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LOM Chapter 3

Language of Medicine 7th Edition - Chapter 3

-algia pain
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-coccus berry shaped bacterium
-cyte cell
-dynia pain
-ectomy removal;excision;resection
-emia blood condition
-er one who
-genesis producing; forming
-graphy process of recording
-lysis breakdown, destruction, separation
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-penia deficiency
-phobia fear
-plasia development, formation, growth
-plasty surgical repair
-ptosis drooping, sagging
-sclerosis hardening
-statis stopping, controlling
-stomy opening to form a mouth (stoma)
-therapy treatment
-trophy development, nourishment
acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
agor/a marketplace
amni/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
angio/o vessel
arteri/o artery
axill/o armpit
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes (two tubes, one right and left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs)
chem/o drug, chemical
chron/o time
col/o colon (large intestines)
hydr/o water, fluid
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lympho/o lymph (clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces)
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
morph/o shape, form
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death (of cells or whole body)
neutr/o neutrophil (a white blood cell)
ot/o ear
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o to eat, swallow
phleb/o vein
plas/o formation, development
pneumon/o lungs
rect/o rectum
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
tonsill/o tonsils
ven/o vein
-er one who
-ia condition
-ole little, small
-ule little, small
-um, -ium structure, tissue, thing
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-oid resembling
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
hernia Protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it.
hiatal hernia Occurs when the upper part of the stomach protrudes upward through the diaphragm. This condition can lead to GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).
inguinal hernia Occurs when a small loop of bowel protrudes through a weak lower abdomenal muscle.
rectocele A protrusion of a portion of the rectum toward the vagina through a weak part of the vaginal wall muscles.
omphalocele A herniation of the intestines through the navel occurring in infants at birth.
amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis.
streptococcus A berry-shaped bacterium, grows in twisted chains. Can cause strep, tonsillitis, kideny ailments, infections of the teeth, sinuses and valves of the heart.
staphylococci Other berry-shaped bacteria, grow in small clusters, like grapes, may be external lesions or internal.
abscess A collection of pus, white blood cells, and protein that is present as the site of infection.
diplococci Berry-shaped bacteria organized in pairs.
pneumococci Cause bacterial pneumonia.
gonococci (blank)
erythrocytes red blood cells
hemoglobin (blank)
leukocytes (blank)
granulocytes (blank)
eosinophils (blank)
basophils (blank)
neutrophils (blank)
phagocytes (blank)
polymorphonuclear leukocytes (blank)
mononuclear leukocytes (blank)
lymphocytes (blank)
monocytes (blank)
macrophages (blank)
thrombocytes or platlets (blank)
anemia (blank)
aplastic anemia (blank)
ischemia (blank)
ischemic (blank)
tonsillitis (blank)
tonsillectomy (blank)
acromegaly (blank)
achondroplasia (blank)
laparoscopy (peritoneoscopy or MIS) (blank)
MIS minimally invasive surgery
arterioles (blank)
venules (blank)
adenoids (blank)
Created by: groffja