|Mitosis ||cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei identical to each other, and identical to the original nucleus, in a series of steps (prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase). |
|Meiosis ||Reproductive process that produces four haploid sex cells from one diploid cell and ensures offspring will have the same number of chromosomes as the parent organism |
|Interphase ||The resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a cell, or between the first and second divisions of meiosis.|
|prophase ||The first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during which the chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids and the nuclear...|
|anaphase ||The stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the chromosomes move away from one another to opposite poles of the spindle|
|Telophase ||The final phase of cell division, between anaphase and interphase, in which the chromatids or chromosomes move to opposite ends of the..|
|sister chromatids ||Sister chromatids are 2 identical copies of a chromatin connected by a centromere. Compare sister chromatids to homologous chromosomes,...|
|centromere ||The point on a chromosome by which it is attached to a spindle fiber during cell division.
|spindle fiber ||In cell biology, the spindle fibers is the structure that separates the chromosomes into the daughter cells during cell division. It is...
|centriole ||A minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in...|
|metaphase ||The second stage of cell division during which the chromosomes become attached to the spindle fibers.|