artist's Studio: A Real Allegory Summing Up Seven Years of My Artistic and Moral Life [accept L'Atelier du Peintre]
A couple standing under a tree on the right side of this work are described as "recording near the tree of science their note of anguish caused by science itself" Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? [or D'ou Venons Nous? Que Sommes Nous? Ou Allons Nous]
The artist wrote a letter to Charles Morice asserting that a bird holding a lizard in its mouth on the far left side of this painting represents the "futility of vain words" Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? [or D'ou Venons Nous? Que Sommes Nous? Ou Allons Nous]
In the center, a figure is picking an apple from a branch at the top of the canvas, while in the background a woman stands listening to a blue Buddha idol Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? [or D'ou Venons Nous? Que Sommes Nous? Ou Allons Nous]
Reading from right to left this painting depicts the progression of Tahitian women Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? [or D'ou Venons Nous? Que Sommes Nous? Ou Allons Nous]
For 10 points, name this painting dramatizing the cycle of life with a questioning title, created by Paul Gauguin. Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? [or D'ou Venons Nous? Que Sommes Nous? Ou Allons Nous]
This painter showed a woman looking at the apparition of a head appearing above a lion-clothed man, who steps over a crown and putto in the Allegory of Wisdom and Strength Paolo Veronese [or Paolo Caliari]
He included The Triumph of Mordecai and The Banishment of Vashti in his History of Esther series Paolo Veronese [or Paolo Caliari]
Dogs line the foreground of another work in which a man bowing a viola d'amore stands in front of a star-haloed Jesus, who has just created the wine being poured on the right Paolo Veronese [or Paolo Caliari]
This artist painted a similarly crowded scene for the Basilica di Santi Giovanni e Paolo, but was forced to have its title changed from "The Last Supper" by the Inquisition Paolo Veronese [or Paolo Caliari]
For 10 points, name this Italian painter who created Wedding at Cana and Feast in the House of Levi. Paolo Veronese [or Paolo Caliari]
This artist showed three tall trees on the left side of his painting of a river valley with the title mountain in the background of his Franconia Notch Asher Brown Durand
He depicted a city across a harbor from a forest in his Progress (The Advance of Civilization) Asher Brown Durand
A Benjamin Field poem called Moonlight was the basis for this man's painting of the Hudson behind the title Trysting Tree Asher Brown Durand
Early in his life, he established his reputation with the engraving for Trumbull's Declaration of Independence Asher Brown Durand
Another painting by this man shows Kaaterskill Falls and the Clove of the Catskills as two men stand on a ledge on the left Asher Brown Durand
For 10 points, name this Hudson River School painter who depicted William Cullen Bryant and Thomas Cole in his Kindred Spirits. Asher Brown Durand
Two figures on the left of this paining are derived from a Holbein print of gamblers unaware of Death The Calling of St. Matthew
A sword is hanging from the belt of a figure sitting at a table who faces backward, while the figures on the left wear contemporary garb and the two men on the right wear cloaks The Calling of St. Matthew
This painting features three sources of light including an oilskin-covered window, as well as a bearded figure whose left hand is pointing at his own chest while his right hand is on a coin The Calling of St. Matthew
This painting is found alongside two works about the “inspiration” and “martyrdom” of the title figure in the Contarelli Chapel The Calling of St. Matthew
Depicting a man formerly known as Levi, for 10 points, name this painting in which Jesus summons a tax collector, by Caravaggio. The Calling of St. Matthew
This artist showed Alekto dragging Mars out of the Temple of Janus as he stomps on a book representing the arts in The Consequences of War, which is paired with The Allegory on the Blessings of Peace Peter Paul Rubens
He featured a fountain with water spouting out of the breasts of a statue of Diana on the right side of a painting that shows him dancing with Helene Fourment Peter Paul Rubens
He painted Saturn lifting Veritas up to heaven in The Triumph of Truth, which is the last work in a series including The Disembarkation at Marseilles and Louis XIII Comes of Age Peter Paul Rubens
This artist of The Garden of Love painted a cycle based on the life of Marie de Medici Peter Paul Rubens
For 10 points, name this Flemish painter of The Descent from the Cross known for his voluptuous nudes. Peter Paul Rubens
In one of this artist's paintings, an old man is seen on the left drawing something with a stick while smoke rises from a temple Thomas Cole
Another paintings shows a red-clothed man fervently praying as he stands in a boat about to go through rapids Thomas Cole
Along with The Architect's Dream, he painted a canvas in which a decapitated statue with a shield can be seen in the upper right while pillaging occurs below Thomas Cole
This artist painted a series featuring a man who ages while accompanied by his guardian angel called The Voyage of Life, while another series includes works subtitled "The Arcadian" and "The Savage State" Thomas Cole
For 10 points, name this artist from the Hudson River School who painted The Course of Empire series and The Oxbow. Thomas Cole
The Aberdeen Head is considered to be a precursor to one of this artist's best known works Praxiteles
A legend claims that a stain on the thigh of one work came from a boy who tried to have sex with the statue because it was so lifelike Praxiteles
He showed a figure leaning on a tree trunk while resting his right forearm on his head in the Lycian Apollo, and he made another statue modeled from the famous courtesan Phryne Praxiteles
This sculptor depicted a boy preparing to strike a reptile climbing a tree in Apollo Sauroktonos and showed a woman modestly covering her genitals in Cnidian Aphrodite Praxiteles
His best-known work shows a god carrying a baby in his left arm Praxiteles
For 10 points, name this Attic sculptor who made Hermes and the Infant Dionysius. Praxiteles
This artist depicted statues of Moses and the Sybil in his dark Pieta, which features a tablet under a stone lion's head that shows the artist and his son Orazio praying to be spared from a plague Titian [accept Tiziano Vecelli]
He painted a knight leading a captured Moor and Turk to the Virgin Mary, who sits atop a stairway in the Pesaro Madonna Titian [accept Tiziano Vecelli]
This artist showed a man wrapped in snakes inspired by The Laocoon in the procession of a god whose chariot is pulled by cheetahs in Bacchus and Ariadne Titian [accept Tiziano Vecelli]
In another work a kneeling servant rummages through a chest in the background while the title figure holds roses in her right hand as she reclines nude Titian [accept Tiziano Vecelli]
For 10 points, name this Venetian artist who painted Sacred and Profane Love and Venus of Urbino. Titian [accept Tiziano Vecelli]
A broken jug sits in front of a pregnant woman symbolizing her lost virginity in one of this artist's two depictions of The Harvest Wagon Thomas Gainsborough
This painter showed a Spitz dog accompanying a couple in a piece nicknamed "The Morning Walk" Thomas Gainsborough
One of his works was painted on the Auberies' estate and features a woman whose lap was left unfinished, which was originally planned to hold a pheasant Thomas Gainsborough
That painting features a dog sniffing a man holding a rifle, who stands next to Frances Carter sitting on a metal bench under an oak tree Thomas Gainsborough
This artist's best-known work is displayed in the Huntingon and is modeled on Jonathan Buttall Thomas Gainsborough
For 10 points, name this English artist who painted Mr Thomas Gainsborough
and Mrs Thomas Gainsborough
Andrews and The Blue Boy. Thomas Gainsborough
Valentine Greene's 1779 mezzotint of this work helped increase both this work and its artists' popularity Watson and the Shark
The painter originally drafted this work with a youth in center instead of a balding man, and Morro Castle can be seen in the top right corner Watson and the Shark
One of the titular figures' right foot cannot be seen due to the composition, suggesting that it is missing, and his right hand is reaching for a length of rope hanging from the side of a boat Watson and the Shark
In the center, two men in white reach for that figure, while a man on the right holds a harpoon and is attacking the title animal in this work's lower right corner Watson and the Shark
For 10 points, name this painting depicting an animal attacking a human in Havana Bay by John Singleton Copley. Watson and the Shark
This artist featured a background of blue and yellow splotches on a green wall in one of a self-portrait "with paintbrushes" Umberto Boccioni
Another one of his paintings is dominated by the word "CAFF" which appears just above several flashes of bright yellow and another painting prominently features the number "6943" in between industrial images including a locomotive and a radio tower Umberto Boccioni
This artist included The Farewells in his States of Mind series, but he may be better known for sculpture that depicts an armless figure moving dynamically Umberto Boccioni
For 10 points, identify this Futurist artist who created Riot in the Galleria and Unique Forms of Continuity in Space. Umberto Boccioni
This artist showed a woman wearing armor under her green cloak, decorated with a plaque of Victory and flying over Athens, in Pallas Athene Il Parmigianino [or Francesco Mazzola]
He depicted a child Hercules handing a globe to a ruler in his Allegorical Portrait of Charles V and he showed a voluptuous baby Jesus leaning on an orb while holding a rose in left hand in Madonna della Rosa Il Parmigianino [or Francesco Mazzola]
This artist painted a man sleeping in the right side while John the Baptist points upward at the Virgin and child in his The Vision of St Il Parmigianino [or Francesco Mazzola]
Jerome Il Parmigianino [or Francesco Mazzola]
On the right hand corner of his best-known painting a prophet holds a scroll under a giant Doric column, while six angels surround an elongated baby who appears to be falling off the lap of his mother Il Parmigianino [or Francesco Mazzola]
For 10 points, name this Mannerist artist who painted Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror and Madonna with the Long Neck. Il Parmigianino [or Francesco Mazzola]
Erica Hirshler wrote a "biography" of this painting tracking how two of the people depicted ending up being put into an asylum The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit
The lighting of this painting was borrowed from the artist's earlier Venetian Studies, and was also influenced by copies the artist made of Las Meninas The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit
Two antiques created by Hirabayashi depicted in the painting are now displayed alongside it in the MFA The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit
Two of the central figures stand in the shadow, and one of them leans against a giant Japanese vase, while the youngest sits on a rug and clutches a doll The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit
Finished two years before Madame X, for 10 points, name this painting depicting the siblings Florence, Jane, Mary Louisa and Julia in their family's Paris apartment, a work by John Singer Sargent. The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit
Possible models for the left-most figure in this painting include Andrea del Verrocchio's David or Giuliano de Medici Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
That figure in red wears a curved sword on his sash and prods his caduceus into a cloud Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
Roses trail out of the mouth of a figure on the right of this painting, who struggles with a figure with blue robes and blue-gray skin Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
Those are this painting's depictions of Mercury, Chloris, and Zephyrus Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
At the top of the painting, Cupid takes aim towards the Graces, who dance center left Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
In the very center of this painting, Venus stands where the orange trees arch Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
For 10 points, name this painting by Sandro Botticelli, an allegorical representation of spring. Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
This artist painted a woman with a sword in a burning landscape where a dark river flows into a giant mouth Pieter Brueghel the Elder
In another work by him, skeletons with trumpets and spears kill people in a desolate landscape alongside a cart full of skulls Pieter Brueghel the Elder
In addition to Dulle Griet and The Triumph of Death, he painted a man holding a kabob and riding a barrel while being pushed towards a sickly man with an oar in The Fight Between Carnival and Lent Pieter Brueghel the Elder
This man also painted a work in which a man and his donkey plow a field on a hill while a ship sails away from a small splash in the background Pieter Brueghel the Elder
For 10 points, name this artist of The Peasant Wedding and Landscape with the Fall of Icarus. Pieter Brueghel the Elder
Portraits by this artist include one of Lord Henry and Lady Mary Guilford Hans Holbein the Younger
He painted Anne Lovell with a squirrel and a starling Hans Holbein the Younger
A Virgin Mary in a navy blue dress with orange sash holds an infant Jesus in a work this artist painted for Jakob Meyer Hans Holbein the Younger
Besides the Darmstadt Madonna, another of his works depicts a green curtain in front of a table containing items like a lute and a globe Hans Holbein the Younger
That painting also contains an anamorphic image of a skull on the floor next to the two title figures Hans Holbein the Younger
For 10 points, name this court painter of Henry VIII famous for his portraits of Erasmus and Thomas More and for The Ambassadors. Hans Holbein the Younger
One figure in this painting looks to his right at a vase held by a figure on the left of the canvas The Madonna of the Long Neck [or The Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna and Child with Angels and St. Jerome; or La Madonna del Collo Lungo]
Brown curtains appear at the top; and on the right, in the distance, a man wearing a toga looks away from the scroll held in his outstretched arms The Madonna of the Long Neck [or The Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna and Child with Angels and St. Jerome; or La Madonna del Collo Lungo]
Next to that man, a column is partially blocked by the title figure's flowing blue robes The Madonna of the Long Neck [or The Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna and Child with Angels and St. Jerome; or La Madonna del Collo Lungo]
The title figure of this painting rests her bare foot on a pair of pillows at the bottom, and her elongated fingers graze the top of her white dress The Madonna of the Long Neck [or The Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna and Child with Angels and St. Jerome; or La Madonna del Collo Lungo]
For 10 points, a very large infant Jesus lies on the lap of the title figure in what mannerist masterpiece of Parmigianino, whose title references a noticeable physical feature of the Virgin Mary? The Madonna of the Long Neck [or The Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna and Child with Angels and St. Jerome; or La Madonna del Collo Lungo]
This painter's landscapes include two of Antwerp that feature the Steen Castle Peter Paul Rubens
Modern knowledge of the composition of Da Vinci's lost The Battle of Anghiari comes from a drawing by him Peter Paul Rubens
The title figure is seen being crowned in Saint-Denis and disembarking at Marseilles in his Marie de Medici cycle Peter Paul Rubens
His second wife, Hélène Fourment, was thought to have posed for works such as The Three Graces and one in which the title figure scratches his chin while deciding between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite, The Judgment of Paris Peter Paul Rubens
For 10 points, name this Flemish artist of a famous Descent from the Cross triptych, known for his full-bodied female nudes. Peter Paul Rubens
Paintings inspired by this work include Roger Brown's Puerto Rican Wedding Nighthawks
At the right of this painting, a narrow yellow door stands shut Nighthawks
A white-clad figure in this painting is bending down as he looks at a woman in a red dress Nighthawks
A sign running along the top of this painting advertises cigars selling for "only 5 cents." In addition to the aforementioned woman, other people in this painting include two dark-suited men in fedoras, each of whom leans on the counter next to cups of co Nighthawks
For 10 points, name this painting that depicts a diner in the hours of darkness and was painted by Edward Hopper. Nighthawks
The Allegory of the Christian Knight forms the center panel of this painter's Modena Triptych El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
In one of his paintings, a man in green prepares to remove Jesus's red tunic El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
In another of his paintings, a blue-robed St El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
John outstretches his arms while angels distribute robes to naked people El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
In another, this man's son, as well as St El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
Stephen, and St El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
Augustine, surround the interment of the titular armor-clad nobleman El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
For 10 points, name this painter of The Disrobing of Christ, The Opening of the Fifth Seal, and The Burial of the Count of Orgaz, whose common Spanish name alludes to his birth on Crete. El Greco [or The Greek; or Doménikos Theotokópoulos]
One of this man's paintings depicts silhouettes created by rows of Venus de Milos which form the image of a man wearing a green tie, amidst a bullfighting scene Salvador Dali
In another of his paintings, a kneeling figure from Greek myth is morphed into a hand holding an egg from which a flower protrudes Salvador Dali
In another work by this creator of The Hallucinogenic Toreador and The Metamorphosis of Narcissus, the image in the water of some title creatures' necks appears to be the other title creatures' trunks Salvador Dali
One of his paintings features ants crawling on melting watches Salvador Dali
For 10 points, name this Surrealist Spanish artist of Swans Reflecting Elephants and The Persistence of Memory. Salvador Dali
A woman in blue-green rides a chestnut horse in the title position of this painter's Side-Saddle Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
He served as illustrator for Georges Clemenceau's book, At the Foot of Sinai Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
Two women lie in bed, locked in embrace, in his depiction of The Kiss Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
A stern ringmaster whips a gray horse ridden by a red-haired woman in his At the Circus Fernando Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
He painted the title nightclub owner dressed in a black jacket and hat and red scarf in his paintings of Aristide Bruant Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
For 10 points, name this French Post-Impressionist known for his paintings of Jane Avril and La Goulue dancing at the Moulin Rouge and for his short stature. Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
This artist's unfinished sculptures include the Boboli Captives and the Taddei Madonna Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
His statues of Night, Day, Dawn, and Dusk are inside a part of a building that contains his Laurentian Library, the Church of San Lorenzo Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
And he depicted the title biblical figure with a large beard and horns in his Moses Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
In another project that included The Deluge, he drew his self-portrait on the flayed skin of Saint Bartholomew Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
For 10 points, name this man who was ordered to build the dome of St Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
Peter's Basilica and the tomb of Pope Julius II, the painter of The Last Judgment and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
British troops carry the title commander under a Union Jack in this painter's Battle of Jersey scene, Death of Major Peirson John Singleton Copley
A wife, dressed in blue, leans over to look at her husband's sketch of a sculpture in his Mr John Singleton Copley
and Mrs John Singleton Copley
Izard John Singleton Copley
This artist is better known for a painting that shows the title figure stroking his chin with his right hand, while holding a silver teapot in his left, and another in which two men lean over to rescue one title character while a standing man tries to har John Singleton Copley
For 10 points, name this 18th century American painter of a portrait of Paul Revere and Watson and the Shark. John Singleton Copley
Dandelions and plantago are among the weeds growing in this artist's watercolor, Great Piece of Turf Albrecht Durer
An Albuquerque voyage commissioned by King Manuel I led this artist to draw an anatomically inaccurate depiction of a rhinoceros Albrecht Durer
In one work by this artist, a skull lies on a window ledge while a lion and dog sleep in front of the main figure as he compiles the Vulgate Albrecht Durer
Another work by this man shows a human skull barely visible on an irregularly sided polyhedron which lies to the left of a depressed angel Albrecht Durer
For 10 points, Saint Jerome in his Study and Melancholia I are by what German woodcut artist of the Apocalypse series? Albrecht Durer
One part of this work shows a man leaning backwards as he holds up a woman and is entitled I am Beautiful The Gates of Hell [accept La Porte de l'Enfer]
Another section of this work depicts a nobleman from Pisa who was forced to stay alive by eating his children The Gates of Hell [accept La Porte de l'Enfer]
This artwork includes a depiction of Ugolino and His Children and shows an embrace between Paolo and Francesca The Gates of Hell [accept La Porte de l'Enfer]
Another section of this work was originally titled The Poet and shows a seated man with his chin on his right hand The Gates of Hell [accept La Porte de l'Enfer]
For 10 points, name this group of sculptural works depicting scenes from Dante's Inferno that includes The Kiss and The Thinker and was sculpted by Auguste Rodin. The Gates of Hell [accept La Porte de l'Enfer]
A woman with a blue parasol and a child walk through a field of the title red flowers in this painter's Poppies Oscar Claude Monet
He painted the effects of sunlight in the fog on the title structure in his Houses of Parliament series, and showed the many different shapes of the smoke issuing from trains in his Gare Saint-Lazare series Oscar Claude Monet
He depicted the harbor at Le Havre in a painting that lent its name to his artistic movement, and painted a series depicting certain objects in the water near a Japanese bridge at his Giverny home Oscar Claude Monet
For 10 points, identify this French painter of Impression: Sunrise and many water lilies. Oscar Claude Monet
At the dead center of this painting stands a child in white with a hat, clutching the pink skirt of its mother A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte - 1884 [or Un Dimanche Après-midi à l'Île de la Grande Jatte - 1884; accept "Isle" instead of "Island"; accept A Sunday on la Grande Jatte]
Another child, in orange, appears to be skipping or running off to the right A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte - 1884 [or Un Dimanche Après-midi à l'Île de la Grande Jatte - 1884; accept "Isle" instead of "Island"; accept A Sunday on la Grande Jatte]
In the background of this painting stand a man in orange, blowing a bugle, and two soldiers facing away from both children, towards where four men are rowing a boat A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte - 1884 [or Un Dimanche Après-midi à l'Île de la Grande Jatte - 1884; accept "Isle" instead of "Island"; accept A Sunday on la Grande Jatte]
A black dog sniffs the ground near a man in a sleeveless red shirt and black cap, who smokes a pipe in the left foreground A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte - 1884 [or Un Dimanche Après-midi à l'Île de la Grande Jatte - 1884; accept "Isle" instead of "Island"; accept A Sunday on la Grande Jatte]
A woman at the right of this painting holds a monkey on a leash A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte - 1884 [or Un Dimanche Après-midi à l'Île de la Grande Jatte - 1884; accept "Isle" instead of "Island"; accept A Sunday on la Grande Jatte]
For 10 points, parasol-wielding Parisians proliferate what pointillist masterpiece of Georges Seurat? A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte - 1884 [or Un Dimanche Après-midi à l'Île de la Grande Jatte - 1884; accept "Isle" instead of "Island"; accept A Sunday on la Grande Jatte]
This architect's final building, completed after his death, is the Martin Luther King Jr Ludwig Mies van der Rohe?
Library in D.C Ludwig Mies van der Rohe?
Cullinan Hall is one of two additions this architect made to the Caroline Weiss Law Building in Houston Ludwig Mies van der Rohe?
He designed both the building and sculpture gardens for the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin Ludwig Mies van der Rohe?
His German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition contained the first of his Barcelona chairs Ludwig Mies van der Rohe?
Another of his works was purposely built in the floodplain of the Fox River, the Farnsworth House Ludwig Mies van der Rohe?
For 10 points, "less is more" was the maxim of this International Style architect and final director of the Bauhaus. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe?
