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Mitosis + Meiosis 1t

Define Mitosis. A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each the same as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth.
Define Meiosis. A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each with half the chromosome number of the parent cell.
Define Interphase. The resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a cell, or between the first and second divisions of meiosis.
Define Prophase. The first stage of cell division, before Metaphase, during which the chromosomes become visible as paired Chromatids and the nucleus dissapears
Define Metaphase. The second stage of cell division during which the chromosomes become attached to the spindle fibers.
Define Anaphase. The stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the chromosomes move away from one another to opposite poles of the spindle fibers.
Define Telephase. The final phase of cell division, between Anaphase and Interphase, in which the Chromatids or chromosomes move to opposite ends of the cell.
Define Sister Chromatids. Sister chromatids are 2 identical copies of a chromatin connected by a centromere. Compare sister chromatids to homologous chromosomes
Define Centromere. The point on a chromosome by which it is attached to a spindle fiber during cell division.
Define Spindle Fiber. In cell biology, the spindle fibers is the structure that separates the chromosomes into the daughter cells during cell division.
Define Centriol A minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers
Define Sexual Reproduction The production of new living organisms by combining genetic information from two individuals of different types
Define Sperm The male reproductive cell; the male gamete; "a sperm is mostly a nucleus surrounded by little other cellular material"
Define Eggs
Define Fertilization
Define zygote
Define Diploid
Define Haploid
Created by: fguilarte on 2013-02-07

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