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civics chapter 3

constitution written plan for the government
bicameral divided into two parts.
confederation group of individual state governments that band together for a common purpose.
ratify approve
constitutional convention meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of new constitution.
great compromise agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
three-fifths compromise agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation in congress.
electoral college a group of peoplewho would be named by each state legislature tro select the president and vice president.
federalists supporters of the constitution
federalism form of government in which power is divided between the federal, national,government and the states.
anti-federalists people who opposed the constitution
preamble introduction that states the goals and purposes of the government.
legislative branch congress
executive branch law enforcing branch of government headed by a president and vice president.
judicial branch part of the government that interprets the laws and sees that they are fairly applied.
amendment any change in the constitution.
popular sovereignty the idea that the power of the government lies with the people.
rule of law principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern.
seperation of powers the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
checks and balances a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others
espressed powers powers that congress has that are specifically listen in the constitution
reserved powers powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states.
concurrent powers powers shared by the state and federal governments.
Created by: cierreadouglas