Jesus stands on the shore as his disciples cast nets from a boat in this artist's Christ at the Sea of Galilee Tintoretto [or Jacopo Comin; or Jacopo Robusti]
Peacocks watch on the lower right as stars shoot out from the breast of Juno, where Hercules is suckling, in another of his painting Tintoretto [or Jacopo Comin; or Jacopo Robusti]
A descending figure in an orange cape intercedes to save a Christian from impending execution in a painting from his St Tintoretto [or Jacopo Comin; or Jacopo Robusti]
Mark series Tintoretto [or Jacopo Comin; or Jacopo Robusti]
Besides Origin of the Milky Way and Miracle of the Slave, he is most famous for a painting where angels surround a table that stretches diagonally away from the viewer Tintoretto [or Jacopo Comin; or Jacopo Robusti]
For 10 points, name this Venetian Renaissance painter of a celebrated Last Supper, with a name meaning little dyer. Tintoretto [or Jacopo Comin; or Jacopo Robusti]
This artist painted one of the title nomads attending to a brown horse at right as the title blue-robed poet reclines off left in Ovid Among the Scythians Eugène Delacroix
A hand sticks out from the rubble at the foot of a despairing woman in his allegorical Greece Expiring on the Ruins of the Messolonghi Eugène Delacroix
A turbaned figure on a rearing horse overlooks a field of dying people in his Massacre at Chios, while the title king watches calmly as one his slaves' throat is slit in his The Death of Sardanapalus Eugène Delacroix
A little boy waves a pistol in the air as the title bare-breasted figure waves a French flag in this painter's most famous work Eugène Delacroix
For 10 points, name this painter of Liberty Leading the People. Eugène Delacroix
A series of different colored squares form the shell of the title animal in this artist's The Snail Henri Matisse
Ships sit in the pink waters of the harbor in one of several paintings he did of Collioure, The Open Window Henri Matisse
In one of his paintings, a maid is arranging fruit on a platter on a table whose tablecloth bears the same color as the wallpaper Henri Matisse
In another painting by him, the nudes reclining and playing on a yellow lawn include a group dancing in a ring, a trope he would revisit in his painting The Dance Henri Matisse
He used a technique he called "drawing with scissors" for his Blue Nudes series Henri Matisse
For 10 points, name this French Fauvist of The Joy of Life and Harmony in Red. Henri Matisse
A nude Andromeda on the left with her back to the viewer watches an armor-clad Perseus perform the title action in his Perseus Slaying the Sea Monster Edward Coley Burne-Jones
He was also fond of painting series as in his The Heart Desires and The Soul Attains, two parts of his Pygmalion and Galatea cycle, and his large four-part group about Sleeping Beauty, the Briar Rose paintings Edward Coley Burne-Jones
A male nude in his Phyllis and Demophoon caused scandal but the three male nudes in his canvas Wheel of Fortune resulted in little outcry Edward Coley Burne-Jones
His artistic diversity is reflected in the numerous stained glass windows and book illustrations, such as those for an 1896 edition of Chaucer, which he did for the workshop of his friend William Morris Edward Coley Burne-Jones
An abiding interest in Arthurian myth, typified by his painting The Beguiling of Merlin, also characterized, for 10 points, what Pre-Raphaelite artist and painter of King Cophetua and the Beggar Maid? Edward Coley Burne-Jones
Among the unfinished members of this group is the one of Casa Colonna, which sits in the Berlin Gallery Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
Preliminary drawings of many of them can be seen in the so-called "Pink Sketchbook," including the Bridgewater and Mackintosh ones Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
The Araceli and Foligno ones were modeled on each other, whereas a more unique one features two putti petting the titular creature Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
The most famous sees St Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
Barbara and an awed St Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
Sixtus on the right and left as well as two putti looking up curiously amidst the clouds at the bottom Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
Some were once mistakenly attributed to their creator's teacher, Giulio Romano Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
For 10 points, name this group of works that include the one of the Meadow, the Sistine one, and the one of the Goldfinch, a collection of paintings by the artist of School of Athens. Madonnas by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino (accept answers that mention Virgins, Virgin and Child, and Virgins with Child as long as Raphael is also mentioned; prompt on Madonnas, Virgins, etc. but do NOT prompt on just Raphael)
One of them places the central figure on the right of the canvas with a row of houses near his left foot and a black goat in the center carrying a mother and child Chagall's depictions of Crucifixion (accept equivalents as long as Chagall and Crucifixion are mentioned)
Another places the primary figure on the left with a blue face and black and gold loin cloth with a red goat-like creature in the center Chagall's depictions of Crucifixion (accept equivalents as long as Chagall and Crucifixion are mentioned)
A fourth was sold three months ago and is titled Apocalypse in Lilac, Capriccio Chagall's depictions of Crucifixion (accept equivalents as long as Chagall and Crucifixion are mentioned)
The most famous depicts the central figure with a boat approaching on the left and a burning house to the right, with Communists and Nazis on the left and right edges respectively Chagall's depictions of Crucifixion (accept equivalents as long as Chagall and Crucifixion are mentioned)
The main three prominently feature candles near the central figure, two of them depict torahs, and two of them feature prominently placed ladders Chagall's depictions of Crucifixion (accept equivalents as long as Chagall and Crucifixion are mentioned)
For 10 points, name this group of canvases that include the "mystical," yellow", and "white" varieties, which depict the same historical event, and which were painted by the artist of "I and the Village". Chagall's depictions of Crucifixion (accept equivalents as long as Chagall and Crucifixion are mentioned)
Artist Walter Verdin created the installation Sliding Time based on this painting for a 2009 exhibition honoring its artist Descent From the Cross or Deposition of Christ (accept equivalents)
There is a direct line between the eyes of the figure in the embroidered gold cloak at the center right and the eyes of a skull at the bottom left Descent From the Cross or Deposition of Christ (accept equivalents)
The woman on the far left wears a white headdress and tears are clearly visible on her face, while the woman in the bottom center left is shown in a vibrant blue dress and has just fainted Descent From the Cross or Deposition of Christ (accept equivalents)
The central figure is rendered in the shape of a crossbow in honor of the Leuven guild that commissioned this painting Descent From the Cross or Deposition of Christ (accept equivalents)
Among the identifiable figures are Mary Cleophas, Mary Salome, and Nicodemus, and in total there are ten figures placed in a very cramped space Descent From the Cross or Deposition of Christ (accept equivalents)
For 10 points, name this circa 1435 painting, the masterpiece of Rogier van der Weyden. Descent From the Cross or Deposition of Christ (accept equivalents)
The creator of this artwork partly drew on a concurrent portrait of its subject by Marie Benoist Pauline Borghese as the Venus Victrix (accept either name, as well as Pauline Bonaparte)
It came to be housed in a building designed by Giovanni Marchetti and in a room containing a ceiling fresco on the same subject by Domenico de Angelis Pauline Borghese as the Venus Victrix (accept either name, as well as Pauline Bonaparte)
A brief scandal erupted in 2007 when its artist was accused of taking plaster casts of his sitter's breasts, which proved false, though he did design the crank in its wooden base that allowed it to be rotated Pauline Borghese as the Venus Victrix (accept either name, as well as Pauline Bonaparte)
The subject has a bracelet around her right arm, which supports her head, and she holds an apple in her left hand in reference to the "Judgment of Paris." She reclines on a Roman sofa and is nude above the waist Pauline Borghese as the Venus Victrix (accept either name, as well as Pauline Bonaparte)
For 10 points, name this sculpture that sought to equate its subject with Aphrodite, a work by Antonio Canova depicting the sister of Napoleon. Pauline Borghese as the Venus Victrix (accept either name, as well as Pauline Bonaparte)
Ana Maria Pacheco's "Studies of" this figure are large scale drawings, whereas her Dark Night of the Soul is a wood sculpture inspired by the Pollaiuolo brothers' sculpture depicting his death St. Sebastian or San Sebastiano
In 1915 Egon Schiele painted a self-portrait of himself as this man, and Bellini created a triptych on his life St. Sebastian or San Sebastiano
Il Sodoma's version of him is the painter's masterpiece, and he was also the subject of six paintings by Anthony van Dyck, some of which replaced his face with van Dyck's St. Sebastian or San Sebastiano
Ribera and de la Tour's depictions of him both feature him being tended to by Irene, whereas Perugino, like many others, painted him "bound to a column." For 10 points, Andrea Mantegna's portrayals show the typical scene of arrows piercing the body and ma St. Sebastian or San Sebastiano
Much of what we know of his inspiration comes in a biography of his mentor written by Epiphanius Andrei Rublev
Between 1905 and 1918 his most famous work underwent restoration, though the gold background was lost and the lone tree had to be painted anew Andrei Rublev
In good condition is his Harrowing of Hell, though the top of Christ's head is missing in his The Savior, one of his few works located in a museum Andrei Rublev
Rather, it is such sites as the Dormition Church and Dormition Cathedral that house his frescoes, many of which he completed with the help of Theophanes the Greek Andrei Rublev
Solo credit is given for his Old Testament Trinity, initially housed in the cathedral of his master St Andrei Rublev
Sergius Andrei Rublev
For 10 points, name this subject of an Andrei Tarkovsky film and 14th and 15th century Russian icon painter. Andrei Rublev
Among the most exotic in this series was the one featuring a "Potentate" and a "Kris," a kind of sword, and among the most humorous was the depiction of Zeuxis, an ancient Greek painter Rembrandt's Self-Portraits or Self-Portraits of Rembrandt (accept equivalents)
One of them is an interpretation of St Rembrandt's Self-Portraits or Self-Portraits of Rembrandt (accept equivalents)
Paul and at least two feature a gorget [gore-JIT] Rembrandt's Self-Portraits or Self-Portraits of Rembrandt (accept equivalents)
Some of them were initially given the title of conterfeycel, but not the late ones such as the penultimate, which utilized a doublet featured in the works of Dirk Bouts and Rogier van der Weyden Rembrandt's Self-Portraits or Self-Portraits of Rembrandt (accept equivalents)
They include thirty-two etchings and number at least ninety-nine but only two of them feature Saskia, the artist's wife Rembrandt's Self-Portraits or Self-Portraits of Rembrandt (accept equivalents)
Spanning a forty-year period between 1629 and 1669, For 10 points, name this series of depictions of the artist of The Night Watch. Rembrandt's Self-Portraits or Self-Portraits of Rembrandt (accept equivalents)
Before this group of paintings could begin their artist negotiated terms with Claude Maugis settling for a total of 20,000 crowns The Life of Marie de'Medici
The first entry depicts the Fates at work with their accoutrements, minus Atropos's scissors, while Zeus and Hera watch from above The Life of Marie de'Medici
The most discordant painting in this cycle shows a gathering on Olympus and was titled The Council of the Gods and Time uncovers Truth while a wreath is presented above them in the final entry, The Triumph of Truth The Life of Marie de'Medici
The "Destiny," "Birth," and "Education" of the central figure precede such historical scenes as The Flight From Blois and The Disembarkation at Marseilles and the happiness of the final reconciliation with the Dauphin The Life of Marie de'Medici
Numbering 24 paintings in all they were produced to decorate the Palais de Luxembourg The Life of Marie de'Medici
For 10 points, identify this cycle of paintings by Rubens named for their subject, the widow of Henry IV of France. The Life of Marie de'Medici
Marcel Duchamp poses for this man in the painting Sunday Afternoon in the Country by Florine Stettheimer, though a much clearer portrait is seen in Fred Holland Day's 1901 picture of him Edward Steichen
His Road to Victory and Power in the Pacific exhibitions helped memorialize the Pacific campaign in World War II, and he won an Oscar for his propaganda documentary for the navy entitled The Fighting Lady Edward Steichen
His work in other genres included a 1905 iconic atmospheric depiction of the Flatiron Building, as well as a large-scale 1955 exhibition with an accompanying book and introduction by his brother-in-law Carl Sandburg Edward Steichen
For 10 points, name this man who organized the Family of Man exhibit at MOMA, a photographer who co-founded the Photo Secession movement with Alfred Steiglitz. Edward Steichen
The two figures at the bottom of this painting are the only naked ones, and the one of them on the left holds a bowl aloft Ship of Fools
In total there are 12 people and the man furthest to the right leans over as he vomits Ship of Fools
A minstrel sits on some tree branches at the right and a May tree, with an owl poking out, is the major feature of the upper half as is the salmon-colored banner with an Islamic crescent tied to the tree's trunk Ship of Fools
A plate of cherries lies just below the nun who plays a lute and sings with a monk at the center Ship of Fools
Initially it was part of a larger piece where it sat above the artist's Allegory of Gluttony Ship of Fools
Likely inspired by a contemporary satire by Sebastian Brant, For 10 points, identify this depiction of a group about to embark on an aquatic voyage, a painting by Hieronymous Bosch. Ship of Fools
Lord Leighton depicted one wearing the feathers of a peacock and conversing with a swan Odalisques (or Odaliks)
They featured in a series of 1858 photographs by Roger Fenton, and the Louvre is home to James Pradier's sculpture of a "Dancing" one. Odalisques (or Odaliks)
Red, black, and white lines and bars characterize Dali's "Cybernetic" one, and Robert Rauschenberg's was a freestanding "combine" parodying the best-known painting of one of them Odalisques (or Odaliks)
Ones with "Upraised Arms," in a "Green Scarf," and wearing "Red Trousers" are the most notable of several painted by Henri Matisse Odalisques (or Odaliks)
The best-known is seen in a painting commissioned by Napoleon's sister and drawn partly from Titian's Venus of Urbino Odalisques (or Odaliks)
For 10 points, name these figures also frequently painted by Boucher and Delacroix, female Turkish slaves of which a "Grande" one was painted by Ingres. Odalisques (or Odaliks)
Its major portions were completed by a select group of the artist's pupils, including Antonio Raggi and Claude Poussin Fountain of the Four Rivers (or Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
Its building was highly unpopular due to the new bread tax instituted to finance its construction Fountain of the Four Rivers (or Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
The artist himself was responsible for the images at the center, which were carved in situ, and include a horse and a palm tree Fountain of the Four Rivers (or Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
Another pupil, Baratta, was responsible for the bearded black man who sits on a pile of coins and has his arm upraised, a gesture theorized to be an insult to the design of the neighboring church of Sant'Agnese by Borromini Fountain of the Four Rivers (or Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
It is also populated by several types of animals, including a few lions and the dove at the top representing the Pamphili family of its patron, Innocent X Fountain of the Four Rivers (or Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
For 10 points, name this structure in the Piazza Navona of Rome that was designed by Bernini and includes personifications of the Rio de la Plata and the Ganges. Fountain of the Four Rivers (or Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
In their most famous work the 13th image is entitled The Anatomical Man but of the two figures seen it is a woman, with the signs of the zodiac ascending up her naked body, who faces the viewer the Limbourg brothers
That work ends with preliminary drawings for two more images, but the actual final image is that of the Martyrdom of St the Limbourg brothers
Andrew the Limbourg brothers
In the same work, their patron can be seen wearing a brilliant blue robe on the right on the first folio the Limbourg brothers
Some of their sections were completed by the "Master of Shadows" and in their time they were known as the "courtly," "pious," and "rustic" painters the Limbourg brothers
Their major achievement remains the opening calendar, featuring one month painted by Jean Colombe the Limbourg brothers
They worked at the behest of Jean, Duc de Berry, and their names were Johan, Herman, and Paul the Limbourg brothers
For 10 points, name this group who created the major illuminated manuscript of the 15th-century, Tres Riches Heures. the Limbourg brothers
The artist drew on a sketch of the subject from seven years earlier for this painting, whose fame at exhibition led the artist to send his Young Lady with a Bird and Dog to the same exhibition the next year Boy With a Squirrel (accept early buzz of Henry Pelham)
Atypical of the artist was the choice of painting in profile rather than head-on and the dreamy quality of the subject, who was the artist's half-brother Henry Pelham Boy With a Squirrel (accept early buzz of Henry Pelham)
Of particular note are the luxurious red drapery in the background and the rich mahogany table at which the subject sits Boy With a Squirrel (accept early buzz of Henry Pelham)
Upon the table are a glass of water and part of the gold chain which links the subject with the other title figure Boy With a Squirrel (accept early buzz of Henry Pelham)
Praised by Reynolds and West upon its London exhibition, it would be surpassed four years later by the artist's portrait of Paul Revere Boy With a Squirrel (accept early buzz of Henry Pelham)
For 10 points, name this painting by John Singleton Copley depicting an adolescent and a rodent. Boy With a Squirrel (accept early buzz of Henry Pelham)
The central scene in this painting relied heavily on an emblem in Andrea Alciati's Liber Eblemata, a popular book of the time, according to Jonathan Brown, an expert on the artist Surrender of Breda (or Surrender at Breda or The Lances or Las Lanzas)
Brown also recently confirmed the attribution of the artist's Portrait of a Man, featuring a man who reappears at the far right of this canvas Surrender of Breda (or Surrender at Breda or The Lances or Las Lanzas)
It remains the most famous of 12 scenes painted for the Hall of Realms in a new state palace at the time Surrender of Breda (or Surrender at Breda or The Lances or Las Lanzas)
Two clusters of figures dominate the space, and among those on the left we see the head of a horse peeking out over the shoulder of a man in bright white, which is contrasted with the hind quarters of the same horse standing out on the right Surrender of Breda (or Surrender at Breda or The Lances or Las Lanzas)
The center focuses on an exchange of keys between two men, Justin of Nassau and the opposing general, Ambrogio Spinola Surrender of Breda (or Surrender at Breda or The Lances or Las Lanzas)
For 10 points, name this painting depicting the 1625 Dutch capitulation at the titular fortress, a work by Diego Velazquez. Surrender of Breda (or Surrender at Breda or The Lances or Las Lanzas)
A contemporaneous Croatian artist Giorgio Glovocic mentioned a third version of this work painted on ivory but now lost The Tower of Babel
In an essay on this painting art historian Steven Mansbach argued that the most prominent figure represents Philip II, coinciding with the interpretation of it as a depiction of suffering caused by Spain The Tower of Babel
It portrays a rolling green landscape in the back, a city scene on the left, and a harbor scene on the right, where slabs of red stone are being delivered The Tower of Babel
On the bottom left are many slabs of grey stone amidst which several stonemasons kneel before the procession of King Nimrod The Tower of Babel
Their work in progress was painted to parallel the Coliseum and takes on a spiral shape and is the title structure The Tower of Babel
For 10 points, name this painting by Bruegel depicting a biblical structure that man tried to build to reach as high as heaven. The Tower of Babel
On the brow at the hill on the right of this painting was the real-life mansion home of Samuel Breck Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
Art historian Martin Berger argues that this painting's subject allowed the artist to assert his masculinity and it was the first in a series of nearly 30 paintings on the same subject the artist would complete over the next four years Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
Many of them had identifiable landmarks, such as those in this painting - the Girard Avenue Bridge and the Railroad Connection Bridge Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
The artist depicts himself moving away in the background, and in the foreground is the titular subject who was a practicing lawyer and childhood friend of the artist Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
Commemorating an event of October 5, 1870 specifically the Schuylkill [skoo-kill] River Navy Regatta, for 10 points, name this painting of the titular oarsman by Thomas Eakins. Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
He discussed the lack of good municipal art in urban areas in his essay "Our Ugly Cities," and predicted that the airplane would "wipe out the borders of the world" after viewing an early Wright Brothers flight Gutzon Borglum
One of his works depicts a slave girl named Pink being freed by Henry Ward Beecher, while his memorial to Sacco and Vanzetti features some of latter's last words and is located in the Boston Public Library Gutzon Borglum
He portrayed James R Gutzon Borglum
McConnell, a pilot killed in World War I, as a man with wings in The Aviator Gutzon Borglum
His Twelve Apostles adorns the Cathedral of St Gutzon Borglum
John the Divine in New York, and he depicted a stampede directed by Hercules in the first sculpture accepted by the Met, his Mares of Diomedes Gutzon Borglum
For 10 points, identify this sculptor of the head of Lincoln in the US Capitol Rotunda and a National Memorial featuring the heads of four presidents at Mount Rushmore. Gutzon Borglum
An early painting of his shows a winged angel dominating the center with two large blotches of red on the left and right, and another of his paintings depicts a large group of people praying as a bird-like creature breaks through the roof David Alfaro Siqueiros
In addition to The Elements and The Devil in the Church he created a self-portrait featuring grotesque fingernails and an outstretched arm David Alfaro Siqueiros
A gold-skinned young boy wearing a red sash and crying and sitting in field of broken machinery is seen in his Echo of a Scream, but more renowned is a 1000-square foot mural depicting a huge robotic bird, men wearing gas-masks, and a machine that spits o David Alfaro Siqueiros
He completed Portrait of the Bourgeoisie one year before participating in a plot to assassinate Leon Trotsky David Alfaro Siqueiros
For 10 points, name this man, who belonged to the "Big Three" of Mexican muralists along with Diego Rivera and José Orozco. David Alfaro Siqueiros
In Lionel Gossman's essay about this group he confusingly terms them the "Unwilling Moderns." An early member of this group imitated an earlier Ingres painting with his The Entry of Rudolf of Hapsburg into Basel, and typified this group's style with his d Nazarenes (or Nazarener or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukesbund)
Another member executed a series of frescoes showing Dante, Ariosto, and Tasso as part of their communal decoration of the Villa Massimo Nazarenes (or Nazarener or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukesbund)
By then they had already taken up quarters at the monastery of San Isidro and their founder, in Assisi's Portiuncula Chapel, painted his major fresco on the Rose Miracle of St Nazarenes (or Nazarener or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukesbund)
Francis Nazarenes (or Nazarener or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukesbund)
As seen in their founder's The Triumph of Religion in the Arts, they sought to renew the style of the Renaissance through the Christian faith Nazarenes (or Nazarener or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukesbund)
For 10 points, name this group of German artists that included Peter Cornelius, Franz Pforr, and Johann Overbeck. Nazarenes (or Nazarener or Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukesbund)
Both Phillipe de Champaigne and Pieter Claesz were known for doing still lifes focused on this particular object skulls
A detail of one on Mt skulls
Golgotha was done by Fra Angelico and a teenage boy with an orange-feathered cap is seen in Frans Hals' portrait of a "Youth" with one skulls
Francisco Zurbaran depicted St Francis looking at one of these objects, while another one of these was depicted "with calico roses" skulls
A recent sculpture of one of these was titled For the Love of God, and a "Pyramid" of them forms the scene and title of a Paul Cezanne painting skulls
One appears at the bottom of a painting depicting Georges de Selve and Jean de Dentville skulls
For 10 points, name this object which was covered with diamonds by Damien Hirst, a distorted example of which appears in Holbein's The Ambassadors. skulls
A mosaic of this event was found in Pompeii in the House of the Faun and modeled on an earlier Greek painting by Philoxenus of Eretria The Battle of Alexander at Issus (or Alexanderschlacht)
Jan Bruegel's depiction of the same subject was painted in 1602 and is in the Louvre, but the most famous remains the one commissioned by Duke William IV The Battle of Alexander at Issus (or Alexanderschlacht)
Oddly there is a crescent moon at the top left and a sparkling sun at the upper right The Battle of Alexander at Issus (or Alexanderschlacht)
More suspicious are the presence of a group of women on the left, the excessive size of Cyprus, and the presence of mountain ranges in particular the large mountain at the center of this painting The Battle of Alexander at Issus (or Alexanderschlacht)
The historian Aventinus provided the numbers and information, later rewritten in Latin, that appear in the tablet hanging from the sky at the top, as well as the information on the banners of the two principal forces The Battle of Alexander at Issus (or Alexanderschlacht)
For 10 points, this is what depiction of a victory of Alexander the Great over Darius III in 333 BC by Albrecht Altdorfer? The Battle of Alexander at Issus (or Alexanderschlacht)
The artist placed his name on the base of a bench in the right foreground whereas in the left background a man in a yellow cloak walks with a staff and leaves the scene along with the figure in red with a raised hand to his right The Death of Socrates [or La Mort de Socrates]
To the left of the title figure a lamp sends out a plume of smoke and at the base of the bench on the left are a scroll and an opened inkpot The Death of Socrates [or La Mort de Socrates]
Other features include the lyre on the bed in the center and the manacles on the floor The Death of Socrates [or La Mort de Socrates]
Nine of the ten figures in the foreground are in various states of despair, with the lone exception being the title character with his left arm raised and his right reaching toward the kylix The Death of Socrates [or La Mort de Socrates]
For10 points, name this painting by David in which the title event will be fulfilled by the goblet of hemlock in the center. The Death of Socrates [or La Mort de Socrates]
A depiction of this figure by Bartolommeo Bandinelli is housed in the Bargello and is referred to as the Cleopatra one Bacchus or Dionysus
In the same building is Giambologna's bronze of this figure, which was inspired by another sculpture of him in the same room Bacchus or Dionysus
That sculpture shows this figure with a faun sitting on a rock beneath his right hand and is one of the major works of Jacopo Sansovino Bacchus or Dionysus
A huge depiction of him from the 2nd century AD which shows him with a panther was once housed in the Villa Ludovisi Bacchus or Dionysus
