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Pharm ch4

Pharmacology Routes of Administration & the Drug Cycle Chapter 4

The method by which a medication is dispensed is called administration
Medication applied to the skin or the eyes or ears is called TOPical(top)
Topical medications include lotions, ointments(ung.) and creams
Medication patch administration through the skin to the bloodstream is called transdermal
PO or po or p.o. refers to by mouth(orally)
SL refers to SubLingual(under the tongue)
INHalation(INH) refers to breathing in medications
Inhalation(INH) administration includes: 1.MDI stands for metered dose inhaler 2.Nebulizer(vaporizer) 3.NPPV stands for noninvasive positive pressure ventilation 4.Endotracheal(ET) refers to within the trachea(windpipe)
NG {ng} refers to nasogastric tube
Gastrostomy(G tube) or jejunostomy gavage(J tube) referes to a feeding tube
Rectal usually refers to suppositories and enemas
Vaginal(Vag.) usually refers to suppositories, creams, foams & douches
Parenteral[needle] (hypodermic) routes include 1.Intradermal(ID)refers to within the skin. Common ID injections include Mantoux, PPD & tine 2.SubQ,subcu{subq, SC,SQ}-subcutaneous injections. 3.I.M. or IM-intramuscular injection 4.I.V. or IV-intravenous injection
A common medication administered subcutaneously is insulin
Parenteral[needle] (hypodermic) routes include continued 5.IVP-intravenous push 6.IVPB-intravenous piggy back 7.Intra-articular refers to medication administered into a joint 8.Intrathecal refers to spinal medications
Spinal anesthesia is AKA epidural or caudal or saddle block
Movement of a drug from the site of administration into the bloodstream is called absorption
Most medications are detoxified by the liver
Most medications are excreted by the kidneys
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed