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Medical Terminology

a- without or lack of
ab- away (away from)
abdomin/o- belly
-able capable of
abort/io to miscarry or miscarrying (natural or induced)
abrupt/io- to tear away from
abcess a going away
-ac refers to or pertains to
-ory refers to or pertains to
-us refers to or pertains to
acanth/o- thorny (skin growth)
access/o- supplemental
acetabul/o- vinegar cup or hip joint (for femur)
acne pointed
acoust/i- hearing
acr/o- extremities, height and pointed
acrom/i- extremities, height and pointed
actin/o- sun, ray, radium
acu- sharp
acus- sharp
ad- near or beside
aden/o- gland
adhes/io- to stick (together)
adip/o- fat
aer/o- air or gas
af- toward
-age relates to or pertains to
aggglutnin/o- to clump
-agogue inducing or leading
-agon walls
-agra pain
-al refers to
alb/o- white
albumin/o- egg white
alges/i- pain
-algia pain
alimento/o to nourish
alopec/i- fox mange or baldness
alveol/i- cavity
ambi- both
amblyo- dull
ambul/o- to walk
-amine nitrogen compound
amino- organic compound
amnesi/o- forgetful
amnio- lambs caul 'small cap'
amphi- both
amylo- starch
an- lack of or without
an/o- ring
ana- apart or up
ancone- elbow
andr/o- man or male
anecto- without expansion or dilation
angi/o- vessel
angin/o- to choke
anil/i- old women
anis/o- unequal
ankyl/o- fuse or bind
anomal/y abnormal
ante- before
anter/o- before or foremost (in front)
anthr/o- coal or carbuncle
anthrac/o- coal or carbuncle
anthrop/o- human
anti- against
antr/o- cavity
antr/um- cavity or cavern
anuerysm- dilation or ballooning
anxio- restlessness, uneasy, apprehensive
-apheresis to remove or separate
apo- above or upon
aponeur/o- upon tendon (sheet or sheath around tendon)
append/o- appendage
aqua- water
-ar refers to
ar- without or lack of
acrachn/ spider
arachino- spider
arche/o- first
arche- first
-aria air
arteri/o- artery
arthr/o- joint
articul/o- jointed
-ary refers to
asbest/o- unquenchable
ascar/i- worm
asco- bag
-ase enzyme
aspergill/o- to sprinkle
aster/o- star
-asthenia weakness
asthma- panting
-ate refers to or action
atelo- incomplete, without end, imperfect (ending)
athero- porridge or yellow fat
-ation process of or procedure of
-ition process of or procedure of
atm/o- vapor or steam
-artresia closure
atri/o- chamber
attrit/i- wearing out
audi- hearing
aur/i- ear
auricul/o- ear
auscult/o- to listen
auto- self
aut- self
avuls/i- to tear
axill/o- armpit or central
axio- axle or axis
axo- axle or axis
azoto- urea nitrogen
azygo- single
Bacill/o ROD-LIKE
Bacteri/o- ROD
Bas/o- basic
Bas/io- at a base
Bene- good or normal
Benign/i- kind
Beri- weakness
Bi- two
Bil/i- (bil-) bile or gall
Bin- two
bio- life
-blast beginning or young
bleb/o- (bulla-) blister
blenno- mucus
blepharo- (palpebro-) eyelid
bol/o- lump or ball
-borg orgasm
brach/i- arm
brachy- short
brady- slow
brevi- short
bronch/i- windpipe or tracea-like
brux- grinding
brucca- cheek
bulba- bister or vesicle
bula- blister or vesicle
bulimo- hunger
burs/o- sac, wine-sac, or pouch
cac/o- diseased or bad
cal/o- heat, heated or hot
calcane/o- heel
calcin/o- calcium
calco- pebbles or granules (of calcium mineral)
caligi/o- dim vision
calyx- cups
calix- cups
call/o- hardened skin
calx- heel or lime
candid/i- glowing white
canth/o- corner of eye
capill/o- hair-like
capit/o- head
capn/o- carbon dioxide