Another depiction of this figure in the Bargello shows him holding a kylix in his right hand and a tiger skin in his left; that sculpture, which notably features a broken penis, was created in 1497 by Michelangelo Bacchus or Dionysus
A better known sculpture shows this deity cradled in the left arm of another god Bacchus or Dionysus
For 10 points, name this god who was depicted with Hermes as an infant in a sculpture by Praxiteles. Bacchus or Dionysus
This artist imitated Paolo Uccello's Profanation of the Host for his mural 1934, which also incorporates three drawings from this artist's earlier Nighttime, Enigma, and Nostalgia series Arshile Gorky (accept Vostanik Adoyan before it is mentioned)
A number of this artist's early works are tributes to his mother, who starved to death before he left his native country; those works include How My Mother's Embroidered Apron Unfolds in My Life Arshile Gorky (accept Vostanik Adoyan before it is mentioned)
His son-in-law Matthew Spender, the son of poet Stephen Spender, wrote about him in the book From a High Place; that book describes this man's friendship with another artist whom he depicted in Portrait of Master Bill Arshile Gorky (accept Vostanik Adoyan before it is mentioned)
In addition to that portrayal of Willem de Kooning, he created such abstract, "biomorphic" works as One Year the Milkweed Arshile Gorky (accept Vostanik Adoyan before it is mentioned)
For 10 points, name this painter who was born Vostanik Adoyan, an Armenian artist who created The Liver Is the Cock's Comb. Arshile Gorky (accept Vostanik Adoyan before it is mentioned)
He turned to printmaking late in his career, producing more than 260 lithographs and etchings including the Elephant Skull and Sheep portfolios Henry Moore
His first major work had been the Hornton stone Mother and Child in the style of Masaccio finished about 15 years before the first of his "helmet sculptures" and 4 years before his first public commission, North Wind Henry Moore
A series of his post-war creations can be found in the U.S Henry Moore
including his Family Group and King and Queen, but it was another series of works, inspired by his viewing of a Mexican Chac Mool figure with which he was identified Henry Moore
Those works led to him, along with countrywoman Barbara Hepworth, becoming a leading proponent of Organic Abstractionism Henry Moore
For 10 points, name this British sculpture known for his series of Recumbent and Reclining Figures. Henry Moore
Though known for his canvases he did create numerous lithographs, including Letter From Overseas and Wreck of the 97 Thomas Hart Benton
For his oils he built detailed maquettes, or clay models, but he only did so after abandoning the Synchromist style of his former schoolmate Stanton Macdonald-Wright Thomas Hart Benton
Controversy surrounded the red nail polish and stark nudity of the titular woman in his Susannah and the Elders and the leering old farmer in his Persephone Thomas Hart Benton
It was for his cycles of paintings that he was celebrated, such as his war series Year in Peril or his group of panels The Arts of Life in America Thomas Hart Benton
More popular were his group of Indiana Murals and his Social History of Missouri Thomas Hart Benton
For 10 points, name this American Regionalist painter, a one-time teacher of Jackson Pollock and namesake and great nephew of a 19th-century Missouri senator nicknamed "Old Bullion." Thomas Hart Benton
The year after he died, a memorial exhibition of his works was organized by Wilhelm Uhde [oo-duh], who also wrote the first biography of this artist Henri Rousseau (or Le Douanier Rousseau) [Douanier meaning customs inspector]
His technique always involved painting individual colors one by one and painting from the top of the canvas to the bottom Henri Rousseau (or Le Douanier Rousseau) [Douanier meaning customs inspector]
His portraits include those of Pierre Loti and Leon-Paul Fargue, as well as a self-portrait with a lamp Henri Rousseau (or Le Douanier Rousseau) [Douanier meaning customs inspector]
Whimsy and disproportion typify such canvases as Unpleasant Surprise, The Merry Jesters, Boy on the Rocks and The Football Players Henri Rousseau (or Le Douanier Rousseau) [Douanier meaning customs inspector]
Yet, it is the exoticism of such paintings as The Dream and The Snake Charmer that set him apart Henri Rousseau (or Le Douanier Rousseau) [Douanier meaning customs inspector]
His nickname was given not for his art but for the many years he worked as a customs inspector Henri Rousseau (or Le Douanier Rousseau) [Douanier meaning customs inspector]
For 10 points, name this man who often painted jungle scenes featuring lions and tigers, such as in his magnum opus The Sleeping Gypsy. Henri Rousseau (or Le Douanier Rousseau) [Douanier meaning customs inspector]
Hungarian artist Istvan Orosz recreated an experiment in perspective by this man in a 2000 installation using a sheet and a mirror Filippo Brunelleschi
He had a large ship named Badalone built to transport many of his supplies, but the ship sank on its first voyage nearly bankrupting him Filippo Brunelleschi
Visual representations of him are scarce and include his portrait in Donatello's Beardless Prophet and a presumed appearance in Masaccio's Resurrection of the Son of Theophilus Filippo Brunelleschi
His own works include his first commission, the so-called Hospital of the Innocents, and his last, the Pazzi Chapel Filippo Brunelleschi
However, his fame rested on solving a problem that had confounded Arnolfo di Cambio 120 years earlier Filippo Brunelleschi
For 10 points, name this man who won the right to design the dome of the Florence Cathedral seventeen years after finishing second to Ghiberti in the contest to design the second doors of the Florentine Baptistery. Filippo Brunelleschi
Henry Ossawa Tanner's 1923 version is done in blues and whites and adds a ghost-like figure with a lantern accompanying the usual group Flight Into Egypt (or Flight to Egypt)
Jean Francois Millet's version is an etching as is Rembrandt's Flight Into Egypt (or Flight to Egypt)
Oil on coppered silver and an oval frame characterize Adam Elsheimer's main version, which shows the central female in a pink top and blue skirt Flight Into Egypt (or Flight to Egypt)
Joachim Patinir, unlike in more famous versions, depicted the accompanying stories dealing with corn and statues Flight Into Egypt (or Flight to Egypt)
Caravaggio added an angel to the usual three figures and, like Poussin, portrayed them taking a rest Flight Into Egypt (or Flight to Egypt)
The most famous version has the mule between the two adults and is considered the masterwork of Annibale Caracci Flight Into Egypt (or Flight to Egypt)
For 10 points, name this Biblical scene of Joseph, Mary, and the baby Jesus escaping to the titular place. Flight Into Egypt (or Flight to Egypt)
Its final chapter moves on from a discussion of the pendulum to claim that "the father of the arrow is thought" before discussing the "formation of the black arrow." The penultimate chapter, the shortest, opens with a section on "Earth, Water and Air" and Pedagogical Sketchbook (or Pädagogisches Skizzenbuch)
The second chapter discusses "Dimension and Balance" as part of this book's attempts to categorize as either kinetic-mobile or chromatic-caloric the forces that create optical sensation Pedagogical Sketchbook (or Pädagogisches Skizzenbuch)
It opens by introducing the transformation of the static dot into linear dynamics and was translated into English by Sibyl Moholy-Nagy [nawj], the wife of one of the author's colleagues Pedagogical Sketchbook (or Pädagogisches Skizzenbuch)
Chock-full of numerous black and white diagrams and drawings it, upon its 1925 publication it became a student manual at the Bauhaus Pedagogical Sketchbook (or Pädagogisches Skizzenbuch)
For 10 points, name this teaching guide for art created by Paul Klee. Pedagogical Sketchbook (or Pädagogisches Skizzenbuch)
Gerard Seghers was a minor member of this group, having learned its style from his teacher whose Mars Chastising Cupid was one of the earliest works by its members the Caravaggisti or the Caravaggists (do not accept any other answers as they are specifically referred to only by these two terms)
Other minor members included Andries Both and Batistello, who was one of the few members who excelled at fresco painting and was the foremost of the Neapolitan ones the Caravaggisti or the Caravaggists (do not accept any other answers as they are specifically referred to only by these two terms)
Major works by its noted Northern practitioners included Doubting Thomas and The Matchmaker and those by its foremost French member include St the Caravaggisti or the Caravaggists (do not accept any other answers as they are specifically referred to only by these two terms)
Joseph the Carpenter and The Penitent Magdalene the Caravaggisti or the Caravaggists (do not accept any other answers as they are specifically referred to only by these two terms)
Its only female member is known for Judith Beheading Holofernes the Caravaggisti or the Caravaggists (do not accept any other answers as they are specifically referred to only by these two terms)
Characterized by a heavy use of tenebrism and including such members as Gerrit van Honthorst and Georges de La Tour, For 10 points, identify this group of painters named for their devotion to the style of the Italian painter of The Calling of St the Caravaggisti or the Caravaggists (do not accept any other answers as they are specifically referred to only by these two terms)
Matthew. the Caravaggisti or the Caravaggists (do not accept any other answers as they are specifically referred to only by these two terms)
Thomas Jefferson had a bust of this figure in Monticello on the first floor in the Entrance Hall Voltaire (or Francois-Marie Arouet)
A notable sculpture of him was inspired by a Roman statue entitled Old Fisherman depicting a dying Seneca Voltaire (or Francois-Marie Arouet)
That statue shows him with emaciated flesh and engorged veins and prompted an offer from King Gustavus III of Sweden to pay for clothes as a result of the scandal over this figure being sculpted nude Voltaire (or Francois-Marie Arouet)
In response, another sculpture of this man was done clothing him in fine drapery and based on several posing sessions he did upon his return to Paris in 1778 Voltaire (or Francois-Marie Arouet)
That sculpture of him "seated" initially proved more popular than the nude done by Jean Pigalle Voltaire (or Francois-Marie Arouet)
For 10 points, name this writer sculpted several times by Jean-Antoine Houdon. Voltaire (or Francois-Marie Arouet)
It was the first of a series painted for a sodality of which the artist's future father-in-law, Marco Episcopi, was Grand Guardian, though it currently rests in an art museum opposite Titian's Assumption The Miracle of the Slave or The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave (accept equivalents that don't have the word miracle, e.g. St. Mark Freeing the Slave, before St. Mark is mentioned)
Despite the large crowd, there is only one woman - on the left side in an orange dress holding an infant The Miracle of the Slave or The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave (accept equivalents that don't have the word miracle, e.g. St. Mark Freeing the Slave, before St. Mark is mentioned)
There are two armored figures among the onlookers, though the titular figure, supposedly a knight of Provence according to this painting's source material, lies naked at the bottom The Miracle of the Slave or The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave (accept equivalents that don't have the word miracle, e.g. St. Mark Freeing the Slave, before St. Mark is mentioned)
Next to his head are a few broken axes and hammers, and also notable are the numerous turbaned figures in the crowd, including the assumed executioner in the center The Miracle of the Slave or The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave (accept equivalents that don't have the word miracle, e.g. St. Mark Freeing the Slave, before St. Mark is mentioned)
Most noticeable are the halo, pink robe, and orange cape of the upside down figure descending from the sky at the top The Miracle of the Slave or The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave (accept equivalents that don't have the word miracle, e.g. St. Mark Freeing the Slave, before St. Mark is mentioned)
For 10 points, name this painting of St The Miracle of the Slave or The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave (accept equivalents that don't have the word miracle, e.g. St. Mark Freeing the Slave, before St. Mark is mentioned)
Mark rescuing one of his devoted followers, an early masterpiece of Tintoretto's. The Miracle of the Slave or The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave (accept equivalents that don't have the word miracle, e.g. St. Mark Freeing the Slave, before St. Mark is mentioned)
This painting was reenacted in an Eve Sussman film that lasts eighty-nine seconds Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor; or The Ladies in Waiting]
A man with a bent knee is depicted in a doorway in the background of this work, which also shows a mirror reflecting the artist's patrons Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor; or The Ladies in Waiting]
A large canvas facing away from the viewer occupies the left part of this work, which is set in the artist's studio in the Alcazar palace Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor; or The Ladies in Waiting]
A large mastiff is seated by the foot of a dwarf in this work's bottom right Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor; or The Ladies in Waiting]
For 10 points, name this painting depicting the Infanta Margarita and family of Philip IV of Spain, by Diego Velazquez. Las Meninas [or The Maids of Honor; or The Ladies in Waiting]
This architect used reinforced concrete as the primary material for his Unity Temple in Oak Park Frank Lloyd Wright
He used oya stone in an Aztec-inspired design that survived a magnitude 8.3 earthquake Frank Lloyd Wright
He emphasized horizontal lines and overhanging eaves in his Robie House Frank Lloyd Wright
This architect of the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo created a helical spiral for the New York Guggenheim Museum Frank Lloyd Wright
This architect also designed the home of Edgar Kaufmann over a running creek Frank Lloyd Wright
For 10 points, name this architect who established the Prairie Style and designed Fallingwater. Frank Lloyd Wright
This artist painted a work in which soldiers battle in the foreground as a large, black cloud menaces overhead, shrouding the sun and the mountains in the background J.M.W. Turner [or Joseph Mallord William Turner]
In addition to Hannibal and His Army Crossing the Alps, he created a work in which boats of onlookers stream through the Parliament Bridge to watch Westminster Palace burn J.M.W. Turner [or Joseph Mallord William Turner]
He painted a ship “tugged to her last berth to be broken up” in The Fighting Temeraire J.M.W. Turner [or Joseph Mallord William Turner]
For 10 points, name this British Romanticist who showed a train barreling across a bridge in his painting Rain, Steam, and Speed. J.M.W. Turner [or Joseph Mallord William Turner]
The engraver Raffaello Morghen is best-known for his reproduction of this painting, which is situated across from a piece by Giovanni Donato The Last Supper [or Il Cenacolo; or L'Ultima cena]
Figures on its left side include a bald man raising his hands and a man holding a knife and whispering into another figure's ear The Last Supper [or Il Cenacolo; or L'Ultima cena]
This work, located in the Santa Maria delle Grazie, was painted for its artist's patron Ludovico Sforza The Last Supper [or Il Cenacolo; or L'Ultima cena]
The central figure sits with outstretched palms in this work, in which John is depicted with effeminate features The Last Supper [or Il Cenacolo; or L'Ultima cena]
For 10 points, name this fresco depicting Christ's final meal, painted by Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper [or Il Cenacolo; or L'Ultima cena]
One of this artist's works shows a blind Byzantine general holding out his hands for charity Jacques-Louis David
This artist of Belisarius Begging for Alms depicted a reclining woman in white in his Madame Recamier Jacques-Louis David
In another work, he showed a bearded man pointing to the sky and grabbing for a cup of hemlock Jacques-Louis David
Three brothers extend their arms towards a man holding three swords in another painting by this artist, who also depicted a French Revolutionary lying dead in a bathtub Jacques-Louis David
For 10 points, name this Neoclassical French painter of The Oath of the Horatii and The Death of Marat. Jacques-Louis David
This artist included the works Purple Jumping Man and Green Car Crash in his Death and Disaster series Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
Valerie Solanas attacked this man, who also directed the five hour long film Sleep Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
His use of silkscreens at his studio, known as “The Factory,” helped him produce different depictions of celebrities, such as Mao Zedong and Marilyn Monroe Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
For 10 points, name this leader of the Pop Art movement known for coining the phrase “fifteen minutes of fame” and for his depictions of everyday objects like Campbell Soup cans. Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
One of this artist's last works depicts the Blessed Ludovica Albertoni clutching her breast Gian Lorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
This designer of Urban VIII's tomb also sculpted an ornate canopy that stands below the central dome of St Gian Lorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
Peter's Basilica Gian Lorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
This artist created sculptures of four gods to represent the Plate, Nile, Danube, and Ganges for a structure centered on a large obelisk, his Fountain of the Four Rivers Gian Lorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
The Cornaro Chapel houses his statue of an angel holding a spear above a woman who contorts her face in pleasure Gian Lorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
For 10 points, name this Italian sculptor of The Ecstasy of St Gian Lorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
Teresa. Gian Lorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
Raphael designed ten tapestries for this structure, including The Death of Ananias the Sistine Chapel [or Capella Sistina; prompt on Apostolic Palace; prompt on Papal Palace]
The Cumean Sibyl appears in a series of paintings of twelve Old Testament prophets in this structure the Sistine Chapel [or Capella Sistina; prompt on Apostolic Palace; prompt on Papal Palace]
Daniele da Volterra painted loincloths on nude figures in one of this structure's frescoes, which also includes a self-portrait in flayed skin the Sistine Chapel [or Capella Sistina; prompt on Apostolic Palace; prompt on Papal Palace]
It contains The Last Judgment and frescoes of nine scenes from Genesis, including a work in which God's outstretched hand touches that of the newly created Adam the Sistine Chapel [or Capella Sistina; prompt on Apostolic Palace; prompt on Papal Palace]
For 10 points, name this room, whose ceiling was painted by Michelangelo. the Sistine Chapel [or Capella Sistina; prompt on Apostolic Palace; prompt on Papal Palace]
An early depiction of one of these creatures with the epithet “golden” stood on a rhomboid limestone column atop a wooden base birds [or Bird in Space; or Birds in Space; or general equivalents like avians but not specific birds]
A work that glorified Marie Bonaparte's sexual obsession is similar to depictions of these creatures, which were inspired by the works in the Maiasta series birds [or Bird in Space; or Birds in Space; or general equivalents like avians but not specific birds]
One sculpture of these animals was taxed as a propeller blade when it was brought through U.S birds [or Bird in Space; or Birds in Space; or general equivalents like avians but not specific birds]
customs birds [or Bird in Space; or Birds in Space; or general equivalents like avians but not specific birds]
The sculptures of these creatures were stripped of detail to depict the essence of flight birds [or Bird in Space; or Birds in Space; or general equivalents like avians but not specific birds]
For 10 points, name these animals that Constantine Brancusi sculpted “in space.” birds [or Bird in Space; or Birds in Space; or general equivalents like avians but not specific birds]
This man's only extant wooden sculpture is a crucifix found at the Santo Spirito, at whose hospital this artist studied corpses Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni [accept either underlined name]
He sculpted the Dying Slave and Rebellious Slave for a room that also contains a horned depiction of Moses Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni [accept either underlined name]
Speculation that Solari was the actual sculptor inspired this man to carve his name on a sash in one of his works Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni [accept either underlined name]
This sculptor who worked on Julius II's tomb also made a seventeen-foot tall depiction of a naked man with his left hand near his chin Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni [accept either underlined name]
For 10 points, name this Italian artist who sculpted several Pietàs and a marble David. Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni [accept either underlined name]
This artist showed a man leading a horse-drawn wagon in his Going West, which was in his early, Native-Americaninspired style Paul Jackson Pollock
Eight vertical lines streak across a colorful background in a painting by this artist that was purchased for an exorbitant sum by the Australian government Paul Jackson Pollock
This artist of Blue Poles and Number 5 was inspired by The Tempest to paint Full Fathom Five Paul Jackson Pollock
A purple hue hangs over black lines in his Lavender Mist, which is exemplary of his action painting technique Paul Jackson Pollock
For 10 points, name this abstract expressionist known as “the Dripper.” Paul Jackson Pollock
This artist painted a crushed snake on the floor in front of a woman looking up at a glass sphere in his Allegory of Faith Jan Vermeer [or Johannes Vermeer; or Johan Vermeer]
He showed a woman standing in front of a painting of the Last Judgment in Woman Holding a Balance Jan Vermeer [or Johannes Vermeer; or Johan Vermeer]
The shore of the Schie River dominates one work by this artist, who also painted a woman in a blue-and-yellow turban looking over her left shoulder Jan Vermeer [or Johannes Vermeer; or Johan Vermeer]
The Hockney-Falco thesis alleges that he used a camera obscura to paint works like The Music Lesson Jan Vermeer [or Johannes Vermeer; or Johan Vermeer]
For 10 points, name this Dutch painter of View of Delft and Girl with a Pearl Earring. Jan Vermeer [or Johannes Vermeer; or Johan Vermeer]
This painting was re-imagined to include the phrase “Federal Reserve Note” in Jean-Michel Basquiat's version of it as a dollar bill the Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda]
Andy Warhol's Thirty are Better than One features thirty copies of this painting the Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda]
The bases of two columns can be seen on this painting's left and right the Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda]
Marcel Duchamp added a mustache and goatee to this painting in his L.H.O.O.Q the Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda]
Its subject appears to have no eyebrows, and sits with her hands folded in front of a winding road and a distant landscape the Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda]
For 10 points, name this portrait with an enigmatic smile, painted by Leonardo da Vinci. the Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda]
Two brothers from this country, Gabo and Pevsner, wrote the “Realistic Manifesto.” One artist from this country created a series of geometric paintings called “Prouns,” in addition to a work in which a red wedge stabs a white circle Russian Federation [or Soviet Union; or USSR]
One artist from this country founded the Suprematism movement, which led to such works as Black Square and White on White Russian Federation [or Soviet Union; or USSR]
This country was the home of the author of Concerning the Spiritual in Art, the cofounder of the Blue Rider group Russian Federation [or Soviet Union; or USSR]
For 10 points, name this country, home to Kasimir Malevich and Wassily Kandinsky. Russian Federation [or Soviet Union; or USSR]
Characters include the newly ennobled Herr von Faninal, Count Octavian Rofrano, Baron Ochs of Lerchenau, and the Princess von Werdenberg, or the Marschallin Der Rosenkavalier or The Cavalier of the Rose
Set in the 1740s, with libretto by Hugo von Hormannsthal, it is the story of how Baron Ochs loses the young Sophie Faninal to the much younger Octavian Der Rosenkavalier or The Cavalier of the Rose
For 10 points, name this 1911 opera composed by Richard Strauss. Der Rosenkavalier or The Cavalier of the Rose
Modest Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition was originally a piano piece before it was orchestrated by this person Maurice Ravel
Because of the tonal color, harmonies, and mood of much of his music, he is often associated with the French impressionistic composer Claude Debussy Maurice Ravel
His impressionistic leanings can be heard in his orchestral suite Rhapsodie espagnole, as well as his ballet Pavane for a Dead Infanta Maurice Ravel
FTP, name this French composer of the celebrated orchestral piece Bolero. Maurice Ravel
The action centers around a young soldier whose mother keeps a wineshop in the village square Cavalleria Rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
When he went away to serve in the army he was betrothed to Lola, but on his return he found her married to Alfio, the teamster Cavalleria Rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
The soldier, Turiddu, having thus lost Lola, consoled himself by making love to another village girl, Santuzza Cavalleria Rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
Before long he betrayed, then abandoned her, transferring his affections back to Lola Cavalleria Rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
Alfio kills Turiddu in a duel and Mamma Lucia and Santuzza faint Cavalleria Rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
This summarizes the action in, FTP, what 1890 opera by Pietro Mascagni? Cavalleria Rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
An outspoken defender of human rights, he hosted Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn for four years Mstislav Rostropovich
With his wife, singer Galina Vishnevskaya, he left the Soviet Union in 1974 but returned without a visa in 1991 Mstislav Rostropovich
During the failed Soviet coup he was hailed as a national hero Mstislav Rostropovich
Better known as a musician, he was soloist in the premieres of two Shostakovich concerti Mstislav Rostropovich
He has been music director of the National Symphony Orchestra of Washington since 1977 Mstislav Rostropovich
For 10 points, name this legendary cellist. Mstislav Rostropovich
The fourth movement, an allegro spirituoso, starts with a Croatian folk dance and a drone similar to that used in Aaron Copeland's "Hoedown." Its composer worked for the Esterhazy family before moving to England London Symphony; or Symphony 104 in D major
For 10 points, name this work in D major, the final symphony of Franz Josef Haydn. London Symphony; or Symphony 104 in D major
A movement of a work written as incidental music for a play in 1876, its composer said that it should evoke images of "cow manure and super-nationalism." The increasing tempo and volume within helps evoke the majesty of its royal subject, the ruler of th In the Hall of the Mountain King (Be nice and prompt on "Peer Gynt" before it's mentioned)
It is both the tune that Peter Lorre whistles that gets him caught in M, and serves as the background music for some of Dazzling Dunks and Basketball Bloopers In the Hall of the Mountain King (Be nice and prompt on "Peer Gynt" before it's mentioned)
FTP, name this instantly recognizable work written for Ibsen's Peer Gynt, composed by Edvard Grieg. In the Hall of the Mountain King (Be nice and prompt on "Peer Gynt" before it's mentioned)
Posthumous releases from this composer include the collection of songs "Orpheus Britannicus" and the opera The Indian Queen Henry Purcell
He wrote a number of odes for Saint Cecelia's day, and incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, but his most famous composition was written for a girls' school in 1689 Henry Purcell
FTP, name this English composer who, with librettist Nahum Tate, wrote the opera Dido and Aeneas. Henry Purcell
Along with Saint-Saens, he completed Guiraud's unfinished opera Fredegonde Paul Dukas
After his cantata Velleda won the second Prix de Rome, he became music critic for the Revue Hebdomadaire, and his works include a Symphony in C, Variations, Interlude and Fugue on a Theme of Rameau, and La Peri (pay-ree), a ballet Paul Dukas
