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KCMS - 7th Geography Terms

Prime Meridian The longitude line of 0 degrees.
Equator Imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the north and south poles.
Landform The shape, form, or nature of a physical feature on Earth's surface.
Valley Long, low-laying area usually located between ranges of hills or mountains.
Canyon Deep, narrow, steep-sided valley, often with a river on its floor.
Peninsula Area of land almost surrounded by water.
Country Any independent nation with a name and boundary.
Island Land completely surrounded by water.
Summit Highest point on a hill or mountain.
Ethnic Group A group of people sharing the same origin and lifestyle.
Rural Relating to the countryside.
Arctic The area at or near the North Pole.
Tundra Treeless plain close to or above the Arctic Circle.
Resource Substances or materials that people value and use.
Precipitation Rain, hail, sleet, snow, and other types of moisture that fall to Earth.
River Large amounts of flowing fresh water.
Cardinal Directions The four points of a compass indicating north, south, east, and west.
Arctic Circle Imaginary line about 66 degrees north of the equator.
Swamp Area of land that is very wet year round and in which trees and scrubs grow.
Latitude The position of a point on Earth's surface measured in degrees, north and south.
Mountain Land that raises higher than the hills and above surrounding area.
Territory A region of a country not admitted as a state or province but having its own government.
Isthmus Narrow neck of land connecting two larger areas of land.
Desert Dry area which receives such a small amount of precipitation that little or no life exists.
Atoll Coral reef enclosing a lagoon.
Basin Land that is lower than surrounding land.
Plain Large area of flat or gently rolling, treeless plain.
Hill Land that rises to a summit no more than 1,000 feet above the surrounding area.
Hemisphere One half of the Earth.
Gulf Large part of the ocean that extends into the land.
Sea Part of an ocean that has been identified by geographers as a distinct body of water.
Climate All the weather that occurs in an area over a long period of time.
Volcano Cone-shaped mountain formed by lava and other materials that have erupted from inside the Earth.
Coral Reef A reef composed of coral and animals of which parts have soldified into limestone.
Prairie Flat or rolling land with few trees, but covered with grasses.
Longitude The distance in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian.
Fjord A long, narrow bay with steep sides, created in a valley carved by a glacier.
Ocean Huge areas of salt water.
Steppe Large area tah experiences very hot and very cold temperatures and little precipitation, but supports grasses.
Canal A man-made waterway used for irrigation and transportation by boat.
Bay Area of ocean, sea, or lake that extends in the land.
Poles Northern and southern most points on the Earth.
Archipelago Islands clustered together.
Continent The seven hige land masses.
Cape A piece of land extending beyond the rest of the shoreline into the ocean.
Lake A body of water surrounded by land.
Glacier Huge mass of slowly moving ice.
Delta Triangular-shaped area of small islands of sediment that divides a river into smaller parts at its mouth.
Urban Relating to cities.
Plateau Large area of level land that is higher than surrounding land.
strait Narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.
Savanna Dry area of flat or rolling land that supports grasses but few trees.
Tributary Stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.
Created by: kfarnham