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medical terminology

Inspection Using the eyes or an instrument to examine the external surfaces or internal cavities of the body
Palpatation Using the fingers to feel masses or enlarged organs or to detect tenderness or pain
Percussion Using the fingers of one hand to tap on the fingers of the other hand that is spread over a body cavity
Auscultation Using a stethoscope to listen to the sounds of the heart/lungs or intestines
Supine Lying on the back
Prone Lying face down
Chronic A continuing illness for 3 months or more
Acute Sudden in nature and sever in intensity
Enter/o Intestine
Hemat/o Blood
Hem/o Blood
Hepato/o Liver
Psych/o Mind
Orth/o Sstraight
Arth/o Joint
Neur/o Nerve
Cardi/o Heart
Gastr/o Stomach
Log/o Word; the study of
Ped/i; ped/o Child
Latr/o Physician; medical treatment
His/o Tissue
Morph/o Shape
Nephr/o Kidney
My/o Muscle
Cyt/o Cell
Lip/o Lipid (fat)
Intestin/o Intestine
-ac pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ia condition; state; thing
-log (-logy; -logist) the study of
-ist one who specializes in
-ics knowledge; practice
-y condition or process of
-ician skilled professional or expert
-itis inflammation of; infection of
-ectomy surgical exasion
-stomy surgically created opening
-tomy process of cutting or making an incision
-osis condition
-pathy disease; suffering
-scope instrument used to examine
-scopy process of using an instrument to examine
-therapy treatment
-ous pertaining to
-oma tumor; mass
-megaly enlargement
-iatry medical treatment
a- away from; without
an- without; not
dys- painful; difficult; abnormal
hyper- above; more than normal
hypo- below; dificent
inter- between
intra- within
mal- bad; inadequate
peri- around
sub- below; underneath
pre- before; in front of
post- after; behind
endo- innermost; within
nosocomial disease caused by exposure to an infection while the patient is in the hospital (ex: surgical wound infection)
Iatrogenic disease caused by medicine or treatment given to a patient (ex: wrong drug/blood)
RUQ Right upper quadrant
RLQ Right lower quandrant
LUQ Left upper quandrant
LLQ Left lower quandrant
cyst/ol urinary bladder; cyst, sac of fluid
or/o; stomat/o; stom/o mouth
gloss/o; lingu/o tongue
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o; labi/o lip
dent/o; odont/o tooth
gingiv/o gum
sial/o saliva
ptyal/o saliva
esophag/o esophagus
phag/o eat, swallow
aden/o gland
pylor/o pylorus; pyloric sphincter
melan/o black
gluc/o; glyc/o glucose; sugar
duonden/o duodenum
jejun/o jejunum
append/o; appendic/o appendix
lith/o stone; calculus
col/o; colon/o colon (large intestine)
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus/rectum
an/o anus
hepat/o liver
cholecyst/o gallbladder
chol/e; bil/i bile; gall
cholangi/o bile; vessel
choledoch/o common bile duct
pancreat/o pancreas
lapar/o; abdomin/o abdominal wall/abdomen
peritone/o peritoneum
herni/o hernia
diverticul/o diverticulum
polyp/o polyp; small growth
cholelith/o gallstone
steat/o; lipid/o; adip/o fat; sebum
-pradial meal
-dynia pain
-algia painful condition
-centesis procedure to puncture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhaphy procedure of sutering
-rrhage excessive flow or discharge
-genesis producing; forming
-emia condition of the blood/substance of the blood
-ase enzyme
-pepsia digestion
-plasty process of reshaping by suregery
-phagia abnormal condition of eating or swallowing
-ism process; disease from a specific cause
-lith stone
-cele hernia
-ptosis droop, sag; prolapse, protrude
-cyte cell
-pexy process of surgically fixing in place
-graph instrument used to record
-graphy process of recording
-gram a record or picture
l-emesis condition of vomitting
-tripsy process of crushing
-al pertaining to
-ptysis abnormal condition of coughing up
-stenosis tightening; stricture
anti- against
dia- complete; through
epi- above; upon; on
poly- many; much
hemi- half
retro- behind, back backward
Barium enema uses liquid radiopaque contrast to outline the rectum and colon to identify polyps, colon ca, etc.
Barium swallow uses barium to coat the walls of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (ulcers, tumors, or obstruction)
Cholangiography uses dye to outline the bile ducts to show stones in the gallbladder/bile ducts
Endoscopy (esophiagoscopy, gastroscopy, colonoscopy) uses an endoscope to internally examine the gastrointestinal tract
stool guaiac stool mixed with the chemical guaiac to test for blood
biopsyculture and sensitivity diagnostic test of a culture to determine which bacterium is causing an infection
Anastomosis join together two hollow organs
Lithotripsy uses shock waves to break up stones
paracentesis remove fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity through a pucture
nasogastric intubation insertion of a plastic tube through the nose down into the stomach for feeding/administering drugs
Laparoscopic sugery surgery is performed through small incisions as opposed to larger incision
Antacids treats heartburn or peptic ulcers by neutralizing acid in the stomach (Maalox/mylanta/tums)
Antidiarrheals treats diarrhea slows peristalsis which increases water absorption from feces (Imodium/Lomotil)
Antiemetics treats nausea/vomiting/motion sickness (Dramamine/medizine/compazine
Emetics to induce vomitting
Diarrhea abnormal frequent loose watery stools
Ascites accumulation of fluid in the abdominopelvic cavity
Thrush Oral infection caused by yeast overgrowth
Esophageal Varices Swollen protruding veins in the mucous of the lower esophagus or stomach
Gastroesophageal relux chronic inflammation and irritation due to stomach acid in the esophagus
Ulcer An erosion ot the mucosa
Emesis vomiting; expelling food from the stomach
Crohn disease inflammation of the ileum and colon, can cause a partial obstruction
Polyp small, fleshy, benign or precancerous growth in the mucous of the colon
Intussusception One segment of the intestine telescopes into the lumen of the next segment/vomiting and/or abdominal pain
irritable bowel syndrome disorder of the function of the colon cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea alternation with constipation
volvulus twisting of the intestine around itself due to a structural abnormality of the mesentery vomiting and abdominal pain
fistula abnormal connection or passageway between two organs
cirrhosis chronic, progressive inflammation of the liver
Ileus abnormal absense of peristalis in the small or large instestine
cachexia wasting syndrome loss of weight; muscle atropy, fatigue, weakness
constipation failure to have regular, soft, bowel movements
hernia weakness in the abdominal wall muscle causing the intestine to bulge
jaundice yellow discolorin of the skin and the whites of the eyes due to a buildup of bilirubin in the blood, due to the liver not working correctly
melena dark, tar-like feces due to digested blood
polyposis large amounts of polyps
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI Gastrointestinal
NG NasogastricN
NPO nothing by mouth
PO by mouth
C&S Culture and sensistivelty
Created by: 646704405