FTP, identify this composer, who is best known for an opera, Ariane and Bluebeard, and an orchestral scherzo made famous in Fantasia, The Sorcerer's Apprentice. Paul Dukas
Friedrich Kind ("kint") wrote the libretto for this 1821 opera Der Freischütz or The Freeshooter
A contest is held for the hand of the lovely Agathe ("Agga THAY") Der Freischütz or The Freeshooter
The woodsman Max enters the contest, but he requires a little help from Caspar, who is in league with the Devil Der Freischütz or The Freeshooter
The Black Hunstman gives him seven magic bullets, and the seventh, aimed at a dove, would have killed Agathe, but bounces off her wreath and kills Caspar instead Der Freischütz or The Freeshooter
FTP, name this opera by Karl Weber ("Vaybur"). Der Freischütz or The Freeshooter
As a critic, he would say, "Hats off, gentlemen, a genius" upon discovering Chopin Robert Schumann
As a piano player, he would ruin his career by using a homemade machine to strengthen his right hand Robert Schumann
As a piano composer, his suite Carnaval, Cute Scenes on Four Notes, has 21 short pieces mostly based on three fragments Robert Schumann
For ten points, name this composer whose first symphony would be titled Spring and whose third would be dubbed Rhenish. Robert Schumann
Its story is about a prostitute used by thieves to lure victims: first an old man, then an adolescent, and finally the title character, who is robbed and survives being smothered, stabbed, and hung, but finally dies after the girl gives herself to him The Miraculous Mandarin
The ensuing near-riot at its stage premiere in 1926 in Cologne would lead to mayor Conrad Adenauer to reprimand its composer The Miraculous Mandarin
For ten points, name this pantomime by Bela Bartok. The Miraculous Mandarin
As a young man, he participated in friendly keyboard competition with Handel, and the two remained lifelong friends Domenico Scarlatti
While in Lisbon, he taught the Infanta Maria Barbara, and was later choirmaster at St Domenico Scarlatti
Peter's in Rome Domenico Scarlatti
The American harpsichordist Ralph Kirkpatrick catalogued many of his works, giving them "K." numbers Domenico Scarlatti
FTP, identify this son of the operatic composer Alessandro, who wrote over 600 sonatas for the harpsichord. Domenico Scarlatti
In 1987, this man was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but it did not end his career, only paused it Jose Carreras
As a child, he learned from such works as Verdi's Rigoletto and from recordings of Enrico Caruso an Giuseppe Di Stefano Jose Carreras
He made his operatic debut at age 11 singing in a Manuel de Falla work Jose Carreras
FTP, name this tenor, probably most famous for his concerts and recordings with Placido Domingo and Luciano Pavarotti. Jose Carreras
The librettist was walking up and down the library in his new house when an enormous Japanese executioner's sword he had hung on the wall suddenly fell to the floor The Mikado
The event gave him the idea for this opera The Mikado
Nanki-Poo is in love with Yum-Yum, the most desirable of the 'Three Little Maids' The Mikado
He was supposed to marry Katisha, but submits to banishment instead The Mikado
Yum-Yum is supposed to marry Ko-Ko The Mikado
But in the end, Katisha ends up with Ko-Ko and Nanki-Poo with Yum-Yum The Mikado
FTP name this opera by Gilbert and Sullivan. The Mikado
He introduced chords built in fourths instead of the usual major/minor triads to produce an exotic effect in his piano sonatas and such works as Satanic Poem Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
He also attempted to get interesting effects through the fusion of music and philosophy in the programmatic Divine Poem, and both colors and scents in the planned but unexecuted Mysterium Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
However, he did finish a piece calling for a color organ to produce a light show on a screen Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
FTP, name this Russian composer of Prometheus: A Poem of Fire. Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
It concludes: "None can call himself fully contented who has not tasted love in [a woman's] arms," after lamenting that women, "simple in speech and simple in mind," are highly changeable La Donna e Mobile
It comes just before the singer makes a pass at a gypsy while an earlier conquest observes with her father, who has hired Sparafucile to kill the singer La Donna e Mobile
FTP, identify this aria, sung by the Duke of Mantua before his ill-fated court jester, Rigoletto. La Donna e Mobile
Enrico Caruso called his favorite aria this work's "Vesti la giubba," sung at the end of act one and usually rendered in English as "On with the play." Silvio proves unable to help his beloved Nedda, who is stabbed by her jealous husband, ironically, whi I Pagliacci
For 10 points, name this opera, the story of Canio, which is the only work most people recognize by Ruggerio Leoncavallo. I Pagliacci
After the first play through, the first violinist advised Schubert that the composition was "nothing at all.. Death and the Maiden or String Quartet in D Minor or D810
stick to your lieder." Sharing its name with an Ariel Dorfman play, all of the four movements are in the minor mode, from the opening descending motif to variations upon a theme taken from one of Schubert's songs which lends its name to the piece Death and the Maiden or String Quartet in D Minor or D810
FTP identify this 1824 string quartet, which shares its name with a painting by Hans Baldung Grien showing a young woman looking in a mirror with a ghastly figure behind her. Death and the Maiden or String Quartet in D Minor or D810
This composer held a series of odd jobs in the theater and gave private lessons to support himself, nearly starving until he won the Prix de Rome in 1830 Hector Berlioz
He was later hired to teach music at the Paris Conservatory, ironic because he himself had been denied admission to the Conservatory because of his late start as a musician Hector Berlioz
For 10 points-name this French composer of Les Troyens, Roman Carnival, Beatrice and Benedict, and Harold in Italy. Hector Berlioz
It was built at the Campo San Fantin based on the architect Gian Antonio Selva's design and opened on May 16, 1792 with Giovanni Pasiello's I Giochi di Agrigento La Fenice
Operas that received their premieres in this house include Einstein on the Beach, The Rake's Progress, The Turn of the Screw, Rigoletto, and La Traviata La Fenice
On January 29, 1996, the building burned down and will surely arise again like the phoenix it is La Fenice
FTP identify the Venice opera house. La Fenice
An ambitious producer named Frank has the idea of forming his own opera company with the help of his friend Buff and quickly gains the services of the singers Madame Herx and Mademoiselle Silberklang The Impressario or Der Scahuspieldirektor
The problem starts when each wants more money than the other, and Frank is on the point of hanging it up when his backer Monsieu Vogelsgand persuades the two prima donnas to work together for the good of the production The Impressario or Der Scahuspieldirektor
Such is the plot of what lighthearted satire of the vanity of opera singers by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? The Impressario or Der Scahuspieldirektor
After studying at the Curtis Institute of Music, he attracted notice in 1933 with his overture to The School for Scandal Samuel Barber
In 1935 his Symphony No Samuel Barber
1 was performed in Rome and at the Salzburg Festival Samuel Barber
Other works include the Capricorn Concerto, Antony and Cleopatra, and Prayers of Kierkegaard Samuel Barber
FTP identify this American composer well known for his Adagio for Strings and the opera Vanessa. Samuel Barber
Bedier theorized that they were accompanied by the vielle, and based on stories told by monks and pilgrims Chansons de Geste
80 to 100 of them survive and are grouped into three cycles concerning Garin de Monglane, Doon de Mayence, and the king Chansons de Geste
From the latin for deed, this literary genre consists of decasyllabic lines grouped into laisses of varying lengths, each with a single assonance Chansons de Geste
FTP name this 11th to 13th century genre, examples of which include Garin le Loherain, Huon de Bordeaux, and the Song of Roland. Chansons de Geste
At a critical moment in this opera, trumpet calls announce the arrival of the Prime Minister, who takes the stage to right all wrongs and arrest the villain Pizarro Fidelio (accept early buzz of "Leonore")
That tyrant Pizarro has been holding Florestan, the husband of the title character, in a prison for some time Fidelio (accept early buzz of "Leonore")
Thus, the title character changes her name, dresses as a boy, and gets a job with Rocco, the kindly caretaker of the prison Fidelio (accept early buzz of "Leonore")
Things get confusing when Rocco's daughter, Marcellina falls in love with the apparently male title character, and Marcellina's admirer, Jacquino, becomes jealous Fidelio (accept early buzz of "Leonore")
FTP, identify this opera, which was first named Leonore, but revised and released in 1814, the only opera written by Ludwig van Beethoven. Fidelio (accept early buzz of "Leonore")
Encouraged and financed by the actress Helena Modjeska, he studied in Vienna under Theodor Leshetizky, who greatly improved this man's limited technique Ignacy Jan Paderewski
In 1901 his opera Manru, dealing with life in the Tatra Mountains, was performed at Dresden, and his Symphony in B Minor was performed in Boston in 1909 Ignacy Jan Paderewski
For a time he edited the works of Chopin and strongly urged Woodrow Wilson to support Polish independence, which became #13 of the Fourteen Points Ignacy Jan Paderewski
FTP, name this Polish pianist and composer, who actually served as prime minister of the country in 1919. Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Ralph (rafe) Vaughan (von) Williams wrote one for the harmonica, and one for the tuba, as well as more standard ones using a piano, viola, or one or two violins Concerto
In more popular repertoire, Haydn wrote two for the cello, Beethoven wrote five for the piano, and Vivaldi wrote over three hundred for the violin Concerto
For ten points, what musical genre did Bela Bartok revolutionize in 1943 when he wrote the first one for an orchestra without a featured soloist? Concerto
Though this instrument does not seem to have great solo capabilities, it has been used notably in several orchestral works Bassoon
In Mendelssohn's violin concerto it sustains a pitch from the first movement into the second, and in The Sorcerer's Apprentice, by Dukas, it contributes its distinctive wooden sound to the humorous accompaniment Bassoon
For ten points, what instrument's saxophone-like sound in its upper register helped contribute to the riot at the premier of Stravinsky's ballet, The Rite of Spring, in which it plays the opening solo? Bassoon
The horns play his sad theme, and he is the principal attraction at a carnival in a public square in Saint Petersburg Petrouchka
He is in love with a ballerina who hates him and loves a handsomely attired Moor Petrouchka
When he interrupts the Moors flirting, the Moor kills him, and the crowd erupts in anger, quieted only when a policeman reminds everyone that the victim is, after all, only a puppet Petrouchka
For ten points, identify this title character, first danced by Waslaw Nijinsky, in a 1911 ballet by Igor Stravinsky. Petrouchka
In Germany and Austria, two types of this instrument exist: The Salzburg, which is flat along its fretted side and curved out on the opposite side, and the less common Mittenwald, which is curved out on both sides Zither
Both have 5 metal melody strings and 17 to 40 accompaniment strings Zither
Technically, this family also includes hammer dulcimer and psalteries, but it is known best through the traditional music from the Appalachians Zither
FTP, name this instrument which uses the left hand to stop strings and calls for the use of a plectrum. Zither
He succeeded as much by research as by his own talent, combining painstaking ethnological research and a constant effort to keep up with the latest musical developments Bela Bartok
His works include Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta, several acclaimed string quartets, and the ballet The Miraculous Mandarin Bela Bartok
FTP name this composer born in modern-day Romania but credited with creating a truly Hungarian musical style, as in the opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle. Bela Bartok
The last part of his fifth symphony was used in Visconti's film Death in Venice, while his third symphony draws the words for its fourth movement, "What Man Tells Me," from Nietzsche's Also Sprach Zarathustra Gustav Mahler
His second symphony, whose fourth movement contains lyrics from the song "Primal Light" from Des Knaben Wunderhorn (Des NOB-in VUND-er-horn), is known as the "Resurrection." FTP, name this Bohemian best known for his symphony #8, or "Symphony of a Thousa Gustav Mahler
His burlesque opera based on a 1903 play by Guillaume Apollinaire, entitled Les Mamelles de Tiresias, tells of a woman who becomes a man when her breasts explode, and her husband becomes a woman and gives birth to 40,000 babies Francois Poulenc
He also wrote the incidental music to Babar the Elephant Francois Poulenc
His most famous opera is set against the backdrop of the French Revolution, and is considered on of the outstanding operas of the 20th century Francois Poulenc
For 10 points, who was this member of Les Six and composer of Les Dialogues des Carmelites? Francois Poulenc
He served as organist at the Church of the Madelaine for 20 years, and Marcel Proust studied his talents as a pianist, while Franz Liszt regarded him as the finest organist in the world (Charles-) Camille Saint-Saëns (san-sahns)
Composer of such works as Omphale's Spinning Wheel and The Yellow Princess, his opera Samson and Delilah initially was rejected in Paris because it portrayed biblical characters (Charles-) Camille Saint-Saëns (san-sahns)
FTP, name this composer of Danse Macabre and Carnival of the Animals. (Charles-) Camille Saint-Saëns (san-sahns)
Of this work, Keochel number 297, the composer wrote, "I have had to compose a symphony for the opening of the Concert Spirituel Paris symphony (accept Symphony No. 31 on early buzz)
It was performed on Corpus Christi day [1778] with great applause." Because audiences found the original andante movement too long, director Jean Le Gros asked for a new version, and Mozart was happy to adapt his work to suit his French hosts Paris symphony (accept Symphony No. 31 on early buzz)
FTP, identify this symphony in D, number 31, that remained highly popular in the city for which it was nicknamed. Paris symphony (accept Symphony No. 31 on early buzz)
This work quotes a Carinthian folk song, which may be a reference to its composer's affair with Marie "Mizzi" Schuehl Concerto for Violin and Orchestra or Violin Concerto (be sure Alban Berg is mentioned on early buzz)
Commissioned by American performer Louis Krasner, its variations on a Bach chorale are structured according to lengths of 10, 23, and 28 beats Concerto for Violin and Orchestra or Violin Concerto (be sure Alban Berg is mentioned on early buzz)
Dedicated "to the memory of an angel" and depicting the personality, illness, and death of Manon Gropius, for ten points, name this last completed work by Alban Berg. Concerto for Violin and Orchestra or Violin Concerto (be sure Alban Berg is mentioned on early buzz)
Born Jeno Blau, he entered the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest in 1904, when he was 5 years old Eugene Ormandy
After coming to America in 1921, he became concertmaster of New York's Capitol Theater Orchestra, and went on to serve as music director of the Minneapolis Symphony before becoming engaged, along with Stokowski, as associate conductor of the orchestra wit Eugene Ormandy
FTP, name this conductor, who led the first American orchestra to appear in the People's Republic of China when he took the Philadelphia Orchestra there. Eugene Ormandy
He dedicated his great volume of Latin church music to Pope Paul V, hoping to get his son Francesco into the Roman Seminary Claudio Monteverdi
He ended his life as maestro di capella of St Claudio Monteverdi
Mark's in Venice, but he spent his prime years at the court of the Gonzagas in Mantua, composing secular operas Claudio Monteverdi
One of these is tinged with the grief he felt for his ailing wife Claudia, and was performed at the Carnival of 1607 Claudio Monteverdi
FTP, name the composer of The Return of Ulysses, the Coronation of Poppaea, and Orfeo. Claudio Monteverdi
A month after the death of its composer, La Scala's orchestra and chorus led thousands of mourners in singing this opera's "Va, Pensiero", the chorus of the Hebrew slaves, which became a national anthem for Italian independence Nabucco
The story centers around the title character, the King of Babylon, who with the slave girl Abigaille has defeated the Hebrews Nabucco
FTP identify the opera composed by Giuseppe Verdi. Nabucco
He first gained fame for the one-act Le Villi, and Giuliu Ricordi bought that work's publication rights and signed this man to a contract Giacomo Puccini
After the failure of Edgar, he produced a successful opera based on a novel by the Abbé Prévost, Manon Lescaut Giacomo Puccini
His final work, based on a Carlo Giozzi play and completed by Franco Altano, was the only Italian impressionist opera Giacomo Puccini
FTP, name this composer of that tale of the son of Tamerlane and a Chinese princess, Turandot. Giacomo Puccini
Marcel sings "Piff, paff" to the grotesque accompaniment of piccolo, bassoon, cymbal, and drums Les Huguenots (accept Gli Ugonotti or The Huguenots)
Raoul de Nangis and Valentine share the duet "O ciel! Ou courez-vous?" In all there are seven major roles, and performances of the work are known as "nights of the seven stars." An 1876 collaboration with librettists Eugene Scribe and Emile Deschamps, i Les Huguenots (accept Gli Ugonotti or The Huguenots)
FTP identify this history of Marguerite de Valois, the masterpiece of Giacomo Meyerbeer. Les Huguenots (accept Gli Ugonotti or The Huguenots)
It was written as the composer nursed his twenty-year old nephew Karl back to health following a suicide attempt String Quartet in F Major, Opus 135
The opening movement is in sonata form String Quartet in F Major, Opus 135
The slow movement is full of halting rhythms String Quartet in F Major, Opus 135
The manuscript of the final movement is marked "The Difficult Resolution." A three note motto intoned by viola and cello asks "Muss es sein?" ("Must it be?") and the violins provide the inverted response allegro "Es muss sein!" ("It must be!") String Quartet in F Major, Opus 135
FTP name this 1826 work, Beethoven's last complete composition. String Quartet in F Major, Opus 135
Blanik is a mountain in southern Bohemia which was considered the Valhalla of the Hussite heroes, while Tabor was a stronghold of the Hussites Ma Vlast (accept My Fatherland)
Arka was the leader of a band of Bohemian Amazons, while Vltava is the native name for the Moldau River Ma Vlast (accept My Fatherland)
The four also name symphonic poems that together with Vy ehrad, or The High Citadel, and Z Ceskych luho a haju, or From Bohemia's Woods and Fields, round out this cycle of six Ma Vlast (accept My Fatherland)
Composed in the 1870's, for 10 points, what is this Smetana homage to his homeland? Ma Vlast (accept My Fatherland)
This composer's parents considered music to be an improper career, but finally allowed this person to enter the Paris Conservatore at the age of 12 Germaine Tailleferre (tie-fair)
Born in 1892 and taught by Koechlin and Ravel, this composer of Six Chansons Francaise and Pastorale for Flute and Piano avoided the heavy harmonies and repetitive forms of German music in favor of a light, elegant style Germaine Tailleferre (tie-fair)
After a long career, she died in 1983, having composed such pieces as the Bird-Seller ballet, The Master, based on the Ionesco work, and Games in the Open Air for two pianos Germaine Tailleferre (tie-fair)
FTP, name this only female member of "Les Six". Germaine Tailleferre (tie-fair)
"Everyone will tell you I am not a musician Erik Satie
That is correct." These are the words of a turn-of-the-century composer whose eccentricities ranged from wearing 12 identical gray velvet suits to letting no one into his apartment for 27 years Erik Satie
Many of the titles of this man's works are equally odd, including Desiccated Embryos, Truly Flabby Préludes for a Dog, and Three Pieces in the Form of a Pear Erik Satie
The 1917 premiere of his ballet Parade caused a theater riot Erik Satie
For ten points, name this "non-musician" whose protégés included "The Six" of French music, and whose most famous composition is Trois Gymnopédies. Erik Satie
As it opens the old trees and the young trees argue; the former are content to stand still, while the latter are bored and long for excitement Paul Bunyan
They are interrupted by wild geese, who bring news of the impending birth of the title character, who will "bring them to another life." The Ballad-Singer, appearing throughout the opera, tells of the title character's unhappy marriage to Carrie, and the Paul Bunyan
We also see his hiring of Sam Sharkey and Ben Benny as cooks, and Hel Helson, the best logger, as foreman Paul Bunyan
FTP, what is this Benjamin Britten opera, based on the titular American folk hero, who has no singing parts, just like his pet blue ox? Paul Bunyan
He liked to concentrate on mischievous figures with his symphonic poems as evidenced by Vodnik, or The Water Goblin, and Polednice, or The Noonday Witch Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak
His friendship with Fritz Simrock was beneficial, for Simrock's firm gained him worldwide attention with the publication of his Moravian Duets Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak
Though he was especially proud of his choral works, only the Stabat Mater and Te Deum continue to be regularly performed today Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak
His best known work might have been influenced by his time spent in Iowa and possibly based on Negro spirituals Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak
FTP, identify this composer of Humoresque, Slavonic Dances, and Symphony No Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak
9, or From the New World. Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak
The title locations are Redding Center, Connecticut; Stockbridge, Massachusetts; and Boston Three Places in New England or First Orchestral Suite
Its final section is a setting of a poem by Robert Underwood Johnson about the Housatonic River, while its opening section is an impression of Augustus Saint-Gaudens' memorial to the 54th Massachusetts Regiment in Boston Common Three Places in New England or First Orchestral Suite
Its middle section, arguably the most famous, describes a child who falls asleep at a picnic and dreams that he is a member of General Israel Putnam's revolutionary war army Three Places in New England or First Orchestral Suite
For 10 points identify this orchestral suite by Charles Ives. Three Places in New England or First Orchestral Suite
In his time, he was nearly worshipped by his fellow composers-Liszt compared him to Bach; and his improvisation sessions were so frenzied as to approach religious ecstasy Cesar Franck
He never cursed, never engaged in name-calling games, never sought fame or money Cesar Franck
As a result, he is largely forgotten in our time, although his influence in French music in the 19th century was considerable, as he was the teacher of both Chausson and d'Indy Cesar Franck
His compositions include The Tower of Babel oratorio, the opera Ghisèle, and the symphonic Les Eolides Cesar Franck
For 10 points, name this Belgian-born virtuoso on and major composer for the grand organ, who was organist at the church of Sainte-Clotilde, Paris. Cesar Franck
This Austrian composer attended the premier of Parsifal, and after Wagner's death said that he spoke to his idol in his dreams Hugo Wolf
Slight of build and usually penniless, one of his few jobs was editing the critical magazine Salonblatt Hugo Wolf
His harsh denunciation of stars like Brahms in favor of progressives like Bruckner led his major early pieces, Quartet in D Minor and the tone poem Penthesilia, to attract great hostility Hugo Wolf
He proceeded to write a series of songs based on the works of Eichendorff, Mörike, and Goethe Hugo Wolf
FTP, name the composer of the operas Manuel Venegas and Der Corregidor, as well as the orchestral Italian Serenade. Hugo Wolf
It is an ancient form of instrumental music suite
Its origins lie in the Middle Ages when lutenists would meld several popular dances into a cycle suite
By the Baroque Period, the specific dances had been replaced by their skeletal structures, and the form attracted many major composers because of its variety in tempi, mood, and meters suite
For 10 points, name this form, a famous series of which are the six that Bach wrote for unaccompanied cello. suite
They are often heard today in an arrangement for modern orchestra by Bernardino Molinari The Four Seasons or Le Quatro Staggioni
They appear as the first works in the composer's Opus 8, collectively known as The Trial of Harmony and Invention, and the composer wrote sonnets for each of them which explain the program of the music The Four Seasons or Le Quatro Staggioni
FTP, identify this group of four concerti grossi, which depict birds singing, a hunting scene, and a walk on ice, the most famous works of Antonio Vivaldi. The Four Seasons or Le Quatro Staggioni
He went to his grave believing that his first symphony, The Bells of Zlonice, was lost Antonin Dvórâk (DVOR-zhak)
Originally, his symphonies were numbered one through five, but his symphonies were renumbered once his earliest four symphonies were published after his death Antonin Dvórâk (DVOR-zhak)
FTP, name this Czech composer of the Dumky Trio and Airs from Moravia, whose most famous work is his ninth symphony, From the New World. Antonin Dvórâk (DVOR-zhak)
This type of orchestra uses colotomic structure and consists of two sets of intruments, with one set tuned to a five-note scale and the other to a seven-note scale Gamelan
It sometimes accompanies theatrical performances, and is characterized by polyphony, with the main melody played either by a stringed instrument or a bamboo flute, and its percussion instruments include xylophones, metallophones, and gongs Gamelan
FTP, name this orchestra indigenous to Bali and Java. Gamelan
Though a long version called a buisine (bwee-zeen) was replaced by a shorter version in about 1300, the modern version only came into use about 1815 trumpet
Made with a cylindrical bore, the piccolo version was created in D for compositions with high registers such as those of Handel and Bach trumpet
The more typical B flat version has a range of about three octaves from the F sharp below the treble staff trumpet
FTP, name this close relative of the coronet, the instrument of Miles Davis and Wynton Marsalis. trumpet
He began a novel, Die Davidsbundler, in 1831 while studying piano under his future father-in-law Robert Schumann
He later used the names of two of its characters, Florestan and Eusebius, to describe his own split personality Robert Schumann
That mental illness led him to throw himself into the Rhine in 1854, and he died two years later in a sanatorium near Bonn, where the only visitor he welcomed was Brahms Robert Schumann
FTP, name this German composer of the Rhenish and Spring Symphonies, who was married to Clara. Robert Schumann
It is based on "Nach Unterdruckung der Burschenschaft", "Der Landesvater", "Fuchs Lied", and "Gaudeamus Igitur." Composed during a vacation at Ischl in 1880, the composer of this work became acquainted with the songs on which it is based when he spent a m the Academic Festival Overture
FTP, name this work written for the occasion of the University of Breslau awarding an honorary doctorate to the composer, Johannes Brahms. the Academic Festival Overture
Tony Scherman's album notes track its genesis back to a 1990 tour and one collaborator's constant refusal from the other collaborator, until finally giving in for a May 1995 performance with the San Francisco Symphony The Mozart Sessions
Recorded at Masonic Grand Lodge in New York City, and Donald Benson Great Hall at Bethel College, it includes a capella vocal and piano improvisations on the song for Amadeus, and two concertos The Mozart Sessions
For ten points, name this album featuring the talent of the St The Mozart Sessions
Paul Chamber Orchestra, Bobby McFerrin, and Chick Corea. The Mozart Sessions
At the premiere of his last ballet, Relache, the curtain bore a sign stating that "[Blank] is the greatest musician in the world; whoever disagrees with this notion will please leave the hall." The musicians Sauguet (so-GAY), Desormière (daze-orm-YARE) an Erik Satie
FTP, name this man, upon whose ideas Les Six were founded, and who is best known for such pieces as Dessicated Embryos and the Gymnopédies (zheem-no-pay-DEE). Erik Satie