capsulo- little box
caput- head
carb/o- carbon atoms, coal, or charcoal
carbun/o- glowing ember
carbuncul/o- glowing ember
carcin/o- crab-like
cardi/o- heart
carp/o- wrist
cata- breakdown or down
cataract waterfall or cloudiness
catarrh- to flow down
catheter/o- to let down into
caud/o- tall or toward tall
caust/o- burn or heat
cau- burn or heat
caus- burn or heat
cav- hollow
cebo- meal or food
cec/o- blind pouch
-cece navel
-cele swelling or tumor
cell/o- abdomen or belly
cellul/o- chambers
cement/o- hard
ceno- empty or common
keno- empty or common
-centesis surgical puncture to drain fluid
centi- one-hundredth apart
centr/i- center
centro- center
cephalo- head
-cept- receiver
cerbr/o- brain
ceru- wax
cerv/i- neck
chalas/i- relaxation
chalaz/io- hailstone (eyelid sebaceous cyst)
chancr/o- ulcer (sore)
cheil/o- lip
chilo- lip
chiasma a crossing
chiro- hand
chlamyd/i- to cloak or cover
chlor/o- green
cholangio- bile duct
chole- bile or gall (ingredient of)
cholecyst/o- gallbladder
choledoch/o- gallbladder duct (canal)
cholera- billary acute diarrhea
chondr/o- cartilage
chordo- (cordo-) cord
chorea- dancing (shaking)
chrom/o- colored
chyme- juice
chyle- juice
-cicatrix scar
-cid to kill
cil/i- eyelash-like
cili- eyelash or eyelash like
cimex- bug
cine/o- movement filming
circum- around
cirrh/o- yellow-oranged (jaundiced)
-cis cut or to cut
cistern/o- cavity
-clalasia relaxation
-clast breakdown
-clas breakdown
clavicul/o- collar bone (little key shape)
cleido- hook, clavicle or collar bone
clino- bent
clon/o- turmoil
clubb/o- rounding
-clysis irrigation or injection
co- two
coagulo/o- clotting or clot
-coccus berry
coccyg/o- tailbone
cochle/o- snail-like
coel- hollow belly (cavity)
coit/o- to come together (sexual union; inter/course "between/a flowing")
col/o- colon big or large intestine
colon/o- colon big or large intestine
colla/o- glue
-collis twisted
colob/o- to mutilate
colpo- vagina
com- together
comato- deep sleep
con- together
conch/a- shell
concuss/i- violent shaking
condyl/o- knuckle (nob)
coni/o- dust
-conis cone shaped
conjuctiv/o- together joined (united)
-continence contained
contra- against
contrecoup counter blow
contus/i- bruise
convolo- to roll together
corac/o- crows beak (shape)
cord- vocal chords cord
core/o- pupil or iris (rainbow)
cori/o- skin
corne/o- cornea or horn (shape)
cornu- horn or horny
coron/o- crowning
coronal plane (aka: frontal plane) crowning frontal body cut
corp/o- body
cortic/o- bark, outer bark, rind, or cortex
cost/o- rib
cox/a- hip, hip joint, (pelvis and femur)
cox/o- hip, hip joint, (pelvis and femur)
crani/o- skull
cras/o- mixture
-creas fleshy or flesh
crenat/o- notched
cric/o- ring
-crine secrete
-crin secrete
-crit separate
cruc/i- cross or cross-like
crur/o- leg thigh or femur
crus/o- leg thigh or femur
crust/- scab or outer coat
cryo- cold
crypto- secret
cub/o- cube or cube shaped
cubit/o- elbow
culd/o- blind pouch
-cule little
cune/i- wedge
currett/o- scooping or scraping
-cusis hearing
cusp/i- pointed
cuti/o- (cut-) skin
cutis- skin
cyan/o- blue
cycl/o- circle
-cyesis pregnancy
cyst/o- bladder or sac
cyst- bladder or sac
cyst/i- bladder or sac
cystido- bladder or sac
cyte- cell or chamber
cyt- cell or chamber
cyth- cell or chamber
-cytosis increase (in number)
dacryo- tear
dactylo- digits (fingers and toes)
de- away
