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Medical Terminology

Unit 2

-tome instrument used to cut slices
-tomy cut into, incise, incision
-ectomy cut out, remove, excise, excision
-ostomy cut a new surgical opening
gastr/o stomach
duodeno/o small intestine
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlarged or enlargement
-graph write or record
-gram picture or record actual paper readout or picture on a computer screen
-algia means pain
cardi/o heart
electr/o electrical
-graphy process of making a recording or image
son/o sound
echo/o sound made by reflected sound waves
radi/o radiation x-rays
-pathy disease
path/o disease
jaudniced liver conditions such as cancer or cirrhosis cause the skin to turn yellow.
-derma condition of the skin
leuk/o white
melan/o black (dark pigment)
erythr/o red
cyan/o blue
chlor/o green
xanth/o yellow
-osis disease, condition, status, or process (noun)
-cyte cell
-blast embryonic or immature cell
-emia lack of blood condition or hemoglobin
cyt/o cells
-logy to study something
-meter instrument used to measure or count something
-metry process of measuring or counting something
-penia (Greek - poverty) decrease in or not enough white blood cells
-em Greek - hema) blood
lymph/o (Latin - lympha) water or liquid
Edema condition of fluid accumulation in the tissues causing swelling or puffiness
-osis blood cells, indicates a condition characterized by increase in number
thromb/o blood clot
-cyte indicate type of cell
-blast immature or embryonic cell
Hist/o tissues
Card/o heart
megal/o large
gastr (Greek - gaster) root for stomach
-ia condition
-mania condition of madness characterized by rapid speech, hyperactivity, & irrtability
(Abbrev Meaning) AAD American Academy of Dermatology
(Abbrev Meaning) ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
(Abbrev Meaning) ARDMS American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography
(Abbrev Meaning) ARRT American Registry of Radiologic Technologist
(Abbrev Meaning) ASRT American Society of Radiologic Technologist
(Abbrev Meaning) CABG coronary atery bypass graft
(Abbrev Meaning) CAT Scan computed axial tomography
(Abbrev Meaning) CBC complete blood count
CCU cardiac care unit (cirtical care unit_
cTnl and cTnT Troponin I and Troponin T (serum cardica proteins indicating myocardial injury)
CT Computed Tomography
CE cardiac enlargement (cardiomegaly)
Diff differential white blood cell count
DMS diagnostic medical sonography
ECG, EKG eletrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
FDG fluorodeoxyglucose
GA gastric analysis
GI gastrointestinal
Hct hematocrit
Hgb hemoglobin
mm3, cu mm millimeter cubed, cubed millimeter
mmol/L millimole per Liter
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
ms millisecond
PET positron emission tomography
Ra radium (element)
RBC red blood cell (count)
RDCS Registered Diagnostic Cardiac Sonographer
RDMS Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
RT (MR) Registered Technologist (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
RT (N) Registered Technologist (Nuclear Medicine)
RT (R) Registered Technologist (Radiography)
RT (S) Registered Technologist(Sonography)
RT (T) Registered Technologist (Radiation Therapy)
RVT Registered Vascular Technologist
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography
WBC white blood cell (count)
XR x-ray
Created by: ambarth86