One of this piece's quirks is that audiences often forget etiquette and applaud after its third movement, a powerful march Pathétique Symphony or Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 (accept just "Symphony No. 6" after Tchaikovsky's name has been given
The mood is set by an introduction in a dark register of the bassoon with a drone bass and sighing strings Pathétique Symphony or Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 (accept just "Symphony No. 6" after Tchaikovsky's name has been given
The second movement, in uneven 5/4 time, might not be as memorable as the brass chorale interruption in the first movement, which features a melody from the Russian Requiem Pathétique Symphony or Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 (accept just "Symphony No. 6" after Tchaikovsky's name has been given
It was named by the composer's brother as a reference to a sonata of the same name by Beethoven Pathétique Symphony or Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 (accept just "Symphony No. 6" after Tchaikovsky's name has been given
FTP, identify this symphony of Pyotr Tchaikovsky. Pathétique Symphony or Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 (accept just "Symphony No. 6" after Tchaikovsky's name has been given
In 1852 she married Otto Goldschmidt, who conducted the Bach choir in London Jenny Lind
At age eighteen she made her debut in Der Freischutz, as Agathe, the leading soprano role, and that Stockholm Opera performance led to immediate success Jenny Lind
FTP, identify this singer who toured the United States from 1850 to 1852, when she was managed by P.T Jenny Lind
Barnum, and who was nicknamed the "Swedish Nightingale." Jenny Lind
The 1st, 3rd, 5th, 8th, and 11th sections of this work are "promenades" which link its other sections Pictures at an Exhibition (or Kartinki s vistavki)
"Cum mortuis in lingua mortua" is the second part of its "Catacombs" section, which, along with sections entitled "Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks", "The Gnome", "The Market Place at Limoges", and "The Bohatyr Gate of Kiev", serve as musical "reproductions Pictures at an Exhibition (or Kartinki s vistavki)
FTP, name this composition by Modest Mussorgsky. Pictures at an Exhibition (or Kartinki s vistavki)
This opera was an enormous success when it premered in Berlin in 1816, but was performed only fourteen times before the theater in which it was staged was destroyed by fire Undine
It tells of a mysterious girl born in a palace of crystal on the bed of the ocean, who is raised by a fisherman and his wife in place of their own daughter, who had been lost as a baby Undine
After marrying the handsome knight Uldibrand, Bertolda captivates Uldibrand's heart Undine
Before Bertolda can marry Uldibrand, he has a change of heart and goes to embrace the heroine, but when he touches her, he turns into ice and dies, after which his grave is fed forever by the heroine's tears Undine
FTP, name this opera, the masterpiece of E.T.A Undine
Hoffmann. Undine
Schonberg wrote two of them, Ode to Napoleon and A Survivor from Warsaw, and William Walton's Belshazzar's Feast is another example of this type of composition the cantata
The form was created by Giacomo Carissimi, and became a favorite of Schutz and Buxtehude, while Handel wrote a number of the secular variety, including Alexander's Feast and Acis and Galatea the cantata
FTP, identify this musical form, which is a scaled-down version of the oratorio, hundreds of which were written by Johann Sebastian Bach. the cantata
He was trained in his early years by his father, but when it became clear that he was a prodigy of Mozartean dimensions, a group of noblemen paid for his family to go to Vienna, where he studied piano with the famed technician Czerny and composition with Franz Liszt
Later in life, he claimed that he played for Beethoven, who rewarded him with a kiss, but this is probably untrue as Beethoven was stone-deaf by that time Franz Liszt
At 13, his one-act opera Don Sanche was performed to some acclaim, but he withdrew the score and never tried the stage again Franz Liszt
Thus was the early life, FTP, of what Hungarian composer and virtuoso pianist, known for his Faust symphony and for the symphonic poem Les Preludes. Franz Liszt
Inspired by a conversation its composer shared with his grandmother, the composer remarked of it, "Not a day goes by without my using that piece in my life and work." It premiered in 1952, performed by David Tudor in Woodstock, New York, and it is divided 4' 33" (Four Minutes and Thirty-Three Seconds)
Its composer considered it only a partial success since even when he performed it in an anechoic chamber he could still hear his heart beating 4' 33" (Four Minutes and Thirty-Three Seconds)
FTP identify this minimalist work for piano by John Cage. 4' 33" (Four Minutes and Thirty-Three Seconds)
Its famous arias include "Sgombra e la sacra selva" and "Guerra, guerra!" Taken from a book by Giuseppe Romani, it ends with Pollio joining the title character in death after he refuses to renounce Adalgisa, a priestess of the temple of Irminsul Norma
FTP, identify this opera, which premiered in 1831, set during the Roman occupation of Gaul and centering on a high priestess of the Druids, a work of Vincenzo Bellini. Norma
The theme was first embodied in murals and a poem in Paris's Church of the Holy Innocents before the crowning of King Charles VII Dance of Death or Danse Macabre or Totentanz
In 1485, the painter Guyot Marchant published a version in woodcuts and verse which circulated throughout Europe Dance of Death or Danse Macabre or Totentanz
Musical versions appear in the work of Liszt and Saint-Saens, and a set of forty drawings on the subject was executed by Hans Holbein the Younger Dance of Death or Danse Macabre or Totentanz
FTP name this theme based on the popular belief that the dead rose as skeletons from their graves to tempt the living into a fatal dance. Dance of Death or Danse Macabre or Totentanz
He is buried in Paris's Père Lachaise (pair la-shezz) cemetery between the graves of Cherubini and Bellini, though his heart was sent back to his home country at his request Frédéric Chopin
His first published work was a set of variations on Mozart's aira La ci darem la mano, and his other orchestral works include the Krakowiak, piano concerti in F and E minor, and the Fantasia on Polish Airs Frédéric Chopin
FTP, identify this Romantic composer, best known for his numerous piano works, including etudes, nocturnes, polonaises, and the "Funeral March" piano sonata. Frédéric Chopin
His lesser known works include Chao-Kang, a ballet, incidental music for the play The Moldavian Gypsy, and the Trio Pathétique Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
He took a trip to Spain in 1844 which resulted in two orchestral works, Jota Aragonesa and A Night in Madrid, but he is better remembered for his two operas, the first of which was originally known as Ivan Susanin Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
FTP, identify this man regarded as the first of the nationalistic school of Russian composers, known for his operas Russlan and Ludmilla and A Life for the Czar. Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
The Fughetta section of this musical work alludes to JS Bach's Clavierubung, its 22nd variation is based upon "Notte e giorno faticar" from Don Giovanni, and its 33rd and final variation makes reference to the "Arietta" movement of the composer's own 32nd Diabelli variations
Written in C major, the most important musical reference is the frequently pariodied waltz theme which serves as the basis for this set of variations, inspired when a Viennese music publisher circulated a waltz of his own invention to 50 composers, each o Diabelli variations
FTP, name this set of variations by Ludwig van Beethoven. Diabelli variations
He sailed on the Almaz in 1862, which visited New York City, Baltimore, and Washington D.C Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
at the height of the Civil War, after graduating from the Russian naval academy Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
Upon return, he finished his first symphony, which he had started under the guidance of Mily Balakirev Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
Aquatic scenes appear in many of the operas of, FTP, what most productive of "The Five" whose operatic works include Snow Maiden, The Tsar's Bride, and Tale of Tsar Saltan? Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
After writing a wind quintet for his friends which mirrored their personalities, he wrote five concertos, one for each of them, including a clarinet concerto for Aagé Oxenfold Carl Nielsen
This composer used "progressive tonality" so that only the first of his symphonies was written "in" a certain key Carl Nielsen
His second symphony, giving each movement a different humour, is called The Four Temperaments Carl Nielsen
For ten points, name this composer famous for his fourth symphony, called the Inextinguishable. Carl Nielsen
This composition draws its name from a joke which the wife of Emperor Francis II found offensive Creation Mass or Schöpfungsmesse
From an oratorio, it quotes music associated with the text, "The dewdropping morn, Oh, how she quickens all!" to go with the words "Qui tollis peccata mundi," changing tempo abruptly for the words "Miserere Nobis" within the Gloria Creation Mass or Schöpfungsmesse
For ten points, name this work by Joseph Haydn, quoting the music of Adam and Eve. Creation Mass or Schöpfungsmesse
In 1879, he composed The Song of the Flea, a setting of part of Goethe's Faust Modest Mussorgsky
His early works include The Nursery and The Marriage, and the "Dance of the Persian Slaves" is featured in his opera Khovanshchina Modest Mussorgsky
Another opera, Sorochintsy Fair, was completed by Lyadov after his death in 1881 Modest Mussorgsky
For 10 points, name this member of the Russian Five, best known for such works as Boris Gudunov, Night on Bald Mountain and Pictures from an Exhibition. Modest Mussorgsky
It was based on the novel I, Son of the Working People, by its librettist Valentin Katayev Semyon Kotyo
Its composer studied Ukrainian folk songs to add color and authenticity to this tale of the Ukrainian who led his fellow villagers to fight the invading Germans in 1918 Semyon Kotyo
FTP, name this nationalistic 1939 opera name for its main character, by Sergei Prokofiev. Semyon Kotyo
After hearing parts of this score, which includes "The Neighbors" and "The Grapes," Sergey Diaghilev commissioned the composer to expand it into a full-scale work, which caused its title to be changed from El Corregidor y la Molinara The Three-Cornered Hat (accept early buzz of El Sombrero de tres picos)
Like another one of the composer's works, El Amor Brujo, it is drawn from a farce written by Alarcon The Three-Cornered Hat (accept early buzz of El Sombrero de tres picos)
The primary characters are the miller and his wife, and their two dances highlight this ballet The Three-Cornered Hat (accept early buzz of El Sombrero de tres picos)
FTP, identify this work by Manuel de Falla also known as El Sombrero de tres picos. The Three-Cornered Hat (accept early buzz of El Sombrero de tres picos)
Winning the Prix de Rome for his cantata David Rizzio, this man generated mediocre reviews with his first major work, La Grand'tante Jules Emile Frederic Massenet
That apathetic response caused him to serve a stint in the National Guard during the Franco-Prussian War, but he returned successfully with the oratorio Marie Magdalene and the incidental music for Les Erinyes, which includes the famous song "Elegie." It Jules Emile Frederic Massenet
FTP, identify this French composer, best known for his operas Thais and Manon. Jules Emile Frederic Massenet
The title character of this opera is a young girl who is in love with the local mill owner Stiva Burjiya, whose child she carries, and who spurns Stiva's brother Laca, who loves her and believes Stiva only loves her for her beauty Jenufa
In a fit of exasperation, Laca cuts her cheek with a knife to prove that Stiva will no longer love her if her beauty is gone, which later turns out to be the case, though she eventually forgives Laca and they find happiness together Jenufa
This is, for 10 points, a very brief sketch of what opera by Leos Janacek? Jenufa
Memorable pieces of music in this opera include "Tacea la notte," "Il balen del suo sorriso," "Ai nostri monti," and the Soldiers' chorus Il Trovatore or the Troubadour
Set in 15th century Spain, it tells of Count di Luna's love for Duchess Leonora, who in turn is in love with the title character, the disguised Manrico Il Trovatore or the Troubadour
Manrico's adoptive mother, the gypsy Azucena, seeks to gain vengeance on the di Luna family for the death of her mother by involving Manrico in a plot to kill the Count, resulting in Manrico's beheading, after which it is revealed that he was the Count's Il Trovatore or the Troubadour
FTP, name this 1853 opera featuring the Anvil Chorus, composed by Giuseppe Verdi. Il Trovatore or the Troubadour
This composition was originally intended to be a tetralogy of symphonic poems, but its initial success encouraged its composer to continue the cycle with Tábor and Blaník Má Vlast or My Country
The third movement tells of Šárka, a heroine who seeks revenge for the infidelity of her lover, Ctirad, while the first is named for the great rock that overlooks the river portrayed in the second movement Má Vlast or My Country
FTP, Identify the 1882 work whose movements include From Bohemia's Woods and Fields and The Moldau, written by Bedrich Smetana. Má Vlast or My Country
She gave her first complete piano recital in 1830, at age 11, and married against her father's wishes 10 years later Clara Schumann or Clara Wieck (prompt on "Schumann")
Most of her compositions were dated June 8, her husband's birthday, though she gave him Am Strand as a Christmas gift before their collaboration on the Liebesfruehling Clara Schumann or Clara Wieck (prompt on "Schumann")
FTP, name this musician, who became close to Johannes Brahms after her husband Robert went insane. Clara Schumann or Clara Wieck (prompt on "Schumann")
Shortly before the composition of this piece, the composer was diagnosed with having a valvular malformation of the heart, and his eldest daughter "Putzi" had earlier died of scarlet fever The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
Unlike a normal symphony, it contains six movements including The Farewell, Drunk in Spring, and Autumn Loneliness, all of which contain voice parts The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
Its composer was prompted to write it after his discovery of Hans Bethge's The Chinese Flute, a collection of poems adapted from the original Chinese The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
FTP name this piece, which Gustav Mahler did not call a symphony because it would have been his ninth. The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
Some of this composer's notable works include a Petite Symphony for nine instruments, and his Messe solennelle de Ste Charles Francois Gounod
Cécile Charles Francois Gounod
After winning the Prix de Rome in 1837, he produced his first opera, Sapho, in 1851, followed by The Bloody Nun Charles Francois Gounod
After his most famous opera premiered in 1859, he followed with Philemon and Baucis and an 1867 version of Romeo and Juliet Charles Francois Gounod
FTP, identify this composer of Funeral March of a Marionette and Faust. Charles Francois Gounod
After an early opera, Irmelin, this composer's first published work was 1893's Legend for violin and orchestra Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
After he became blind in 1924, he dictated works like A Song of Summer and Songs of Farewell to his amanuensis Eric Fenby Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
Earlier works include Koanga, Brigg Fair, and the Florida Suite, based on his earlier experiences as an orange planter Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
FTP, identify this distinctive composer of Sea Drift and A Village Romeo and Juliet. Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
With libretto by Theophile Gautier on a theme by Heinrich Heine and music by Adolphe Adam, this ballet was assured a success Giselle
And, indeed, the story of the maiden who dies of a broken heart because of her true love's duplicity at a harvest festival and then saves him from the Wilis was a great success for the 1841 Paris Opera Giselle
For ten points, name this Romantic ballet, for which Carlotta Grisi created the title role. Giselle
The curse of Count Monterone resonates throughout this opera, both opening and closing the action Rigoletto
In between, the title character pays Sparafucile to kill the Duke of Mantua, but the assassin instead decides to kill the first person that walks in the door Rigoletto
Unfortunately for the conspirator who planned the assassination, his own daughter - Gilda - trots on through and is slain Rigoletto
FTP, name her father, a court jester, and you've named this Giuseppe Verdi classic. Rigoletto
It was advertised as "An Experiment in Modern Music" by promoter/conductor Paul Whiteman for its premiere at Aeolian Hall in New York City Rhapsody in Blue
The 1924 composition begins with perhaps the most famous clarinet solo in classical music Rhapsody in Blue
FTP, the composer's brother Ira named what famous George Gershwin piece? Rhapsody in Blue
After his first opera was well received, he was offered a contract to compose three operas at eight-month intervals Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
He turned out the first of the three, the poorly received King for a Day, during a period in which he lost both of his children and then his wife Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
After a time of depression, he wrote his first major success, which included the "Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves." FTP, identify this composer of Nabucco, The Force of Destiny, and Aida. Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
This man's orchestral works include the Othello Suite and the Battle of Stalingrad Suite Aram Khatchaturian
Unable to speak Russian or read music when he entered the Russian Conservatory, he went on to write the ballet Spartacus, while Lezghinka and the Dance of the Rose Maidens can be found in Gayaneh, which also includes his most famous work Aram Khatchaturian
FTP, who is this Armenian composer of Saber Dance? Aram Khatchaturian
Failed romances helped inspire this composer's song cycle Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen and the cantata Das Klagende Lied Gustav Mahler
Director of the Imperial Opera of Vienna from 1897-1907, his death fixation helped shape his Kindertotenlieder,or "Songs on the Death of Children", and a year after his cancer diagnosis he wrote Song of the Earth Gustav Mahler
FTP, name this Austrian-Jewish composer best-known for the Titan Symphony, the Resurrection Symphony, and the Symphony of a Thousand. Gustav Mahler
This composer of the "Alto Rhapsody" and "Love-Song Waltzes" expressed his artistic credo in the words, "If we can not compose as beautifully as Mozart and Haydn, let us at least try to compose as purely." A meticulous worker, he did not complete the fir Johannes Brahms
Composer of "Variations on a Theme of Haydn" and the "Four Serious Songs", he is better-known for the "Tragic" and "Academic Festival" Overtures Johannes Brahms
FTP, name this composer of "A German Requiem" and a famous "lullaby". Johannes Brahms
The principal theme of this musical work is used in second movement of Verdi's Manzoni Requiem, in Berlioz's Symphanie Fantasique, and in the third movement of Mozart's Requiem Dies Irae (prompt on Day of Wrath)
Probably composed by Thomas of Celano, it is based on the Vulgate version of Joel 2:31, and is used in the mass for the dead and on All Souls' Day Dies Irae (prompt on Day of Wrath)
A medieval hymn on the Last Judgement Dies Irae (prompt on Day of Wrath)
FTP, name this famous hymn whose name is Latin for "Day of Wrath." Dies Irae (prompt on Day of Wrath)
Set during the reign of the Tsar Berendey, the opera features the wealthy youth Misgir, whose love of the title character cannot console her after she is repeatedly rejected by the shepherd Lehl, who in turn loves Misgir's betrothed Kupava The Snow Maiden (Snegurochka)
Longing both to love and be loved, the title character prays to her mother, the Fairy Spring, to be able to return the affection of Misgir, a request that is granted, but when she is about to marry him her heart is melted by a ray from the sun god Yarilo The Snow Maiden (Snegurochka)
Such are the events in, FTP, what opera about the daughter of Spring and Winter whose words and music were composed by Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov? The Snow Maiden (Snegurochka)
Throughout this musical work, the same theme is taken up by different combinations of instruments, constantly increasing the sonority of the piece until the full force of the orchestra makes a final, thunderous statement of the theme just before its concl Bolero
Its single theme is in two sections, the first heard in the flute and clarinet, the second in the bassoon and clarinet Bolero
During a slow, 17-minute long crescendo, a side drum punctuates the Spanish dance rhythm for which it is named Bolero
FTP, what is this most-famous piece by Maurice Ravel? Bolero
While most of these musical pieces follow the same pattern, the first features a minuet as a fourth movement, while the third features only two movements separated by two slow chords, and is written for strings alone, while the fifth features the harpsich Brandenburg Concertos
The most famous of these pieces is the second, which is written in the Italian concerto grosso style and features trumpet, flute, oboe, and violin Brandenburg Concertos
Named for a margrave, FTP, what are these six concertos by J.S Brandenburg Concertos
Bach? Brandenburg Concertos
After working as the band director at his home county's mental asylum, this composer gained notice with early works like Sevilliana, the Imperial March, Scenes from the Saga of King Olaf, and Scenes from the Bavarian Highlands, while works created during Edward Elgar
Many critics consider his finest work to be the cantata The Dream of Gerontius, which followed shortly after his first major success, the Enigma Variations Edward Elgar
FTP, who was this British composer best known for five marches entitled Pomp and Circumstance? Edward Elgar
Questa o quella is a notworthy aria in this opera, one of the few post-1830's operas to feature the baritone as the chief protagonist Rigoletto
The action is driven by a curse placed by Monterone on the protagonist, who is soon approached by the assassin Sparafucile, who is soon paid to kill the libertine Duke of Mantua Rigoletto
However, Maddalena falls for the duke and has Sparafucile spare him, after which he mistakenly kills Gilda, the protagonist's daughter Rigoletto
Featuring the aria La donne e mobile, FTP, what is this opera about a court jester by Verdi? Rigoletto
Shortly before his death this composer wrote a third opera, entitled The Bigamist, while his songs include The Toasting Cup, The Gulf of Finland, "Where is our rose?", and "I recall a wonderful moment" Mikhail Glinka
Several trips to Spain influenced his First and Second Spanish Overtures, but he is better known for works related to his native land, including his opera Ruslan and Ludmilla and a work originally titled Ivan Susanin Mikhail Glinka
FTP, who is this father of Russian classical music best-known for his first opera, A Life For the Tsar? Mikhail Glinka
One of this composer's highly influential works was his String Octet in E-flat Major Felix Mendelssohn
Also an important conductor whose performance of the St Felix Mendelssohn
Matthew Passion rejuvenated the reputation of Bach, this composer of the "Elijah" oratorio was inspired by the waves on the Scottish coast, leading to the "Hebrides" overture Felix Mendelssohn
FTP, who was this composer of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" Overture and the "Italian" Symphony? Felix Mendelssohn
His songs include words by Housman, Hopkins, Yeats, and Stephens, and he set to music James Joyce's Chamber Music Samuel Barber
His operas include A Hand of Bridge and Antony and Cleopatra and he composed the Capricorn Concerto for flute, oboe, trumpet, and strings Samuel Barber
Known for the vocal piece Dover Beach, his best known opera is Vanessa Samuel Barber
For 10 points, name this American composer best-known for Adagio for Strings. Samuel Barber
One of the first cultivators of the Cuban variety was José Pepe Sánchez, who in 1885 produced one entitled Tristezas Bolero
Distinctive features are the "paseo," "bien parado," and various battements, and it is characterized by a triplet on the second half of the first beat Bolero
Typically in a three-four time signature, FTP, name this Spanish and Latin-American dance most famously produced by Ravel. Bolero
The composer of this piece had projected an additional slow movement, a larghetto in D major, of which only sixteen measures survive Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
The second movement features a dialogue between the first violins and the low strings to the accompaniment of sixteenth notes in the middle instruments Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
In the first movement, the string quartet plays an arpeggiation of the tonic triad which is answered by the arpeggiation of the dominant seventh chord Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
The composer halted his work on Don Giovanni to write this piece, K Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
FTP, identify this serenade by Mozart that shares its name with a Stephen Sondheim musical. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
Famous arias in this opera include "Let her among you without fault" and "Steady! There you are! Nearly home!", while its orchestral sections are often performed separately under the title of "sea interludes." Based on a libretto by Montagu Slater, its pr Peter Grimes
FTP, identify this most frequently performed English opera, composed by Benjamin Britten. Peter Grimes
This composer of the one-act opera "Overnight" showed an early interest in music, but had to wait for the "S" volume of an encyclopedia his family was buying on an installment plan before he could learn how to compose a sonata Arnold Schoenberg
Influenced by Richard Strauss, his Gurrelieder was one of the high points of post-romanticism Arnold Schoenberg
Departing from that style, he is famous today for works like "Moses and Aaron" and "Transfigured Night" Arnold Schoenberg
FTP, name this German composer of "Pierrot Lunaire" who developed the 12-tone method of Composition. Arnold Schoenberg
In the Thioreskssaga, he was the grandson of the King of Spain, wielded the sword Garm, and rode the fearless horse Grani, an offspring of Sleipnir Siegfried
After killing Fafnir he captured the Andvaranant and was married before falling under the spell of Grimhild Siegfried
Forgetting his wife, he married Gundrun, and was eventually slain by Gundrun's brother Guttorm Siegfried
FTP identify this husband of Brunhilde and hero of the Ring Cycle. Siegfried
The parts of this work include nine canons and, in the penultimate section, a quodlibet Goldberg Variations
It begins and ends with an aria, "Sarabande," which is found in the 1725 notebook of the composer's wife Anna Magdalena Goldberg Variations
Originally published as the fourth volume of Clavier-Ubung, its current name dates from a biography by Johann Forkel, who revealed that it was composed to alleviate the insomnia of its patron, Count Keyserling Goldberg Variations
Consisting of 32 sections and famously performed in 1955 by Glenn Gould, FTP, name this 1741 harpsichord work by Johann Sebastian Bach. Goldberg Variations
This opera's lesser characters include the toy vendor, Parpignol, and Benoit La Boheme
Following the Act II waltz "Quando m'en vo' soletta," another lesser character, Alcindoro, is jilted and left with a large café bill La Boheme
Its beginning includes the entrance of Schaunard with food and drink, his subsequent exit, and the famous tenor aria, "Che gelida manina." Another aria, "Testa adorata," actually comes from a lesser-known version of this opera by Leoncavallo La Boheme
FTP, name this Puccini opera that centers on the love of Marcello and Musetta and Rodolpho and Mimi and inspired the musical Rent. La Boheme
He liked to concentrate on mischievous figures with his symphonic poems as evidenced by The Water Goblin and The Noonday Witch Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak [dvor-ZHAK]
At the end of his life, he turned to operas, like Rusalka, but he had first gained fame by getting a contract from Brahms' publisher, Fritz Simrock, who successfully published this man's Moravian Duets Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak [dvor-ZHAK]
Among his other successes were the American Quintet, the Dumky Trio, and his Slavonic Dances Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak [dvor-ZHAK]
His best known work arose from the Iowa melodies and African-American spirituals he picked up in the U.S Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak [dvor-ZHAK]
