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Med.Tech study guide

Stack #116679

vocabulary worddefinition
absorption how a substance is taken into the circulation
abuse to willfully inflict physical pain, injury or mental anguish or unreasonable
active refusal when a client directly refuses to take a medication
addiction compulsive physiological need for and use of a habit forming substance
ad lib use a much as one desires. in licensed facilities the order for such use must be specifially defined
administer direct application of a drug to the patient's body whether by injection inhalation ingestion or any other means
ADR adverse drug reaction.An often undesirable or unexpected effect of a drug which can vary in significance.
akathisia constant pacing, total inablility to sit still
ALF assisted living facility
alzheimer's disease a progressive neuro degenerative disease of the brain which impairs ablity to think,reason or remember and interferes with the ablility to function.
amnesia lack or loss of memory inability to remember past experiences
anaphylaxis a severe allergic reaction to a substance to which a person has become sensitized
anatomy study of the structure and the parts of the body
anxiety state of feeling apprehensive uneasy uncertain or in fear of an unknown or recognized threat
aphasia loss of power of expression by speech, writing or signs, or of comprehending spoken or written language due to injury or disease of the brian
APS adult protective services
aspeptic free of disease causing organisms
ataxia irregular mascular action. Particularly affects walking
biohazardous waste waste which may cause disease or injur
blood-born pathogen a disease causing organism which is carried in the blood
BON board of nursing
BOP board of pharmacy
bradkinesia very slow movement. may be drug side effect. symptom of disease such as Parkinson's
BUN blood urea nitrogen
catatonic a condition of being apparently awake but unresponsive. Cataonia is a severe psychiatric and medical condition associated with a number of psychiatric and medical conditions, such as drug abuse, depression, and schizophrenia
CE continuing education
chemical name describes the chemical structure of aq compound
CHF congestive heart failure
cognitive impairment altered ablility to think, to reason and/or remember which interferes whith the ability to function normally
communication barrier an internal or external obstacle which interferes with sending or receiving a message
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
ophthalmic related to the eye
orthostatic hypotension a large decrease in blood pressure open standing; may result in fainting
OSHA occupational safety and health administration
otic related to the ear
over-the-counter drugs available without a prescription
passive rufusal a client accepts a medication but refuses to swallow or conceals and later spits it out
pathogen disease causing microorganism
perseveration continuance of activity after the stimulus is removed
Pharmacology study of drugs,their composition,uses and affects
pharmacy requisition form form used to order supplies and medications from the pharmacy
PO by mouth;a route of administration
Physician's order form(POS) a form used by persons authorized to prescriber and treat;usually provided by the facility or the pharmacy provider
poly-pharmacy when a client is taking a combination of two or more drugs
PPE personnel protedctive equipment(gloves,gown,masks,goggles)
precautions warnings to use care when giving drugs under certain conditions
prescription drug means any drug required by federal law or regulation to be dispensed only pursuant to a prescription
PRN order a drug order for a medication to be administered, as needed, within a particular time parameter prescribed by the HCP
protrusion the state of being thrust forward or laterally, as in tongue thrusting caused by voluntary movements of the jaw muscle
pyschotic behavior a term that refers to a group of severe mental illnesses where the person has periods of loss of contact with reality which results in a severe impairment in the ability to function.
redirecting to divert from one action to another. A behavior management technique
Resident's bill of rights a document that states the rights of clients living in long term care facilities. frequently referred to as residents rights
routine order drug order for drug to be administered over a period of time until discontinued
schizophrenia one of the most complex of all mental health disorders; invloves a severe, chronic, and disabling disturbance fo the brian
sedative a drug that decreases activity and calms the recipient
self-administration the act of a person administering drugs to himself with knowledge of the indentity and purpose of the drug
solubility the amount of a substance that can be dissolved in a liquid under specifed conditions
standard precations wearing gloves,personal protective equipment and disposing o fbiohazardous waste when handling body fluids,
stat order an order for a medication to be administered immediately
sterile free of microorganisms
subcutaneous beneath the skin ;area that is rich in fat and blood vessels
suppository a solid cone or cylinder of usually medicated material which melts and is for insetion into a bodily passage or cavity(rectum,vagina,urethra)
tardive dyskinesia potentially irreversible neurological side effects of antipsychotic drugs in which there are involuntary repetitive movements fo the face,limbs and trunk
telephone order(TO) an order received by way of telephone, from a HCP for medication or treatment and received by an autorized person
therapeutic range the concentration or level of a drug in the blood required for the desired
glucose simple sugar; the form in which all carbohydrates are used as the body's principal energy source; transported in the blood and metabolized in the tissues
glucometer a small, portable machine that can be used to check blood glucose concentrations
grievance a stiuation in which a person feels she wishes to file a complaint
handheld inhaler a portable handheld device that delivers medication in a form that the person breathes in directly to the lungs
HCP form a from used by persons authorized to prescriber and treat;usually provided by facility or the pharmacy provider
hyperglycemia an abnormally high level of sugar(glucose) in the blood
hypnotic a drug that produces drowsiness and assists with the onset and maintenance of sleep
