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XXIX. Vital Signs

Afebrile absence of a fever
Apical pulse a central pulse located at the apex of the heart
Apical-radial pulse measurement of the apical beat and the radial pulse at the same time
Apnea a complete absence of respirations
Arrhythmia a pulse with an abnormal rhythm
Arterial blood pressure the measure of the pressure exerted by the blood as it pulsates through the arteries
Arteriosclerosis a condition in which the elastic and muscular tissues of the arteries are replaced with fibrous tissue
Auscultatory gap the temporary disappearance of sounds normally heard over the brachial artery when the sphygmomanometer cuff pressure is high and the sounds reappear at a lower level
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) the rate of energy utilization in the body required to maintain essential activities such as breathing
Body temperature the balance between the heat produced by the body and the heat lost from the body
Bradycardia abnormally slow pulse rate, less than 60 per minute
Bradypnea abnormally slow respiratory rate, usually less than 10 respirations per minute
Created by: NotesToStudy