in the early 1890s Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak [dvor-ZHAK]
FTP, name this Czech whose fame rests in his Symphony No Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak [dvor-ZHAK]
9, From the New World. Antonin (Leopold) Dvorak [dvor-ZHAK]
It opens in the church of St Die Mestersinger von Nurenberg or The Mastersingers of Nuremberg
Katherine with the chorale "Da zur dir der Heiland" bringing the services to a close Die Mestersinger von Nurenberg or The Mastersingers of Nuremberg
In the second act, its villain Beckmesser, mistaking Magdalena for the heroine, serenades her only to be soundly thrashed by Magdalena's admirer, David Die Mestersinger von Nurenberg or The Mastersingers of Nuremberg
Before this opera begins we hear the orchestral prelude, which contains five major themes from it including the "Prize Song," which follows the "Dance of the Apprentices" in the opera proper Die Mestersinger von Nurenberg or The Mastersingers of Nuremberg
All ends happily, with Eva going to the winner of the song contest, Walther von Stolzing, who now becomes one of the title characters, like Hans Sachs Die Mestersinger von Nurenberg or The Mastersingers of Nuremberg
FTP, name this comedic opera by Richard Wagner set in the mid-16th-century in Nuremberg. Die Mestersinger von Nurenberg or The Mastersingers of Nuremberg
The composer claimed that much of it was modeled after Totentanz by Liszt Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
The main instrument in the 19th part is marked quasi pizzicato, modeled on the technique of its subject Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
The minuet in the 12th section is the first appearance of a woman, following a long stretch concentrating on the evil spirit Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
Written for solo piano and orchestra, it tells of troubles with the church, a love affair, and the selling of one's soul to the devil; all composed 96 years after its subject's death in 1840 Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
FTP, name this series of 24 variations composed by Rachmaninov in honor of a famous Italian violin virtuoso. Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
Its "song of the roasted swan" provides a grotesque solo for countertenor, and another notable aria is "In trutina." "Behold the good and long-awaited spring," "On the unsteady scales of my heart," "I am the abbot," "When we are in the tavern," and "I be Carmina Burana
Beginning with the movement "O Fortuna" and based on some 13th-century German and Latin texts, FTP, name this 26-movement cantata by Carl Orff. Carmina Burana
While staying in Darstadt, he almost completely gave up music, only writing some concertos and the operetta Abu Hassan Carl Maria von Weber
His Konzertstuck for piano and orchestra is still played but not as popular as his piano solo Invitation to the Dance Carl Maria von Weber
This composer's musical career began with his Opus 1, Sechs Fughetten, which he wrote while being trained by Michael Haydn, brother of Joseph Carl Maria von Weber
His fame rests on three operas, and one anecdote relates how he learned English for his commission for one of them, Oberon, which followed 1823's Euryanthe Carl Maria von Weber
FTP, name this German best known for his opera Der Freischutz. Carl Maria von Weber
He gave his first pianoforte recital in 1846 at the age of 11 Camille Saint-Saens
Six years later he befriended Liszt and dedicated his Third Symphony to the Hungarian Camille Saint-Saens
He would go on to be the teacher of Gabriel Faure and write the coronation march for Edward VII in 1902 Camille Saint-Saens
Among his piano works are Variations of a Theme of Beethoven and Caprice heroique, while orchestral works include Phaeton and Omphale's Spinning Wheel Camille Saint-Saens
FTP, name this composer of Danse Macabre, Samson and Delilah, and Carnival of the Animals. Camille Saint-Saens
The text is taken from a poem by German writer Matthias Claudius, and the work begins with one of the composer's signature rhythmic devices - a quarter note followed by triplet eighths Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und Das Madchen
The opening piano introduction sets the stage for a dialogue in which a young girl, wary of the "wild" appearance of a new acquaintance, asks to be left alone but is gradually comforted by his assurances that all he wants to do is hold her Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und Das Madchen
The final word, "sleep," plunges down to a low D as this song comes to an end Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und Das Madchen
Not surprisingly, the composer used its music in his 1824 String Quartet in D minor of the same name, which happened to inspire a novel by Ariel Dorfman Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und Das Madchen
FTP, name this composition by Franz Schubert. Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und Das Madchen
His posthumous Violin Concerto includes the opening notes of a hymn melody used by J.S Alban Berg
Bach in his Cantata no Alban Berg
60 Alban Berg
His first major success on his own, Five Orchestral Songs, was quickly followed by his Three Pieces for Orchestra Alban Berg
In 1926 he finished his most controversial work, the Lyric Suite for string quartet, but that was counteracted by his two biggest successes, based on plays by Frank Wedekind and Georg Buchner Alban Berg
FTP, name composer in the atonal style, a student of Arnold Schonberg best-known for the two operas Lulu and Wozzeck. Alban Berg
Sensing his impending death, the only tenor in this opera bids his mother farewell with the aria "Addio alla madre," which comes not long after the drinking song, "Viva il vino." Mamma Lucia first learns of her son's affair from the aria, "Voi lo sapete, Cavalleria rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
Following Lucia's exit, Santuzza argues with her lover and the subject of his new love, Lola Cavalleria rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
Passions over these women ultimately results in a duel in which Alfio kills Turiddu Cavalleria rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
Based on a story by Verga, FTP, name this epitome of verismo opera by Pietro Mascagni. Cavalleria rusticana or Rustic Chivalry
It opens with Normanno informing his lord of an intruder on the grounds and the confirmation of that by the guards with the song "Come [KO-may] vinti." Just before the pleas of the chaplain Raimondo and the kindly attendant Alisa in Act II, we hear the f Lucia di Lamermoor
The plot centers on a deception by Arturo Bucklaw, who has convinced the heroine that her love, Edgardo, has deserted her because her brother, Lord Ashton, will not look favorably on their match Lucia di Lamermoor
Based on a Sir Walter Scott novel, FTP, name this tragic Donizetti opera about the titular woman. Lucia di Lamermoor
Ludovic Halevy wrote most of the libretto for this four-act opera, though he had to share the billing with Meilhac [MY-lak] Carmen
The composer was criticized for borrowing from popular melodies, particularly the one he expropriated from Sebastian Radier for the famous Habanera Carmen
Le Remendado is a tenor and Le Dancaire is a baritone, but of course most celebrated is the titular soprano, made famous by Celestine Galli-Marie Carmen
The plot concerns the love for the heroine by both Escamillo and Don Jose, who kills her Carmen
Based on a work by Prosper Merimee, FTP, name this most famous opera of George Bizet. Carmen
The first movement begins with an airy Adagio, in which woodwind writing is overtaken by a chromatic, tonally ambiguous figure on the strings Surprise Symphony or Drumstroke Symphony or Mit dem Paukenschlag (accept "Haydn's Symphony No. 94" before it is mentioned)
This is followed by an exuberant Vivace assai in 6/8 time, which contrasts with the broad, threatening Landler in the Minuet near the end Surprise Symphony or Drumstroke Symphony or Mit dem Paukenschlag (accept "Haydn's Symphony No. 94" before it is mentioned)
The Andante is typical of the composer in that he uses fifteen bars of a string theme that he would copy in his oratorio The Seasons Surprise Symphony or Drumstroke Symphony or Mit dem Paukenschlag (accept "Haydn's Symphony No. 94" before it is mentioned)
However, the best known part is the double-forte thwack with timpani near the middle Surprise Symphony or Drumstroke Symphony or Mit dem Paukenschlag (accept "Haydn's Symphony No. 94" before it is mentioned)
FTP, give the nickname of this 94th symphony of Franz Joseph Haydn, named for the sudden interruption of quiet during the second movement. Surprise Symphony or Drumstroke Symphony or Mit dem Paukenschlag (accept "Haydn's Symphony No. 94" before it is mentioned)
It is strikingly similar to Martin y Soler's opera L'abore di Diana, not surprising as the librettist was working on both operas at the same time Cosi Fan Tutte (accept early So Do They All)
It opens in a Naples café and soon moves to a villa, where the duet, "Ah guarda, sorella," is sung Cosi Fan Tutte (accept early So Do They All)
The doctor in Act I and the notary in Act II are none other than Despina, the maid, in disguise; though she is unaware of the nature of the charade Cosi Fan Tutte (accept early So Do They All)
That charade is engineered by the cynical Don Alfonso, who convinces two young men to assume the guise of Albanian nobleman to conduct a certain test Cosi Fan Tutte (accept early So Do They All)
It centers on a wager of 100 sequins that Guglielmo's and Ferrando's fiancees, the sisters Dorabella and Fiordiligi, will prove unfaithful when put to the test Cosi Fan Tutte (accept early So Do They All)
FTP, name this Mozart opera that translates as "So Do They All." Cosi Fan Tutte (accept early So Do They All)
The main theme of this opera's orchestral prelude is the hero's first-act love song, "La rivedro." It is during an attack by Samuel and Tommaso that the central deception is revealed A Masked Ball or Un ballo in maschera
This happens after a series of revelations at the hut of the suspected witch Ulrica A Masked Ball or Un ballo in maschera
Finally, Renato discovers that his wife, Amelia, loves his best friend, Ricardo, and hatches a murderous plot A Masked Ball or Un ballo in maschera
Its setting was shifted from the original locale of Sweden during the period of Gustavus III's assassination at the title event A Masked Ball or Un ballo in maschera
FTP, name this opera set in Boston and composed by Giuseppe Verdi. A Masked Ball or Un ballo in maschera
In the conclusion six harps are used to accompany the cries of some betrayed servants Das Rheingold or The Rhinegold
Scene 1 opens with a 136-measure prelude based on an E-flat chord that grows and expands; and in the transition to Scene 3 the orchestra falls silent, leaving a forging rhythm to ring out on eighteen tuned anvils Das Rheingold or The Rhinegold
Scene 4 includes Erda's warning and the "Entrance of the gods into Valhalla" near the end Das Rheingold or The Rhinegold
FTP, name this opera that introduces us to Alberich and Wotan, the first of Wagner's Ring Cycle which is named for a river treasure. Das Rheingold or The Rhinegold
He subsisted by playing the organ in a synagogue until he won attention with early operas like The Protagonist and The Tsar Has His Photograph Taken Kurt Weill
He came to America to work on his Old Testament opera The Eternal Road, and collaborated on One Touch of Venus with Ogden Nash and on a musical version of Huckleberry Finn with Maxwell Anderson Kurt Weill
FTP, name this German who is better known for his collaboration with Bertolt Brecht on The Three-Penny Opera. Kurt Weill
Its first movement opens with an ominous theme played by the brass Divine Poem or Scriabin's Symphony No. 3 in C Minor
The strings soon enter with a minor motif that shifts in a major theme before all tonality disappears Divine Poem or Scriabin's Symphony No. 3 in C Minor
Its second movement begins with quiet, sweet music for winds and strings and builds into an uninterrupted transition to the third and final movement, which alludes to the work's title Divine Poem or Scriabin's Symphony No. 3 in C Minor
The section titles of "Luttes" and "Voluptes" were later added, FTP, to what first major orchestral composition of Alexander Scriabin, preceding both Prometheus and the Poem of Ecstasy? Divine Poem or Scriabin's Symphony No. 3 in C Minor
It is filled with delicate musical touches, perhaps most evident in the section entitled "Total Satisfaction." In its final piece, "The Poet Speaks," we are returned to the same key of G major that starts this work Scenes from Childhood or Kinderscenen
It begins with "From Strange Lands and People," though the seventh piece, "Dreaming" is the most famous Scenes from Childhood or Kinderscenen
Almost all of the thirteen sections are miniature ternary, A-B-A, forms in this collection of compositions for keyboard Scenes from Childhood or Kinderscenen
FTP, name this group of works by Robert Schumann, intended to evoke memories of youth. Scenes from Childhood or Kinderscenen
Features of this piece of music, such as the use of the xylophone, the harp, softly played snare drum, and violins whose strings are plucked pizzicato-style in the beginning are not always obvious in hearing Bolero
Its main theme, consisting of two parts, is repeated throughout as it spreads from the woodwinds to the whole orchestra, and its steady gain in volume and tempo has often led to its use as background music for lovemaking, the use to which a Marvin Hamlisc Bolero
FTP, name this 1928 composition, the most famous of Maurice Ravel. Bolero
Principal themes in the overture to this opera include a melody first given by four horns, then amplified by woodwinds accompanied by plucked strings; a light tune for strings; and a jaunty episode for woodwinds Semiramide
Two notable ensemble numbers are "Ebbene, a te ferisci" and the Act I finale, "Quel mesto gemito," while its two most notable arias are "Ah! Quell giorno" and the title character's "Bel raggio." The title character murders her husband, Ninus, and later f Semiramide
Its two major orchestral preludes occur in the beginnings of Acts II and III and are respectively titled "Sunday Morning" and "Moonlight." These are slightly different than "Dawn," the entr'acte that begins this opera's first act Peter Grimes
The title character's vocal performances include "Now the Great Bear and the Pleiades" and ""What harbor shelters peace," both of which are sung before his murder of an apprentice ruins hope of a rich life and a marriage to Ellen Orford Peter Grimes
The action takes place in The Borough, a village where the title fisherman dwells in, FTP, what opera by Benjamin Britten? Peter Grimes
After a brief introduction, often interpreted as an expression of "once upon a time," the composer states the theme early on with a bravura passage for French horn Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks or Till Eulenspiegels lustiche Streiche
Contrived as a response to criticism for the composer's opera Guntram, this single-movement work for orchestra is characterized by abrupt shifts in scoring between instruments Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks or Till Eulenspiegels lustiche Streiche
It is in the form of a large-scale rondo and the various rondo episodes include the title character railing at preachers, making fun of intellectuals, and finally being sentenced to death Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks or Till Eulenspiegels lustiche Streiche
FTP, name this tone poem by Richard Strauss, centering on a medieval German pranskter. Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks or Till Eulenspiegels lustiche Streiche
It opens with a fine horn call, which changes into a galloping first movement Schubert's Symphony No. 9 in C Major (don't need name after it is mentioned) or "Great" Symphony
The second movement is in a slower tempo and contains a walking tread in the low strings and an oboe over the leading rhythm Schubert's Symphony No. 9 in C Major (don't need name after it is mentioned) or "Great" Symphony
There is a large scherzo, set of by a trio, while the finale includes a stamping theme with many repeated notes Schubert's Symphony No. 9 in C Major (don't need name after it is mentioned) or "Great" Symphony
It was discovered by Robert Schumann in its composer's posthumous papers and was initially labeled No Schubert's Symphony No. 9 in C Major (don't need name after it is mentioned) or "Great" Symphony
7 because only six of its composers symphonies were known Schubert's Symphony No. 9 in C Major (don't need name after it is mentioned) or "Great" Symphony
FTP, name this last numbered symphony of Franz Schubert's. Schubert's Symphony No. 9 in C Major (don't need name after it is mentioned) or "Great" Symphony
The first of its three movements unfolds in 6/8 meter and includes a notable violin solo sixty bars in and a brief horn gesture after the change to 6/8 La Mer (prompt on "The Sea")
This first section ends with a forte-fortissimo brass attack, which dies away to piano La Mer (prompt on "The Sea")
The final part contains a rhythmic gesture first introduced pianissimo by the cellos and bases, but it is solo flute and harp harmonics from the second movement that might prove familiar, as identical orchestration was used at the end of Prelude to the Af La Mer (prompt on "The Sea")
That part, The Play of the Waves, is just one of the sections of, FTP, what work by Claude Debussy that translates as "The Sea." La Mer (prompt on "The Sea")
Gabriel Faure's version ditched all parts that called for drums and bass, while Berlioz's called for four brass choirs among other things requiem
Hindemith wrote one for President Roosevelt based on Walt Whitman's "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd," and Benjamin Britten's version contains nine poems by Wilfred Owen interspersed with the original text requiem
Mozart's was uncompleted at his death, and Brahms set verses of the German Bible to music in his version requiem
The Dies Irae [DEE-es EYE-ray] is now optional in, FTP, what type of choral work that is a proper Mass for the souls of the dead? requiem
His latest release is The Marciac Suite, dedicated to a rural French jazz festival Wynton Marsalis (prompt on just last name)
His classical recordings include the baroque compilation, In Gabriel's Garden as well as the Octoroon Balls for a string quartet and the ballets, Sweet Release and Ghost Story Wynton Marsalis (prompt on just last name)
He studied at Juilliard before joining Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in 1980 and is currently the artistic director of the Jazz at Lincoln Center program Wynton Marsalis (prompt on just last name)
In 1997 he became the first jazz musician to receive the Pulitzer Prize in Music for his oratorio on slavery, Blood in the Fields Wynton Marsalis (prompt on just last name)
FTP, name this master of the trumpet, son of Ellis and brother to Branford. Wynton Marsalis (prompt on just last name)
The opening theme is reprised in "Con mortuis in lingua mortis," which is the only part not drawn from the same source as the others Pictures at an Exhibition
Other sections include "The Ballet of the Chicks in Their Shells" and "Il vecchio castello." More famous are the musical depictions of the rich and poor "Two Polish Jews;" the quarreling French market women in "The Marketplace at Limoges;" and the ox-draw Pictures at an Exhibition
Culminating in "The Great Gate of Kiev," it was inspired by a showing of water colors and drawings by Victor Hartmann Pictures at an Exhibition
FTP, name this piano suite of Mussorgsky's, famously orchestrated by Ravel. Pictures at an Exhibition
He preferred writing for string orchestra, as exemplified by his elegiac melodies entitled "Heart Wounds" and "The Last Spring." He studied at the Leipzig conservatory and soon after wrote his first piano concerto, which has been frequently criticized as Edvard Hagerup Grieg
Major works of his include his series of Slatter dances, the Landsighting piece, the Haugtussa cycle, and the Holberg suite Edvard Hagerup Grieg
FTP, name this composer, most famous for his Peer Gynt suite, which was inspired by a fellow Norwegian. Edvard Hagerup Grieg
Although the specific details of its inspiration remain unknown, this four-movement piece was originally five-movements with the additional one being a second minuet before its Slow Rondo, but the artist eliminated it, and it is now lost Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
Written as a 20-minute singular piece in Sonata-allegro form, it is designated by number 525 in the Köchel catalog Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
Written in 1787 while the composer was working on Don Giovanni, it inspired a musical by Stephen Sondheim Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
FTP, give the common name of this piece, Mozart's Serenade in G, No 13. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
It was first performed on May 14, 1832, in London, with Thomas Attwood conducting Hebrides Overture (accept Fingal's Cave before it is mentioned)
The opening theme, led by lower strings and bassoons, came to the composer on a trip he made with Karl Klingemann, who described the titular location with the words, "its many pillars making it like the inside of an immense pipe organ, black, loud." Its Hebrides Overture (accept Fingal's Cave before it is mentioned)
FTP, name this Mendelssohn overture that was inspired by a visit to Fingal's Cave on a Scottish island. Hebrides Overture (accept Fingal's Cave before it is mentioned)
His Concerted Music for Harpsichord, for two violins and harpsichord, was among the earliest works to give the keyboard an independent part Jean-Philippe Rameau
He was an important music theorist and published the Treatise on Harmony, which later secured him a position as a composer for the financier La Poupliniere Jean-Philippe Rameau
The Pièces de Clavecin pour Concerts is his most famous chamber work, though he was better known for his court appointment at Versailles as a composer of operas Jean-Philippe Rameau
A participant in the War of the Buffoons, he criticized Pergolesi in favor of exciting music as seen in his works, Les Paladins, Castor and Pollux, and Hippolytus and Aricia Jean-Philippe Rameau
FTP, name this French Baroque operatic composer of the early 18th-century Jean-Philippe Rameau
He made his professional debut in New Orleans with the band of "Kid" Ory, but five years later went to Chicago to join the Creole Jazz Band of his teacher, Joe Oliver Louis Armstrong
As an actor, he starred in High Society, Cabin the the Sky, and The Five Pennies Louis Armstrong
Despite the title of his autobiography, Satchmo, My Life in New Orleans, he spent most of his professional career in the North Louis Armstrong
He is most famous for his musical compositions, which include "Wild Man Blues." FTP, name this jazz trumpeter of "I've Got a Heart Full of Rhythm." Louis Armstrong
This work features the arias "cielo e mar" and "suicidio," and begins with a mother being accused of witchcraft La Gioconda
La Ciecia is ultimately saved by Laura Adorno whose tryst with the prince puts her in danger La Gioconda
Its climax comes after the title character puts aside her own love and brings Laura and Enzo Grimaldi together by offering herself to the evil Barnabaand then impaling herself La Gioconda
FTP identify this 1867 masterpiece of Amilcare Ponchielli possibly best known for its ballet interlude "The Dance of the Hours." La Gioconda
Schindler described the composer's state as Erdenentrucktheit, translated as "oblivion of everything earthly," while he was composing this work, which was created for Archduke Rudolph's installation as Archbishop of Olmutz Missa Solemnis or Mass for soloists, chorus, and orchestra in D Major
The work contains a break in style from the first part to the second as the Kyrie and Gloria are written in the more classical style of "true church music," whereas the Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei have more dramatic elements, which are not part of tradi Missa Solemnis or Mass for soloists, chorus, and orchestra in D Major
FTP, name this sacred mass by Beethoven Missa Solemnis or Mass for soloists, chorus, and orchestra in D Major
His many compositions for piano include the Shepherd's Boy and March of the Dwarfs Edvard Hagerup Grieg
More inclined to write short works such as the Two Elegiac Melodies, he allowed few performances of his only symphony Edvard Hagerup Grieg
Among his more successful works are the overture In Autumn, the choral work Mountain Thrall, and his Lyric Pieces for piano Edvard Hagerup Grieg
However, he only became a national icon following his incidental music to a certain play Edvard Hagerup Grieg
FTP name this composer who created arrangements of "Solvejg's Song" and "In the Hall of the Mountain King" from his music for Peer Gynt. Edvard Hagerup Grieg
At the age of 16 he started studying under the trio of Gaetano Greco, Francesco Feo, and Francesco Durante Giovanni Pergolesi
His reputation for genius gained him a commission from the fraternity of San Luigi di Palazzo for a Stabat Mater to replace one by Alessandro Scarlatti Giovanni Pergolesi
His first major work, the sacred drama La conversione di San Guglielmo d'Aquitania, began a string of successes that included the operas La Salustia, Adrian in Syria, and L'Olimpiade Giovanni Pergolesi
FTP, name this 18th-century Italian, who composed the first important opera buffa with his La Serva Padrona. Giovanni Pergolesi
Its unique text was due in large part to the contribution of a 14-year old autistic boy, Christopher Knowles Einstein on the Beach
It is performed in four acts and five interludes, called "knee plays" because of their connective function Einstein on the Beach
Much of the time a violinist wanders between proscenium and pit, and all of the performers are dressed in short-sleeved white shirts and suspenders in this five-hour minimalist work Einstein on the Beach
FTP, name this 1976 opera by Phillip Glass. Einstein on the Beach
His last two major works, Jean de Nivelle and Kassya, were finished by Massenet after his death Leo Delibes
His church music and songs are rarely performed, with the exception of "The Girls of Cadiz." His first major work, a collaboration with Ludwig Minkus, was the ballet La Source, which was quickly followed by the comic opera Le Roi l'a dit, and another ope Leo Delibes
FTP, name this French composer of the opera Lakme and the ballets Sylvia and Coppelia. Leo Delibes
We first meet this character when he sings the aria "Dunque io son," (doon-kay ee-oh sohn) telling of his poor cousin named Lindoro Figaro
In a later section he sings of how nothing is more stimulating in the world than gold and proceeds to use his guile to arrange the marriage of Rosina Figaro
In another opera he pretends to be Cherubino, as part of a plan he hatches because he cannot repay Marcellina, who turns out to be his mother Figaro
Eventually this valet of Count Almaviva is united with his beloved Susanna Figaro
FTP, identify this character, a former barber, whose wedding is the subject of a Mozart opera. Figaro
Although he earned his living at an early age by playing the violin in cafes and dance bands, he went on to become leader of the Frankfurt Orchestra Paul Hindemith
An opponent of the 12 tone school, he wrote what he called utility music, and collaborated with Weill on the music for a radio cantata by Bertolt Brecht, The Lindbergh Flight Paul Hindemith
His works include both a Violin and a Cello Concerto and the song cycles The Young Maid and The Life of Mary, but he is best known for an opera based on the life of the painter Mathias Grunewald Paul Hindemith
FTP identify this German composer of Mathis der Maler. Paul Hindemith
He incorporated Eastern ideas, free-jazz tendencies and boundless energy in such pieces as My Favorite Things, Sun Ship and Meditations John Coltrane
His first jazz recordings were with Dizzy Gillespie's band; he joined the original Miles Davis Quintet in 1955, but was booted because of heroin addiction two years later John Coltrane
He then quit heroin, had a religious awakening and rejoined Miles Davis in early 1958 John Coltrane
He would leave, however, to form his own quartet John Coltrane
For 10 points-name this tenor saxophonist whose masterwork was 1964's A Love Supreme. John Coltrane
This work had a "Bluminé" or "Bouquet" movement removed and discarded by its composer from between its first two movements "Titan" Symphony (Accept early "1st Symphony in D Major by Gustav Mahler" or equivalents)
It is divided into two sections: "From the Days of Youth" and "The Human Comedy," which includes use of the nursery rhyme "Frère Jacques." Named after a novel by Jean Paul, for ten points, name this first symphony written by Gustav Mahler. "Titan" Symphony (Accept early "1st Symphony in D Major by Gustav Mahler" or equivalents)
When Brahms was asked for his autograph by the daughter of this work's composer, he wrote out a few bars of it and wrote, "Sadly, not by Johannes Brahms." Written in 1867 in response to a commission by the Vienna Men's Chorus Association, it was originall By the Beautiful Blue Danube waltz or An der schoenen blauen Donau or Op. 314 (prompt on Strauss before "its composer" is read)
