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US Foreign Policy

Test 1

4 Aspects of Philosophical Underpinnings 1) Right to individual security 2) Right to revolt 3) utopia vs. pragmatism 4) rational accommodation of Reasonable interests (enlightenment)
Jay's Treaty 1792 1) surrender NW forts 2) abort efforts to unite indians 3) US = MFN 4) open trade with british west indies -says nothing about impressment -Br. can seize US ships heading to/from France
Hamiltonian Foreign policy -don't need to honor treaty with France because it applied to old king -convinced Washington to declare neutrality (Jefferson wanted congress to declare this) -Trade important
Model Treaty of 1776 -US trade with all and not start war with europe -secure borders -seen as equal
XYZ affair -Br. seize foodstuffs bound for France -Fr would treat neutral ships the way Br. treats French ships -Fr. refuse to see US ambassador -Fr. seize US ships to pay for US debt -US almost goes to war with Fr.
Treaty of Alliance -Fr. recognizes US as nation -US guaranteed Fr. possessions in US -Fr. doesn't go back to US -US can't have peace with Br. without Fr. consent
Treaty of Yorktown 1781 -ends war -Br. withdraw army -agree to not recover debts -Sp. gets Florida back
Citizen Edward Genet Fr. Ambassador wanted to draw US into war against rebels in Fr.
Precedents set by Genet/Jefferson 1) de facto recognition: ruling power is only power recognized 2) sanctity of Treaty: Jefferson - treaty with nation Hamilton - treaty with government Jefferson won
War of 1812: causes 1) impressment 2) Chesapeake Affair: US refuse to let GB on ship to see if it carries Fr. goods, ship blown up by GB
Treaty of Ghent 1814 ends war of 1812 - prewar boundaries reset
Manifest Destiny Jane McManus Storm - original writer peaceful expansion god given right
Monroe Doctrine -hands off western world -non interference -non transfer = territory can't be used in treaties nor transferred to new nation -non colonization
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 texas = state rio grande = new southern border Mexico = cedes California and New Mexico
Missouri Compromise 1820 balanced congress took Missouri as slave state Maine = free state
Fugitive Slave Act 1850 N. help recover/send back slaves
Manifest Destiny 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 Dread Scott vs. Sandford 1857 - congress can't prohibit slavery = missouri compromise not constitutional Gadson Purchase = bought land under texas from Mexico
Clayton Bulwar Treaty 1846 US/GB can't colonize LA
Age of Imperialism Factors 1) econ situation 2) social Darwinism 3) race for empire
Liberal School of thought laze-faire worker unions free markets
Modern School some gov. intervention
Pinckney's Treaty 1795 right to navigate Mississippi River gain east florida
Jefferson's vision for US citizens main priority, organizations/gov. came second
treaty of san ildefonzo b/t Fr. and Sp. = Louisiana goes back to Fr.
Adams-Onis Treaty Sp. gave US Florida
Rush-Bagot Treaty limited Naval activity of GB on great lakes
Convention of 1818 settled NW boundary allowed fishing on east coast
extraterritoriality exempt from law of nation/area
Alfred Thayer Mahan countries with greater naval power = more power worldwide
Treaty of Kanagawa opened ports in Japan to US traders leader = Commodore Matthew Perry
Virginius Affair Ship used by cuban rebels to attack Spain full of US and Br. soldiers - killed by Spain as pirates
Created by: 503352398