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chapter 2 vocabulary

ENLIGHTENMENT movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society
MONARCH King or queen.
LEGISLATURE A group of people that makes laws.
PRECEDENT A ruling that is used as the basis for a judical decision in a later, similar case.
COMMON LAW A system of law based on precedent and customs.
NATURAL RIGHTS Freedoms people posses relating to life, liberty, and property.
SOCIAL CONTRACT An agreement among people in a society with a government.
COLONY A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
JOINT-STOCK COMPANY Invertors provide partial ownership in a company organized for profit.
CHARTER A written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governa government document grating permission to organize a corporation.
COMPACT An agreement, or contract, among a group of people.
PROPRIETARY COLONY Area with owner-controlled land and goverment.
ROYAL COLONY A colony area of land controlled directly by a king or other monarch.
RELIGIOUS DISSENTERS Those who followed a religious faith other than the official religion of England.
PURITANS Religious dissenter who came to the colonies to purify, or reform, the Anglican Church.
PILGRIMS Colonial Puritans who considered themselves people on a religious journey.
TOLERATION Respecting and acepting other, regardless of their beliefs, practices, or differences.
INDENTURED SERVANT Workers who contracted with American olonists for food and shelter in return for heir labor.
PLANTATION A large estate
TRIANGULAR TRADE Pattern of trade that developed in colonial times among the Americans, Africa, an Europe.
TIDEWATER Area of low, fat plains near the seacoast of Virginia and North Carolina.
EGALITATIANISM The philosophy or spirit of equality.
MERCANTILISM The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.
BOYCOTT The refusal to purchase certain goods.
REPEAL To cancel the law.
DELEGATE A representative to a meeting.
INDEPENDENCE Self-reliance and freedom from outside control.
Created by: ILIANAE