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Chapter 2

abdominal cavity contains primarily the major organs of the digestion system
adenectomy aden/ectomy surgical removal of the glands
adenocarcinoma aden/o/carcin/oma malignant tumor that orginates in the glandular tissue
adenoma aden/oma benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue
adenomalacia aden/o/malacia abnormal softening of the gland
adenosclerosis aden/o/sclerosis abnormal hardening of the gland
anaplasia ana/plasia a change in the structure of a cell or in their orientation to each other
anatomy the study of the structures of the body
anomaly a deviation from what is regarded as normal
anterior anter/ior situated in the front
aplasia a/plasia the defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue
bloodborne transmission is the spread of the disease through contact with blood or other body fluids that are contaminated
caudal caud/al towards the lower part of the body
cephalic cephal/ic towards or pertaining to the head
chromosomes genetic structures located with in the mucsle of each cell
communicable disease any condition that is transmitted from one person to another either by direct contact or indirect contact with a contaminated object
congenital disorder an abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
cytoplasm cyt/o/plasm the material within the cell membrane that is not part of nucleus
distal situated farthest from the midline or beginning of the body structure
dorsal dors/al refers to the back of the organ or body
dysplasia dys/plasia the abnormal development or growth of cells, tissue, or organs
endemic en/dem/ic refers to the on going presence of a disease within a population, group or area
endocrine glands end/ocrine/glands produced hormones, but do not have ducts
epidemic epi/dem/ic a sudden and wide spread outbreak of a disease within a specific population ,group, or area
epigastric region epi/gastr/icregion is located above the stomach
etiology eti/ology the study of the causes of diesase
exocrine glands exo/crine glands secrete chemical substance in the duct that lead either to other organs or out of the body such as sweat glands
functional disorder produces symtpoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be defined
genetic disorder a pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene
geriatrician a physician who specializes in the care of older people
hemophilia a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which there is a defect in clotting factors necessary for the coagulation of blood
histology the study of the structure, composition and function of the tissue
homeostasis the process in which the body maintains a constant, internal enviroment
hyperplasia hyper/plasia is the enlargment of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissue
hypertrophy hyper/trophy is a general increase in the bulk of the body part or organ that is due to an increse in the size, but not in number of the cells in the tissue
hypogastric region hypo/gastr/icregion is located below the stomach
hypoplasia hypo/plasia incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficiency in number of cells
iatrogenic illness iatro/genic illness an unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment
idiopathic disorder idi/o/path/ic disorder an illness without known cause
infectious disease an illness caused by living pathogenic organisms such as bacteria and viruses
inguinal relating to the groan, refers to the entire lower area of the abdomin
medial the direction towards, or nearer the midline
mesentery a fused double later of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall
midsagittal plane also known as the midlin, is the plane that devides the body into two equal left and right halves
nosocomial infection a disease acquired in a hospital or clinical setting
pandemic refers to an outbreak of disease occuring over a large geographic area possibly world wide
pelvic cavity is the spacve formed by the hip bone and contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory
peritoneum multilayered membrane that protects and holds
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
phenylketonuria An inherited inability to metabolize phenylalanine that causes brain and nerve damage if untreated a genetic disorder in which an essential digestive enzyme is missing,
physiology the study of the functions of the structures of the body
posterior poster/ior behind, towards the back
proximal situated nearest the midline or beginning of the body structure.
retroperitoneal retro.periton/eal located behind the peritoneum
stem cells unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division
thoracic cavity surrounds and protects the heart and the lungs.
transverse plane a horizontal plane that the divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
umbilicus the pit in the center of the abdominal wall marks the point where the umbilical cord was attached before birth
ventral refers to the front or belly side of the organ or body
vector-borne vector-borne Occurs when an animal, especially an insect, transfers an infectious agent from one host to another
transmission 1.The action or process of transmitting something or the state of being transmitted: "the transmission of the HIV virus".
Created by: 160030