A fifth number was later added, words were provided by Josef Weyl, and the more familiar orchestral version appeared in the same year By the Beautiful Blue Danube waltz or An der schoenen blauen Donau or Op. 314 (prompt on Strauss before "its composer" is read)
FTP, name this work featured in 2001: A Space Odyssey and countless commercials, probably the most famous waltz of Johann Strauss, Jr. By the Beautiful Blue Danube waltz or An der schoenen blauen Donau or Op. 314 (prompt on Strauss before "its composer" is read)
The section entitled "Dorabella" simulates the hesitancy of speech of a lady named Miss Penny, while "B.G.N." contains a famous cello solo the Enigma Variations (prompt on Variations on an Original Theme)
The 11th part was inspired by a swimming bulldog; the 5th paid tribute to the son of Matthew Arnold; and the 14th depicted the composer himself the Enigma Variations (prompt on Variations on an Original Theme)
Some have proposed Auld Lang Syne as the "hidden" theme indicated to be in it by the composer, who achieved his first success with the work the Enigma Variations (prompt on Variations on an Original Theme)
FTP, what is this set of variations on an original theme of Edward Elgar, named for their inscrutable nature? the Enigma Variations (prompt on Variations on an Original Theme)
Its creator described it as "very loud and noisy," and admitted that he was only interested in the lucrative commission The 1812 Overture in E-Flat Major
Composed for the consecration of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior for the 1882 Moscow Exhibition, it debuted on August 20th to immediate accolades, and was eventually made the composer's Opus number 49 The 1812 Overture in E-Flat Major
Using the Marseillaise and the Tsarist national anthem to depict two armies, it uses bells, cannons, and a fireworks finale to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino The 1812 Overture in E-Flat Major
FTP, name this famous Tchaikovsky overture named for the year Borodino was fought. The 1812 Overture in E-Flat Major
Act II of this opera includes the strophic aria "Voi che sapete!" in which a page expresses his love for Barbarina in song The Marriage of Figaro or Le nozze di Figaro
The act begins with the cavatina "Porgi Amor" in which Rosina prays that her husband will love her again The Marriage of Figaro or Le nozze di Figaro
Almaviva wants to partake in relations with Susanna, but is foiled when Rosina takes her place in, FTP, what Mozart opera based on a Beaumarchais play about the title character's nuptial affairs? The Marriage of Figaro or Le nozze di Figaro
Once the deputy organist to Kerll at the Imperial Chapel, he originally studied under Heinrich Schwemmer Johann Pachelbel [do not accept "Taco Bell"]
His son Hieronymus became an accomplished musican in his own right, but this composer's better known student was Johann Christoph Bach Johann Pachelbel [do not accept "Taco Bell"]
Court organist at both Stuttgart and Nuremberg, some of his better known works include the motet Praise the Lord, the Hexachordum Apollonis arias and the Six Suites for Two Violins Johann Pachelbel [do not accept "Taco Bell"]
Also known for his Magnificat Fugues, FTP, name this Lutheran baroque composer of Canon in D. Johann Pachelbel [do not accept "Taco Bell"]
The violin represents the moonlight, while the woman's speech is rendered on the violin and the man's on the cello Verklarte Nachte or Transfigured Night
Set in a cold grove, it depicts the woman's confession that she is bearing another man's child and his response that they will raise it together Verklarte Nachte or Transfigured Night
Originally scored as a string sextet, it is based on a poem by Richard Dehmel Verklarte Nachte or Transfigured Night
FTP, what is this pioneering atonal work, the opus 4 of Arnold Schoenberg? Verklarte Nachte or Transfigured Night
Taught by his musicologist father, this performer gave his first public concert in Paris at the age of 6 Yo-yo Ma
Studing under Leonard Rose at Julliard, he is known for his many groundbreaking recording with the pianist Emanuel Ax, and received the prestigious Avery Fisher Prize in 1978, although in recent years he has professed a desire to give up his most famous i Yo-yo Ma
Known for his wide reportoire and combination of technical virtuosity and lyrical expression, FTP, who is this famous cellist? Yo-yo Ma
His efforts in opera were almost completely unsuccessful, chiefly due to the asinine libretti seen in efforts like Alfonso and Estrella, The Twin Brothers, and Fierribras Franz Schubert
The inventor of the "Moments Musicaux", his chamber works include the Grand Duo Piano Sonata in C Major, a series of Impromptus, and Fantasy in F Major, but he is better known for works in another genre that include "Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel", "Hark Franz Schubert
FTP, name the prolific composer of lieder probably best known for his 8th symphony, which was left unfinished. Franz Schubert
Soon into his musical career, he turned to Zen Buddhism and the I Ching for guidance, which led to his advocacy of indeterminism John Milton Cage
Associated with the choreographer Merce Cunningham, he wrote the books M, Notations, A Year from Monday and Silence John Milton Cage
His major musical compilations include Roratorio, Bacchanale for prepared piano, and Imaginary Landscape No John Milton Cage
4 for 12 radios John Milton Cage
A student of Arnold Schoenberg, FTP, name this avant-garde composer who is most famous for 4'33". John Milton Cage
A premonition of the title character's death is found in her "Card Song", while another major moment of the opera is the duet "Seguidilla" Carmen
The male lead's fate is sealed when he draws his sword on Captain Zuniga, leading him to flee to the mountains and join the smuggling gang led by Lillas Pastia Carmen
Shortly after singing his "Flower Song" he abandons his sweetheart Micaela, but his beloved soon cuckolds him for the bullfighter Escamillo, who sings the famous "Toreador Song" Carmen
FTP, what is this opera about a gypsy woman, the masterpiece of Georges Bizet? Carmen
The time when this composer heard a flute player repeat a four note theme for two and a half hours inspired his orchestral suite "Beni Mora", while the works of Keats were the basis for his "First Choral Symphony" Gustav Holst
A symphony trombonist, he developed an austere style in works like "Egdon Heath" and the opera "At the Boar's Head", and gained acclaim for the "St Paul's Suite" and the operas "The Perfect Fool" and "Savitri", the latter of which stemmed from an interest Gustav Holst
FTP, who is this British composer probably best known for a seven-part orchestral suite entitled "The Planets"? Gustav Holst
This composer first won fame with the publication of his opus 3 "L'estro armonico", a collection of concertos for one, two or four violins, while in the realm of sacred music he composed the celebrated orotorio "Juditha triumphans" Antonio Vivaldi
Composer of an opera based on "Orlando furioso", he offered musical training at the Pio Ospedale della Pieta, a orphanage for girls in Venice, while gaining the moniker "the red priest" due to his red hair Antonio Vivaldi
FTP, who was this Italian composer now best-known for the concertos in "The Four Seasons"? Antonio Vivaldi
He wrote a work for 23 solo strings entitled "Metamorphosen", while in the field of vocal music he produced works like "Allerseelen", "Traum durch die Dammerung", and the "Four Last Songs" Richard Strauss
A master of tonality, his most important works came in the genres of opera and tone poems, as seen in tone poems like "Don Quixote" and "Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks" and operas like "Elektra", "Der Rosenkavalier", and "Salome" Richard Strauss
FTP, who is this German composer of "Thus Spake Zarathustra"? Richard Strauss
This musical work features a number of noteworthy dances, including "Trepak", the "Arab Dance", the "Chinese Dance", and the "Dance of the Flutes", and concludes with the "Waltz of the Flowers" The Nutcracker (accept Nutcracker Suite until *)
Featuring the first-ever orchestral use of the celesta, this * ballet opens with the "Miniature Overture", then goes on to tells of the title figure's battle with an army of mice, after which he takes a girl to Jam Mountain, leading to the famous "Dance o The Nutcracker (accept Nutcracker Suite until *)
FTP, what is this ballet by Tchaikovsky? The Nutcracker (accept Nutcracker Suite until *)
He composed the scores for the ballets Dybbuk and Facsimile, while his controversial Mass was composed specifically for the opening of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Leonard Bernstein
Initially studying under Walter Piston and Fritz Reiner, he was soon mentored by Serge Koussevitsky Leonard Bernstein
Making a spectacular debut as conductor with the New York Philharmonic as a last-minute substitute for Bruno Walter, he went on to success both as a conductor and composer of musicals like Candide and Fancy Free Leonard Bernstein
FTP, who was this composer of West Side Story? Leonard Bernstein
Francois-Antoine Habeneck first conducted the premier of this musical work, for which the composer recycled his Marche des Gardes from his ill-fated opera Les Francs Juges and placed it in the penultimate movement Symphonie Fantastique
The solo cornet is the highlight of the second movement, entitled A Ball, while the final movement portrays an orgiastic festival and is called Dream of a Witches' Sabbath Symphonie Fantastique
The first movement is Reveries and Passions, though it is the fourth movement, March to the Scaffold, that best develops this symphony's idée fixe Symphonie Fantastique
Dedicated to Harriet Smithson, FTP, identify this most famous work of Hector Berlioz. Symphonie Fantastique
Starting out with the Queen City Cornet band, his first published works were songs like Please Say you Will Scott Joplin
John Stark published one third of his works including Cascades which was performed at the St.Louis World's Fair, and The Strenuous Life which celebrated the life of Teddy Roosevelt Scott Joplin
Roosevelt would reappear, along with Booker T Washington, in the opera Guest Of Honor , but it is for a certain style of piano music rarely exceeding 68 bars with names like: Roseleaf , Sunflower , and Maple Leaf , that he is best known Scott Joplin
FTP identify this composer of rags like The Entertainer and the opera Treemonisha . Scott Joplin
Following the suggestion of the composer's friend Axel Carpelan, this work was given its present name Finlandia
Originally concocted as the sixth part of the musical melodrama, Music for Press Ceremony, it would be performed until the title of Impromptu for almost twenty years Finlandia
Based on a text by Zachria Topelius, this symphonic poem was composed in response to a Russian censorship rule of 1899 Finlandia
FTP, name this patriotic work, the most famous of Jean Sibelius. Finlandia
This musical piece was the inspiration for Hugo Alfvén's Uppsala Rhapsody Academic Festival Overture
Its introduction begins with strings playing in C, and goes on to introduce two songs, one using violins and bassoons and the other primarily trumpets Academic Festival Overture
The recapitulation hammers to a loud close, setting up the Coda and the third, and best-known of the student-songs in the piece, "Gaudeamus Igitur." FTP, what 1880 Brahms work was composed for his reception of an honorary doctorate from the University of Academic Festival Overture
First staged in Western Europe by Diaghilev in 1921, it's premiere was at the Mariinsky Theater in St The Sleeping Beauty
Petersburg three decades earlier The Sleeping Beauty
Choreographed by Marius Petipa, Carabosse curses the heroine to die at the age of 16 The Sleeping Beauty
The Lilac Fairy changes her sentence to a hundred years slumber The Sleeping Beauty
After that time is up, the Lilac Fairy leads Prince Florimund to the princess, and his kiss restores her to life The Sleeping Beauty
FTP, name this Tchaikovsky opera about Aurora. The Sleeping Beauty
The libretto was compiled by a postal clerk, Christian Friedrich Henrici The Passion According to St. Matthew or St. Matthew's Passion or Passio Domini Nostri Jesu Christi secundum Evangelistam Matthaeum
Well known portions include the alto solo, "Grief and Pain" and the tenor aria with chorus, "O Grief, There Throbs the Racked and Bleeding Heart." Perhaps the most famous section is the closing chorus, "In Deepest Grief We Sit Here Weeping", though also The Passion According to St. Matthew or St. Matthew's Passion or Passio Domini Nostri Jesu Christi secundum Evangelistam Matthaeum
Famously revived in 1829 by Felix Mendelssohn, FTP, name this grand religious composition by J.S The Passion According to St. Matthew or St. Matthew's Passion or Passio Domini Nostri Jesu Christi secundum Evangelistam Matthaeum
Bach. The Passion According to St. Matthew or St. Matthew's Passion or Passio Domini Nostri Jesu Christi secundum Evangelistam Matthaeum
Though there were originally 23 pieces, after revision: only two settings of four numbers each were orchestrated Incidental Music to Peer Gynt or Peer Gynt Suite
The third section is scored for strings but features a lone triangle, capturing the North African setting and sensuality of its title: Anitra's Dance Incidental Music to Peer Gynt or Peer Gynt Suite
Perhaps the finest music in this piece is contained in the introduction also known as Morning Song or Morning Mood Incidental Music to Peer Gynt or Peer Gynt Suite
But the most famous movement, actually act 2 scene 5 of the play, features the hero riding on the back of a pig to a place where he is taunted and tormented by trolls Incidental Music to Peer Gynt or Peer Gynt Suite
FTP identify this suite which ends with "In the Hall of the Mountain King," a work by Edvard Grieg. Incidental Music to Peer Gynt or Peer Gynt Suite
The cantata The Lovers was completed late in his career, Hermit Songs was first sung by Leontyne Price, while his work Knoxville was inspired by James Agee Samuel Barber
He premiered a setting of Dover Beach on NBC in 1935 and spent some time in the early 1950s composing ballets including, Souvenirs and Medea's Meditation , but he found greater acclaim for choral works like Prayers of Kierkegaard and the opera Vanessa Samuel Barber
FTP identify this composer of 2 symphonies, famed for The Rose Tree , the Capricorn Concerto and the Adagio for Strings . Samuel Barber
Early works, which he would later disparage, include Your Black Eyes and The Loves of Ines Manuel de Falla
His relationship with Dukas led to an elegiac piece called For the Tomb of Dukas , and introduced his work to the rest of Europe Manuel de Falla
After adapting Othello to music, he joined the Teatro de Arte where he met Lorca Manuel de Falla
But, with the coming of the Civil War, works like Love, the Magician and The Short Life were not considered nationalist enough, leading to his study of Catalan and work on his final piece L' Atlantida , left unfinished at his death in Buenos Aires Manuel de Falla
FTP identify this Madrid-born composer whose best known works include Nights in the Gardens of Spain and The 3 Cornered Hat . Manuel de Falla
The last of their schools survived until 1875 in the town of Memmingen meistersinger(s) (note do not accept minnesingers, these were courtly predecessors)
Their strict code of conduct was known as the Tabulatur, and they performed works configured in a structural pattern known as the bar form meistersinger(s) (note do not accept minnesingers, these were courtly predecessors)
Though founded by an aristocrat called Frauenlob, their ranks were primarily composed of tradesmen and the middle-class meistersinger(s) (note do not accept minnesingers, these were courtly predecessors)
Their high point emerged after Hans Folz called for an expansion of subject matter which led to more secular hymns sung by such men as Sixtus Beckmesser and Hans Sachs meistersinger(s) (note do not accept minnesingers, these were courtly predecessors)
FTP identify this 11th to 16th century group of German musicians immortalized by Wagner in an opera that places them in Nurnberg. meistersinger(s) (note do not accept minnesingers, these were courtly predecessors)
In this opera, the composer and the librettist Ranieri de' Calzabigi aimed at a noble classical simplicity and avoided "the abuses of excessive ornamentation and other elements that pander to the vanity of the singers" as the composer later explained in h Orpheus and Eurydice (or Orfeo ed Euridice)
It includes the celebration of funeral rites by the nymphs and shepherds, and more famously, the Dance of the Furies and the Dance of the Blessed Spirits during the descent through Hades Orpheus and Eurydice (or Orfeo ed Euridice)
FTP, what is this three act opera first performed in 1762 and composed by Christoph Gluck. Orpheus and Eurydice (or Orfeo ed Euridice)
This painting is believed to have been partly based on the idyllic writings of Theocritus, Virgil, and Sannazaro Pastoral Symphony (or Fete Champetre or Concert Champetre)
It is now hanging in the Louvre and it likely inspired Manet's famous 1863 painting "Luncheon on the Grass" Pastoral Symphony (or Fete Champetre or Concert Champetre)
Seated in the middle are two clothed men, one of whom is playing a lute Pastoral Symphony (or Fete Champetre or Concert Champetre)
In front of the men are two nude nymphs, one of whom has her back to us and is holding a flute while the other is pouring water from a pitcher, but the two men seem oblivious to their presence Pastoral Symphony (or Fete Champetre or Concert Champetre)
FTP, what is this 1510 painting attributable to Giorgione or Titian which shares its title with a 1919 Gide novel and a famous composition of Beethoven. Pastoral Symphony (or Fete Champetre or Concert Champetre)
Some of its original material was destroyed by a fire in the process of rewriting, and its reworking contained an aria scripted for Captain Dapertutto from Le voyage dans la lune, "Scintille diamant" Its prologue and epilogue take place in a Nuremberg tav Les contes d'Hoffmann (accept The Tales of Hoffmann)
A poet is persuaded to sing the "Legend of Kleinzach," and he continues with the chronicle of his tragic affairs with the mechanical doll Olympia, a woman whose fatal chest complaint prevents her from singing, and a courtesan, Giulietta Les contes d'Hoffmann (accept The Tales of Hoffmann)
Drawing its material from the stories of its namesake author, FTP, name this opera seria by Jacques Offenbach. Les contes d'Hoffmann (accept The Tales of Hoffmann)
The finale is a sophisticated rondo whose fearsomely difficult "violin writing must have needed lots of rehearsing to point up the music's muscle and wit." This work begins with a very slow introduction that moves eerily through distant keys Surprise Symphony (Accept 'no.9 in G major' before it is mentioned)
The ensuing allegro is in a cheerful and rocking rhythm Surprise Symphony (Accept 'no.9 in G major' before it is mentioned)
The work derived its nickname from the loud explosion in the middle of the slow movement's theme, written specifically by the composer to wake up the audiences who tended to nod off during slow movements Surprise Symphony (Accept 'no.9 in G major' before it is mentioned)
FTP, name this musical work, no Surprise Symphony (Accept 'no.9 in G major' before it is mentioned)
94 in G major, by Franz Haydn. Surprise Symphony (Accept 'no.9 in G major' before it is mentioned)
The hero of this opera manages to find some unusual allies in the form of the Good Magician Finn, who warns him of the power of a sorceress working against him, his former rival Ratlaf, who ceases to compete with him when finds true love with his slave-gi Ruslan and Lyudmila (Ruslan i Lyudmila)
Ranged against him are the bumbling Varangian Farlaf, the sorceress Naina, and Chernomor, who has captured and put to sleep the daughter of Svetozar, his future bride Ruslan and Lyudmila (Ruslan i Lyudmila)
Such are the adventures of the main character of, FTP, what Pushkin-inspired opera, perhaps the best known of Mikhail Glinka? Ruslan and Lyudmila (Ruslan i Lyudmila)
His efforts in opera were almost completely unsuccessful, chiefly due to the asinine libretti such as those used for Alfonso and Estrella, The Twin Brothers, and Fierribras Franz Schubert
The inventor of the form "Moments Musicaux", his chamber works include the Grand Duo Piano Sonata in C Major, a series of Impromptus, and Fantasy in F Major, but he is better knwon for works in another genre that include "Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel", Franz Schubert
FTP name this composer, one of whose lieder, "Die Forelle', formed the basis for the Piano Quintet in A Major named for it, The Trout. Franz Schubert
Among those portrayed are Winifred Norbury whose laugh and the atmosphere of her eighteenth century house are caricatured Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
Arthur Troyte Griffith, a Malvern architect, plays the piano and William Meath Baker, a 'country squire, gentleman and scholar', informs his guests of the day's arrangements Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
George Sinclair's bulldog Dan paddling in the River Wye after falling in appears, though a discussion over Beethoven's slow movements with A J Jaeger, called Nimrod, is probably the most famous Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
For 10 points, name this 1899 work in which Elgar created images based on his friends. Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
It is a one movement piece for two violins, two violas, and two cellos written in 1899 Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
It was inspired by a poem written by the German poet Richard Dehmel and takes its style from the "love music" of Wagner and Richard Strauss Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
Later it was arranged for full string orchestra and became the music for the ballet, Pillar of Fire Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
FTP- what is this work which describes the happiness of two lovers who overcome personal tragedy to change a black winter night into something of great beauty, an early chamber work of Arnold Schoenberg? Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
It starts with a trumpet solo in B-flat major that changes meter from 5 to 6, the tune of which is repeated in three later sections, all called "Promenade." First orchestrated by Tushmalov, it was later orchestrated by Stokowski, Ashkenazy, and in its bes Pictures at an exhibition or Kartinki s vistavki
Sections include "Gnomus," "Bydlo," "Ballad of the Chicks in their Shells," and "The Great Gate of Kiev," all titles of paintings by the composer's friend Victor Hartmann Pictures at an exhibition or Kartinki s vistavki
FTP, name this set of piano pieces by Modest Mussorgsky. Pictures at an exhibition or Kartinki s vistavki
The only direct quotation in Hodie, a Christmas cantata by Vaughan Williams, is of this work's third movement, at the words "Et incarnatus est." In the fourth movement, the solo quartet is joined by a solo violin representing the Host Missa Solemnis, Op. 123
A bass solo in very low register at the start of the finale is said to represent the composer himself, while the second half of the finale is labeled "a prayer for inner and outer peace." FTP, identify this 1823 choral work, the final sacred work of Ludwi Missa Solemnis, Op. 123
He collaborated with Jean Cocteau to create The Ox on the Roof and The Newlyweds of the Eiffel Tower Darius Milhaud
A frequent user of polytonality, his operas include La Mére Coupable and Christophe Colombe, but he is more associated will ballets such as La Mort d'un tyran Darius Milhaud
FTP, name this member of Les Six who composed Suite provençale and La création du monde. Darius Milhaud
This note is the submediant of C major and mediant of f-sharp minor A
It is also the leading tone in b-flat minor and the supertonic in G major A
It is a fifth above D, and is written on the middle line of tenor clef, the top line of the bass clef, and the space below the middle line of the treble clef A
FTP, name this note, to which orchestras generally tune, set by international convention at 440 hertz. A
His music was banned by Nazi Germany since he was a public advocate of aiding Jewish refugees Ralph Vaughn Williams
His musical education continued with Max Bruch in Berlin and Maurice Ravel in Paris Ralph Vaughn Williams
His output includes nine symphonies, incidental music for Aristophanes' The Wasps, and Fantasia on Greensleves, the latter being one of his many incorporations of English folk music in his compositions Ralph Vaughn Williams
FTP, name this composer who, despite being an atheist, used strong religious themes in revising the English Hymnal and composing Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis. Ralph Vaughn Williams
Among the tunes this piece utilizes are We Have Built a Stately House in C minor, which Mahler later borrowed for his Third Symphony; and the lyrical The Father of Our Land played in E major Academic Festival Overture
First performed in 1881 at the University of Breslau, this work employed its composer's largest orchestration ever Academic Festival Overture
Bassoons introduce the comic movement Fox Song, a favorite among the college freshmen, though its most famous piece might be the Latin drinking song Gaudeamus Igitur Academic Festival Overture
FTP, identify this scholastic overture that celebrated an honorary degree given to Johannes Brahms. Academic Festival Overture
He won a prize offered by Offenbach for the one-act operetta Le Docteur Miracle and received second at the 1856 Prix de Rome when no first prize was awarded Georges Bizet
Studying under Marmontel and Halévy, his early works include the symphony Vasco da Gama and the opera Don Procopio, though his Roma Symphony aroused little interest Georges Bizet
In 1871 he composed Jeux d'enfants for children, which later became his Petite Suite Georges Bizet
He gained recognition for his opera The Pearl Fishers, but is best known for a work based on his abandoned Don Rodrigue Georges Bizet
FTP, identify this French composer of Carmen. Georges Bizet
Arias from this opera include Act II's Le Rêve (En fermant les yeux) and O Rosalinde from Act III, sung by the title character's cousin Manon
The title character dies in the final act while on the road to exile at Le Havre, falling in the arms of her former lover Manon
After escaping from De Brétigny, a touching scene in the cathedral of St Manon
Sulpice sees the title character reunited with her lover Des Grieux, who finds her at the opera's end with her cousin Lescaut Manon
FTP, identify this opera based on a novel by Abbé Prevost, perhaps the most famous work by composer Jules Massenet. Manon
This composer's body of works is currently assembled in the Karstädt catalogue Dietrich Buxtehude
His first musical post was as organist at Helsingborg, though in 1667 he succeeded Franz Tunder at the Marienkirche in Lübeck Dietrich Buxtehude
During this time he composed the most famous of his 114 sacred vocal works, including Jesu meine Freud und Lust and Accredite gentes, accurate populi Dietrich Buxtehude
The works of this composer were performed during his Abendmusik concerts, one of which prompted a famous journey by another composer Dietrich Buxtehude
FTP, identify this early German composer who J Dietrich Buxtehude
S Dietrich Buxtehude
Bach traveled over 200 miles to see. Dietrich Buxtehude
On December 10, 1879, the temperature in Paris dropped to -25.6 degrees Celsius Les Patineurs or The Skaters
During that severe winter, carriages were forced to operate on runners and the Seine froze over completely, providing the imagery for this composition that was published two years later Les Patineurs or The Skaters
Its introduction suggests a wintry theme, gradually building to an evocation of daring leaps and falls, completed with the arrival of a sleigh to the scene Les Patineurs or The Skaters
FTP, identify this most famous waltz of Emile Waldteufel. Les Patineurs or The Skaters
Trumpets and drums depict an army marching to the Capitol in the fourth movement The Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
Its third movement contains both a clarinet solo and a piano cadenza, which both serve to represent a nightingale's song near the Janiculum The Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
The first movement, an Allegretto vivace in 2/8 time, represents children playing by the Villa Borghese near the title objects The Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
The most famous movement of this piece, however, is the second movement in which muted horns represent the title objects near a catacomb The Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
FTP, identify this orchestral work by Ottorino Respighi about the trees of a certain city. The Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
Its composer did not refer to it as an opera but as a "légende dramatique," since most of the action takes place within the music and not on the stage The Damnation of Faust or La Damnation de Faust
