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Pharmacology chapter 10 Pulmonary Drugs

Many pulmonary medications are designed to make breathing easier by causing bronchodilation and reducing inflammation
Common respiratory diseases that respond to bronchodilators include: 1. Asthma. 2. Emphysema. 3. Chronic bronchitis.
Asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis are COPDs which stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Many pulmonary medications are administered by inhalation via MDI(Metered Dose Inhalers)
Administration of MDIs is measured in puffs.
Common fast acting (short) bronchodilators include: 1.albuterol AKA Proventil or Ventolin or ProAir 2.aminophylline (phylline= bronchodilator) 3.ephedrine 4.epinephrine AKA Primatene Mist 5.Alupent 6.Maxair 7.terbutaline AKA Brethine. 8.theophylline ("theo" = bronchdilator)AKA Elixophyllin or Theo-24.
Elixophyllin or Theo-24 (theophylline) may require TDM (therapeutic drug monitoring) because of a narrow TI(therapeutic index)(not much room before it reaches the toxic level)
Common long acting bronchodilators include: 9. Atrovent. 10. Serevent. 11. Dulera.
Long acting bronchodilators should never be used alone in the treatment of asthma and should be used for the shortest duration of time.
Long duration is associated with an increased risk of severe worsening of asthma symptoms.
Bronchodilator toxicity can occur if combined with caffeine (coffee, tea, chocolate)
Leukotriene blockers reduce allergy related asthma and include Singulair.
Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (SAIDs) designed to reduce the incidence of asthma include: 1. Asmanex. 2. Pulmicort (cort=cortiosteroid) 3. Azmacort. 4. Flovent.
Medications containing a bronchodilator and SAID used to treat asthma include: 1. Symbicort. 2. Advair. 3. Combivent.
albuterol AKA Proventil or Ventolin or ProAir
epinephrine is AKA Primatene Mist
terbutaline is AKA Brethine
theophylline("theo") is AKA Elixophyllin or Theo-24
A MDI medication to treat asthma and emphysema is Spiriva.
A medication administered b.i.d.(twice a day) via nebulizer for the treatment of chronic bronchitis and emphysema is Brovana.
Intradermal skin tests used to detect TB(turberculosis) exposure include: 1. PPD. 2. Mantoux. 3. Tine.
Antituberculine (TB-turberculosis) medications include: 1. INH AKA isoniazid. 2. Rifadin AKA rifampin. 3. Myambutol AKA ethambutol.
INH is AKA isoniazid
Rifadin is AKA rifampin
Myambutol is AKA ethambutol
MDRTB stands for Multi Drug Resistant TurBerculosis
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) includes: 1. Habitrol (patch). 2. Nicoderm (patch) 3. Nicorette. 4. Nicotrol.
NTP stands for nicotine transdermal patch
Non-nicotine smoking cessation drugs include: 1. clonidine AKA Catapres. 2. Zyban (ban on smoking). 3. Chantix.
Zyban (Wellbutrin) or Chantix can cause serious neuropsychiatric symptoms such as changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, suicidal thoughts and behavior, and attempted suicide.
Mucolytics are used to break up mucus in the lungs for easier expectoration(cough up)
A common mucolytic is Mucomyst.
Mucomyst(inhale) (Acetadote - drink) is also used as an APAP(acetaminophen) antagonist (deactivate/turn off the drug).
A common trade name for acetaminophen is Tylenol.
Pneumovax is a prophylaxis (preventive) for streptococcal pneumonia.
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed