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anabolism process of building up complex materials(proteins) from simple materials
catabolism process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy
cell membrane structure surrounding and protecting the cell
chromosomes rod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes, 46 chromosomes
cytoplasm all the material that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane
DNA chemical found within each chromosome
endoplasmic reticulum structure(canals) within the cytoplasm. Site in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces. Anabolism takes place on the ribosomes of the endoplasmic reticulum
genes regions of DNA within each chromosome
karyotype picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
metabolism the total of the cemical process in a cell, includes catabolism and anabolism
mitochondria structure in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy
nucleus control center of the cell
adipose tissue collection of fat cells
cartilage flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints
epithelial cells skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organs
histologist specialist in the study of tissues
larynx voice box, located at the upper part of the trachea
pharynx throat, passageway for food and air
pituitary gland endocrine gland at the base of the brain
thyroid gland endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
trachea windpipe, leads from throat to the bronchial tubes
ureter one of two tubes leading from a single kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra ture from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
uterus the womb
viscera internal organs
abdominal cavity space belove the cest that contains organs such as the liver, stomach, gallbladder, and intestines
cranial cavity space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skill
diaphragm muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
dorsal (posterior) pertaining to the back
mediastinum centrally located space between the lungs
pelvic cavity space below the abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary, bladder, and reproductive organs
peritoneum double-layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
pleura double-layered membrane surrounding each lung
pleural cavity space between the pleural membranes
spinal cavity space within the spinal column (backbones) and containing the spinal cord
thoracic cavity space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus, and other organs
ventral (anterior) pertianing to the front
hypochondriac right and left upper regions beneath the ribs
epigastric middle upper region above the stomach
lumbar right and left middle regions near the waist
umbilical central region near the navel
inguinal right and left lower regions near the groin, also known as iliac regions
hypogastric middle lower region below the umbilical region
cervical neck region (C1 to C7)
thoracic chest region (T1 to T12)
lumbar loin (waist) region (L1 to L5)
sacral region of the sacrum (S1 to S5)
coccygeal region of the coccyx (tailbone)
vertebra single backbone
vertebrae backbones
spinal column bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
spinal cord nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
disk (disc) pad of cartilage between vertebrae
anterior (ventral) front surface of the body
deep away from the surface
distal far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure
frontal (coronal) plane vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
inferior (caudal) below another structure, pertaining to the tail or lower portion of the body
lateral pertaining to the side
medial pertaining to the middle or near the medial plane of the body
posterior (dorsal) back surface of the body
prone lying on the belly (face down, palms down)
proximal near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
sagittal (lateral) plane lenghtwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides
superficial on the surface
superior (cephalic) above another structure, pertaining to the head
supine lying on the back (face up, palms up)
transverse (cross-sectional or axial) plane horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions
Created by: spanish_girl404