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Civics Chap2 terms ~

Chapter 2

Enlightenment movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society
Monarch King or Queen
Legislature a group of people that makes laws
Precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
Common Law a system of law based on precedent and customs
Natural Rights freedoms people possess relating to life, liberty, and property.
Social Contract an agreement among people in a society with a government.
Colony a group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
Joint-stock company investors provide partial ownership in a company organized for profit.
charter a written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments
Compact an agreement, or contract, among a group of people .
Proprietary colony In which the owner, or proprietor, owned the land and controlled the government.
Royal colony One owned and ruled directly by the King
Indentured servant workers who contracted with American colonist for food and shelter in return for their labor.
Plantation A large estate
Triangular trade pattern of trade that developed in colonial times among the Americas, Africa, and Europe
Tidewater Areas of flat, low plans, near the seacoast of Virginia and North Carolina.
Egalitarianism The philosophy or spirit of equality.
Mercantilism the theory that a country's power depends on its wealth.
Boycott The refusal to purchase certain goods.
repealed To cancel a law
Delegate situation in which government spends more than it collects in revenues
independence self-reliance and freedom from outside control.
Pilgrims colonial Puritans who considered themselves people on a religious journey
Puritan religious dissenter who came to the colonies to purify, or reform, the Anglican Church
Toleration acceptance of other groups, such as religious groups
Created by: aryanambristow