debride- removal
deca- one/tenth (1/10)
decem- one/tenth (1/10)
decub/o- to lie down
deep most inward
deka-, dek- ten
delta fan shaped or triangular
dem/o- people
demi- half
dendr/o- tree-shaped
desmo- ligament (also tendon)
deuter/o- second or secondary
dextr/o- rght
di- two
dia- across, through, total or complete, or between
diaphoro- excessive sweating
-didymis testis or teste
different- to separate or apart
-deferens to separate or apart
digit- finger or toe
diplo- double or two
dips/o- thirst or thirsty
dipther/i- membrane
dis- away from or reversed
dist/o- farther from
diverticul/o- outpouching
doch/o- duct or canal
doct/o- to teach or teacher
dol/o- pain
dolich/o- long, seperation, dislocation
dors/o- back
dos/e- (dose) a giving
-dote what is given
dracuncul/o- little dragon (worm)
dromo- running
du/o- two
duct/o- to draw or to lead (motion) away
duoden/o- twelve
dura- hard
dwarf/o- small
dy/o- two or a pair
dynam/o- work or strength
-dynia pain
dys- diffucult, faulty or painful
-e instrument
e- out or remove
-eal refers to
ec- outside, outward, outer or out
ect- outside, outward, outer or out
ecto- outside, outward, outer or out
ecchymo/- juice out
eccrine- secreting or to secrete
echin/o- prickly, spiny or notched
echo- sound
-ectasis dilation
-estasy dilation
-ectomy excisio or removal
eczema to boil out
edema- swelling
ef- away or out
effer- away or out
effus- away or out
electr/o- electrical
-ellum lesser or smaller
em- in
emac/i- to grow thin
embryo- early
-emesis vomit
ernia blood
emmetr/o- normal or correct
emphysema puffed up
en- in
enamel hard
encephal/o- within head brain
-enchyma anything poured in (essential organ part)
endo- within or inside
enema injection
entero- intestine (usually refers to small intestine)
enuresis- to void (expel) urine
eosin/o- rose red (color)
epi- upon
episi/o- pubic region
-er one who
-or one who
-ergo work or labor
eruct/o- belching
erythermat/o- red or flushed
erthr/o- red
eschar scab
eso- toward
esthes/i- feeling (physical)
estr/o- female
ethm/o- sieve
eti/o- cause
eti/o- cause
eu- good or normal
ex- out, outside, outward
exo- out, outside, outward
extra- out, outside, outward
facet face
fac- face
faci/o- face
-facient making
fasc/i- band
febr/o- fever
fec/o- stool, fecal matter, or dung
scato- stool, fecal matter, or dung
sterco- srool, fecal matter or dung
femor/o- thigh
fenestr/o- window
-ference to carry
ferro- iron
fet/o- young
fibrill/o- to quiver
fibrin/o- fiber-like
fibro- fiber
fibul/o- to clasp
fil- thread
fila- thread
fili- thread
filar/i- thread
fimbri/o- fingers
fiss- to split or splitting
fistul/o- pipe or pipe-stem
flacci/o- soft
flagell/o- whip
flat/o- to blow
flex- to bend
-flect to bend
flu- flowing
-flux to flow
foc/o- center or hearth
fontan/o- little fountain
formamen/o- opening
fore- before
-form shaped shape or form
fossa- furrow or shallow depression
fract/o- to break
front/o- forehead or before
-fuge to flee
fulgur/o- to lighten (with sparks burning tissue)
fulv/o- brown
fund/o- base or lage part (organ body)
fungi- mushroom
furc/o- branch or fork
furun/o- boil
galact/o- milk
gamet/o- to marry, unite, or sexual union
gam/o- to marry, unite, or sexual union
gangli/o- knot swelling or collection knot
gangren/o- eating sore
gastr/o- stomach
gelat/o- freeze or congeal
gelatino- freeze or congeal
Created by: SHOSELYN