hypoglycemia a deficiency of sugar(glucose) in the blood caused by too much insulin or too little glucose
indications disease conditions and disorders for which a drug may be used to treat
infection the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganixhms thus producing a state of disease
inhalation administration of drugs by way of droplets or mist that the patient breathes into the lungs
inhalation therapy breathing treatment used to help restore or improve breathing functin in patients wiht respiratory disease. If medication is included, it is usally administered by eay of a nubulizer or hand held inhaler.
ISP individualized service plan
instillation placement of drops of liquid into the eyes,ears, nose, or some othe r\body cavity
insulin a hormone that enables the body to metabolize and use gucose
insulin pen an insulin inj. device the size of a pen that includes a needle and holds a vial of insulin. it can be used instead of syringers for giving insulin inj.
internal medications those medications administered inside the body
jaundice yelling of the skin and eyes caused by too much bilirubin in th blood
ketoacidosis a sever condition caused by a lack of inulin or an elvation in stress hormones. It is marked by high blood glucose levels and ket5ones in th euirnine, and occurs almost exclusively in those with type 1 diabetes; can result in idabetic coma
keytones acidic substances produced when the body uses fat instead of sugar for energy
lethargy lack of energy ,sluggishness, dullness, apathy
liable legally obligated; responsible for an action
malnutrition poor nourishment of the body often due to not eating healthy foods, improper digestion, poor absorption of nutrients or a combination of these factors
MAR medication administration record used to document all drugs given to a particular resident
Medication Error Report form used to document the details of a medication error
medication cart movable unit for storing medications
metabolism the chemical breakdown of a drug within the body
microorganism an organism that can be seenonly with the aid of a microscope; also called a microbe
motility the abliity to move; the movement of muscles that propel food through the intestinal tract
metered dose inhaler small portable devices used to administer medication into the lungs
nasal by way of the nose. In medication administration, it refers to nose drops or nose sprays
nebulizer a machine or hand held device used to administer medication for respiratory disease into the lungs, by way of inhalation
neglect failure to provide food, medication, shelter or appropriate care or providing imporper or imappropriate care that results in injury or harm
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease a condition of the respiratory system in which breathing is difficult
cueing to give signs or signals to indicate adesired behavior or action
CVA cerebral vascular accident medical term for brain stroke
DEA drug enforcement administation, a federal agency which regulates and enforces laws on drugs and classification on schedules I-V
dehydration a condition caused by the loss of too much water from the body
delirium a temporary state of mental confusion cause by disease, illness, drugs or alcohol. usually subside when the cause is removed
delusions false beliefs that are resistant to reasoning
depression a prolong state of sadness
diabetes a disease in which the body does not properly control the amount of sugar in the blood resulting in high level of sugar in the blood.
directing to instuct or indicate for the client, a desired action. A behavior management technique
disinfect to render free form disease causing organism
disoriented lose of awareness of time, place or identity
distribution movement of a drug throughout the body after it is absorbed into the circulation(blood stream)
dosage the amount of drug to be administred
drug chemical substance used in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention or cure of disease;also called medicine
drug inventory to maintain and accurate supply and count of client's medications stored in the facility
DSS department of social services
dystonia abmormal tonicity of muscle, characterized by prolonged, repetitive muscle constractions that may cause twisting or jerking movements of the body or a body part
elimination the process of eliminating a drug or other substance from the body
enema a procedure used for clearing the bowel and colon of fecal matter.
enteric pertaining to the small intestine
enteric coated a coating placed on medication which allows it to dissolve in the small intestine rather than in the stomach
epipen a unit dose syringe that is prefilled with the medication , epinephrine. It is used for self-administration o fepinephri8ne in the event of an allergy emergency
ethical standards guides to moral behavior
euphoria a feeling of well being or elation;may be drug related
external medications those administered on the outside of the body such as creams, ointments or transdermal patches.
expiration date date after which a drug should not be used
exploitation the use of another person or his/her belongings for personal gain.
extrapyramidial refers to a group of symptoms that are usually related to the close and prolonged administration of antipsychotic drugs.
FDA FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
frequency how often a drug is administered
generic drug an often lesser expensive drug that may be deemed therapeutically equivalent by the united stes food and drug administration to a trade name drug, because it has the same ingredient
geriatric relating to older people
glucagon hormone secreted by the slpha cells of the pancreas. Glucagon is responsible for raising blood glucose
torticollis a state of inadequate muscle tone in the muscles in the neck that control the position of the head.
toxicity the quality, state, or relative degree of being toxic or poisonous to the body.
trade name licensed name under which a drug prepared by a specific manufacturer is sold;also known as proprietary or brand name
transcribe to record information form one document to another
UAI uniform assessment instrument, a document which identifies the level of care required for each client
verbal order(VO) an order form a HCP for medication or treatment which is transmitted verbally rather than written
void to excrete or discharge from the body. Usually refers to urine.
Created by: Loterewl on 2008-01-27



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