It includes the orchestral pieces "Dance of the Sylphs" and "Rákóczy March," as well as musical adaptations of songs from the play on which it was based The Damnation of Faust or La Damnation de Faust
These include "Song of the Rats," sung by Brander; "Ballad of the King of Thule," sung by Margarita; and "Song of the Flea," sung by Mephistopheles The Damnation of Faust or La Damnation de Faust
FTP, identify this Berlioz adaptation of a play by Goethe. The Damnation of Faust or La Damnation de Faust
This child prodigy supposedly ran away from home at the age of 13 and earned money for the return trip as an itinerant pianist Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz
He later studied at the Brussels Conservatory with Franz Liszt, and later with Spanish nationalist composer Felipe Pedrell Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz
Collaboration with the English banker Francis Money-Coutts produced three operas, including his most famous nonpiano work Pepita Jimenez Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz
He is perhaps more famous, however, for his Suites Anciennes and Rapsodia Espanola Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz
FTP, identify this Catalonian composer of the piano suite Iberia. Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz
At the time of his death his wardrobe was found to consist mostly of identical handkerchiefs and velvet coats, and many umbrellas Erik Satie
He once said that he wrote "furniture music," which was meant to be in the background Erik Satie
Some of this eccentric composer's works include the duet Trois Morceaux en forme de Poire and the ballet Relâche, with film sequences included Erik Satie
His other works include The Dreamy Fish, Drivelling Preludes (For a Dog), and Desiccated Embryos Erik Satie
He helped to shape the style of modern ballet, and worked closely with Cocteau and Picasso Erik Satie
FTP, identify this mentor of Les Six whose compositions include Vexations and Parade. Erik Satie
The tenth, written in E major, attempts to imitate the sound of a cimbalom through use of fast arpeggios and tremolos Hungarian Rhapsodies
The fourth was written in D minor and designated Lento A Capriccio, while the first of them was written in F minor and designated Lento Quasi Marcia Funebre Hungarian Rhapsodies
The Horowitz transcription of its last disregards much of the lassan section Hungarian Rhapsodies
Entitled Rakoczy March, this fifteenth section is not as famous as the second in D minor, which most may recognize from cartoons Hungarian Rhapsodies
FTP, identify this series of fifteen sketches based on Gypsy music by Franz Liszt. Hungarian Rhapsodies
The 1914 staging of this opera had a set designed by Natalia Gonchorova that contrasted with the production designed by Ivan Bilibin The Golden Cockerel or Zolotoy Petushok or Le Coq d'Or
With a libretto by V.I The Golden Cockerel or Zolotoy Petushok or Le Coq d'Or
Belsky, the most often performed part is "Hymn to the Sun." In the epilogue, the eunuch Astrologer returns to life to assure the audience that he and the Queen are the only mortals The Golden Cockerel or Zolotoy Petushok or Le Coq d'Or
The body count includes the death of the Tsar's two sons, as well as the Astrologer, who requests the hand of the Queen of Shemakha The Golden Cockerel or Zolotoy Petushok or Le Coq d'Or
Based on a Pushkin story, FTP, name this Rimsky-Korsakov opera in which revenge is taken against Tsar Dodon by the titular bird. The Golden Cockerel or Zolotoy Petushok or Le Coq d'Or
After his first success, the opera Macbeth, Romain Rolland persuaded him to give up his job as an accountant and take up composition full-time Ernest Bloch
Moving from Geneva to the U.S Ernest Bloch
he became director of the Cleveland Institute of Music from 1920-1925, a period when he premiered the rhapsodies America and Helvetia, the Concerto Grosso and the Baal Shem Suite Ernest Bloch
His Sacred Service and A Voice in the Wilderness were all successes, but it is for his early explicitly Jewish period that he is best known Ernest Bloch
FTP, name this composer of Three Jewish Poems, Schelomo, and the Israel Symphony. Ernest Bloch
Composed while its creator was on vacation with Alexander von Zemlinsky, the music of this work was later used for the ballet Pillar of Fire Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
Opening with a slow, atmospheric introduction depicting a walk through the darkness of a grove, its two major sections depict a woman's confession of sin and the forgiveness by her lover Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
A sextet scored for two violins, two violas, and two cellos, it was arranged for orchestra in 1917, 18 years after its initial composition Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
Inspired by a poem of Richard Dehmel, FTP, identify this early work by Arnold Schoenberg. Transfigured Night or Verklärte Nacht
His most famous work was the basis of an Ernst Lubitsch film that won the 1934 Academy Award for art direction Franz Lehár
Dvorák advised him to "Hang up your fiddle, and write music." As conductor of the Theater an der Wien, he had a 110-piece orchestra at his disposal, composing his first operetta with librettist Felix Falizari, Kukuschka Franz Lehár
Following works included The Count of Luxembourg and The Land of Smiles Franz Lehár
The composer of the grand opera Giuditta, FTP, name this early 20th century Austro-Hungarian composer of The Merry Widow. Franz Lehár
An important element of his training with Niccolo Zingarelli was the composition of hundreds of wordless solfeggi, none of which survive, while Giovanni Rubini created noted tenor roles in his works such as Adelson e Salvini Vincenzo Bellini
His most famed partnership began with Il pirata and lasted throughout his career until his ninth, and last, opera based on a Scott work Vincenzo Bellini
Thus Felice Romani did not adapt I puritani, but did work on The Capulets and the Montagues and La Sonnambula Vincenzo Bellini
FTP, name this composer who surpassed Rossini to earn the highest fees ever for his opera Norma. Vincenzo Bellini
Ferruccio Bussoni used its incomplete quadruple portion as the basis for the Fantasia contrapuntistica, while its first nine sections were the only organ recording ever made by Glenn Gould The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
Its completed sections include four simple subjects, three counters, two doubles, two triples, four canons, and three mirrors The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
Key and subject are kept constant in order to demonstrate the potential of variation on a short theme alone The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
FTP, identify this work in D minor by Johann Sebastian Bach that demonstrates his skill with counterpoint. The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
During his first meeting with Richard Wagner he refused to sit down out of respect for his musical hero Anton Bruckner
His first major musical work, Requiem in D minor, was written while teaching at St Anton Bruckner
Florian in Austria Anton Bruckner
In 1856, he moved to Linz, and while there he composed a version of Ave Maria and his Mass in D Major Anton Bruckner
He dedicated his Third Symphony to Wagner but its 1877 premier was a failure - only 25 people remained in the auditorium by the end Anton Bruckner
FTP, identify this composer of the more favorably received Fourth or "Romantic" Symphony, who is sometimes better known for his Zeroth Symphony. Anton Bruckner
The director of the Netherlands Opera asked its composer to write a "real" opera, and it debuted in Rotterdam in 1980 Satyagraha
Famous songs in it include The Kuru Field of Justice and Indian Opinion, and the main character is visited by spiritual guardians including Arjuna and Krishna in the opening, Tolstoy in Act I, Tagore in Act II, and Martin Luther King in Act III Satyagraha
They watch over the main character as he fights to repeal the Black Act in South Africa Satyagraha
FTP, name this Phillip Glass opera about Gandhi that takes its name from the Sanskrit word for nonviolence. Satyagraha
Notable pieces in this opera are the aria "O muto asil" and the "Soldiers' Dance", but it is most famous for its overture William Tell (or Wilhelm Tell)
A subplot concerns Arnold's love for Matilda, but soon Arnold sees his father Melcthal executed William Tell (or Wilhelm Tell)
The villain Gessler celebrates a century of Austrian occupation in Switzerland by ordering the Swiss to kneel, and when the title figure refuses, Gessler orders him to perform his most famous feat on his son Jemmy William Tell (or Wilhelm Tell)
FTP, what is this opera by Rossini about a Swiss folk hero who shoots an apple from his son's head? William Tell (or Wilhelm Tell)
A medieval estate is depicted in one of its sections, entitled "The Old Castle", while the gardens of Paris are evoked in "Tuileries" Pictures at an Exhibition
Although originally written for the piano, Maurice Ravel created the famous orchestral transcription through which it is well known today Pictures at an Exhibition
Several sections entitled "Promenades" depict the composer walking about contemplating paintings like "The Hut on Fowl's Legs" and "Gnomus" found at a showing of the art of Victor Hartmann Pictures at an Exhibition
FTP, what is this piano suite by Modest Mussorgsky? Pictures at an Exhibition
Originally used interchangeably with the term "canzona," this musical form gradually adopted its most well known structure through the Biblical ones of Kuhnau and seventy written by C.P.E sonata
Bach sonata
Examples of them include MacDowell's Eroica and Tragica and Liszt's Apres une lecture de Dante and one in B minor sonata
Other examples include Les Adieux and Hammerklavier, which are found among Beethoven's celebrated set of 32 sonata
Including an exposition, development, and recapitulation of a theme, FTP, what is this form of instrumental music, examples of which include Beethoven's Waldstein, Appassionata, and Pathetique? sonata
Much confusion has surrounded the direction senza sordini in the first movement of this musical work, whose third and final section, presto agitato, concludes with a remarkably long 43-bar coda Moonlight sonata (accept Beethoven's 14th Piano Sonata until *)
The composer's Opus 27, Number 2 in C-sharp minor, its most famous part is its first section, adagio sostenuto Moonlight sonata (accept Beethoven's 14th Piano Sonata until *)
Originally titled "Quasi una fantasia" to account for the non-traditional use of its form, it gained its nickname from a description by the poet Ludwig Rellstab involving Lake Lucerne Moonlight sonata (accept Beethoven's 14th Piano Sonata until *)
FTP, what is this * 14th piano sonata by Beethoven bearing a lunar name? Moonlight sonata (accept Beethoven's 14th Piano Sonata until *)
The main theme of this musical work was first developed for the trio section of the composer's March in D Major, and its music was later adapted for his Coronation Ode with the words "Land of hope and glory" Pomp and Circumstance, No. 1
The first of five similar compositions by the composer intended to prove that serious music could be written in the military march form, the tradition with which it is most associated grew from its use at a Yale ceremony conferring an honorary doctorate o Pomp and Circumstance, No. 1
Named for a quote from Othello, FTP, what is this famous march now ubiquitous at graduation ceremonies? Pomp and Circumstance, No. 1
The protagonist of this opera exuberantly downs champagne while dressing for a wedding feast he has planned for his peasants, and he later barely escapes the drawn sword of Ottavio, who is responding to a girl's cries for help Don Giovanni
The title character thwarts a posse bent on lynching him using a disguise that allows him to issue bogus directions and assault Masetto, who is nursed by Zerlina Don Giovanni
After he contemptuously waves Elvira out of his chamber, he and Leporello witness the arrival of a statue of the murdered Commendatore, who drags the title figure to hell Don Giovanni
FTP, what is this opera by Mozart about the legend of Don Juan? Don Giovanni
A skilled ballet dancer who often acted the clown in Moliere comedies, he wrote "Amour, Que Veux-tu de Moi" Jean Baptiste Lully
As a boy, he was a gift of the Duc de Guise to lady Montpensier; as a man, his lavish operatic productions introduced overtures and female dancers to Versailles Jean Baptiste Lully
FTP, name this composer of Armide et Renaud and Alceste, who famously expired after poking his foot with his conductor's baton. Jean Baptiste Lully
When Mahler conducted this opera in Vienna, he inserted a trial scene from the play on which it was based The Marriage of Figaro or Le Nozze di Figaro
"Voi che sapete" and "Porgi amor" are notable arias from this opera whose complications result in part from the page Cherubino's attachment to Barbarina, the gardener's daughter The Marriage of Figaro or Le Nozze di Figaro
Susanna dresses as the Countess to trick the title character, while Count Almaviva tries to seduce his own wife, who is dressed as Susanna, the bride-to-be The Marriage of Figaro or Le Nozze di Figaro
With libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, FTP, what is this Mozart opera based on a Beaumarchais play concerning the wedding of a former barber of Seville? The Marriage of Figaro or Le Nozze di Figaro
The atypical "harmonic" version of this instrument is used almost exclusively by French composers harp
The typical version is tuned diatonically in the key of C-flat, through six octaves and a fifth harp
At the front of it, called the front pillar, are seven pedals that can be depressed two notches each, and which shorten the strings to sound one or two pitches higher harp
FTP, what is this instrument in which approximately 45 strings are stretched in a triangular frame? harp
In spite of this composer's anti-Semitism, the fourth work in his Opus 17 has come to be known as "The Jew" Frederic Chopin (or Fryderyk Franciszek)
He incorporated the cello into his early chamber work Grand Duo on Themes from Robert the Devil, but is better known for piano works, including a famous Fantasy-Impromptu that he disliked so much he refused to have it published Frederic Chopin (or Fryderyk Franciszek)
He gained fame for his intimate drawing-room performances of works like the "Military" and "Heroic" Polonaises and his Second Piano Sonata, containing his famous funeral march Frederic Chopin (or Fryderyk Franciszek)
FTP, who was this French composer of Polish descent responsible for the "Minute" Waltz? Frederic Chopin (or Fryderyk Franciszek)
Highlights of this opera include the chorus Gloria all'Egitto, the title character's arias Ritorna vincitor and O patria mia, and the "Triumphal Scene" Aida
One of its unique features is a brief atmospheric prelude that replaces the traditional overture Aida
The plot is fairly simple, involving a love triangle in which a captain inadvertently reveals battle plans to the enemy Aida
The jilted Amneris then has Rhadames arrested as a traitor and walled up in a pyramid, where he is joined in death by the titular Ethiopian princess Aida
FTP, what is this opera by Verdi? Aida
This composer's early struggles ended with the publication of his Moravian Duets Antonin Dvorak
He experienced great success with his less-ambitious works like the Scherzo Capriccioso and the Gypsy Songs, but his 10 operas, including Rusalka, were less successful Antonin Dvorak
Although he composed the American String Quartet and the Dumky Trio, today he is known for introducing folk melodies into classical music, notably in the Slavonic Dances Antonin Dvorak
FTP, who was this great Bohemian composer whose 9th symphony is known as the New World Symphony? Antonin Dvorak
One of this musical work's unusual features is the appearance of the main theme only after an 18-bar introduction and its first main section Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
The seventh section marks the first use of the Dies Irae theme, which is periodically placed in opposition to the main theme until it concludes with a famous unaccompanied statement of the main theme Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
The 19th section celebrates the left-hand pizzicato technique of the work's inspiration, but the most famous is the 18th, a romantic anthem derived by inverting the main theme Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
FTP, what is this rhapsody celebrating the 24th caprice of a famous violinist, written by Sergei Rackmaninoff? Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
The most famous set of examples of this type of musical composition was the subject of a famous series of performances by Leopold Godowsky etudes (accept study until *)
They began to develop with the collections published by Muzio Clementi, while those by Karl Czerny and Rudolphe Kreutzer are frequently used by aspiring pianists and violinists etudes (accept study until *)
Unique examples are the one's dubbed "tableauxs" by Rackmaninoff and the "Transcendental" ones by Liszt, but by far the most famous are a set of 27 by Chopin that includes examples nicknamed "Black-key" and "Revolutionary" etudes (accept study until *)
Named for the French for * "study", FTP, what are these compositions designed to explore technical problems? etudes (accept study until *)
Luca Agnoli wrote the aria Vasto teatro è il mondo for this opera, but it is often replaced by Là del ciel nell'arcano profondo, which is sung by the royal tutor Alidoro Cinderella or La Cenerentola
The valet Dandini pretends to be Prince Ramiro and goes to Don Magnifico looking for a wife, eventually picking the title character over Clorinda and Tisbe, her haughty stepsisters Cinderella or La Cenerentola
FTP, name this Rossini opera retelling a popular fairy tale about a trip to a ball engineered by a fairy godmother. Cinderella or La Cenerentola
Hindemith based his "Symphonic Metamorphoses" on a theme by this composer Karl Maria von Weber
In 1803 his father placed him under the tutelage of Abbé Vogler Karl Maria von Weber
Forced to focus on composing and conducting after he ruined his singing voice by accidentally drinking nitric acid, his first successful opera, Abu Hussan, followed failures such as Silvana and Das Waldmadchen, and he died in England two months after the Karl Maria von Weber
FTP, identify this German Romantic composer famous for the opera The Freeshooter. Karl Maria von Weber
The "Children's Chorus" is a feature of this opera, whose "Card Trio" is sung while the title figure draws the ace of spades, symbolizing her impending death Carmen
Act II opens at the inn of Lillas Pastia, where the title figure is introduced to Escamillo, leading to a rivalry for her between Escamillo and a corporal who throws away his career and his relationship with the chaste Micaela, and who kills the protagoni Carmen
FTP, what is this opera about a gypsy employed in a cigarette factory, the masterpiece of Georges Bizet? Carmen
In the book from which it was adapted, the character in this opera who claims to be impoverished student Gualtier Maldé was originally François I, king of France Rigoletto
However, censors wouldn't allow such an overtly political statement, and further denied use of the proposed title "The Curse." Also not chosen for the title was Le roi s'amuse, the title of the Victor Hugo work from which it was taken Rigoletto
The unhappy title character recalls a curse after his daughter is abducted, after she loses her virginity, and after she sacrifices herself to save the libertine Duke of Mantua Rigoletto
FTP, name this Verdi opera about a hunchbacked court jester. Rigoletto
This musician died in 1976 in seclusion at the New Jersey estate of Pannonica de Koenigswarter, his patron, after whom he named one of his songs Thelonius Monk
He was house pianist at Minton's in Harlem in the early 1940s, where he greatly influenced the playing of Bud Powell Thelonius Monk
Known for his odd habit of getting up and doing a shuffling dance when moved by his or his sidemen's playing, his studio album Brilliant Corners gave a boost to John Coltrane's career Thelonius Monk
FTP name this composer of "'Round Midnight" and subject of the film Straight, No Chaser. Thelonius Monk
The composer's sense of diablerie is palpable in the driving energy of number's eight and nine Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
The cavalry charge in number fourteen is meant to evoke the Romantic period of its inspiration, while the actual theme appears only by the second variation and appropriately in the violins Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
There are 24 parts in all to this concerto for piano and orchestra, in accordance with the 24 Caprices by the musician who inspired it Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
FTP, name this work by Rachmaninoff inspired by an Italian violin virtuoso. Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
When one character in this opera admires the Drum Major of the military band, her friend Margaret says that she can "stare through seven pairs of leather breeches." The Doctor alters the title character's diet as part of an experiment and complains when Wozzeck
The moon rises "like a bloody sword" and the title character kills Marie, the mother of his child Wozzeck
In the final scene, a child riding a hobby-horse learns that his mother is dead Wozzeck
FTP, name this controversial opera based on a Buchner play and composed by Alban Berg. Wozzeck
This composer's poetry-inspired song cycles include The House of Life, and On Wenlock Edge, which incorporate verses from the poems of Dante Gabriel Rossetti and A Shropshire Lad Ralph Vaughan-Williams
While organist at Lambeth, he collected the folk melodies that would become "Shepherds of the Delectable Mountains" and Tudor material that influenced his most famous work Ralph Vaughan-Williams
His opera Sir John in Love contains his famous arrangement, Fantasia on Greensleeves, but, FTP, what English nationalist composer is equally well known for his Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis. Ralph Vaughan-Williams
Verdi used one of this composer's tunes for the Grand Chorus of Aida Gaetano Donizetti
Enrico di Borgogna was his first opera to be staged, and he did not become widely known until the premiere of Anna Bolena Gaetano Donizetti
He was comfortable with French as well, debuting operas in that language after 1840 Gaetano Donizetti
Among his better-known 73 are Lucrezia Borgia, Don Pasquale, and Daughter of the Regiment Gaetano Donizetti
FTP, name this composer of the The Elixir of Love and the Sir Walter Scott adaptation, Lucia di Lamermoor. Gaetano Donizetti
Among the most moving pieces in this opera is "'Liu! Liu! Sorgi!" sung at the death for a character's unwillingess to betray the man she loves Turandot
Another is the brief aside of Ping longing for his small home covered in bamboo, far away from the executions he must help arrange Turandot
Its most famous aria demands that no rest be taken, which is a result of Calaf's success and his deal with the title character Turandot
FTP name this opera about the wooing of the daughter of the Emperor of China, famous for the aria "Nessun Dorma," the last opera of Giacchimo Puccini. Turandot
The composition begins with enchanting low flute notes, transforming the audience into an idyllic setting Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune
Woodwind solos and harp glissandos maintain the theme, about the title figure who makes a pass at one of two nymphs; she escapes, leaving him to play with her scarf Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune
Choreographed and danced by Nijinsky eighteen years after it was first composed, FTP, what Stéphane Mallarmé work was transformed into an Impressionist tone poem in 1894 by Claude Debussy [deh-byoo-SEE]? Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune
Section 13 of this work is the only one without a title; though a quote within it from Mendelssohn's Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage implies that the person was on a sea voyage Enigma Variations
Section 4 features a door slamming, a tribute to the composer's friend, William Baker Enigma Variations
Section 5 was inspired by the nervous laughter of Richard Arnold, son of the poet Matthew Enigma Variations
The most famous section was inspired by a nighttime walk with the composer's best friend August Jaeger, and is titled "Nimrod." The first represents the composer's wife and the last represents the composer in this series of 14 vignettes Enigma Variations
FTP, identify this set of variations for orchestra, written by Edward Elgar and so-named because of their puzzling meaning. Enigma Variations
This fanatical admirer of the German Romantic Jean Paul founded a society of friends known as "David's Band," and wrote a series of dances for piano named after him Robert Schumann
Grieg's Piano Concerto is largely derived from an A minor concerto by this German, whose choral works include Requiem for Mignon Robert Schumann
Better known are his Kreisleriana and his Kinderscenen, or Scenes from Childhood Robert Schumann
FTP, name this composer of four symphonies, of which the first is called "Spring" and the fourth the "Rhenish." Robert Schumann
Initially performed with a text by Josef Weyl, this work revived a nation that had suffererd a recent humiliating defeat at Koniggratz On the Beautiful, Blue Danube or An der schonen, blauen Donau
It is divided into five mini versions of the namesake form, of which the first is in D-major and the fourth is in F On the Beautiful, Blue Danube or An der schonen, blauen Donau
Composed for the Vienna Men's Singing Society, it debuted in 1867 and is still more famous than similar works in the vein by its composer as in Roses from the South, Morning Leaves, and Emperor On the Beautiful, Blue Danube or An der schonen, blauen Donau
FTP, name this most famous waltz of Johann Strauss the Younger. On the Beautiful, Blue Danube or An der schonen, blauen Donau
He once challenged the French harpsichordist Jean Louis Marchand to a musical contest only to have the Frenchman fail to show up Johann Sebastian Bach (prompt on just last name; must have both initials)
His numerous church cantatas include "Sleepers Awake" and "O joyous Light," and he used six of those linked cantatas to form his Christmas Oratorio Johann Sebastian Bach (prompt on just last name; must have both initials)
He once walked 200 miles on foot to hear the organist Dietrich Buxtehude, shortly after which he composed his Toccata and Fugue in D Minor Johann Sebastian Bach (prompt on just last name; must have both initials)
Perhaps better known is his Mass in B Minor Johann Sebastian Bach (prompt on just last name; must have both initials)
FTP, name this composer of the St Johann Sebastian Bach (prompt on just last name; must have both initials)
Matthew Passion and the Goldberg Variations. Johann Sebastian Bach (prompt on just last name; must have both initials)
The recommended recording of it is Leondard Bernstein's 1987 one with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, which comes paired with the composer's Fifth Symphony Unfinished Symphony (accept early buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphon)
Woodwinds and brass are given equal presence to that of the strings, in this work that begins with an introductory passage in the cellos and basses Unfinished Symphony (accept early buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphon)
The true main theme comes from the clarinet and oboe in B minor Unfinished Symphony (accept early buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphon)
Not long after its composer finished his Ninth Symphony, he wrote its first two movements were written in 1822 Unfinished Symphony (accept early buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphon)
FTP, name this Eighth Symphony of Franz Schubert, left incomplete at his death. Unfinished Symphony (accept early buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphon)
In act one of this opera, "Che farrano vecchi miei" causes Larkens to cry Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
The title character describes her life in "Oh, se sapeste" in act two, and in "Laggiù nel Soledad, era piccina" in act one, she imagines a happy life after marrying Jack Rance Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
The tenor solo "Ch'ella mi creda libero e lontano" in which Dick Johnson wishes that the title character not be told that he is dead, may be the most famous aria of, FTP, what Puccini opera, set in California during the Gold Rush? Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
It was originally dedicated to Emma Bardac, the composer's mistress La Mer or The Sea
The final movement begins with a roll of the timpani, and the conversation between the instruments ends with the theme that concluded the opening movement La Mer or The Sea
Erik Satie "particularly liked the part at a quarter to eleven," referring to the title of the first movement "From dawn to midday." The second movement features themes constructed from whole-tone scales often associated with the composer and was entitled La Mer or The Sea
Created by: Outhwest on 2013-02-10



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